Strömstad

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Strömstad
Strömstad Harbor in August 2006
Strömstad Harbor in August 2006
Strömstad is located in Västra Götaland
Strömstad
Strömstad
Strömstad is located in Sweden
Strömstad
Strömstad
Coordinates: 58°56′N 11°10′E / 58.933°N 11.167°E / 58.933; 11.167Coordinates: 58°56′N 11°10′E / 58.933°N 11.167°E / 58.933; 11.167
Country Sweden
Province Bohuslän
County Västra Götaland County
Municipality Strömstad Municipality
Area[1]
 • Total 3.40 km2 (1.31 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2010)[1]
 • Total 6,288
 • Density 1,847/km2 (4,780/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Strömstad is a locality and the seat of Strömstad Municipality, Västra Götaland County, Sweden with 6,288 inhabitants in 2010.[1] For historical reasons, Strömstad is called a city despite its small population.

Strömstad became part of Sweden in 1658, as part of the Treaty of Roskilde, which transferred the Bohuslän province from Norway to Sweden. It achieved town status in 1676. Strömstad became an important sea-bathing and spa destination in the mid-19th century. The close proximity to Norway is evident throughout town, and cars and boats arrive daily from Norway.[2] Despite its small size, Strömstad is a bustling town throughout the year due to its international ferry link to Sandefjord, Norway. This is particularly true for Easter (especially Maundy Thursday) and the months of June and July, when thousands of vacationing Norwegians are visiting Strömstad.[3]

Strömstad is claimed to have more summer sunshine days than any other town north of the Alps.[4] Strömstad has numerous daily ferries departing and arriving from Sandefjord, Norway.[5] Is is also home to a domestic ferry connection to the Koster Islands, a nature preserve which is Sweden's westernmost populated islands.

It is home to Sweden’s largest deepwater harbor.[6]

History[edit]

Strömstad harbour in 1907.
Petroglyph at Massleberg farm in Skee.

Originally, the province Bohuslän, where Strömstad is situated, was Norwegian territory, which was transferred to Sweden according to the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658.

At Strömstad, there was a small fishing village known as Strömmen. The town got small privileges as a merchant town (köping) shortly thereafter, which seems to have made it expand, because it is documented to have gotten a charter in 1676 by King Charles XI of Sweden, although some documents show it was already considered a city in 1672. As it was the seat for a merchant navy, the coat of arms was designed with such a ship, and has remained that way even after the use of sailing ships was discontinued in the 19th century.

The city was a seat for Sweden's warfare against the Dano-Norwegians, and more than once it was conquered and reconquered throughout the centuries. The warlike King Charles XII of Sweden, for instance, used it as his outpost for his campaign against Norway in 1716–1718.

At the time it had a population of 300 inhabitants. But soon the fishing blossomed, and its population increased to 1,100 by 1805. The late 18th century also saw the spa and bathing attract visitors, a position it kept throughout the 19th century. By 1917, its population was 2,949 inhabitants.

Geography[edit]

The municipality of Strömstad is located in the Bohuslän province of Västra Götaland County in western Sweden. It has an international border to Norway near Svinesund in the north. It has a total area of 472 km2 and is a coastal municipality. Strömstad is the administrative centre of the municipality, while minor towns include Skee, Kebal, and Svinesund. European route E6 traverses the municipality. Strömstad is the home of the Koster Islands.[7] This archipelago consists of two main islands: North Koster (3.9 km2) and South Koster (7.6 km2). The islands are popular tourist destinations and the rural South Koster brags one of western Sweden’s largest sandy beaches. The nearby Kosterhavet National Park is home to the country’s largest seal colony. The islands are home to many vacation homes and various hotels. They are Sweden’s westernmost populated islands.[8][9]

Notability[edit]

Strömstad as seen from the harbor.

As the Norwegian alcohol taxes are higher than the Swedish ones, Norwegian shoppers have caused the Swedish alcohol retailing monopoly Systembolaget to open an extra store to cater for demand.[citation needed][10] When only one shop existed, the Systembolaget shop had the highest sales in Sweden, causing traffic congestion near the shop in the inner city.[citation needed] The Norwegians have been notoriously known for causing havoc on Maundy Thursday as this is a public holiday in Norway but not in Sweden.[citation needed] For Easter 2008 the city council decided to keep Systembolaget closed on Maundy Thursday.[citation needed]

The city is known for its yachting harbor, which can be very crowded in the summer. From Strömstad is ferry line over to Sandefjord, Norway, at the west side of the Oslofjord and local ferries to the Koster Islands.

Strömstad is the setting for the play The Creditors by August Strindberg.

Black Metal band Dissection are from the city.

Economy[edit]

Linfärjan Bojan transfers passengers over Bojarkilen, between Canning and Kebal.[11]

Tourism[edit]

It was an 18th century spa resort,[12][13][14] and currently sees a large influx of tourists from Norway.[15]

Strömstad has a long tradition as a bathing city; it was home to Sweden’s first facilities for sea-bathing, which was established in 1783. Besides tourism, other industries include fishing and fish processing. About 600 people commute to Norway for work.[16]

Sports[edit]

The following sports clubs are located in Strömstad:

Strömstad was the host of 2016 World Orienteering Championships.

Transportation[edit]

Daily ferries to Sandefjord, Norway are provided by Color Line and Fjord Line.

The train- and adjacent bus stations are located on Södra Hammen, across the street from the international ferry terminal on Uddevallavägen. There’s one train track line in Bohuslän province, which runs from Gothenburg through the industrial city of Uddevalla, before terminating in Strömstad.[17] The city can be reached by train from Gothenburg, and from Smögen by bus. By car, it can be reached by taking Route 174 on European route E6. It is situated 100 km north of Smögen, and 25 km north of Tanumshede.[18]

Strömstad has two daily ferry connections: an international route to Sandefjord, Norway, and a domestic route to the Koster Islands from Norra Hamnen.[19] The Koster Islands are a nature reserve and the westernmost inhabited islands in Sweden. The islands enjoy more sunshine hours than almost anywhere else in Sweden.[20][21]

Attractions[edit]

Town Hall ("Stadshus").

Attractions in Strömstad include the Strömstad Museum, which is focused on local history, while Friluftsmuseet Fiskartorpet is an outdoor museum featuring fishermen cottages. The harbor houses numerous shops, bars and restaurants. Boats depart for several islands, including the Koster Islands. Seal safari tours are also available around Ursholmarna Islands. Nature preserves on Rossö- and Saltö Islands can be reached by car.[22]

Other attractions are Strömstad Church in the city center, which has decorative features such as busy frescoes, ship models hanging from the ceiling, 1970s brass lamps, and gilt chandeliers. Concerts are often held at Lokstallet Konsthall on Uddevallavägen 1. Another site is the Town Hall ("Stadshus"), erected in 1917.[23]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Johansson, Ulf and Mona Neppenstrom (2017). DK Eyewitness Travel Guide Sweden. Penguin. Page 215. ISBN 9781465463449.
  3. ^ Proctor, James and Neil Roland (2009). The Rough Guide To Sweden. Penguin. Page 150. ISBN 9781405385183.
  4. ^ Kealy, Kelly and Laura Kidder (2009). Fodor’s Essential Scandinavia. Fodor’s Travel Publications. Page 494. ISBN 9781400008834.
  5. ^ Proctor, James and Neil Roland (2009). The Rough Guide To Sweden. Penguin. Pages 144 and 150. ISBN 9781405385183.
  6. ^ https://snl.no/Str%C3%B6mstad
  7. ^ https://snl.no/Str%C3%B6mstad
  8. ^ Proctor, James (2014). West Sweden. Bradt Travel Guides. Page 51. ISBN 9781841625591.
  9. ^ https://snl.no/Koster%C3%B8yene
  10. ^ AS, Produsert av NEW MEDIA. "Systembolaget i Strømstad | Informasjon om Strømstads to Systembolag". xn--strmstad-74a.net. Retrieved 2016-05-29. 
  11. ^ https://www.stromstad.se/trafikochinfrastruktur/linfarjor/linfarjanbojan.4.3fed02301498a2c09989800.html
  12. ^ Sinclair, Mick and Peter Bejder (1997). Scandinavia. Rough Guides. Page 440. ISBN 9781858282367.
  13. ^ Proctor, James and Neil Roland (2003). Sweden. Rough Guides. Page 175. ISBN 9781843530664.
  14. ^ Insight Guides (1998). Sweden. Insight Guides. Page 202. ISBN 9780887297762.
  15. ^ Proctor, James and Neil Roland (2009). The Rough Guide To Sweden. Penguin. Page 150. ISBN 9781405385183.
  16. ^ https://snl.no/Str%C3%B6mstad
  17. ^ Proctor, James and Neil Roland (2009). The Rough Guide To Sweden. Penguin. Page 144. ISBN 9781405385183.
  18. ^ Proctor, James and Neil Roland (2009). The Rough Guide To Sweden. Penguin. Page 150. ISBN 9781405385183.
  19. ^ Proctor, James and Neil Roland (2009). The Rough Guide To Sweden. Penguin. Page 150. ISBN 9781405385183.
  20. ^ Johansson, Ulf and Mona Neppenstrom (2017). DK Eyewitness Travel Guide Sweden. Penguin. Page 215. ISBN 9781465463449.
  21. ^ Proctor, James and Neil Roland (2009). The Rough Guide To Sweden. Penguin. Page 152. ISBN 9781405385183.
  22. ^ Johansson, Ulf and Mona Neppenstrom (2017). DK Eyewitness Travel Guide Sweden. Penguin. Page 215. ISBN 9781465463449.
  23. ^ Proctor, James and Neil Roland (2003). Sweden. Rough Guides. Page 176. ISBN 9781843530664.