VBC-90

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VBC-90
SATORY 9 JANVIER 2014 021 bis.jpg
Type Armoured car
Place of origin France
Service history
Used by Mobile Gendarmerie
Royal Army of Oman
Production history
Manufacturer Renault Véhicules Industriels/Creusot-Loire
Specifications ([1])
Weight 13,500 kilograms (29,800 lb)
Length 5.63 m (18 ft 6 in)
8.135 m (26 ft 8.3 in) (gun forward)
Width 2.50 m (8 ft 2 in)
Height 2.552 m (8 ft 4.5 in)
Crew 3

Main
armament
90 mm gun
Secondary
armament
7.62 mm machine gun
Engine Renault MIDS 06.20.45 6 cylinder water-cooler diesel engine
160 kilowatts (220 hp)
Power/weight 16 hp/tonne
Suspension 6x6 wheel
Operational
range
1,000 km (620 mi)
Speed 92 km/h (57 mph)

The Renault VBC-90 (Véhicule Blindé de Combat, or "Armoured Combat Vehicle") is a six-wheeled French armoured car carrying a 90mm high-velocity gun mated to a sophisticated fire control computer and ranging system. It was developed primarily for internal security or armed reconnaissance purposes. Modeled after Renault's Véhicule de l'Avant Blindé (VAB) armoured personnel carrier, the VBC-90 was engineered in concert with Saviem and Creusot-Loire.[2] One was also built in prototype form by Argentina, where it was known as the Vehículos de Apoyo y Exploración.[3] VBC-90s were available with various chassis configurations resembling both the VAB and the Berliet VXB-170.[2]

Development History[edit]

The VBC-90 was developed by Renault and Saviem as a specialized reconnaissance and fire support variant of the Véhicule de l'Avant Blindé.[2] It had a very wide turret ring and was manufactured specifically to carry a large-calibre gun system. At least two prototypes had been completed by 1979 and were initially designated VCS-90.[2] The first two had boat-shaped hulls and glacis plates reminiscent of the VXB-170 and VAB, respectively. They essentially resembled six-wheeled variants of these vehicles, albeit with larger turret rings.[2] The third had a more unique hull and a sloping glacis plate. It was this variant which was eventually accepted for production as the VBC-90.[2]

Unlike the VAB, the VBC was not developed to meet a French Army requirement and was intended solely for export to French military clients overseas.[4] Nevertheless, in 1984 the French government ordered 28 VBC-90s for a single squadron of the Mobile Gendarmerie, possibly as a replacement or complement for the ageing Panhard AML-90 in front-line service.[5] VBCs produced by Renault for the Gendarmerie were designated VBC-90G.[5] Another 6 were delivered to Oman between 1984 and 1985 as part of a much larger shipment of VABs for the Royal Omani Guard.[6]

Oman has since announced it will be phasing out its VBC-90s in favor of the much more heavily armed B1 Centauro.[7]

A simplified VBC-90 variant known as the Vehículos de Apoyo y Exploración (VAPE) was developed for Argentina by Renault. It was trialled alongside a much heavier model of the ERC 90 Sagaie offered by Panhard, but neither of the two were adopted by the Argentine Army.[3]

In 2014, Lebanon was lobbying for the purchase of an undisclosed number of VBC-90s. The deal was to be partly financed with military grants from Saudi Arabia.[8]

Specifications[edit]

It has a steel hull armoured to protect against small arms fire. It has a crew of three, with the driver sitting at the front of the vehicle with three bullet-proof windows provided for the driver. A GIAT TS 90 turret carries the commander and gunner, and carries an armament of a 90 mm cannon with a co-axial 7.62 mm machine gun. 20 rounds of 90 mm ammunition are carried in the turret, with a further 25 rounds in the hull.[1]

It is powered by a six-cylinder diesel engine mounted at the rear of the hull, driving a 6x6 drive. The vehicle is not amphibious, unlike the VAB on which it was based.[1]

Operators[edit]

Map with VBC-90 operators in blue

Current operators[edit]

Potential operators[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Foss 1987, pp. 179–181.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Pretty, Ronald. Jane's Weapon Systems, 1979–80 (1979 ed.). Macdonald and Jane's Publishers Ltd. pp. 317–367. ISBN 978-0-531-03299-2. 
  3. ^ a b Sánchez Rubio, Rodolfo. Carrera armamentista en el Cono Sur de América 1940-1981: teoría y práctica. Estado Mayor General del Ejercito (Chile) 1985. OCLC 20069482 p 141.
  4. ^ Kolodziej, Edward A. "Making and Marketing Arms: The French Experience and Its Implications for the International System." Princeton University Press, 2014. ISBN 1-40085-877-1. pp 274–275.
  5. ^ a b Senat Avis: Premiere Session Ordinaire de 1986–1987 (Tome V)
  6. ^ "Trade Registers". Armstrade.sipri.org. Retrieved 2013-06-20. 
  7. ^ "Oman" (PDF). Institute for National Security Studies. Archived from the original on 28 July 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  8. ^ "New Saudi donation to Lebanon raises doubts about USD3 billion pledged in 2013". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 2 September 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  • Foss, Christopher F. Jane's Armour and Artillery 1987–88. London: Jane's Yearbooks, 1987. ISBN 0-7106-0849-7.
  • Foss, Christopher F. Jane's Tanks and Combat Vehicles Recognition Guide. London: HarperCollins Publishers, 2002. ISBN 0-00-712759-6.

External links[edit]