Peregrine Cavendish, 12th Duke of Devonshire
The Duke of Devonshire
KCVO CBE DL
Peregrine Cavendish, wearing the regalia of a chancellor of the University of Derby
|Her Majesty's Representative at Ascot|
|Preceded by||Sir Piers Bengough|
|Succeeded by||John Weatherby|
|Born||Peregrine Andrew Morny Cavendish
27 April 1944
|Spouse(s)||Amanda Carmen née Heywood-Lonsdale|
|Children||William Cavendish, Earl of Burlington
Lady Celina Cavendish
Lady Jasmine Cavendish
|Parents||Andrew Cavendish, 11th Duke of Devonshire
Deborah Vivien née Freeman-Mitford
|Title||Duke of Devonshire|
|Tenure||3 May 2004 – present|
|Other titles||Earl of Burlington (1944-1950)
Marquess of Hartington (1950-2004)
|Predecessor||Andrew Cavendish, 11th Duke of Devonshire|
Peregrine Andrew Morny Cavendish, 12th Duke of Devonshire, KCVO, CBE, DL (called "Stoker"; born 27 April 1944) is a British peer. He is the only surviving son of Andrew Cavendish, 11th Duke of Devonshire and his wife, the former Deborah Mitford. He succeeded to the dukedom following the death of his father on 3 May 2004. Prior to this succession, he was styled Marquess of Hartington. The duke is worth an estimated £800 million.
The duke is well known in the world of horse racing and served as Her Majesty's Representative at Ascot and chairman of Ascot Racecourse Ltd. In 1980 he was elected to the Jockey Club and in 1989 he was appointed its Senior Steward (that is, Chairman). During his five-year term of office, he oversaw a number of changes within the racing industry, in particular the creation of the British Horseracing Board which is now the governing authority for British racing. He was appointed first chairman of the board in June 1993 and retired at the end of his term in 1996. He was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) for services to racing in 1997 and Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO) in the 2009 New Year Honours for his services as Her Majesty's Representative at Ascot.
He was appointed a Trustee of the Wallace Collection in 2007. He is a trustee of Sheffield Galleries and Museums Trust. He is Chairman of the Devonshire Arms Hotel Group, a chain of countryside hotels in North Yorkshire and Derbyshire, and Deputy Chairman of Sotheby's. He collects modern British and contemporary painting and sculpture, as well as works in other areas, many of which are on display at his family seat Chatsworth House. The Duke and Duchess and the house and estate grounds were featured in the BBC documentary series Chatsworth. In December 2012, he sold Auxiliary cartoon for the Head of a Young Apostle by Raphael for £29.7m at a Sotheby's auction. As of 2016 he is the owner of Heywood Hill, a notable bookstore in London.
- William Cavendish, Earl of Burlington (6 June 1969); married Laura Roundell on 31 March 2007. They have two children, a daughter and a son:
- Lady Maud Cavendish (born in March 2009)
- James Cavendish, Lord Cavendish (born 12 December 2010) - second in line of succession to the Dukedom of Devonshire
- Lady Celina Imogen Cavendish (4 October 1971); married Alexander Carter on 3 June 1995. They have four children:
- Jake Carter (7 December 1997)
- Alfie Carter (18 June 2000)
- Ned Carter (6 August 2002)
- Willa Carter (2005)
- Lady Jasmine Nancy Cavendish (born 4 May 1973); married Nicholas Dunne (son of Sir Thomas Dunne) on 25 July 2003. They have three sons:
- Cosmo Dunne (2006)
- Barnaby Dunne (2008)
- Reggie Dunne (2010)
Titles and honours
Possibility of renouncing title
In February 2010, the Duke announced his intention to give up his title if hereditary peers were removed from the House of Lords, on the basis that "the aristocracy is dead" and "because then it would be clear-cut what the people wanted, and it would be confusing to maintain hereditary titles". This mirrored the view of his mother, who had said "titles are meaningless because peers are no longer legislators". This was dismissed as "nonsense" by Lord Ferrers, who disagreed with the Duke's claims that the aristocracy was dead. It is not known how serious he was in his intention, but if he had gone ahead with his threat then he would have been known as Sir Peregrine Cavendish.
Titles and styles from birth
- 27 April 1944 – 10 September 1944: Peregrine Cavendish, Esq.
- 10 September 1944 – 1950: Earl of Burlington
- 1950–1997: Marquess of Hartington
- 1997–2004: Marquess of Hartington CBE
- 2004–2008: His Grace The Duke of Devonshire CBE
- 2008–present: His Grace The Duke of Devonshire KCVO, CBE
- Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (2008)
- Commander of the Order of the British Empire (1997)
- Chancellor of the University of Derby (October 2008, a five-year appointment)
- Chatsworth – A statement from the Duke (Archive accessed 24 May 2016)
- Duke of Devonshire, Derby Evening Telegraph, Retrieved August 2015
- "The Tatler List". Tatler.
- The London Gazette: . 31 December 2008.
- Wallace Collection-New Trustees
- Museum & Galleries Assistant
- "The Devonshire Profile - Forbes.com". Forbes.[dead link]
- "The Duke of Devonshire: a reluctant reality TV star". The Daily Telegraph. 6 May 2012.
- Kate Green, Chatsworth's Raphael sells for £29.7m , Country Life, 6 December 2012
- Sarah Lyall (2 February 2016). "The Tiny London Shop Behind Some of the Very Best Libraries". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
London’s Heywood Hill curates impressive collections for discerning customers in 60 different countries — and specializes in the obscure.
- Kirby, Sean. University of Derby – Duke of Devonshire Revealed As University’s New Chancellor, University of Derby, 6 March 2008. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
- Hawley, Zena. Duke of Devonshire becomes new chancellor at the University of Derby, This Is Derbyshire, 27 October 2008. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
- Morrison, Richard (27 February 2013). "Cavendish Pianos really are in a field of their own". The Times. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
- Lundy, Darryl (9 March 2011). "Peregrine Andrew Morny Cavendish, 12th Duke of Devonshire". The Peerage. cites Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003), Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 1 (107th (3 volumes) ed.), Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, p. 1126; "Announcements", The Times, 19 March 1980.
- The Peerage, entry for 12th Duke of Devonshire
- Walker, Tim. Aristocrats dismiss the despondent Duke of Devonshire’s fears, The Telegraph, 22 February 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
Sir Piers Bengough
|Her Majesty's Representative at Ascot
|Peerage of England|
|Duke of Devonshire
|Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom|
The Duke of Bedford
The Duke of Marlborough
Duchess of Gloucester
|Chancellor of the University of Derby