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The latest literature[1] splits pangolins into three Genus: Manis, Phataginus, and Smutsia. I have made changes in various places to reflect this.


  1. ^ Gaudin, Timothy (28 August 2009). "The Phylogeny of Living and Extinct Pangolins (Mammalia, Pholidota) and Associated Taxa: A Morphology Based Analysis" (PDF). Journal of Mammalian Evolution. 16 (4): 235-305. doi:10.1007/s10914-009-9119-9. Retrieved 14 May 2015. More than one of |pages= and |page= specified (help)

-- (talk) 14:32, 14 May 2015 (UTC)


The article has the genus Manis split between two subfamilies. Someone who knows more about pangolins than I do needs to fix this.

--Suttkus 16:30, 17 June 2006 (UTC)

I've removed the interposing 'subfamily'. If it was true, the species in it would have to be transferred to new genera, which they don't appear to have been. If they are in the future, the subfamily ranking, if valid, can be restored. - MPF 20:38, 17 June 2006 (UTC)

A good source is the Gaudin et al paper. It is the latest literature on the classification of pangolins. (talk) 14:36, 25 November 2015 (UTC)

Vandalism in the "Threats" section[edit]

Someone stated that the population of Pangolins has doubled in the past four months in the "Threats" section. They even included a reference link. First of all, the history shows that the statement has been there since at least April, so is it four months or ten months? But it doesn't make any difference because the statement is completely bogus. The reference link mentions pangolins, but it doesn't say anything about their population doubling. I'd fix it, but everything I know about pangolins was what I learned on Wikipedia in the last 5 minutes. So, hopefully a pangolin expert will fix this.

And what's the deal with the bloody Chinese, anyway? Is there any endangered species that they don't eat? Martylunsford 00:50, 4 November 2006 (UTC)

Pangolin were called "nkaka" in the southern and central areas of the Bandundu region of the D.R.C. I ate them several times. Their meat is in a word...fantastic. After hearing that their populations are under pressure from over harvesting, I felt kind of bad for enjoying the meat so much. JoeArc 24 May 2007

Endangered status[edit]

I haven’t been able to find anything definitive about the endangered status of various pangolin species, but if anyone knows that they are, they should be put into that category. — Wiki Wikardo 22:54, 21 February 2007 (UTC)

All Pangolins are in not threatened or least concern status, although hunting is making populations decline. 13:26, 15 August 2007


Please sign your posts.

Per the article with its citation:

All eight species of pangolin are classified by the IUCN as threatened to extinction, while two are classified as critically endangered."Manis pentadactyla". IUCN Red List. 2014. Archived from the original on 9 February 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)

Mtminchi08 (talk) 00:45, 24 February 2015 (UTC)

Place in Lele religious symbolism[edit]

The tree pangolin is of central importance to the Lele. Perhaps something on this could be included? See Animals in Lele Religious Symbolism in Implicit Meanings by Mary Douglas for details 17:26, 25 April 2007 (UTC)

Clarification needed for regions & endangerment[edit]

(1) It is impossible to tell from the article as it is currently written which Pangolins are found on which continent. African pangolin sub-species should be somehow marked as such, or there should be some way to figure out which Pangolins pertain to South-East Asia, etc. The actual wording of the article now makes it seem as if the Chinese are buying Pangolins from Africa; this is not the case; they are hunted and killed in Laos (and the last few forests of Thailand), then sent up to the gourmets to the north.

(2) It remains entirely unclear to me which Pangolin sub-species are endangered, if any. I have personally seen Pangolin being chopped up for food in the middle of a Lao "National Park" (NBCA), viz., for the delectation of (likely Chinese) tourists. Most locals report that they find the meat revolting (which is also interesting...) --as the article states, the interest is primarily medicinal (and, perhaps, partly grim curiosity).

Sorry, there is no further information that I can supply.



Please sign your posts. Also this source shows that African pangolins ARE being shipped to China.

Fletcher, Martin (4 February 2015). "The world's most-trafficked mammal - and the scaliest". BBC News. Archived from the original on 5 February 2015. Retrieved 4 February 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help); Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |website= (help)

Mtminchi08 (talk) 00:43, 24 February 2015 (UTC)


Maybe I'm crazy, but I distinctly remember seeing a pangolin at the Bronx Zoo a few years ago in the section of nocturnal animals. This article states that they are only in captivity in two places. Someone should check up on that. Maybe I will. -David — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 19:12, 5 December 2007 (UTC)

They are at the Pittsburgh Zoo. See (talk) 03:30, 4 July 2017 (UTC)

Taxonomy: Orders.[edit]

List of possible Pangolin orders:

Carnivora (not very possible)

Which one is right?

P.S. Add more if you like.

61x62x61 (talk) 15:20, 3 May 2008 (UTC)


The Pangolin page in the Catalan edition has an image of a Coat of pangolin scales. Would that be something to include here? --Cavalaxis (talk) 02:13, 31 May 2008 (UTC)

I'll put that straight away if I can find a suitable place to include it. By the way, if you are the same Cavalaxis I met on Flickr, you must have seen I put your Baby Pangolin picture to good use :) Leptictidium (mt) 17:08, 4 June 2008 (UTC)

Baby diet[edit]

I've found a baby Giant Pangolin, apparently there have only been two recorded births, and they are on the scarce side. i do not know what to feed it and would greatly appreciate info posted on there diets as babies. I'm in the tropical forests of Liberia and there are no vets or wild life conservations here. i cannot let it go as i have already bought it from a guy who was planning on eating it, there are no laws against killing and eating any animals of any sort here, it would be cought and killed in under 15 minutes. post any helpful links or advice on my page.Henrigreeff (talk) 10:42, 21 September 2009 (UTC)

I have to say, I think you're in completely the wrong place for advice like this. If the Diet section isn't enough info, I doubt anyone here knows. I'd try looking at the references for an expert who might've worked with pangolins directly and contact them; or you could try to read up on other, more popular, insectivores and what they are fed in captivity as infants (anteaters maybe are popular enough). --Gwern (contribs) 15:46 21 September 2009 (GMT)

What happened to this baby pangolin? — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 02:52, 20 June 2014 (UTC)


what is the biome for a pangolin? —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 18:49, 5 March 2010 (UTC)

Split the article[edit]

Looking at the taxonomy section it looks like this should be split into at least, order, family and genus level articles, as there are a number of taxa at each level that are not talked about at all now, as the article is basically a genus level one right now.--Kevmin (talk) 20:32, 11 April 2010 (UTC)

I agree, there should be a family- and an order-level article spawned off from this article, although I don't think they will be anything more than stubs for a long time, although the order article will include the full tree given in this article. Go for it. :) - UtherSRG (talk) 20:43, 11 April 2010 (UTC)


Concerning the paper "Resolution of the Early Placental Mammal Radiation Using Bayesian Phylogenetics"; is there any other source confirming or any indication that this paper is generally accepted in its assertion of Pangolin belonging to Carnivora instead of Xenarthra? Aepryus (talk) 15:18, 12 November 2010 (UTC)

Molecular phylogenetic data clearly indicate that pangolins are related to carnivorans within Laurasiatheria (although they do not "belong" to Carnivora), and are only distantly related to Xenarthra. See any of the papers here. I think that has been fairly generally accepted. Ucucha 20:24, 12 November 2010 (UTC)
Perhaps, being able to see the forms of the root nodes of such divisions, would make it seem less shocking, but wow. I understand the concept of convergent evolution, but the forms and mannerisms of the Pangolin are qualitatively so similar to possums and armadillos; it makes me wonder whether previous ancestral forms are not archived in the DNA somehow and there is a lesser barrier to evolve back to a known form than to a whole new form (like a drop of water moving down the side of tub). Aepryus (talk) 17:33, 13 November 2010 (UTC)

Not an instrument[edit]

Yes, I know AC, I know. AC Bait (talk) 00:52, 26 January 2011 (UTC)


Dear All, in case anybody wishes to contribute further to this article, THIS could be an interesting link: Best regards--Semut23A (talk) 01:44, 3 April 2014 (UTC)

The caption of the photo of the Pangolin armor in the Threats section said it was given to George III in 1820. However, George III died in January of 1820. Is the date wrong, or could it be that it was actually given to George IV instead? — Preceding unsigned comment added by 2001:558:6017:7D:5596:6189:66DF:131 (talk) 16:11, 26 May 2018 (UTC)

Lead Section[edit]

Hello, as an English class project, I have added a bit more information to the lead section as well as some links to other related Wikipedia pages.Acaill6 (talk) 16:44, 2 March 2015 (UTC)

Conservation and Cleanup[edit]

Hello fellow editors, I recently added a section on the issues faced by Pangolins being raised in captivity as well as adding several new citations and edits for grammar and flow into the article. If you see any issues with it, feel free to contact me. Falgaia (talk) 21:39, 15 September 2016 (UTC)

Hi. The content looks good. One minor point, the titles of papers in journal are usually written in WP without capitals for each word (sentencecase). Happy editing. DrChrissy (talk) 22:08, 15 September 2016 (UTC)
Thanks! I'll be sure to keep that in mind with future page edits. Falgaia (talk) 05:05, 16 September 2016 (UTC)

@Falgaia and DrChrissy: The taxobox in this article now lists the entire family of pangolins as "critically endangered." Is this classification accurate? Jarble (talk) 18:35, 7 March 2018 (UTC)

I removed that entry from the taxobox. Assessments within the family range from Vulnerable to Critically Endangered, so no statements can be made for the clade as a whole. --Elmidae (talk · contribs) 09:45, 8 March 2018 (UTC)


The following was only in the lead, and not in the body, and not sourced anywhere. Moving here per WP:PRESERVE. well-sourced content on etymology would be great.

The name pangolin comes from the Malay word "pengguling",[citation needed][dubious ] meaning "something that rolls up". Other sources posits that it probably comes from the Serer word pangool (saints and/ancestral spirits). It is found in tropical regions throughout Africa and Asia.

-- Jytdog (talk) 06:56, 14 November 2016 (UTC)

I have restored the first and last sentences, with a citation for the first one that should be sufficient. I do not know what the "other sources" referred to in the second sentence might be, so I have not restored that part. Obviously, if somebody else does, then feel free! Anaxial (talk) 19:12, 14 November 2016 (UTC)
great, thanks. i moved it to the body. Jytdog (talk) 20:58, 14 November 2016 (UTC)


If females seek out males, how do the fights between males over females happen? The citation link is broken/dead. (talk) 12:49, 13 February 2017 (UTC)

Not Nocturnal[edit]

According to Maria Diekmann, who is one of the few people who raised and cared for Pangolins, they are not nocturnal. She says most of the on-line information is incorrect. This was mentioned on the PBS Nature episode on Pangolins. BruceBarnett (talk) 16:00, 27 May 2018 (UTC)

Provide a proper citation. She's not the only person to ever work with these animals, and if she contradicts the opinion of others, that doesn't necessarily mean she's right. Long-tailed pangolins are indeed active by day, but remember that other nocturnal mammals such as bats start out their lives diurnal and switch to being active at night as they grow up. Perhaps that's what's going on with her pangolins? Sumanuil (talk) 21:30, 27 May 2018 (UTC)

UPDATE: I watched the episode. She does not say they're not nocturnal, or that they don't eat termites. She says they eat more ants than termites, and that they're not nocturnal in the winter. Sumanuil (talk) 23:26, 27 May 2018 (UTC)

Vandalism reverting[edit]

While I was checking the "View history" area, I noticed apparent vandalism that Cluebot NG hadn't found yet. It said things like "Pangolins are ugly". The template was stated as "Automatic taboxxxxxxxx". I reverted the changes and resumed researching. However, they had suddenly popped up on the article. I manually deleted these, but when I was forced to delete the template, all of the citations and other stuff that's hidden in the article suddenly came. If I undo the changes, the vandalism will come back. I can't leave this like it is. Can anyone help me? Nomnom121

Hi Nomnom121, you re-added some vandalism by mistake: I've reverted it. Don't worry about it, we all make mistakes. Cheers, Rubbish computer (Talk: Contribs) 16:12, 6 May 2019 (UTC)

Um.. It says -120 for my good faith edits when you reverted. No offense, but it may have detracted from the article.