|Studio album by Neil Young|
|Released||December 29, 1982|
|Recorded||September 24, 1981 – May 12, 1982 at Modern Recorders in Redwood City, California, and Commercial Recorders in Honolulu, Hawaii|
|Genre||Synthrock, synthpop, new wave, experimental|
|Producer||Neil Young, Tim Mulligan, David Briggs|
|Neil Young chronology|
Trans is the twelfth studio album by Canadian musician and singer-songwriter Neil Young, released on December 29, 1982. Recorded and released during his Geffen-era in the 1980s, Trans baffled many Neil Young fans upon its initial release—a Sennheiser vocoder VSM201 features prominently in six of the nine tracks. While the album was poorly received, some critics point out that the melodies are strong and that the album involves Young addressing new musical movements, as he did previously on Rust Never Sleeps and later with the grunge movement on Mirror Ball.
Originally released as an vinyl LP, the album was re-issued in 1998 on compact disc, although not in the US. The compact disc has noticeably longer versions of "Sample and Hold" and "Like An Inca". "Transformer Man" has a different mix on the CD version; it contains more effects on the electronic drums and synthesizer, and a new synthesizer sound.
In 1982, Young left Reprise Records, his record label since his debut album in 1968, to sign with Geffen Records—the label founded and owned by David Geffen, who had worked with Young as manager of Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young. Young's contract guaranteed him $1 million per album, as well as total creative control over his output.
From late 1980 to mid-1982, Young spent much of his waking hours carrying out a therapy program for his young son, Ben, who was born with cerebral palsy and unable to speak. Neil disclosed to almost no one at the time that he was doing so, or that the repetitive nature of the songs on both the previous album, Re-ac-tor, and this one related to the exercises he was performing with Ben. Work on Trans began in late 1981 as a continuation of Re-ac-tor, with the usual Crazy Horse lineup. But then Young started playing with two new machines he had acquired, a synclavier and a vocoder. Crazy Horse guitarist Poncho Sampedro recalled, "Next thing we knew, Neil stripped all our music off, overdubbed all this stuff, the vocoder, weird sequencing, and put the synth shit on it."
Young's direction was influenced by the electronic experiments of the German band Kraftwerk, but more importantly he felt that distorting his voice reflected his attempts to communicate with his son. "At that time he was simply trying to find a way to talk, to communicate with other people. That's what Trans is all about. And that's why, on that record, you know I'm saying something but you can't understand what it is. Well, that's exactly the same feeling I was getting from my son."
Young's first work for Geffen was a group of songs for an entirely different project, Island in the Sun, recorded in May 1982 in Hawaii. According to Young, it was "a tropical thing all about sailing, ancient civilisations, islands and water." Young recalled later, "Geffen thought it was okay, but he didn't think it was good enough."
Instead of recording more new material, Young went back to the synthesizer tracks, actually recorded in the last days of the Reprise contract, and put together an album of songs from the two very different projects, three from Island in the Sun and six of the synthesizer tracks. Young proposed making a video to go with the album that would have clarified what the album was about. "All of the electronic-voice people were working in a hospital, and the one thing they were trying to do is teach this little baby to push a button."
After a year of work, the album was mixed in a hurry because Young was eager to go out on tour (documented in the home video Neil Young in Berlin), and a last-minute change in the running order is evident in the inclusion of a song called "If You Got Love" in the track listing and lyric sheet, even though it is not on the album. Portions of several tracks appeared in Young's 1982 feature-length comedy film Human Highway. Trans, along with Young's next Geffen release Everybody's Rockin', formed the basis of a 1983 lawsuit filed against Young by Geffen on the grounds that he had produced deliberately uncommercial and unrepresentative work.
Covers by notable artists
All songs written by Neil Young.
|1.||"Little Thing Called Love"||3:13|
|3.||"We R in Control"||3:31|
|5.||"Computer Cowboy (aka Syscrusher)"||4:13|
|1.||"Hold On to Your Love"||3:28|
|2.||"Sample and Hold" (8:03 on CD versions)||5:09|
|4.||"Like an Inca" (9:46 on CD versions)||8:08|
- Neil Young — vocals, vocoder, guitars, bass, synclavier, electric piano
- Nils Lofgren — guitars, piano, organ, electric piano, synclavier, backing vocals, vocoder
- Ben Keith — pedal steel guitar, slide guitar, backing vocals
- Frank Sampedro — guitars, stringman
- Bruce Palmer, Billy Talbot — bass
- Ralph Molina — drums, backing vocals
- Joe Lala — percussion, backing vocals
- William Ruhlmann. "Trans - Neil Young | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2015-06-01.
- Blender review
- "CG: neil young". Robert Christgau. Retrieved 2015-06-01.
- Puterbaugh, Parke (1983-02-03). "Neil Young Trans Album Review". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2015-06-01.
- Dave Tompkins (20102011). How to Wreck a Nice Beach: The Vocoder from World War II to Hip-Hop, The Machine Speaks. Melville House. ISBN 978-1-933633-88-6 (2010), ISBN 978-1-61219-093-8 (2011).
- Clancy, Chris. "From the Vault: Neil Young." Money, September 2, 2010.
- McDonough, Jimmy. Shakey: Neil Young's Biography. New York: Anchor Books, 2003 ISBN 0-6797-509-67, p 552.
- Kent, Nick. "I BUILD SOMETHING UP, I TEAR IT RIGHT DOWN: Neil Young at 50." Mojo, December 1995
- McDonough, Shakey, p 556.
- McDonough, Shakey, p 556-557.
- Human Highway film credits