Suzaka Domain (須坂藩 Suzaka-han?) was a feudal domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of Edo period Japan. It is located in Shinano Province, Honshū. The domain was centered at Suzaka Jin’ya, located in what is now part of the town of Suzaka in Nagano Prefecture.
Suzaka Domain was established for Hori Naoshige, the 4th son of Hori Naomasa, daimyō of Sanjō Domain in Echigo Province. Naoshige had holdings of 2,000 koku in Shimōsa Province and 6,000 koku in Suzaka, which had been awarded for his services during the Battle of Sekigahara. To this, he added 4,000 koku for services during the Siege of Osaka, which elevated him to daimyō status. His son, Hori Naomasu, gave the 2000 koku in Shimōsa to his younger brothers, reducing the domain to 10,000 koku. The Hori clan continued to rule Suzaka uninterrupted until the Meiji restoration.
The Hori clan served in a number of administrative posts within the government of the Tokugawa shogunate. The 9th daimyō, Hori Naoteru, opened a han school. The 12th daimyō, Hori Naotake, reformed the domain’s finances and encouraged the develop of ginseng cultivation as a cash crop.
During the Bakumatsu period, the 13th daimyō, Hori Naotora, reformed the domain’s military, introducing western-style firearms. He also served as a wakadoshiyori within the administration of the Tokugawa shogunate. he committed seppuku in Edo Castle in protest over the policies of Shogun Tokugawa Yoshinobu. During the Boshin War, the domain quickly supported the imperial side, and participated in the Battle of Utsunomiya Castle, Battle of Kōshū-Katsunuma, Battle of Hokuetsu and Battle of Aizu. In July 1871, with the abolition of the han system, Suzaka Domain briefly became Suzaka Prefecture, and was merged into the newly created Nagano Prefecture. Under the new Meiji government, Hori Naoakira, the last daimyo of Suzaka Domain was given the kazoku peerage title of shishaku (viscount).
There was a peasant revolt in 1871 in this small domain.
Bakumatsu period holdings
As with most domains in the han system, Suzaka Domain consisted of several discontinuous territories calculated to provide the assigned kokudaka, based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.
List of daimyo
|#||Name||Tenure||Courtesy title||Court Rank||kokudaka||Notes|
|Hori clan (tozama) 1615-1871|
|1||Hori Naoshige (堀直重?)||1615-1617||Awaji-no-kami (淡路守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||12,000 koku|
|2||Hori Naomasa (堀直升?)||1617-1637||Awaji-no-kami (淡路守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||12,000 -> 10,000 koku|
|3||Hori Naoteru (堀直輝?)||1637-1669||Buzen-no-kami (肥前守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|4||Hori Naosuke (堀直佑?)||1669-1719||Nagato-no-kami (長門守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|5||Hori Naohide (堀直英?)||1719-1735||Awaji-no-kami (淡路守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|6||Hori Naohiro (堀直寛?)||1735-1768||Nagato-no-kami (長門守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|7||Hori Naokata (堀直堅?)||1768-1779||Awaji-no-kami (淡路守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|8||Hori Naosato (堀直郷?)||1779-1784||Nagato-no-kami (長門守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|9||Hori Naoteru (堀直皓?)||1784-1813||Kura-no-kami (内蔵頭))||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|10||Hori Naooki (堀直興?)||1813-1821||Awaji-no-kami (淡路守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|11||Hori Naotada (堀直格?)||1821-1845||Kura-no-kami (内蔵頭))||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|12||Hori Naotake (堀直武?)||1845-1861||Awaji-no-kami (淡路守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|13||Hori Naotora (堀直虎?)||1861-1868||’'Nagato-no-kami (長門守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||10,000 koku|
|14||Hori Naoakira (堀直明?)||1868-1871||Nagato-no-kami (長門守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||30,000 koku|
- The content of this article was largely derived from that of the corresponding article on Japanese Wikipedia.
- Papinot, E (1910). Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tuttle (reprint) 1972.
- (Japanese) Suzaka Domain on "Edo 300 HTML"
- "Shinano Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-5-13.
- Tözeren, Selçuk Esenbel. (1981). Takaino village and the Nakano uprising of 1871, p. 67.
- Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
- Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.