U.S. Route 22 in Pennsylvania

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U.S. Route 22 marker

U.S. Route 22
Route information
Maintained by PennDOT & DRJTBC
Length337.60 mi[1] (543.31 km)
Existed1926–present
Major junctions
West end US 22 in Hanover Township
  I-376 concurrency from Robinson Township to Monroeville

I-79 near Carnegie
I-279 / US 19 in Pittsburgh
I-76 / Penna Turnpike in Monroeville
I-99 / US 220 in Duncansville
I-81 / US 322 near Harrisburg
I-83 in Lower Paxton Township
I-78 concurrency from Fredericksburg to Kuhnsville

I-476 / Penna Turnpike NE Extension in South Whitehall Township
East end US 22 in Easton
Location
CountiesWashington, Allegheny, Westmoreland, Indiana, Cambria, Blair, Huntingdon, Mifflin, Juniata, Perry, Dauphin, Lebanon, Berks, Lehigh, Northampton
Highway system
PA 21PA 22

U.S. Route 22 (US 22) is an east–west route stretching from Cincinnati, Ohio in the west to Newark, New Jersey in the east. In Pennsylvania, the route runs for 337.60 miles (543.31 km) between the West Virginia state line at Washington County, where it is a limited-access expressway-grade route through the western suburbs of Pittsburgh, to the New Jersey state line at Easton.

Route description[edit]

US 22 carries multiple names as it progresses across the state, including the William Penn Highway and the Lehigh Valley Thruway. Several sections of the road are freeway, including the Lehigh Valley Thruway.

US Route 22 crosses into Pennsylvania from West Virginia as the William Penn Highway. It becomes concurrent with U.S. Route 30 (The Lincoln Highway from Times Square) and then west of Pittsburgh also with I-376, as the Penn Lincoln Parkway. It continues as such through Pittsburgh and beyond the end of the US 30 concurrency, and when I-376 reaches its eastern end at the Pennsylvania Turnpike junction with Interstate 76, US 22 resumes as the William Penn Highway again (with Murrysville as a control city on signs) as it begins the long climb eastwards up the Allegheny Plateau towards the gaps of the Allegheny Front, where it crosses the eastern continental divide in Tunnelhill, Pennsylvania where it descends along the same valley (Blair Gap) once used by the historic Allegheny Portage Railroad. During the last part of its eastbound ascent, it becomes known as the Admiral Peary Highway from Armagh, Pennsylvania in Indiana County through the Blair Gap and down into the Altoona area. From Duncansville to Mount Union, US 22 is a two-lane road with occasional passing and truck-climbing lanes, and it passes through the business district of Huntingdon, where it is three lanes (one lane each way with a turning lane in the middle). It becomes concurrent with US 522 near Mount Union and remains a two-lane road. The US 522 concurrency continues until Lewistown. US 22 bypasses the downtown area of Lewistown as a four-lane limited access highway and becomes concurrent with US 322, continuing as a four-lane limited access highway along the Juniata and Susquehanna rivers until Harrisburg. In Harrisburg (with the US 322 concurrency ending at I-81), it continues as N Cameron Street, Arsenal Blvd., Herr St., Walnut St., Jonestown Rd., and Allentown Blvd. In Fredericksburg, US 22 becomes concurrent with I-78 for a 40-mile (64 km) stretch before splitting off on to the Lehigh Valley Thruway.

Lehigh Valley Thruway[edit]

US 22 eastbound at PA 145 interchange in Whitehall Township

The Lehigh Valley Thruway is a 24-mile-long (39 km) freeway portion of US 22 from the eastern end of the Interstate 78/US 22 concurrency in Kuhnsville, west of Allentown, to the state line in Easton. The highway travels just to the north of Allentown and Bethlehem and passes through Easton. Originally, I-78 would have continued with the U.S. 22 concurrency on the Lehigh Valley Thruway into New Jersey, with I-278[citation needed] running south as a bypass, and I-178 and I-378 serving Allentown and Bethlehem respectively. Due to opposition in Phillipsburg, New Jersey on the building of a I-78/U.S. 22 highway through the town, PennDOT and NJDOT decided to reroute the I-78 highway onto the proposed I-278 bypass and allow U.S. 22 to remain on the limited-access highway, which, after going through a series of sharp, potentially dangerous curves in Easton and crossing the Delaware River into NJ, becomes an at-grade divided highway in Phillipsburg. Traffic on the Lehigh Valley Thruway is often heavy at rush hour, particularly near the PA 145 interchange. The series of sharp curves is locally known as "Cemetery Curve", and because of it, the speed limit is lowered to 45 mph at Route 248 and then lowered to 35 mph around the sharpest part of the curves. At the interchange with Bushkill Street, US 22 becomes an elevated highway until crossing into New Jersey. The speed limit drops once again to 25 mph while crossing the Easton-Phillipsburg Toll Bridge.

History[edit]

The William Penn Highway was organized as an alternative to the Lincoln Highway being parallel to the Pennsylvania Railroad west of Harrisburg. The route's New York Extension was adopted in 1916. The Pennsylvania Department of Highways assigned the Pennsylvania Route 3 designation to this road in 1924, and in 1926 it became part of U.S. Route 22 when the United States Highway System was formed,[2] The road became problematic for motorists in Lebanon along the current U.S. Route 422; Reading via U.S. Routes 22 and 222; and Allentown on Hamilton Street (US 22).[3] The highway continued through Allentown on Hanover Avenue and through Bethlehem on Broad Street, Linden Street, and Easton Avenue.

Pennsylvania Route 43 was aligned as a bypass, north of the Pennsylvania Dutch Country, that ran from U.S. Route 22, U.S. Route 11, and Pennsylvania Route 5 in Harrisburg to Pennsylvania Route 12 in Bethlehem.[4] The route from Fogelsville to Allentown, now Main Street, Tilghman Street, Broadway, College Heights Boulevard, and Liberty Street, was designated LR 443 in 1925,[5] and was soon incorporated into "Traffic Route 43."[6] The New York Times was recommending use of this cutoff by early 1931.[6] On June 8, 1931, the American Association of State Highway Officials came to a resolution for the traffic problem, by replacing the PA 43 corridor with US 22. The Pennsylvania Department of Highways moved the William Penn Highway name to match.[2][3] The state truncated PA 43 to Susquehanna Street from Allentown to Bethlehem.[4][7][8][9] Signs were changed to reflect the new designations on May 31, 1932, with the new route designations officially in place on June 1, 1932.[10]

Tilghman Street was eventually connected directly from Cetronia to Allentown by a bridge over Cedar Creek; Tilghman Street (west of the Lehigh River) and Union Boulevard (east of the river) were joined in 1929 by a bridge. By 1936, US 22 had been moved from its Hamilton Street and Broad Street alignment to Tilghman Street and Union Boulevard through Allentown and Bethlehem. When the Lehigh Valley Thruway was completed in 1954, US 22 was moved onto it. With the completion of Interstate 78, US 22 was moved onto that highway from Fredericksburg to Kuhnsville.

Former alignment[edit]

Old U.S. Route 22 is the former PA 43, and the earlier version of the newer, more traveled U.S. Highway 22. It starts in the unincorporated community of Bethel, Pennsylvania of Berks County and ends in Cetronia, just outside the city of Allentown (Lehigh County) where it becomes Main Street and then Tilghman Street. This road, although no longer a major state highway, is well traveled by those who live in the vicinity. It passes through several communities including Shartlesville, Jalappa, West Hamburg, Edenburg, Krumsville, and New Smithville. It also passes through the boroughs of Strausstown, Hamburg and Lenhartsville. Old U.S. Route 22 crosses seven Pennsylvania highways including 501, 419, 183, 61, 143, 737, and 863. Through these different communities, this road is defined as Old Route 22, Shartlesville Road, and Hex Highway.

From Cetronia east, the old road is State Route 1002 in Lehigh County, comprising Tilghman Street and Union Boulevard in Allentown. In Northampton County, the 1940s highway is Union Boulevard, Linden Street, and Easton Avenue in Bethlehem; William Penn Highway between Bethlehem and Easton; and Butler Street, 13th Street, and Northampton Street in Easton.

Future[edit]

In 2011, it was announced that plans were being resurrected to widen US 22 from Allentown to Bethlehem. Part of the plan is to reconstruct the Lehigh River Bridge. The plan's cost is between $240 to $320 million.[11]

Major intersections[edit]

CountyLocationmikmExitDestinationsNotes
WashingtonHanover Township0.000.00 US 22 west – WeirtonWest Virginia border
5.38.5 PA 18 – Florence, Burgettstown
Smith Township9.715.6Bavington
Robinson Township11.418.3 PA Turnpike 576 west (Southern Beltway) – AirportCurrent eastern terminus of PA Turnpike 576 As of 2018
AlleghenyNorth Fayette Township12.820.6 PA 980 south – McDonald, MidwayNorthern terminus of PA 980
14.423.2NoblestownAccess to Pennsylvania Motor Speedway
16.025.7 US 30 west / PA 978 south – ImperialWestern terminus of US 30 concurrency; western terminus of Penn-Lincoln Parkway (Parkway West); northern terminus of PA 978
17.428.0Hankey Farms
18.429.6 Orange Belt (Oakdale)Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; western terminus of Orange Belt concurrency
19.531.4Montour Church Road, Old Steubenville Pike, Bayer RoadWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
Robinson Township19.932.0 I-376 west / PA 60 south / Orange Belt – Airport, CraftonPartial cloverleaf interchange; western terminus of I-376 concurrency, US 22 not posted on guide signs until Wilkinsburg; exit 60A from westbound I-376; eastern terminus of Orange Belt concurrency; no access to PA 60 from westbound US 22
20.432.860B To PA 60 south – CraftonTo northern terminus of PA 60; separate single ramp from partial cloverleaf
20.733.361Ridge Road
21.935.262 Yellow Belt (Campbells Run Road)Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Collier Township23.537.864A I-79 – Washington, ErieI-79 exit 59
Rosslyn Farms24.339.164BRosslyn FarmsWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
Carnegie24.839.9Buses only (West Busway)Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
25.240.665 PA 50 – Carnegie, Heidelberg
Green Tree27.043.567 PA 121 – Green Tree, Mount Lebanon, Crafton
Pittsburgh27.644.468Parkway Center DriveWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
28.245.469A US 19 south (Banksville Road)Western termini of US 19 and unsigned US 19 Truck concurrencies; eastbound exit is via exit 69C
28.746.269B
US 19 Truck south / PA 51 south – Uniontown
Westbound exit is via exit 69A
28.746.269C US 19 north / PA 51 north – West EndEastern terminus of US 19 concurrency; eastbound exit and westbound entrance
29.146.8Fort Pitt Tunnel under Mount Washington
29.647.669C PA 837 to PA 51 – West EndWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
Monongahela River29.747.8Fort Pitt Bridge
Pittsburgh29.747.870ABoulevard of the Allies, Liberty AvenuePPG Paints ArenaEastbound exit and westbound entrance
29.747.870BFort Duquesne BoulevardConvention Center, Strip DistrictEastbound exit and westbound entrance
29.747.870C
I-279 / US 19 Truck north – Fort Duquesne Bridge, North Shore
Eastern terminus of unsigned US 19 Truck concurrency; Parkway West becomes Parkway East
30.048.370DStanwix StreetNo eastbound exit
30.448.971AGrant Street
30.949.771BSecond AvenueWestbound exit only
31.851.272AForbes Avenue – OaklandEastbound exit and westbound entrance
32.151.772B To I-579 (Crosstown Blvd) / PA 885 north (Boulevard of the Allies) / Liberty BridgeWestbound exit and eastbound entrance; access to I-579 and Liberty Bridge is via Boulevard of the Allies
32.652.573 PA 885 (Bates Street) – Oakland, GlenwoodWestbound exit and eastbound entrance; signed as exits 73A (south) and 73B (north)
34.255.074 Blue Belt – Squirrel Hill, Homestead
34.856.0Squirrel Hill Tunnel under Squirrel Hill
Swissvale36.458.677Edgewood, Swissvale
Wilkinsburg37.760.778A US 30 east – Forest HillsEastern terminus of US 30 concurrency; US 22 once again posted on guide signs; no westbound exit
37.961.078B PA 8 north – WilkinsburgSouthern terminus of PA 8
Churchill38.662.179AGreensburg PikeEastbound exit and westbound entrance
39.162.979B PA 130 – Churchill
39.964.280
US 22 Bus. east – Monroeville
Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
Penn Hills40.264.781 PA 791 north / Yellow Belt – Penn Hills
Monroeville43.870.584A PA 48 south / Orange Belt – MonroevilleEastbound exit and westbound entrance; northern terminus of PA 48
44.070.884B Orange Belt – PlumEastbound exit and westbound entrance
44.371.385
I-76 / Penna Turnpike / US 22 Bus. west – Monroeville, Ohio, Harrisburg
Eastern terminus of I-376 and Penn-Lincoln Parkway (Parkway East); unnumbered exit westbound; westbound exit and eastbound entrance to US 22 Bus.
44.571.6East end of freeway
46.474.7 PA 286 east (Golden Mile Highway)Eastbound exit and westbound entrance, westbound exit and eastbound entrance provided by at-grade intersection; western terminus of PA 286
WestmorelandSalem Township54.888.2 PA 66 to PA Turnpike 66 – Delmont, GreensburgSingle-point urban interchange
57.492.4 PA 819 – Slickville, Forbes Road, Greensburg
New Alexandria61.899.5 US 119 south – GreensburgWestern terminus of US 119 concurrency
62.8101.1 PA 981 (Latrobe New Alexandria Road) – Latrobe, Saltsburg
Derry Township67.3108.3 PA 982 south – DerryNorthern terminus of PA 982
Indiana71.5115.1 PA 217 – Blairsville, DerryInterchange
Burrell Township74.2119.4 US 119 north – Homer City, IndianaInterchange; eastern terminus of US 119 concurrency; access to Indiana University of Pennsylvania
West Wheatfield Township80.3129.2 PA 259 – Brush Valley, Robinson, BolivarInterchange
East Wheatfield Township84.4135.8 PA 56 – Brush Valley, ArmaghInterchange
85.6137.8 PA 403 – Dilltown, JohnstownInterchange
CambriaJackson Township95.2153.2 PA 271 – Mundys Corner, Nanty GloInterchange
Ebensburg99.5160.1 US 219 to US 422 – Johnstown, Carrolltown, IndianaInterchange
100.9162.4High StreetInterchange
102.8165.4Western terminus of freeway
102.8165.4Ebensburg, Loretto (Rowena Drive)
Munster Township105.9170.4 PA 164 south – Munster, PortageNorthern terminus of PA 164
Cresson Township109.0175.4 PA 53 – Cresson
111.1178.8William Penn Highway – Summit
BlairAllegheny Township112.8181.5Tunnelhill Road – Tunnelhill, Gallitzin
119.2191.8 I-99 / US 220 – Altoona, BedfordI-99/US 220 exit 28
120.2193.4 PA 764 north – AltoonaWestern terminus of PA 764 concurrency
120.2193.4Eastern terminus of freeway
121.8196.0 PA 764 southEastern terminus of PA 764 concurrency
Hollidaysburg124.6200.5 PA 36 (Penn Street) – Altoona, Roaring Spring
Catharine Township136.3219.4 PA 866 south (Juniata River Road)Northern terminus of PA 866
HuntingdonMorris Township142.0228.5 PA 453 north (Birmingham Pike) to PA 45 – Tyrone, State CollegeSouthern terminus of PA 453
Alexandria144.6232.7 PA 305 east (Bridge Street) – AlexandriaWestern terminus of PA 305
Huntingdon150.2241.7 PA 26 – Everett, Huntingdon, State CollegeInterchange
Mill Creek156.4251.7 PA 829 south – CassvilleNorthern terminus of PA 829
157.2253.0 PA 655 north – BellevilleWestern terminus of PA 655 concurrency
Brady Township158.6255.2 PA 655 south (Oriskany Road) – Mapleton, SaltilloEastern terminus of PA 655 concurrency
MifflinWayne Township163.1262.5 PA 747 south (North Jefferson Street) – Mount UnionNorthern terminus of PA 747
163.5263.1 US 522 south (Croghan Pike)Western terminus of US 522 concuurency
Lewistown182.2293.2Western terminus of freeway
182.2293.2
US 22 Bus. east
Western terminus of US 22 Bus.
186.2299.7 US 322 west – State CollegeWestern terminus of US 322 concurrency
186.4300.0Electric Avenue
187.0300.9 US 522 north (Walnut Street) – SelinsgroveEastern terminus of US 522 concurrency
187.4301.6East Charles StreetEastbound exit and westbound entrance
189.3304.6
US 22 Bus. west – Lewistown
Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; eastern terminus of US 22 Bus.
JuniataFermanagh Township196.9316.9Arch Rock Road
200.1322.0 PA 35 – Mifflintown, McAlistervilleAccess to Mifflintown Airport
Walker Township202.0325.1 PA 75 south – Port RoyalNorthern terminus of PA 75
Delaware Township209.6337.3 PA 333 – East Salem, Thompsontown
211.2339.9Pfoutz Valley RoadWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
PerryGreenwood Township215.0346.0 To PA 17 – Millerstown
Howe Township219.5353.3 PA 34 – Newport, New Bloomfield
Buffalo Township223.3359.4MidwayWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
Watts Township225.9363.6Watts
227.8366.6Amity Hall
DauphinReed Township228.0366.9 US 11 / US 15 – Camp Hill, Selinsgrove
Eastern terminus of freeway
229.4369.2 PA 849 west – DuncannonEastern terminus of PA 849; no access from PA 849 to US 22/US 322 westbound
Western terminus of freeway
Susquehanna RiverClarks Ferry Bridge
Reed Township229.8369.8 PA 147 north – HalifaxSouthern terminus of PA 147
231.8373.0 PA 325 east (Mountain Road)Western terminus of PA 325
Dauphin235.2378.5 PA 225 north – Halifax, DauphinSouthern terminus of PA 225
Middle Paxton Township236.2380.1Dauphin Borough, Stony CreekWestbound exit
237.6382.4 PA 443 – Fishing Creek, Rockville, Fort Hunter
Susquehanna Township239.5385.4 PA 39 – Linglestown, Rockville
241.5388.7 I-81 south – CarlisleI-81 exit 67; eastern terminus of US 322 concurrency; Hershey signed eastbound, Hazleton signed westbound
I-81 north / US 322 east to I-83 – Hershey, Hazleton, Allentown
East end of freeway
Harrisburg PA 230 east (Cameron Street) – Downtown Harrisburg, Capitol Complex, City IslandWestern terminus of PA 230
Lower Paxton Township I-83 / US 322 to I-81 – Carlisle, Hazleton, AirportI-83/US 322 exit 50
West Hanover Township PA 39 (Hershey Road) – Hershey
East Hanover Township PA 743 (Laudermilch Road) to I-81 – Grantville, Hershey
LebanonEast Hanover Township PA 934 to I-81 – Annville, Fort Indiantown GapInterchange
Union Township PA 72 – Lebanon, LickdaleCloverleaf interchange
Bethel Township PA 343 south (Pine Grove Street) – LebanonWestern terminus of PA 343 concurrency
PA 343 north (Pine Grove Road) to I-78 westEastern terminus of PA 343 concurrency
Local TrafficOld US 22 to Mount Zion Road
Western terminus of freeway
I-78 west – HarrisburgWestbound exit and eastbound entrance; western terminus of I-78 concurrency; US 22 continuation signed as I-78 exit 8
BerksBethel Township10 PA 645 – Frystown
Bethel13 PA 501 – Bethel
Bethel Township15GrimesNo access across I-78/US 22; no tractor trailers
16MidwayAccess to Conrad Weiser Homestead
17 PA 419 – Rehrersburg
Strausstown19 PA 183 – Strausstown
Upper Bern Township23Shartlesville
Tilden Township29 PA 61 – Reading, PottsvilleSigned as exits 29A (south) and 29B (north) on the westbound side
Hamburg30Hamburg
Greenwich Township35 PA 143 – Lenhartsville
40 PA 737 – Kutztown, KrumsvilleAccess to Kutztown University
LehighWeisenberg Township45 PA 863 – Lynnport, New Smithville
Upper Macungie Township49 PA 100 – Trexlertown, FogelsvilleSplit into exits 49A (south) and 49B (north)
I-78 east – New JerseyEastbound exit and westbound entrance; eastern terminus of I-78 concurrency; US 22 continuation signed as I-78 exit 51
315.7508.1Cetronia, KuhnsvilleAccess via SR 1002 (Tilghman Street), former routing of US 22 through Allentown
South Whitehall Township316.1508.7
I-476 / Penna Turnpike NE Extension – Scranton, Philadelphia
I-476 / Penna Turnpike NE Extension exit 56 (Lehigh Valley)
316.7509.7 PA 309 – Quakertown, TamaquaCloverleaf interchange; access to I-78 east, Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom, and Lehigh Carbon Community College
318.7512.9Cedar Crest BoulevardAccess to Muhlenberg College and Cedar Crest College
320.3515.515th StreetParclo A2 interchange; access to 15th Street via Mauch Chunk Road
Whitehall Township321.0516.6 PA 145 (MacArthur Road/7th Street)Access to Allentown Center City, Lehigh Valley Mall, and Whitehall Mall
322.1518.4Fullerton Avenue
Hanover Township324.0521.4 PA 987 north (Airport Road) – LVI AirportCloverleaf interchange; southern terminus of PA 987
Bethlehem325.1523.2 PA 378 south – BethlehemNorthern terminus of PA 378; access to Lehigh University, Historic Bethlehem, Sands Casino Resort Bethlehem; formerly I-378
Northampton325.6524.0Schoenersville Road
Hanover Township327.4526.9 PA 512 north (Center Street)Southern terminus of PA 512; access to Moravian College
Bethlehem Township329.9530.9 PA 191 north (Nazareth Pike)Southern terminus of PA 191; access to Northampton Community College
332.3534.8 PA 33 to I-78 – Bethlehem, StroudsburgCloverleaf interchange
Palmer Township334.5538.3 PA 248 (25th Street) – WilsonAccess to Palmer Heights and Easton
Easton336.0540.713th StreetParclo B3 interchange; access to 13th Street via Wood Avenue
337.5543.2 PA 248 / PA 611 / 4th StreetEastbound exit and westbound entrance
337.8543.63rd Street / Snyder Street – Easton, Lafayette CollegeWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
337.9543.8 PA 611 – EastonWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
Delaware RiverEaston-Phillipsburg Toll Bridge
(Westbound toll, cash or E-ZPass)
US 22 east to I-78 – PhillipsburgContinuation into New Jersey
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

Special routes of U.S. Route 22

References[edit]

  1. ^ DeLorme Street Atlas USA 2007 software, Driving Directions
  2. ^ a b "William Penn Highway: US 22 in Pennsylvania". Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved 2007-06-26.
  3. ^ a b Butko, Brian A.; Kevin Joseph Patrick (1999). Diners of Pennsylvania. Stackpole Books. ISBN 0-8117-2878-1.
  4. ^ a b 1930 state map, front side (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. Retrieved 2007-06-26.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ Public Law 191, passed April 8, 1925
  6. ^ a b Dickinson, Leon A. (February 1, 1931). "Highways Into the Deep South". New York Times. p. 136. Retrieved 2009-08-14. Here one meets and follows U.S. Route 22 through Bethlehem to Allentown; then along Route 43 direct to Harrisburg.
  7. ^ Allentown Area Map (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1929. Retrieved 2007-07-24.
  8. ^ State Map, back side (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1930. Retrieved 2007-07-24.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ 1941 Lehigh County Map (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. Retrieved 2007-06-25.[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "U.S. Route 22 Through Reading Changed to 222". Reading Times. June 1, 1932. p. 14. Retrieved August 7, 2015 – via Newspapers.com. open access publication – free to read
  11. ^ Express-Times File Photo. "Route 22 widening back in play as commission finds new funding sources, officials say". lehighvalleylive.com. Retrieved 2012-08-17.

External links[edit]

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata


U.S. Route 22
Previous state:
West Virginia
Pennsylvania Next state:
New Jersey