|This article does not cite any sources. (January 2007) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Studentski Trg or Students Square (Serbian Cyrillic: Студентски Трг) is one of the central town squares and an urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is located in Belgrade's municipality of Stari Grad.
Studentski Trg is located halfway between the Republic Square (to the east) and the Kalemegdan park-fortress (to the west). It is adjacent to Akademski Park. To the north it extends into the neighborhood of (Upper) Dorćol, while the pedestrian zone of Knez Mihailova is located to the south.
At the place of the modern square, there was an open green marketplace for over a century. At the beginning of the 19th century, farmers were selling goods at the entrances to the city. However, Turkish soldiers would often forcibly buy goods from them at the small prices, and then sell it themselves in the city for much higher amounts. After constant complaints from the farmers, vizier of Belgrade, after counseling with the city merchants, agreed to choose one place for the market. The chosen place was the location above the Turkish cemetery. Market became operational in the 1820's. As per Serbian-Turkish agreement anyone could bring and sell goods, market quickly grew and became city’s commercial center and was known as the Great Market (Serbian: Velika pijaca or Veliki pijac). First modern Belgrade’s urbanist Emilijan Josimović suggested dislocation of the market in 1887, as it was placed in the sole center of the city. However, only the open space area around the market, which was now a defunct Turkish cemetery, was turned into the park, while the market itself continued to operate until 1926 when was finally closed. With the closing of the Great Market, city government built several other markets in the city, bit further from the downtown: Zeleni Venac, Kalenić market, Bajloni market and Jovanova market. The park that was created was named Pančićev Park, after Josif Pančić whose monument was erected in the park, and is today known as the Akademski Park. Pančić's monument was coupled with the monument dedicated to Dositej Obradović which was transferred to the Akadameski park in the early 1930's from his previous location at the end of the Knez Mihailova street. 
In time, Studentski Trg and Terazije pretty much lost their square functions, becoming streets, while Cvetni Trg, with final changes in early 2000s, is completely defunct as a traffic object. Studentski Trg is turned into the turning point and terminal station for bus line number 31 and majority of Belgrade's trolleybus lines (19, 21, 22, 22L, 28, 29 and 41).
Studentski Trg is location of many educational and cultural institutions, thus the names (Students Square, Academy Park, etc.). They include:
- Rectorate of the University of Belgrade in the representative Captain Miša's Mansion;
- Faculty for Natural Sciences and Mathematics ( University of Belgrade);
- University of Belgrade Faculty of Philosophy;
- University of Belgrade Faculty of Philology;
- Kolarac Public University, with concert hall
- Ethnographic museum
- A monument to Petar II Petrović Njegoš
|This Serbia-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|