Upper Montclair station

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Upper Montclair
Upper Montclair Station.jpg
The Upper Montclair train station in April 2014. The new station, rebuilt from the 2006 fire, is visible on the right side of the platforms.
Location275 Bellevue Avenue
Upper Montclair, New Jersey
Owned byNew Jersey Transit
Line(s)
Platforms2 low level side platforms
Tracks2
ConnectionsNJT Bus NJT Bus: 28
Commuter Bus DeCamp: 66
Construction
Parking111 spots in 2 lots
Bicycle facilitiesParking racks
Disabled accessNo
Other information
Station code1741 (Erie Railroad)[1]
Fare zone5
History
Opened1873
Rebuilt1892,[2] 2010[3]
ElectrifiedSeptember 30, 2002[4]
Traffic
Passengers (2017)619 (average weekday)[5][6]
Services
Preceding station   NJT logo.svg NJ Transit Rail   Following station
toward Hackettstown
Montclair-Boonton Line
  Former services  
Preceding station   Erie Railroad   Following station
New York and Greenwood Lake Railroad
toward Jersey City
Upper Montclair Station
UpperMontclair Stationremains.jpg
The Porte Cochere of the station house, which burned down except this part
Area0.5 acres (0.2 ha)
Built1892
ArchitectThomas C. Veale
Architectural styleRenaissance
MPSOperating Passenger Railroad Stations TR
NRHP reference #84002673[7]
Added to NRHPJune 22, 1984

Upper Montclair is a New Jersey Transit station in Upper Montclair, New Jersey, a CDP of Montclair, New Jersey. The station is part of the Montclair-Boonton Line. The station is located between two grade level crossings on Bellevue Avenue and Lorraine Avenue, and between North Mountain Avenue and Upper Montclair Plaza parallel to the railroad, and is within steps of the Upper Montclair Business District. The station is at mile point 13.7 on the Boonton Line. Closing the grade crossing of Lorraine Avenue is being considered for safety reasons.

Upper Montclair is the fourth of six stops in Montclair the train makes coming northbound on the line, and the third as one comes southbound. It is 9 stations away from New York, and 8 from Hoboken. A stream, Toney's Brook has its source just to the northwest of the station and separates the northbound platform from the parking lots on either side of the tracks. Across the street from the station is Anderson Park.

Station facilities and services[edit]

The original station was a small building, built by the Montclair Railway when the Upper Montclair area was still rural. It was acquired by the Erie Railroad and rebuilt in 1892. In 2006, the 1892 station building was damaged in a fire, but the platform survived and was able to remain in service. In 2009 the station was rebuilt. The new building was designed to resemble the original design and incorporate the existing porte-cochere which had survived the fire, but will be larger. The building will have 18-foot-high vaulted ceilings and travertine marble floors. During reconstruction, a tent was used as a temporary shelter on the eastbound platform. On the westbound platform there was a shelter, but now it is gone except for its columns. A former freight house is across Lorraine Avenue from the station.

In 2010, the station was fully restored and as before the fire, houses a restaurant inside.[8] According to the developer, initially the project was expected to cost $1 million, but in the end it came in closer to $2 million.

The side platforms, which are at ground level, are only long enough for 5 cars, allowing passengers to exit or board from not all cars. There are 111 commuter parking spots, which are let out by permits. The rest of the parking lots are metered. There are bike racks for parking bikes.

Ground/
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Outbound Montclair–Boonton Line weekdays toward Montclair University or Hackettstown (Mountain Avenue)
Inbound Montclair–Boonton Line weekdays toward Hoboken or New York (Watchung Avenue)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Street level Station building, ticket machine and parking

History[edit]

Construction[edit]

The impetus for a brand new railway through Montclair was brought by the fact that the service to New York City was not to their liking. Local leaders, such as Julius Pratt, led the creation of the Montclair Railway to provide a rival service for the Morris & Essex Railroad, which also ran through Montclair. This new service, created in 1867, cost $4 million (1867 USD). However, the projection of ridership was only 2,000 and seemed comical at the idea of ever being constructed.[9] Despite the dissent, the New York, Oswego and Midland Railroad Company helped finance the railway and it was completed in 1872,[10] just before the Panic of 1873. This new service, however, was unable to show a profit until it became a part of the New York and Greenwood Lake Railway.[11]

By 1884, four stations had been opened in Montclair: Montclair, Watchung, Upper Montclair and Montclair Heights.[10] In 1892, a new depot was constructed at Upper Montclair, one story tall and made of wood with a fine, classical interior. In 1899, the depot was expanded to its main state, distinctively designed for the neighborhood. This included a Porte-cochere for drivers who would cross through a park. The depot was designed as being seven bays wide and two bays deep with a hipped gable roof. The depot's porte-cochere was grounded on wood columns that were supported in stone with limestone. The depot had eight windows and three doors running along the eastern facade of the depot, with six and one on the west as well as two windows on the southern side and a door with three windows on the northern side. This depot had a clapboard base and the walls, shingles and roofing was all made slate.[12]

Internally, the Upper Montclair depot had one level and a basement, which involved a ticket office, waiting room on the south side of the depot and restrooms and the baggage room along the northern side. The original depot had an all-wood interior, but the floors were eventually replaced with concrete and the walls were painted.[12]

Proposed removal from the National Register[edit]

The historic original station house has been listed in the state and federal registers of historic places since 1984 and is part of the Operating Passenger Railroad Stations Thematic Resource.[13][14]

The first attempt to remove the Upper Montclair station from the National Register of Historic Places came several months after the fire on February 5, 2006. Due to the fire, most of the station was a total loss minus the porte-cochere and the terra cotta tile lining on the roof. In October, New Jersey Transit used this as an opportunity to request the declassification, but withdrew the offer to consult with local officials and other interested parties. In February 2007, two offers were laid on the table: to either demolish the site and re-develop it completely, or to rebuild the station using former Erie Railroad-styles wherever possible, such as the saved sections. The budget for a redo of the original depot was unavailable and by October 2007, it was decided that something similar to the original depot would be rebuilt instead.[15]

The second attempt was done in January 2011, after completion of the new depot. The Montclair Historical Preservation Commission determined it would agree with the decision by February, but have it designated as a township landmark. A signed letter was drafted in September 2012 that they agreed with the decision of the Commission and that the depot was not rebuilt to the standards as requested.[15]

On January 22, 2015, it was reported in the Montclair Times that New Jersey Transit had sent a notice to Montclair Township about requesting the removal of Upper Montclair station's historic status, based on the destruction of the original Erie Railroad depot in 2006. A councilman in the neighborhood, Bill Hurlock, protested to the paper that the businesses in the area around the station value and advertise about the structure. Locals as well as a group named Friends of Anderson Park, protested the fact the declassification from the New Jersey and National Registers of Historical Places could cause development in the Anderson Park and affect property values through the neighborhood.[16]

On March 11, it was reported by the Montclair Times that New Jersey Transit once again withdrew its offer to the state of New Jersey to remove the Upper Montclair station from the listings. Residents, who had been preparing to protest the decision with various defenses, received defense from the Township Council and Essex County opposing this decision, contrary to the original attempts. Nia Gill, a state senator out of Essex County stated that losing the station's status would be a disservice to the township.[17]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Shaw, William H. (1884). History of Essex and Hudson Counties, New Jersey. 2. Essex County, New Jersey: Everts & Peck.
  • Nowicki, Susan A. (2008). Montclair, New Jersey: The Development of a Suburban Town and Its Architecture. New York, New York: City University of New York via ProQuest. ISBN 9780549538752.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Station Names and Numbers". Jersey City, New Jersey: Erie Railroad. May 1, 1916. Retrieved November 23, 2010.
  2. ^ Yanosey, Robert J. (2006). Erie Railroad Facilities (In Color). 1. Scotch Plains, New Jersey: Morning Sun Books Inc. p. 70. ISBN 1-58248-183-0.
  3. ^ Corbett, Nic (June 20, 2010). "Montclair train station reopens with new restaurant, waiting area". The Star-Ledger. Gannett Newspapers. Retrieved June 22, 2010.
  4. ^ "The Montclair-Boonton Line" (PDF). Newark, New Jersey: New Jersey Transit Rail Operations. September 2002. Retrieved February 13, 2010.
  5. ^ "QUARTERLY RIDERSHIP TRENDS ANALYSIS" (PDF). New Jersey Transit. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 27, 2012. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
  6. ^ "How Many Riders Use NJ Transit's Hoboken Train Station?". Hoboken Patch. Retrieved 2018-07-18.
  7. ^ National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  8. ^ "Montclair train station reopens with new restaurant, waiting area". NJ.com / The Star-Ledger. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  9. ^ Nowicki 2008, p. 99.
  10. ^ a b Shaw 1884, p. 100.
  11. ^ Nowicki 2008, p. 100.
  12. ^ a b Saunders, Daniel D. (January 8, 2015). "Memorandum De-Registration of the Upper Montclair Railroad Station Montclair Township, Essex County" (PDF). Trenton, New Jersey: New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
  13. ^ "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places". New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection - Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  14. ^ Upper Montclair New Jersey Transit Railroad Station Survey
  15. ^ a b Segedin, Andrew (February 16, 2015). "Upper Montclair train station's historic delisting has been years in the making". North Jersey Media Group. The Montclair Times. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
  16. ^ Segedin, Andrew (January 22, 2015). "NJ Transit requests historic declassification of Upper Montclair train station". North Jersey Media Group. The Montclair Times. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
  17. ^ Segedin, Andrew. "NJ Transit withdraws application to remove Upper Montclair train station from historic registries". North Jersey Media Group. The Montclair Times. Retrieved March 30, 2015.

External links[edit]