St Michael-le-Querne

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St Michael-le-Querne
ONL (1887) 1.283 - The Church of St Michael ad Bladum, AD 1585.jpg
The church in 1585
Country United Kingdom
Denomination Anglican, originally Roman Catholic
Parish boundary mark on wall of St Paul's Choir School
Current photo of site

St Michael-le-Querne, also called St Michael ad Bladum, was a parish church in the Farringdon Within Ward in the City of London. It was destroyed in the Great Fire of London of 1666 and not rebuilt.

History[edit]

The church stood immediately to the north east of Paternoster Row [2] in Farringdon Within Ward.[3] Its dedication derives from a 12th-century reference[4] to its proximity to a corn market.[5] It was in existence by 1181, when it was recorded in a survey of land and churches belonging to St Paul's Cathedral.[5] St Michael's was rebuilt in 1430, the City having given small strips of land on the north and east sides to allow for its enlargement, and 'repaired and beautified' in 1617.[5]

The antiquarian John Leland, who died in 1552, was buried in the church.[5]

Destruction[edit]

Along with the majority of the parish churches in the City, St Michael-le-Querne was destroyed by the Great Fire in 1666. A Rebuilding Act was passed in 1670 and a committee set up under Sir Christopher Wren,[6] decided to rebuild 51 of the churches. St Michael's was not among them. Instead the parish was united with that of St Vedast Foster Lane. The site of the church was cleared to allow for the widening of Cheapside, although Richard Newcourt noted that "some small part of one Corner of the Steeple, was for Ornament and Uniformity, added to the Houses there built."[5]

Partial records still survive at IGI.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1841 census pinpoints spot
  2. ^ Pearce,C.W. (1909). Notes on Old City Churches: their organs, organists and musical associations. London: Winthrop Rogers Ltd. 
  3. ^ Betjeman, John (1967). The City of London Churches. Andover: Pitkin. ISBN 0-85372-565-9. 
  4. ^ Hibbert,C; Weinreb,D; Keay,J (1983). The London Encyclopaedia (revised 1993,2008 ed.). London: Pan Macmillan. ISBN 978-1-4050-4924-5. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Newcourt, Richard (1708). Repetorium Ecclesiasticum Parochiale Londinense. London. pp. 488–90. 
  6. ^ Whinney, Margaret (1971). Wren. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-20112-9. 
  7. ^ Genealogical Web-Site

51°30′46″N 0°5′51″W / 51.51278°N 0.09750°W / 51.51278; -0.09750Coordinates: 51°30′46″N 0°5′51″W / 51.51278°N 0.09750°W / 51.51278; -0.09750

Further reading[edit]

"Inigo Jones and the church of St. Michael le Querne" Colvin, H. M. The London journal vol.12 no.1, summer 1986, p. 36-39