St Martin in the Bull Ring

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St Martin in the Bull Ring
The church in 2009
Coordinates: 52°28′37.2″N 1°53′35.52″W / 52.477000°N 1.8932000°W / 52.477000; -1.8932000
Location Birmingham
Country England
Denomination Church of England
Churchmanship Low Church
Dedication Saint Martin
Heritage designation Grade II* listed[1]
Architect(s) J. A. Chatwin
Length 155 feet (47 m)
Width 104 feet (32 m)
Nave width 25 feet (7.6 m)
Height 60 feet (18 m)
Spire height 200 feet (61 m)
Bells 16
Tenor bell weight 39 long cwt 1 qr 19 lb (4,415 lb or 2,003 kg)
Parish St. Martin-in-the-Bull-Ring, Birmingham
Deanery Central Birmingham
Archdeaconry Birmingham
Diocese Birmingham
Province Canterbury
Rector Stewart Jones
Assistant priest Elsie Blair-Chappell
Assistant Dom Wright

The church of St Martin in the Bull Ring (grid reference SP073866) in Birmingham 5, England is a parish church of the Church of England. It is the original parish church of Birmingham and stands between the Bull Ring shopping centre and the markets.

The church is a Grade II* listed building.[2] The current rector is the Revd Canon Stewart W. Jones.


Original church[edit]

The present Victorian church was built on the site of a 13th-century predecessor, which was documented in 1263. The church was enlarged in medieval times and the resulting structure consisted of a lofty nave and chancel, north and south aisles and a northwest tower with spire.

In 1547, although no record is kept to indicate when the first clock appears in Birmingham, during this year the King's Commissioners report that the Guild of the Holy Cross are responsible "ffor keeping the Clocke and the Chyme" at a cost of four shillings and four pence a year at St Martin's Church. The next recorded mention of a clock is in 1613. The earliest known clock makers in the town arrived in 1667 from London.

In 1690, the churchwardens "dressed the church in brick". All was cased in brick with the exception of the spire.[3]

John Cheshire rebuilt 40 feet of the spire in 1781, which was strengthened by an iron spindle running up its centre for a length of 105 feet. It was secured to the sidewalls at every ten feet by braces.[3] In 1801, several metres from the top of the spire were replaced after they were found to have decayed. The tops of the four pinnacles surrounding the main spire were also rebuilt.[3] By 1808, the spire had been struck by lightning three times.[3]

In 1853, the brick casing was removed from the tower by Philip Charles Hardwick, who added the open-air pulpit. The church also contained an organ, the reedwork of which had been done by John Snetzler. However, the pipes were found to be ineffective due to their proximity to the church roof and walls.[3]

Current church[edit]

In 1873, the church was demolished and rebuilt by architect J. A. Chatwin, preserving the earlier tower and spire. During the demolition, medieval wall paintings and decorations were discovered in the chancel, including one showing the charity of St Martin dividing his cloak with a beggar. Two painted beams were also found behind the plaster ceiling.

The exterior is built of rockfaced Grimshill stone. The interior is of sandstone with an open timber roof,[4] which shows the influence of the great hammerbeam roof of Westminster Hall. The beams are decorated with fine tracery and end in large carvings of angels. The roof weights 93 tons (94.5 tonnes), spans 22 ft (6.7m) over the 100 ft (30.4m) long nave and is 60 ft (18.2m) high.[5]

The Victorian floor tiles are by Minton and display the quartered arms of the de Bermingham family.[5]


From east to west the length of the church is 155 ft., including the chancel, the arch of which rises to 60 ft.; the width, including nave (25 ft.) and north and south aisles, is 67 ft.; at the transepts the width is 104 ft.


The South Transept has a Burne-Jones window, made by William Morris in 1875. This window was taken down for safe keeping the day before a World War II bomb dropped beside the church on 10 April 1941, destroying all remaining windows.[6] The West window is a 1954 copy of the Henry Hardman 1875 window destroyed in the Blitz.

Recent developments[edit]

As part of the Bull Ring development in 2003 the church was cleaned and repaired.

St Martin in the Bull Ring is open to visitors: Monday to Saturday from 10:00 to 16:30, Sunday from 09:00 to 19:00.



The parish of St Martin’s was extensive, covering a large portion of modern Birmingham. As new churches were constructed, parts of the parish were re-assigned[7] as follows:

List of clergy[edit]

  • Thomas de Hinkley 1300 - 1304
  • Stephen de Segrave 1304 - 1304
  • John de Ayleston 1304 - 1336
  • Robert de Shuteford 1336 - 1349
  • William de Seggeley 1349 - 1354
  • Thomas de Dumbleton 1354 - 1369
  • Hugh de Wolvesey 1369 - 1396
  • Thomas Darnall 1396 - 1412
  • William Thomas 1412 - 1414
  • John Waryn 1428 - 1432
  • William Hyde 1432 - 1433
  • John Armstrong 1433 - 1433
  • John Wardale 1433 - 1436
  • Henry Cymon 1436 - 1444
  • Humphrey Jurdan 1444 - ????
  • Richard Button 1504 - 1536
  • Richard Myddlemore 1536 - 1544
  • William Wrixam 1544 - ????
  • Luke (Lucas) Smith 1578 - 1646
  • Samuel Wills 1646 - ????
  • Samuel Slater 1659 - 1663
  • John Riland 1663 - 1672
  • Henry Grove 1672 - 1693
  • William Dagget(t) 1693 - 1723
  • Thomas Green 1723 - 1728
  • Thomas (or Christopher) Tyrer 1728 - ????
  • Richard Dovey 1732 - 1771
  • Richard Chase 1771 - 1772
  • John Parsons 1772 - 1779
  • William Hinton 1779 - 1781
  • Charles Curtis 1781 - 1829
  • Thomas Moseley 1829 - 1846
  • John Miller 1846 - 1866
  • Canon William Wilkinson 1866[9] - 1896
  • Arthur James Robinson 1897[10] - 1901
  • Ven. John W. Diggle 1901[11] - 1905
  • James Denton Thompson 1905 - 1912
  • Canon John Wakefield Willink 1912 - 1919 (afterwards Dean of Norwich)
  • Canon Edward Grose-Hodge 1919 - 1924
  • Canon Travers Guy Rogers 1924 - 1948
  • Canon Bryan Green 1949 - 1968/9
  • Canon Albert Peter Hall (afterwards Bishop of Woolwich) 1968/9 - 1984
  • J. G. Wesson 1985 - 1995
  • Canon Adrian Newman (afterwards Dean of Rochester, now Bishop of Stepney) 1996 - 2005
  • Canon Stewart William Jones 2005 - present


There were four bells in 1552, together with a clock and chime. Six bells were put up in 1682. It is known that in 1745 when John Wesley preached in the Bull Ring the bells were rung in an attempt to drown his voice.[5]

In July 1758 the eight bells were replaced by a new peal of ten, tenor weight 35 long cwt (1778 kg), cast by the Whitechapel Bell Foundry. These were subsequently augmented to twelve in 1772.

The first broadcast of church bells change ringing was of St Martin's.[12] This was broadcast before a Sunday evening service in May 1924.[5] The bells were recast in 1928 and an additional semitone bell was added in 1953. The frame in which the bells were rehung dated from 1869 and trouble with the frame led to a scheme of total renovation in 1991.

A new peal of sixteen bells (tenor weight 39 long cwt 1 qr 19 lb (4,415 lb or 2,003 kg)[13]) hung for ringing was installed, being the first time more than twelve bells had been installed as a change ringing instrument.[5] Sixteen is an unusual number, five, six, eight, ten or at the most twelve would be typical: in 2008 only three rings of sixteen exist in the world.


The organ screen in the north transept

The Guild of the Holy Cross at St. Martin's Church provided for an organist before the Reformation.

The church was presumably without an organ from the English Civil War as the churchwardens accounts read:

We the Minister, Churchwardens and inhabitants within the Parish of St. Martin's Birmingham being desirous to put up an organ in the said Parish Church have at a vestry called for this purpose unanimously agreed to raise the sum of 300l and upwards for competing the same, and for our selves, and in behalf of the rest of the Parishioneres have hereunto sett our hands this 17th day of May Anno Dom 1725.[14]

An organ was duly erected by 1725 and the case was by Thomas Swarbrick. This organ was removed or replaced in 1822. The case was then transferred to St. Alphege's Church, Solihull by Rev Charles Curtis who was Rector of St. Martin's and Rector of St. Alphege, Solihull.

In 1822 a new organ was installed by Thomas Elliot[15] This was rebuilt by John Banfield & Son in 1875 and renovated and enlarged to 3 manuals and 40 stops by Banfield in 1883.[16] In 1906 this was sold to St John's Church, Deritend.

The current pipe organ is by Harrison & Harrison and dates from 1906. Originally it was a three manual instrument on the north side of the chancel but in 1955 it was re-built as a four manual organ and moved to the north transept by John Compton.[5] The opening recital was given by George Thalben-Ball on 30 March 1955. The specification of the organ can be found at the National Pipe Organ Register.

Since around 2004, St Martin's has abandoned the use of the organ for the Sunday 11.00am Service(now called The Crossing service; a Music in Worship Group leads the Service). It is still played at the Sunday 9.30am Holy Communion and for 6.00pm Choral Services.



  1. ^ Historic England. "Parish Church of St Martin  (Grade II*) (1075690)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 29 July 2015. 
  2. ^ Historic England. "Details from image database (216829)". Images of England. 
  3. ^ a b c d e R. Jabet; J.P.Lucas (1808). A concise history of Birmingham. R. Jabet. 
  4. ^ Douglas Hickman (1970). Birmingham. Studio Vista Limited. pp. 37–39. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f St. Martin's in the Bull Ring. Published by English Life Publications Ltd, 1991. ISBN 0-85101-282-5
  6. ^ St. Martin's in the Bull Ring, Church Guide, 1991, ISBN 0-85101-282-5
  7. ^ History and general directory of the borough of Birmingham. Francis White and Co. J. Blurton. 1849
  8. ^ Reports of All the Cases Decided by All the Superior Courts Relating to Magistrates, Municipal and Parochial Law. Edward William Cox. Law times office. 1871. p.633
  9. ^ Worcester Journal - Saturday 28 November 1896
  10. ^ Birmingham Daily Post - Thursday 28 October 1897
  11. ^ Leamington Spa Courier - Friday 8 November 1901
  12. ^ St. Martin's in the Bull Ring - a story of seven centuries, Rev Philip Crowe, 1975
  13. ^ Dove Online
  14. ^ St. Martin's Churchwardens Accounts. Transcribed in the Town Book held at Birmingham Central Library
  15. ^ Boeringer, James (1983), Organa Britannica Vol 3., Associated University Presses, p. 178, ISBN 0-8387-1894-9 
  16. ^ Musical Standard. 29 September 1883. p94
  17. ^ Aris’s Birmingham Gazette, no. 1535 (22 April 1771), p. 3, col. 2.
  18. ^ Thornsby, Frederick W., ed. Dictionary of Organs and Organists. Bournemouth: Logan.
  19. ^ Who's Who in Music. First Post-war Edition: 1949/50 London: Shaw Publishing Co. Ltd.

External links[edit]