The Sign (song)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

"The Sign"
A close-up shot of an eyeball with an ankh inside. The text above reads Ace of Base – The Sign
European cover art. The North American cover art is a still from the music video (not pictured).
Single by Ace of Base
from the album The Sign / Happy Nation (U.S. Version)
B-side"Young and Proud"
Released1 November 1993
StudioCheiron (Stockholm, Sweden)
Songwriter(s)Jonas Berggren
Ace of Base singles chronology
"Waiting for Magic"
"The Sign"
"Don't Turn Around"
Music video
"The Sign" on YouTube

"The Sign" is a song by Swedish group Ace of Base from their first North American studio album, The Sign (1993), and their re-released debut studio album, Happy Nation (1992), titled Happy Nation (U.S. Version). The song was released by Arista and Mega as a single in Europe on 1 November 1993 and the US on 14 December 1993.[1] It was written by band member Jonas Berggren, who also produced the song with Denniz Pop and Douglas Carr. "The Sign" is a techno-reggae, Europop, and pop ballad with lyrics describing a couple contemplating the state of their relationship.

"The Sign" topped the Billboard Hot 100 for six non-consecutive weeks in the United States, which allowed Ace of Base to become the first Swedish group to simultaneously have a number one song and album on the Hot 100 and Billboard 200 respectively. Consequently, the song was ranked as the number one song of 1994 on Billboard's year-end chart. It also reached number one in 14 countries such as Australia, Canada, Germany, and New Zealand, and peaked at number two on the UK Singles Chart. Mathias Julien directed its music video. "The Sign" was nominated for Grammy Award for Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals at the 37th Annual Grammy Awards. In 2023, Billboard magazine ranked it among the 500 best pop songs of all time.[2]

Background and development[edit]

Ace of Base originally released their debut studio album Happy Nation in 1992, which did not include "The Sign", as it was intended to be for their next album. The head of Arista Records, Clive Davis, heard the song's demo, and in turn passed it to Swedish producers Douglas Carr and Denniz Pop, as he wanted something different from Happy Nation. The demo only contained the song's instrumental, which Pop thought that the verse was the chorus.[3] In contrast to their 1992 single "All That She Wants", Pop knew what he wanted to do with the song from the beginning.[4]

"The Sign" was recorded at Cheiron Studios in Stockholm, Sweden.[5] Ace of Base members Linn and Jenny Berggren re-arranged the song like they wanted to, so that it would become a duet between both women. Jenny played around with the chords at the end and composed the harmonies around it.[6] In an interview with Idolator, Jonas Berggren stated that Jenny and Linn split the chorus into two parts, with the former singing the second and fourth parts. He acknowledged that it "was hard to sing" since there was no breathing time. The song was recorded at a loud volume, which caused the producers Pop, Douglas Carr, and Jonas Berggren, to lower the sound by three decibels during audio mastering.[7]


"The Sign" is a techno-reggae,[8][9] Europop,[10][11] and pop ballad.[12] The song's lyrics describe a couple contemplating the state of their relationship and deciding to split up as a result. During recording, Jonas Berggren added hums between the melody lines to become "major and minor" with the chorus being "mostly major", as he believed that the song was originally "too merry".[8] He added that the lyrics are "about thinking back on an old [relationship]", but are deliberately oblique to allow listeners to form their own meanings. Jenny Berggren compared the lyrics to the "road of life" metaphor, noting, "You see signs in your life, and that's why you change direction."[13]

"The Sign" is performed in the key of G major for the verses and chorus but in G minor for the intro and instrumental breaks. It follows a tempo of 97 beats per minute in common time. According to the sheet music published at by Universal Music Publishing Group, the group's vocals span from the low note of A3 to the high note of E5.[14] The song initially begins with the sounds of a hand clap, kick drum, and snare over a four bar beat, which was sampled from "Shack Up" by American funk group Banbarra. The melodic hook contains a synth flute, with a bass combining a Moog sub-bass and a Korg M1 bass. Throughout the verses, a Yamaha TG77 synthesizer is used to create a reggae rhythm guitar sound. During the bridge, the band's vocal range increases by an octave.[4]

Chart performance[edit]

In Europe "The Sign" reached number one in Denmark, Finland, Germany and Spain. On 28 November, it entered the Eurochart Hot 100 at number 29 and peaked at number two eight weeks later. Additionally, the song was a top 10 hit also in Austria, Belgium, France, Ireland (#2), Lithuania, the Netherlands, Norway, Scotland (#2), Sweden (#2), Switzerland and the United Kingdom (#2). In the latter, it peaked in its second week at UK Singles Chart on 27 February 1994. It was held off reaching the top spot by Mariah Carey's "Without You" (1994), and spent a total of three weeks as number two on the chart.[15]

Outside Europe, "The Sign" peaked at number one in Australia, Israel, New Zealand, Canada and Zimbabwe.[citation needed] In the United States the song topped the Billboard Hot 100 on the chart dated 12 March 1994.[16] This allowed Ace of Base to become the first Swedish group to simultaneously score a number one single and album on the Billboard charts.[17] "The Sign" also topped the US Cash Box Top 100.[18] "The Sign" was the number one song of 1994 according to Billboard magazine's year-end charts. The song was ranked at number 60 on The Billboard Hot 100 All-Time Top Songs for the first 55 years of the Hot 100 chart,[19] and received a nomination for Grammy Award for Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals at the 1995 Grammy Awards.[20]

In 1994, Music & Media published an assessment of the chart performance of "The Sign", which stated that it "entered Border Breakers at number ten on November 21, 1993, due to crossover airplay in Central Europe. It also peaked twice at number one; on December 18, staying for five weeks and again on March 9 for a two week stay. It entered the Eurochart November 28 at 29 and peaked at two eight weeks later", and that it "[...] also holds the record for longest-running single on Border Breakers—42 weeks before slipping off on August 20."[21]

Critical reception[edit]

AllMusic editor Stephen Thomas Erlewine stated that the success of singles such as "The Sign" was attributed to "relentless" beats and an "incessantly catchy" hook.[22] Howard Cohen from Herald-Journal noted that it is flavoured with "faux reggae rhythms".[23] Chuck Campbell from Scripps Howard News Service claimed that "The Sign" "could be a bigger hit" than "All That She Wants", due to its "infectious Europop energy and cosmic synths set to a reggae beat".[11] Writing for the Dance Update column of Music Week, James Hamilton described it as a "US smash typical 96.7bpm cod-reggae jogger".[24] Jim Farber from New York Daily News compared the song's "dinky synths, impish dance beats and miniaturized vocals" to musicians from the 1980s such as A Flock of Seagulls and Falco.[25] Neil Strauss from The New York Times wrote that Ace of Base used "a deceptively mystical hook over a minimal bass line" to create the song.[12] A reviewer from People acknowledged that tunes like "The Sign" "prove Ace of Base to be more substantive than a mere ABBA clone."[26] Press-Telegram stated that it is "packed with unforgettable hooks".[27] The Rolling Stone Album Guide compared "The Sign" to Gloria Gaynor's 1978 song "I Will Survive", writing that it was "the wisest, catchiest, most triumphant kiss-off".[28]

Chuck Eddy of LA Weekly labeled the music video as "fun", but described "The Sign" as undistinctive.[29] Mario Tarradell from Miami Herald opined that the song was "annoyingly chirpy".[30] Alan Jones from Music Week wrote that Ace of Base's attempts to imitate "All That She Wants" by using a "shuffling reggae beat" was "less charming and effective", but believed "The Sign" was "bright enough" to chart in the top 20 on the UK Singles Chart.[31] Tom Doyle from Smash Hits gave "The Sign" two out of five in his review, stating that the reggae beat, saxophone, and tune were similar to "All That She Wants".[32] Writing for Entertainment Weekly, David Thigpen described it as "a wasteland of neutered hip-hop and lumbering dance rhythms", criticizing Linn Berggren's vocals as "inert" and "colorless".[33] Barry Walters for the San Francisco Examiner stated that the song "blankly chirps".[34]


Amos Barshad of Vulture stated in his retrospective review of the band's 1993 studio album The Sign that "The Sign" "is still a very good pop song" despite being outdated in production techniques, stating that it sounded analog.[35] American singer Katy Perry acknowledged in a 2009 MTV News interview that the song, along with the Cardigans' 1996 song "Lovefool", served as an inspiration for her recordings.[36] John Seabrook, a staff writer at The New Yorker, praised the song in his 2015 book The Song Machine: Inside the Hit Factory, stating that "the song is a three-minute, thirty-second sonic thrill rise of Swedish funk."[10] He also acknowledged that the song's success was due to three people: Denniz Pop, Clive Davis, and Clive Calder. Seabrook concluded that it had an influential impact on pop music, suggesting that "a Swedish hit factory for US and British artists had never happened before. ... 'The Sign' really was the sign that that could happen".[37] Annie Zaleski from The A.V. Club wrote that the song "is full of cheerful shade", noting that it combined a "breezy reggae vibe" with 1990s Europop.[38] Bob Waliszewski of Plugged In noted that the song's lyrics "demonstrate[s] strength in the wake of romantic rejection".[39]

Idolator ranked "The Sign" at number one on their ranking of The 50 Best Pop Singles of 1994, with author Robbie Daw writing that it "was a straight-up smash that was tailor made for radio".[7] Rolling Stone placed the song at number 42 on their list of 50 Best Songs of the Nineties,[40] while BuzzFeed listed the song at number 28 on their 2017 list of The 101 Greatest Dance Songs Of the '90s.[41] Billboard magazine ranked "The Sign" at number 65 on their 2018 ranking of All-Time Top 100 Songs,[42] stating in a separate article that it "led pop into a new era, putting Sweden on the map as a credible hitmaking hub, pushing electronic production closer to the forefront of popular music and helping ignite a collaborative approach to songwriting that has become an industry standard".[37] In October 2023, Billboard ranked it number 223 in their 500 Best Pop Songs of All Time list,[2] saying, "Sitting somewhere between Europop, techno and reggae pop, Ace of Base's monster smash remains a quintessential staple of ‘90s playlists."


Year Publisher Country Accolade Rank Ref.
1995 BMI United States "BMI Pop Awards" * [43]
2005 Bruce Pollock United States "The 7,500 Most Important Songs of 1944–2000" * [44]
2012 Porcys Poland "100 Singli 1990–1999" 55 [45]
2014 Idolator United States "The 50 Best Pop Singles of 1994" 1 [7]
2016 Rolling Stone United States "50 Best Songs of the Nineties" 42 [40]
2017 BuzzFeed United States "The 101 Greatest Dance Songs of the '90s" 28 [41]
2018 Billboard United States "All-Time Top 100 Songs" 65 [42]
2019 Insider United States "Best Songs from the '90s" * [46]
2019 Max Australia "1000 Greatest Songs of All Time" 688 [47]
2019 Stacker United States "Best 90s Pop Songs" 12 [48]
2019 Billboard United States "Billboard's Top Songs of the '90s" 14 [49]
2020 United States "Best Billboard Hot 100 No. 1 Song of the 1990s" 54 [50]
2020 Glamour United States "53 Best '90s Songs That Are All That and a Bag of Chips" 48 [51]
2021 BuzzFeed United States "The 50 Best '90s Songs of Summer" 7 [52]
2021 Time Out United Kingdom "50 Best '90s Songs" 48 [53]
2022 Pitchfork United States "The 250 Best Songs of the 1990s" 169 [54]
2023 Billboard United States "500 Best Pop Songs of All Time" 223 [2]

(*) indicates the list is unordered.

Music video[edit]

The accompanying music video for "The Sign" is directed by Mathias Julien and was shot on Filmhuset in Stockholm in November 1993. The opening of the video is a homage to Depeche Mode's 1990 song "Enjoy the Silence".[citation needed] It features the Ace of Base members singing amidst romantic and joyful images; "The Sign" was depicted as a computer generated ankh and a djed. Amid the images is a little story of a man and woman (played by Jenny Berggren) sitting side by side until the man leaves, seemingly abandoning the woman. However, he comes back with a rose and offers it to the woman. The woman graciously accepts and takes his hand. However, a bright light shines in the woman's face, drawing her away, abandoning the man and dropping the rose on the chair. The video received heavy rotation on MTV Europe[55] and was A-listed on Germany's VIVA.[56] As of August 2023, "The Sign" has over 120 million views on YouTube.[57]

Track listings[edit]

Credits and personnel[edit]

Credits adapted from the liner notes of The Sign.[5]



Certifications and sales for "The Sign"
Region Certification Certified units/sales
Australia (ARIA)[95] Platinum 70,000^
Austria (IFPI Austria)[116] Gold 25,000*
Denmark (IFPI Danmark)[117] Gold 45,000
Germany (BVMI)[118] Platinum 500,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[119] Platinum 10,000*
United Kingdom (BPI)[120] Platinum 600,000
United States (RIAA)[122] Platinum 1,100,000[121]

* Sales figures based on certification alone.
^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.
Sales+streaming figures based on certification alone.


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