Thrust (album)

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Herbie hancock Thrust.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedSeptember 6, 1974
RecordedAugust 1974
StudioWally Heider Studios, San Francisco; Different Fur Music, San Francisco
ProducerDavid Rubinson, Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock chronology
Death Wish
Professional ratings
Review scores
Christgau's Record GuideC+[3]
The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide[4]
All About Jazz[5]
Tom HullB+[6]
The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings[7]

Thrust is the fourteenth studio album by American jazz-funk musician Herbie Hancock, released in September 1974 on Columbia Records.[8] The album reached No. 2 on the Billboard Top Soul Albums chart and No. 13 on the Billboard 200 chart.[9][10] It is the second album featuring The Headhunters: saxophonist Bennie Maupin, bass guitarist Paul Jackson, drummer Mike Clark (replacing Harvey Mason in this role) and percussionist Bill Summers.


Thrust was produced by David Rubinson and Herbie Hancock.[8]


"Actual Proof" was covered by the Peter Zak Trio (2006) and Roberta Piket (2015).

The composition "Butterfly" was subsequently performed by Hancock himself in his live album Flood (1975), in two studio albums of Direct Step (1979) and Dis Is da Drum (1994), and in Kimiko Kasai's album Butterfly (1979). "Butterfly" was also covered by Norman Connors (1978), Eddie Henderson (1978), Toto (2002), Austin Peralta (2006), Azymuth (2008) and the Robert Glasper Experiment (2009).

"Spank-a-Lee" was covered by Mitchel Forman (2001).[11]

In popular culture[edit]

A variation of the composition "Palm Grease" was used in the 1974 vigilante film Death Wish, starring Charles Bronson.

The composition "Actual Proof" was originally written for the 1973 film The Spook Who Sat by the Door, and Hancock has used it as a demonstration of his style of playing the Fender Rhodes piano.[12]

Track listing[edit]

All compositions by Herbie Hancock except as indicated

1."Palm Grease" 10:38
2."Actual Proof" 9:42
3."Butterfly"Hancock, Bennie Maupin11:17
4."Spank-a-Lee"Hancock, Mike Clark, Paul Jackson7:12




  1. ^ Gorton, TJ (July 30, 2018). "BeatCaffeine's 100 Best Jazz-Funk Songs". BeatCaffeine. Archived from the original on August 25, 2018. Retrieved September 19, 2021.
  2. ^ Ginell, Richard S. "Herbie Hancock: Thrust". Allmusic.
  3. ^ Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: H". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 089919026X. Retrieved February 24, 2019 – via
  4. ^ Swenson, J., ed. (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. U.S.: Random House/Rolling Stone. p. 94. ISBN 0-394-72643-X.
  5. ^ Eggert, Ester (September 5, 2004). "Herbie Hancock: Thrust". All About Jazz.
  6. ^ "Tom Hull: Grade List: Herbie Hancock". Tom Hull. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  7. ^ Cook, Richard; Morton, Brian (2008). The Penguin Guide to Jazz Recordings (9th ed.). Penguin. p. 642. ISBN 978-0-141-03401-0.
  8. ^ a b c d Herbie Hancock:. Columbia Records. September 1974.
  9. ^ "Herbie Hancock: Thrust (Top Soul Albums)". Billboard.
  10. ^ "Herbie Hancock: Thrust (Billboard 200)". Billboard.
  11. ^ "Herbie Hancock: Thrust". Retrieved November 10, 2021.
  12. ^ Fender Audio Archive