Seven Steps to Heaven

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Seven Steps to Heaven
Seven Steps to Heaven cover.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedJuly 15, 1963[1]
RecordedApril 16-17, 1963 (#1, 3, 5)
Columbia Studios, Los Angeles
May 14, 1963 (#2, 4, 6)
CBS 30th Street Studio, New York City
GenreJazz
Length46:08
LabelColumbia
CL 2051
CS 8851
ProducerTeo Macero
Miles Davis chronology
Quiet Nights
(1962)
Seven Steps to Heaven
(1963)
E.S.P.
(1964)
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
Down Beat
(Original Lp release)
5/5 stars[2]
AllMusic4.5/5 stars[3]
Down Beat (1992)3.5/5 stars[4]
Encyclopedia of Popular Music3/5 stars[5]
MusicHound Jazz3.5/5[6]
The Penguin Guide to Jazz3/4 stars[7]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide4/5 stars[8]

Seven Steps to Heaven is the eighth studio album by jazz musician Miles Davis, released in 1963 by Columbia Records, catalogue CL 2051 and CS 8851 in stereo. Recorded at Columbia's 30th Street Studios in Manhattan, and at Columbia Studios in Los Angeles, it presents the Miles Davis Quintet in transition.

Background[edit]

After the unfinished sessions for Quiet Nights in 1962, Davis returned to club work. However, he had a series of health problems in 1962, which made his live dates inconsistent and meant that he missed gigs, with financial repercussions.[9][10] Faced with diminishing returns, by late 1962 his entire band quit, Hank Mobley to a solo career, and the rhythm section of Wynton Kelly, Paul Chambers, and Jimmy Cobb to work as a unit.[11] The departure of Chambers especially was a blow, as he had been the only man still left from the original formation of the quintet in 1955.

With club dates to fulfill, Davis hired several musicians to fill in: Frank Strozier on alto saxophone and Harold Mabern on piano, with George Coleman and Ron Carter arriving early in the year.[12] For shows on the West Coast in March, Davis added drummer Frank Butler,[13] but when it came time for the sessions, Davis jettisoned Strozier and Mabern in favor of pianist Victor Feldman.[14] With a lucrative career as a session musician, Feldman declined Davis' offer to join the group, and both he and Butler were left behind in California.[15] Back in New York, Davis located the musicians who would be with him for the next six years, Herbie Hancock and Tony Williams; with Carter and Coleman, the new Miles Davis Quintet was in place.[16] Williams, then only 17 years old, had been working with Jackie McLean, and Hancock had already scored a hit single with "Watermelon Man", recorded by percussionist Mongo Santamaria.[17]

Music[edit]

The assembled group at the April recording sessions finished enough material for an entire album, but Davis decided the uptempo numbers were not acceptable, and rerecorded all of them with the new group during the May sessions in New York.[18] Two of the ballad tunes recorded in Los Angeles were old – "Baby Won't You Please Come Home", written in 1919 and a hit for Bessie Smith in 1923, while "Basin Street Blues" had been introduced by Louis Armstrong in 1928.[19] Neither features Coleman; both are quartet performances with Davis and the rhythm section.

The uptempo numbers from New York in May include Feldman's "Joshua", which remained in the Davis performance book for the rest of the decade. This is the last of Davis' studio albums with standards rather than band originals; they were gone by the time the quintet made its last personnel change, Wayne Shorter replacing Coleman in late 1964.

On March 15, 2005, Legacy Records reissued the album for compact disc with two bonus tracks, both from the Los Angeles sessions in April. "Summer Night" had been previously released on Quiet Nights to bring that album up to an acceptable running time.

Track listing[edit]

Side one
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Basin Street Blues"Spencer Williams10:29
2."Seven Steps to Heaven"Victor Feldman, Miles Davis6:26
3."I Fall in Love Too Easily"Jule Styne6:46
Side two
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."So Near, So Far"Tony Crombie, Bennie Green6:59
2."Baby Won't You Please Come Home"Clarence Williams, Charles Warfield8:28
3."Joshua"Victor Feldman7:00
  • Sides one and two were combined as tracks 1–6 on CD reissues.
2005 reissue bonus tracks
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
7."So Near, So Far" (alternative version)Tony Crombie, Bennie Green5:11
8."Summer Night"Harry Warren, Al Dubin6:02

Personnel[edit]

Tracks 1, 3, 5, 7 & 8 – recorded in Hollywood on April 16 or 17, 1963

Tracks 2, 4 & 6 – recorded in New York on May 14, 1963

References[edit]

  1. ^ Miles Davis.com
  2. ^ Down Beat:September 12, 1963 Vol. 30, No.25
  3. ^ Allmusic review
  4. ^ Alkyer, Frank; Enright, Ed; Koransky, Jason, eds. (2007). The Miles Davis Reader. Hal Leonard Corporation. pp. 228, 312. ISBN 142343076X.
  5. ^ Larkin, Colin (2011). "Miles Davis". Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 0857125958.
  6. ^ Holtje, Steve; Lee, Nancy Ann, eds. (1998). "Miles Davis". MusicHound Jazz: The Essential Album Guide. Music Sales Corporation. ISBN 0825672538.
  7. ^ Cook, Richard; Morton, Brian (1992). The Penguin Guide to Jazz on CD, LP and Cassette. Penguin Books. p. 272. ISBN 0-14-015364-0.
  8. ^ Considine, J. D. (2004). "Miles Davis". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (eds.). The Rolling Stone Album Guide. Simon & Schuster. p. 215. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
  9. ^ Richard Cook. It's About That Time: Miles Davis on and off Record. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. ISBN 978-0-19-532266-8, p. 140.
  10. ^ Bob Belden. Seven Steps to Heaven. Columbia/Legacy CK 93592, 2005, liner notes p. 10.
  11. ^ Cook, p. 142.
  12. ^ Cook, p. 145.
  13. ^ Belden, liner notes, p. 10
  14. ^ Cook, p. 146.
  15. ^ Belden, liner notes p. 12.
  16. ^ Belden, liner notes p. 12.
  17. ^ Cook, pp. 148-49.
  18. ^ Cook, pp. 146-149.
  19. ^ Jazz Standard website retrieved 8 August 2011
  20. ^ Liner notes to Columbia CL 2051