Academic health science centre

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An academic health science centre (AHSC; also known as an academic health sciences centre, an academic health science(s) system, an academic health science(s) partnership or an academic medical centre) is defined by the Association of Academic Health Centers as: "an educational institution that includes a medical school and at least one allied health professional school and either owns or is affiliated with a teaching hospital or healthcare system".[1] AHSCs are intended to ensure that medical research breakthroughs lead to direct clinical benefits for patients.[2] The organisational structures that comprise an AHSC can take a variety of forms, ranging from simple partnerships to, less frequently, fully integrated organisations with a single management board.[2] There are AHSCs operating in a number of countries including Australia, Canada, the Republic of Ireland, Japan, the Netherlands, Qatar, Singapore, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States.[3]

Australia[edit]

In Australia, AHSCs are also referred to as Advanced Health Research & Translation Centres (AHRTCs). AHSCs currently in operation in Australia include:

Canada[edit]

Thunder Bay Regional Health Sciences Centre

In Canada, AHSCs are also referred to as Academic Healthcare Organizations. AHSCs currently in operation in Canada include:

United Kingdom[edit]

In 2007 a review of healthcare in London led by Professor Lord Darzi, A Framework for Action, recommended the creation of a number of AHSCs in England.[3][5] In October 2007 Imperial College Healthcare became the first AHSC to be established in the UK when the Imperial College London Faculty of Medicine merged with the Hammersmith Hospital and St Mary's NHS trusts.[5] Four more AHSCs have subsequently been established in the UK and one is planned.[5] Funding mainly comes from NHS and work was already "in hand to identify the funding" when expressions of interest were solicited.[6] When contracts were signed with NHS in 2013, AHSCs shared among themselves around £60 million of funding. With a clear purpose, structure and approach of individual AHSCs is a matter for local decision especially with the contrasting approaches adopted as well as the differences in opinions voiced out by network founders.[7] In recent years, broader academic health science networks have also been created, mostly attached to original health science centres, although cumulatively providing national coverage.[8]

The following AHSCs are currently in operation in the UK:

United States[edit]

An aerial view of the Texas Medical Center
The Yale – New Haven Hospital campus in Connecticut

The first AHSC was opened in 1823 as the Medical College of Ohio in Cincinnati, Ohio by Daniel Drake.[16][17] The center's teaching arm would later become the University of Cincinnati through a series of mergers and expansions.[18] AHSCs currently in operation in the United States include:

Other countries[edit]

Kyushu University Academic Medical Center

AHSCs currently in operation in other parts of the world include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wartman, Steven (2015). The Transformation of Academic Health Centers: Meeting the Challenges of Healthcare’s Changing Landscape. Elsevier. p. 290. ISBN 9780128007624. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  2. ^ a b Dzau, Victor J; Ackerly, D Clay; Sutton-Wallace, Pamela; Merson, Michael H; Williams, R Sanders; Krishnan, K Ranga; Taber, Robert C; Califf, Robert M (March 2010). "The role of academic health science systems in the transformation of medicine". The Lancet. 375 (9718): 949–953. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61082-5.
  3. ^ a b "A Framework for Action". Healthcare for London. Archived from the original on 9 October 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
  4. ^ "Brisbane Diamantina Health Partners > Home". Brisbanediamantina.com. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  5. ^ a b c "University interventions aim to help heal a 'broken' NHS". Times Higher Education. 5 June 2008. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
  6. ^ Academic Health Science Networks: Engaging with Improvement, NHS Confederation, June 2012[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ Johnson, Sarah (26 April 2013). "Academic Health Science Networks: their role and development". London: The Guardian, 26 April 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  8. ^ "AHSN contact details". www.england.nhs.uk. NHS England. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  9. ^ "Home". Cambridge University Health Partners. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
  10. ^ "Imperial College Health Partners". AHSC. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  11. ^ "Home". King's Health Partners. Archived from the original on 30 October 2010. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
  12. ^ "Home". Manchester Academic Health Science Centre. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
  13. ^ "Health science centre brings University and NHS closer | University of Oxford". Ox.ac.uk. 29 November 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  14. ^ "Home". UCL Partners. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
  15. ^ "Academic health sciences collaboration". The Scottish Government. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
  16. ^ "Medical College of Ohio - Ohio History Central". ohiohistorycentral.org. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  17. ^ "About University of Cincinnati Medical Center | University of Cincinnati Medical Center". www.uchealth.com. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  18. ^ Suess, Jeff (22 August 2018). "Our history: Origin of UC complicated". Cincinnati.com. Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  19. ^ "Health Sciences Center Home - Health Sciences Center". University.ghs.org. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  20. ^ "UCD School of Medicine & Medical Science : Dublin Academic Medical Centre". Ucd.ie. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  21. ^ "Greater Copenhagen Health Science Partners". gchsp.dk. Retrieved 24 October 2020.

External links[edit]

  • Website Association of Academic Health Centers