Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien

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Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien
Engler Syllabus.jpg
Cover page of first edition
AuthorAdolf Engler
PublisherGebrüder Borntraeger Verlag
Media typePrint

Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien (1892–) by Adolf Engler (1844–1930) is a complete revision of plant families down to generic level and often even further.[1] As such it forms part of the Engler system of plant taxonomy.

Engler's starting point was that of Eichler who had been the first to use phylogenetic principles, and reflected the new post-Darwinian perspective, although Engler himself did not think that his was.[2] His modified Eichler schema first appeared in 1886 in his Guide to Breslau Botanic Garden[3] (of which he was the director) and was expanded in his Syllabus in 1892.[4] This reflected the new post-Darwinian perspective. Engler's Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien first appeared in 1892 with the title Syllabus der Vorlesungen über specielle und medicinisch-pharmaceutische Botanik. Many subsequent editions have appeared since, and it was continued after Engler's death in 1930. The most recent edition was the 13th in 2009.[5] A number of references to the Engler system actually refer to later revisions ('modified Engler system') undertaken by Melchior and colleagues, the 12th edition of the Syllabus, also referred to as the Melchior system.

Editions 1892–1924[edit]

First page of synopsis from eighth edition



Engler's Botanical Ranks
German Latin English
Abteilung divisio Division
Unterabteilung subdivisio Subdivision
Klasse classis Class
Reihe ordo Order
Unterreihe subordo Suborder
Fam. familia Family
Unterfam. subfamilia Subfamily
Gruppe (§) tribus Tribe
Gattung genus Genus
Art species Species

First edition (1892)[edit]

Review of previous systems p. xvii Schema p. xx

Third edition (1903)[edit]

The main groups of plants are shown here with page numbers in (parentheses) and some corresponding volumes in Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien in [square brackets], however there are changes between editions:

Review of previous systems p. xxi

From schema and index (pp. xxiv-xxv)[6]

  • I. Abteilung. Phytosarcodina, Myxothallophyta, Myxomycetes (p. 1)
  • II. Abteilung. Schizophyta (p. 3) [vol 1 part Ia]
  • III. Abteilung. Flagellatae (p. 6) [vol 1 part Ia]
  • IV. Abteilung. Dinoflagellatae (p. 8)
  •  ? Abteilung. Silicoflagellatae (p. 8)
  • V. Abteilung. Zygophyceae (p. 8)
  • VI. Abteilung. Chlorophyceae (p. 11) [vol 1 part II]
  • VII. Abteilung. Charales (p. 15)
  • VIII. Abteilung. Phaeophyceae (p. 15)
  • IX. Abteilung. Dictyotales (p. 18)
  • X. Abteilung. Rhodophyceae (p. 18)
  • XI. Abteilung. Eumycetes (Fungi) (p. 25) [vol 1 part I]
  • XII. Abteilung. Embryophyta asiphonogama (Archegoniatae) (p. 50)
    • I. Unterabteilung Bryophyta (Muscinei) (p. 51) [vol 1 part III: 1]
    • II. Unterabteilung Pteridophyta (p. 61) [vol 1 part IV]
  • XIII. Abteilung. Embryophyta siphonogama (Phanerogamae) (p. 70)

XIII Embryophyta siphonogama[edit]


6 classes (p. 70)


2 classes (p. 75)


11 orders


2 subclasses (p. 106)

  • 1. Unterklasse Archechlamydeae
  • 2. Unterklasse Metachlamydeae (Sympetalae) (p. 175)

Index (p. 215)

Monocotyledon family structure[edit]

11 orders (Reihe)


4 suborders


6 suborders


6 suborders (Unterreihe)[7]

  1. Juncineae (p. 94)
  2. Liliineae 11 families (p. 94)
  3. Iridineae families (p. 100)
  4. Pontederiineae
  5. Burmanniineae
  6. Philydrineae

In modern classifications, Engler's divisions I - XI are not considered plants but are classified in other groups (although some botanists do accept Engler's divisions VII and VIII, the "green algae", as plants).

Thirteenth edition (2009-)[edit]



External links[edit]