U.S. Route 22 in Pennsylvania

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This article is about the section of U.S. Route 22 in Pennsylvania. For the entire route, see U.S. Route 22.

U.S. Route 22 marker

U.S. Route 22
Route information
Maintained by PennDOT & DRJTBC
Length: 337.60 mi[1] (543.31 km)
Existed: 1926 – present
Major junctions
West end: US 22 in Hanover Township
 

Toll PA 576 in Washington County
I-79 near Carnegie
I-279 / US 19 in Pittsburgh
I-76 / I-376 / Penna Turnpike in Monroeville
Toll PA 66 / PA 66 in Delmont
I-99 / US 220 in Duncansville
US 11 / US 15 near Duncannon
I-81 / US 322 in Harrisburg
I-78 from Fredericksburg to Kuhnsville

I-476 / Penna Turnpike NE Extension in South Whitehall Township
East end: US 22 in Easton
Location
Counties: Washington, Allegheny, Westmoreland, Indiana, Cambria, Blair, Huntingdon, Mifflin, Juniata, Perry, Dauphin, Lebanon, Berks, Lehigh, Northampton
Highway system
PA 21 PA 22

U.S. Route 22 (US 22) is an east–west route stretching from Cincinnati, Ohio in the west to Newark, New Jersey in the east. In Pennsylvania, the route runs for 337.60 miles (543.31 km) between the West Virginia state line at Washington County, where it is a limited-access expressway-grade route through the western suburbs of Pittsburgh, to the New Jersey state line at Easton.

Route description[edit]

US 22 carries multiple names as it progresses across the state, including the William Penn Highway and the Lehigh Valley Thruway. Several sections of the road are freeway, including the Lehigh Valley Thruway.

US Route 22 crosses into Pennsylvania from West Virginia as the William Penn Highway. It becomes concurrent with U.S. Route 30 (The Lincoln Highway from Times Square) and then west of Pittsburgh also with I-376, as the Penn Lincoln Parkway. It continues as such through Pittsburgh and beyond the end of the US 30 concurrency, and when I-376 reaches its eastern end at the Pennsylvania Turnpike junction with Interstate 70, US 22 resumes as the William Penn Highway again (with Murrysville as a control city on signs) as it begins the long climb eastwards up the Allegheny Plateau towards the gaps of the Allegheny Front, where it crosses the eastern continental divide in Tunnelhill, Pennsylvania where it descends along the same valley (Blair Gap) once used by the historic Allegheny Portage Railroad. During the last part of its eastbound ascent, it becomes known as the Admiral Peary Highway from Armagh, Pennsylvania in Indiana County through the Blair Gap and down into the Altoona area. From Duncansville to Mount Union, US 22 is a two-lane road with occasional passing and truck-climbing lanes, and it passes through the business district of Huntingdon, where it is three lanes (one lane each way with a turning lane in the middle). It becomes concurrent with US 522 near Mount Union and remains a two-lane road. The US 522 concurrency continues until Lewistown. US 22 bypasses the downtown area of Lewistown as a four-lane limited access highway and becomes concurrent with US 322, continuing as a four-lane limited access highway along the Juniata and Susquehanna rivers until Harrisburg. In Harrisburg (with the US 322 concurrency ending at I-81), it continues as N Cameron Street, Arsenal Blvd., Herr St., Walnut St., Jonestown Rd., and Allentown Blvd. In Fredericksburg, US 22 becomes concurrent with I-78 for a 40-mile (64 km) stretch before splitting off on to the Lehigh Valley Thruway.

Lehigh Valley Thruway[edit]

US 22 eastbound at PA 145 interchange in Whitehall Township

The Lehigh Valley Thruway is a 24-mile-long (39 km) freeway portion of US 22 from the eastern end of the Interstate 78/US 22 concurrency in Kuhnsville, west of Allentown, to the state line in Easton. The highway travels just to the north of Allentown and Bethlehem and passes through Easton. Originally, I-78 would have continued with the U.S. 22 concurrency on the Lehigh Valley Thruway into New Jersey, with I-278[citation needed] running south as a bypass, and I-178 and I-378 serving Allentown and Bethlehem respectively. Due to opposition in Phillipsburg, New Jersey on the building of a I-78/U.S. 22 highway through the town (the same opposition that later killed the Somerset Freeway for I-95 in 1982), PennDOT and NJDOT decided to reroute the I-78 highway onto the proposed I-278 bypass and allow U.S. 22 to remain on the limited-access highway, which, after going through a series of sharp, potentially dangerous curves in Easton and crossing the Delaware River into NJ, becomes an at-grade divided highway in Phillipsburg. Traffic on the Lehigh Valley Thruway is often heavy at rush hour, particularly near the PA 145 interchange. The series of sharp curves is locally known as "Cemetery Curve", and because of it, the speed limit is lowered to 45 mph at Route 248 and then lowered to 35 mph around the sharpest part of the curves. At the interchange with Bushkill Street, US 22 becomes an elevated highway until crossing into New Jersey. The speed limit drops once again to 25 mph while crossing the Easton-Phillipsburg Toll Bridge.

History[edit]

The William Penn Highway was organized as an alternative to the Lincoln Highway being parallel to the Pennsylvania Railroad west of Harrisburg. The route's New York Extension was adopted in 1916. The Pennsylvania Department of Highways assigned the Pennsylvania Route 3 designation to this road in 1924, and in 1926 it became part of U.S. Route 22 when the United States Highway System was formed,[2] The road became problematic for motorists in Lebanon along the current U.S. Route 422; Reading via U.S. Routes 22 and 222; and Allentown on Hamilton Street (US 22).[3] The highway continued through Allentown on Hanover Avenue and through Bethlehem on Broad Street, Linden Street, and Easton Avenue.

Pennsylvania Route 43 was aligned as a bypass, north of the Pennsylvania Dutch Country, that ran from U.S. Route 22, U.S. Route 11, and Pennsylvania Route 5 in Harrisburg to Pennsylvania Route 12 in Bethlehem.[4] The route from Fogelsville to Allentown, now Main Street, Tilghman Street, Broadway, College Heights Boulevard, and Liberty Street, was designated LR 443 in 1925,[5] and was soon incorporated into "Traffic Route 43."[6] The New York Times was recommending use of this cutoff by early 1931.[6] On June 8, 1931, the American Association of State Highway Officials came to a resolution for the traffic problem, by replacing the PA 43 corridor with US 22. The Pennsylvania Department of Highways moved the William Penn Highway name to match.[2][3] The state truncated PA 43 to Susquehanna Street from Allentown to Bethlehem.[4][7][8][9] Signs were changed to reflect the new designations on May 31, 1932, with the new route designations officially in place on June 1, 1932.[10]

Tilghman Street was eventually connected directly from Cetronia to Allentown by a bridge over Cedar Creek; Tilghman Street (west of the Lehigh River) and Union Boulevard (east of the river) were joined in 1929 by a bridge. By 1936, US 22 had been moved from its Hamilton Street and Broad Street alignment to Tilghman Street and Union Boulevard through Allentown and Bethlehem. When the Lehigh Valley Thruway was completed in 1954, US 22 was moved onto it. With the completion of Interstate 78, US 22 was moved onto that highway from Fredericksburg to Kuhnsville.

Former alignment[edit]

Old U.S. Route 22 is the former PA 43, and the earlier version of the newer, more traveled U.S. Highway 22. It starts in the unincorporated community of Bethel, Pennsylvania of Berks County and ends in Cetronia, just outside the city of Allentown (Lehigh County) where it becomes Main Street and then Tilghman Street. This road, although no longer a major state highway, is well traveled by those who live in the vicinity. It passes through several communities including Shartlesville, Jalappa, West Hamburg, Edenburg, Krumsville, and New Smithville. It also passes through the boroughs of Strausstown, Hamburg and Lenhartsville. Old U.S. Route 22 crosses seven Pennsylvania highways including 501, 419, 183, 61, 143, 737, and 863. Through these different neighborhoods, this road is defined as Old Route 22, Hex Highway, and Shartlesville Road.

From Cetronia east, the old road is State Route 1002 in Lehigh County, comprising Tilghman Street and Union Boulevard in Allentown. In Northampton County, the 1940s highway is Union Boulevard, Linden Street, and Easton Avenue in Bethlehem; William Penn Highway between Bethlehem and Easton; and Butler Street, 13th Street, and Northampton Street in Easton.

Future[edit]

In 2011, it was announced that plans were being resurrected to widen US 22 from Allentown to Bethlehem. Part of the plan is to reconstruct the Lehigh River Bridge. The plan's cost is between $240 to $320 million.[11]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location mi km Exit Destinations Notes
Washington Hanover Township 0.00 0.00 US 22 west – Weirton West Virginia border
5.3 8.5 PA 18 – Florence, Burgettstown
Smith Township 9.7 15.6 Bavington
Robinson Township 11.4 18.3 Toll PA 576 west (Southern Beltway) – Pittsburgh International Airport Current eastern terminus of PA Toll 576 as of August 2015, PA 576 exit 6
Allegheny North Fayette Township 12.8 20.6 PA 980 south – McDonald, Midway Northern terminus of PA 980
14.4 23.2 Noblestown To Pennsylvania Motor Speedway
16.0 25.7 US 30 west / PA 978 south – Imperial Western terminus of US 30 concurrency, northern terminus of PA 978
17.4 28.0 Hankey Farms
18.4 29.6 Orange Belt (Oakdale) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance, western terminus of Orange Belt concurrency
19.5 31.4 Montour Church Road, Old Steubenville Pike, Bayer Road Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Robinson Township 19.9 32.0 I-376 west (Airport Parkway) / Orange Belt – Pittsburgh International Airport Western terminus of I-376 concurrency, exit 60A from I-376, eastern terminus of Orange Belt concurrency
20.4 32.8 60B PA 60 south – Crafton
20.7 33.3 61 Ridge Road
21.9 35.2 62 Yellow Belt (Campbells Run Road) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Collier Township 23.5 37.8 64A I-79 – Washington, Erie I-79 exit 59
Rosslyn Farms 24.3 39.1 64B Rosslyn Farms Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Carnegie 24.8 39.9 Buses only (West Busway) Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
25.2 40.6 65 PA 50 – Carnegie, Heidelberg
Green Tree 27.0 43.5 67 PA 121 – Green Tree, Mount Lebanon, Crafton
Pittsburgh 27.6 44.4 68 Parkway Center Drive Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
28.2 45.4 69A US 19 south (Banksville Road) Western termini of US 19/US 19 Truck concurrencies; eastbound exit is via exit 69C
28.7 46.2 69B
US 19 Truck south / PA 51 south – Uniontown
Westbound exit is via exit 69A
28.7 46.2 69C US 19 north / PA 51 north – West End Eastern terminus of US 19 concurrency; eastbound exit and westbound entrance
29.1 46.8 Fort Pitt Tunnel under Mount Washington
29.6 47.6 69C PA 837 to PA 51 – West End Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Monongahela River 29.7 47.8 Fort Pitt Bridge
Pittsburgh 29.7 47.8 70A Boulevard of the Allies, Liberty AvenueConsol Energy Center Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
29.7 47.8 70B Fort Duquesne BoulevardConvention Center, Strip District Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
29.7 47.8 70C
I-279 / US 19 Truck north – Fort Duquesne Bridge, North Shore
Eastern terminus of US 19 Truck concurrency
30.0 48.3 70D Stanwix Street No eastbound exit
30.4 48.9 71A Grant Street
30.9 49.7 71B Second Avenue Westbound exit only
31.8 51.2 72A Forbes Avenue – Oakland Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
32.1 51.7 72B To I-579 (Crosstown Blvd) / PA 885 north (Boulevard of the Allies) / Liberty Bridge Westbound exit and eastbound entrance, access to I-579 and Liberty Bridge is via Boulevard of the Allies
32.6 52.5 73 PA 885 (Bates Street) – Oakland, Glenwood Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; signed as exits 73A (south) and 73B (north)
34.2 55.0 74 Blue Belt – Squirrel Hill, Homestead
34.8 56.0 Squirrel Hill Tunnel under Squirrel Hill
Swissvale 36.4 58.6 77 Edgewood, Swissvale
Wilkinsburg 37.7 60.7 78A US 30 east – Forest Hills Eastern terminus of US 30 concurrency; no westbound exit
37.9 61.0 78B PA 8 north – Wilkinsburg Southern terminus of PA 8
Churchill 38.6 62.1 79A Greensburg Pike Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
39.1 62.9 79B PA 130 – Churchill
39.9 64.2 80
US 22 Bus. east – Monroeville
Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
Penn Hills 40.2 64.7 81 PA 791 north / Yellow Belt – Penn Hills
Monroeville 43.8 70.5 84A PA 48 south / Orange Belt – Monroeville Eastbound exit and westbound entrance, northern terminus of PA 48
44.0 70.8 84B Orange Belt – Plum Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
44.3 71.3
US 22 Bus. west – Monroeville
Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
44.3 71.3 I-376 to I-76 / Penna Turnpike – Harrisburg, Ohio Eastern terminus of I-376, I-76 / Penna Turnpike exit 57 (Pittsburgh)
44.5 71.6 East end of freeway
46.4 74.7 PA 286 east (Golden Mile Highway) Eastbound exit and westbound entrance, westbound exit and eastbound entrance provided by at-grade intersection, western terminus of PA 286
Westmoreland Salem Township 54.8 88.2 PA 66 – Delmont, Greensburg Single-point urban interchange
57.4 92.4 PA 819 – Slickville, Forbes Road, Greensburg
New Alexandria 61.8 99.5 US 119 south – Greensburg Western terminus of US 119 concurrency
62.8 101.1 PA 981 (Latrobe New Alexandria Road) – Latrobe, Saltsburg
Derry Township 67.3 108.3 PA 982 south – Derry Northern terminus of PA 982
Indiana 71.5 115.1 PA 217 – Blairsville, Derry Interchange
Burrell Township 74.2 119.4 US 119 north – Homer City, Indiana Interchange, eastern terminus of US 119 concurrency, to Indiana University of Pennsylvania
West Wheatfield Township 80.3 129.2 PA 259 – Brush Valley, Robinson, Bolivar Interchange
East Wheatfield Township 84.4 135.8 PA 56 – Brush Valley, Armagh Interchange
85.6 137.8 PA 403 – Dilltown, Johnstown Interchange
Cambria Jackson Township 95.2 153.2 PA 271 – Mundys Corner, Nanty Glo Interchange
Ebensburg 99.5 160.1 US 219 to US 422 – Johnstown, Carrolltown, Indiana Interchange
100.9 162.4 High Street Interchange
102.8 165.4 Western terminus of freeway
102.8 165.4 Ebensburg, Loretto (Rowena Drive)
Munster Township 105.9 170.4 PA 164 south – Munster, Portage Northern terminus of PA 164
Cresson Township 109.0 175.4 PA 53 – Cresson
111.1 178.8 William Penn Highway – Summit
Blair Allegheny Township 112.8 181.5 Tunnelhill Road – Tunnelhill, Gallitzin
119.2 191.8 I-99 / US 220 – Altoona, Bedford I-99 / US 220 exit 28
120.2 193.4 PA 764 north – Altoona Western terminus of PA 764 concurrency
120.2 193.4 Eastern terminus of freeway
121.8 196.0 PA 764 south Eastern terminus of PA 764 concurrency
Hollidaysburg 124.6 200.5 PA 36 (Penn Street) – Altoona, Roaring Spring
Catharine Township 136.3 219.4 PA 866 south (Juniata River Road) Northern terminus of PA 866
Huntingdon Morris Township 142.0 228.5 PA 453 north (Birmingham Pike) to PA 45 – Tyrone, State College Southern terminus of PA 453
Alexandria 144.6 232.7 PA 305 east (Bridge Street) – Alexandria Western terminus of PA 305
Huntingdon 150.2 241.7 PA 26 – Everett, Huntingdon, State College Interchange
Mill Creek 156.4 251.7 PA 829 south – Cassville Northern terminus of PA 829
157.2 253.0 PA 655 north Western terminus of PA 655 concurrency
Brady Township 158.6 255.2 PA 655 south (Oriskany Road) Eastern terminus of PA 655 concurrency
Mifflin Wayne Township 163.1 262.5 PA 747 south (North Jefferson Street) – Mount Union Northern terminus of PA 747
163.5 263.1 US 522 south (Croghan Pike) Western terminus of US 522 concuurency
Lewistown 182.2 293.2 Western terminus of freeway
182.2 293.2
US 22 Bus. east
Western terminus of Business US 22
186.2 299.7 US 322 west – State College Western terminus of US 322 concurrency
186.4 300.0 Electric Avenue
187.0 300.9 US 522 north (Walnut Street) – Selinsgrove Eastern terminus of US 522 concurrency
187.4 301.6 East Charles Street Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
189.3 304.6
US 22 Bus. west – Lewistown
Westbound exit and eastbound entrance, eastern terminus of Business US 22
Juniata Fermanagh Township 196.9 316.9 Arch Rock Road
200.1 322.0 PA 35 – Mifflintown, McAlisterville To Mifflintown Airport
Walker Township 202.0 325.1 PA 75 south – Port Royal Northern terminus of PA 75
Delaware Township 209.6 337.3 PA 333 – East Salem, Thompsontown
211.2 339.9 Pfoutz Valley Road Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Perry Greenwood Township To PA 17 – Millerstown
Howe Township PA 34 – Newport, Bloomfield
Buffalo Township Midway Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Watts Township Watts
Amity Hall
Dauphin Reed Township US 11 / US 15 – Camp Hill, Selinsgrove
Eastern terminus of freeway
PA 849 west – Duncannon Eastern terminus of PA 849, no access from PA 849 to US 22/322 westbound
Western terminus of freeway
Susquehanna River Clarks Ferry Bridge
Reed Township PA 147 north – Halifax Southern terminus of PA 147
PA 325 east (Mountain Road) Western terminus of PA 325
Dauphin PA 225 north – Halifax, Dauphin Southern terminus of PA 225
Middle Paxton Township Dauphin Borough, Stony Creek Westbound exit
Heckton Eastbound exit
PA 443 – Fishing Creek, Rockville, Fort Hunter
Susquehanna Township PA 39 – Linglestown, Rockville
I-81 south – Carlisle I-81 exit 67
I-81 north / US 322 east to I-83 – Hershey, Hazleton, Allentown Eastern terminus of US 322 concurrency, I-81 exit 67
East end of freeway
Harrisburg PA 230 east (Cameron Street) – Downtown Harrisburg, Capitol Complex, City Island Western terminus of PA 230
Lower Paxton Township I-83 / US 322 to I-81 – Carlisle, Hazleton, Airport I-83 / US 322 exit 50
West Hanover Township PA 39 (Hershey Road) – Hershey
East Hanover Township PA 743 (Laudermilch Road) to I-81 – Grantville, Hershey
Lebanon East Hanover Township PA 934 to I-81 – Annville, Fort Indiantown Gap Interchange
Union Township PA 72 – Lebanon, Lickdale Cloverleaf interchange
Bethel Township PA 343 south (Pine Grove Street) – Lebanon Western terminus of PA 343 concurrency
PA 343 north (Pine Grove Road) to I-78 west Eastern terminus of PA 343 concurrency
Local Traffic Old US 22 (Hex Highway)
Western terminus of freeway
I-78 west – Harrisburg Western terminus of I-78 concurrency, I-78 exit 8
Berks Bethel Township 10 PA 645 – Frystown
Bethel 13 PA 501 – Bethel
Bethel Township 15 Grimes No access across I-78/US 22, no tractor trailers
16 Midway To Conrad Weiser Homestead
17 PA 419 – Rehrersburg
Strausstown 19 PA 183 – Strausstown
Upper Bern Township 23 Shartlesville
Tilden Township 29 PA 61 – Reading, Pottsville Signed as exits 29A (south) and 29B (north) on the westbound side
Hamburg 30 Hamburg
Greenwich Township 35 PA 143 – Lenhartsville
40 PA 737 – Kutztown, Krumsville To Kutztown University
Lehigh Weisenberg Township 45 PA 863 – Lynnport, New Smithville
Upper Macungie Township 49 PA 100 – Trexlertown, Fogelsville Split into exits 49A (south) and 49B (north)
I-78 east – New Jersey Eastbound exit and westbound entrance, eastern terminus of I-78 concurrency, I-78 exit 51
Cetronia, Kuhnsville Access via SR 1002 (Tilghman Street), former routing of US 22 through Allentown
South Whitehall Township I-476 / Penna Turnpike NE Extension – Scranton, Philadelphia I-476 / Penna Turnpike NE Extension exit 56 (Lehigh Valley)
PA 309 – Quakertown, Tamaqua Cloverleaf interchange, To I-78 east, Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom, and Lehigh Carbon Community College
Cedar Crest Boulevard To Muhlenberg College and Cedar Crest College
15th Street
Whitehall Township PA 145 (MacArthur Road/7th Street) To Allentown Center City, Lehigh Valley Mall, and Whitehall Mall
Fullerton Avenue
Hanover Township PA 987 north (Airport Road) – LVI Airport Cloverleaf interchange, southern terminus of PA 987
Bethlehem PA 378 south – Bethlehem Northern terminus of PA 378, to Lehigh University, Historic Bethlehem, Sands Casino Resort; Formerly I-378
Northampton Schoenersville Road
Hanover Township PA 512 north (Center Street) Southern terminus of PA 512, to Moravian College
Bethlehem Township PA 191 north (Nazareth Pike) Southern terminus of PA 191, to Northampton Community College
PA 33 to I-78 – Bethlehem, Stroudsburg
Palmer Township PA 248 (25th Street) – Wilson To Palmer Heights and Easton
Easton 13th Street
PA 248 / PA 611 / 4th Street Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
3rd Street / Snyder Street – Easton, Lafayette College Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
PA 611 – Easton Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Delaware River Easton-Phillipsburg Toll Bridge
(Westbound toll, cash or E-ZPass)
US 22 east to I-78 – Phillipsburg Continuation into New Jersey
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ DeLorme Street Atlas USA 2007 software, Driving Directions
  2. ^ a b "William Penn Highway: US 22 in Pennsylvania". Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved 2007-06-26. 
  3. ^ a b Butko, Brian A.; Kevin Joseph Patrick (1999). Diners of Pennsylvania. Stackpole Books. ISBN 0-8117-2878-1. 
  4. ^ a b 1930 state map, front side (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. Retrieved 2007-06-26. 
  5. ^ Public Law 191, passed April 8, 1925
  6. ^ a b Dickinson, Leon A. (February 1, 1931). "Highways Into the Deep South". New York Times. p. 136. Retrieved 2009-08-14. Here one meets and follows U.S. Route 22 through Bethlehem to Allentown; then along Route 43 direct to Harrisburg. 
  7. ^ Allentown Area Map (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1929. Retrieved 2007-07-24. 
  8. ^ State Map, back side (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1930. Retrieved 2007-07-24. 
  9. ^ 1941 Lehigh County Map (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. Retrieved 2007-06-25. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Route 22 Through Reading Changed to 222". Reading Times. June 1, 1932. p. 14. Retrieved August 7, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  11. ^ Express-Times File Photo. "Route 22 widening back in play as commission finds new funding sources, officials say". lehighvalleylive.com. Retrieved 2012-08-17. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Bing / Google


U.S. Route 22
Previous state:
West Virginia
Pennsylvania Next state:
New Jersey