Transport in Hungary

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Transport in Hungary relies on several main modes, including transport by road, rail, air and water.

Roads[edit]

Speed Limits in Hungary based on road type and vehicle category
Map of planned motorway and expressway network in Hungary

Hungary has a total of 159,568 km (99,150 mi) of public roads, of which 70,050 km (43,530 mi) are paved (including 1481 km of motorways, as of 2016); and 89,518 km (55,620 mi) are unpaved (2005 etc.):

Hungarian road categories are as follows:

  • Gyorsforgalmi út (controlled-access highway):
    • Autópálya (motorway): 2+2 travel lanes and 1+1 emergency lane, central reservation, no at-grade intersections, speed limit 130 kilometres per hour (81 mph)
    • Gyorsút (high-speed highway): 2+2 travel lanes, central reservation, few at-grade intersections, speed limit 110 kilometres per hour (68 mph)
    • Autóút (expressway): 2+2, 2+1 or 1+1 travel lanes, central reservation, some at-grade intersections, speed limit 110 kilometres per hour (68 mph)
  • Elsődrendő főút (primary arterial road or primary main road) (with one-digit number, e.g. 6-os főút)
  • Másodrendű főút (secondary main road) (with two or three digits, e.g. 57-es főút)
  • Helyi út (local road) (with three or more digits, e.g. 4519-es közút)

Motorways and expressways[edit]

Main article: Highways in Hungary

Hungarian motorways and expressways are part of the national road network. As of October 2016, there are 1,481 kilometres (920 mi) of controlled-access highways.

Hungary road sign E-016.svg

Motorways (autópályák, singular - autópálya) in Hungary:

M1 | M3 | M4 | M5 | M6 | M7 | M8 | M15 | M19 | M30 | M31 | M35 | M43 | M60

Hungary road sign E-018.svg

Expressways (autóutak, singular - autóút) in Hungary:

M0 | M2 | M9 | M51 | M70 | M85 | M86

New motorway sections are being added to the existing network, which already connects many major economically important cities to the capital.

Bus transport[edit]

Bus transport between municipalities was provided by Volán Companies, twenty-four bus companies founded in 1970 and named after the regions they served. They also provided local transport in cities and towns that did not have their own public transport company (all cities except for Budapest, Miskolc, Pécs, Kaposvár and also Debrecen after 2009), and operated bus lines in cities where the local company operated only tram and trolley bus lines (Szeged and Debrecen, the latter until 2009, when DKV took over the bus lines). In early 2015 the 24 companies were organized into seven regional companies.

Railways[edit]

Rail transport map of Hungary
Keleti Railway Station, Budapest

Note: Hungary and Austria jointly manage the cross-border standard-gauge railway between GyőrSopronEbenfurt (GySEV/ROeEE), a distance of about 101 km in Hungary and 65 km in Austria.

In Budapest, the three main railway stations are the Eastern (Keleti), Western (Nyugati) and Southern (Déli), with other outlying stations like Kelenföld. Of the three, the Southern is the most modern but the Eastern and the Western are more decorative and architecturally interesting.

Other important railway stations countrywide include Szolnok (the most important railway intersection outside Budapest), Tiszai Railway Station in Miskolc and the stations of Pécs, Győr, Debrecen, Szeged and Székesfehérvár.

The only city with an underground railway system is Budapest with its Metro.

In Budapest there is also a suburban rail service in and around the city, operated under the name HÉV.

Rail system[edit]

Rail links with adjacent countries[edit]

Airports[edit]

There are 43-45 airports in Hungary, including smaller, unpaved airports, too. The five international airports are Budapest-Liszt Ferenc, Debrecen Airport, Hévíz–Balaton International Airport (previously Sármellék, also called FlyBalaton for its proximity to Lake Balaton, Hungary's number one tourist attraction), Győr-Pér and Pécs-Pogány (as of 2015. there are no regular passenger flights from Győr-Pér and Pécs-Pogány). Malév Hungarian Airlines ceased operations in 2012.

Airports with paved runways

Total: 20 (1999 est.)

  • Over 3,047 m: 2
  • 2,438 to 3,047 m: 8
  • 1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
  • 914 to 1,523 m: 1
  • Under 914 m: 1
Airports with unpaved runways

Total: 27 (1999 est.)

  • 2,438 to 3,047 m: 3
  • 1,524 to 2,437 m: 5
  • 914 to 1,523 m: 12
  • Under 914 m: 7

International airports[edit]

List of airports in Hungary; The following are the largest airports in Hungary (In descending order for 2015):

Heliports[edit]

Hungary has five heliports.[1]

Waterways[edit]

1,373 km permanently navigable (1997)

Ports and harbors[edit]

The most important port is Budapest, the capital. Other important ones include Dunaújváros and Baja.

Ports on the Danube:

Ports on the Tisza:

Merchant marine[edit]

Transport in cities[edit]

Transport companies of cities[edit]

In the rest of the cities and towns local transport is provided by Volán companies that also provide intercity bus lines.

Metro[edit]

Main article: Budapest Metro
BKV metro.svg

The Budapest Metro (Hungarian: Budapesti metró) is the rapid transit system in the Hungarian capital Budapest. It is the oldest electrified underground railway system on the European continent. The second (red) line was opened in 1970, third (blue) line was opened in 1976, the newest line is the fourth (green), it was opened in 2014.

Trams[edit]

Hungary road sign E-041.svg

The busiest traditional city tram line in the world is still route 4/6 in Budapest, where 50-meter long trains run at 60 to 90 second intervals at peak time and are usually packed with people. A part of this route is the same as where electric trams made their world first run in 1887. Budapest has recently ordered 40 Siemens Combino Supra low floor trams. Trams began carrying the passengers on the 1 July 2006 but during the first weeks there were many technical difficulties.

There were some towns, where narrow gauge railways were used as tram lines or interurban lines (for example: Sárospatak, Sátoraljaújhely, Békéscsaba, Békés, Cegléd). These lines were closed in the 1970s.

Trolleybus[edit]

Hungary road sign E-040.svg Trolleybuses can be found in three cities: Budapest, Debrecen and Szeged.


Pipelines[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hungary". Texas Tech University - Office of International Affairs. 

External links[edit]