This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2017)
Kovilage Anton Vijaya Kumaranatunga
9 October 1945
Ja-Ela, Sri Lanka
|Died||16 February 1988 (aged 42)|
Polhengoda, Sri Lanka
|Alma mater||St. Benedict's College De Mazenod College|
|Occupation||Film Actor, Playback Singer, Politician|
|Height||5 ft 11 in (1.80 m)|
|Political party||Sri Lanka Mahajana Party|
|Spouse(s)||Chandrika Kumaranatunga (1978–1988)|
|Relatives||S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike|
|Awards||Sarasaviya Most Popular Actor Award (1983-1988)|
Kovilage Anton Vijaya Kumaranatunga (Sinhala: කොවිලගේ ඇන්ටන් විජය කුමාරණතුංග Tamil: விஜய_குமாரணதுங்க); (9 October 1945 – 16 February 1988), popularly known as Vijaya Kumaratunga, was a Sri Lankan film actor, playback singer and a politician. Regarded as one of the most popular icons in Sri Lankan cinema of all time. He was married to former Sri Lankan President Chandrika Kumaranatunga from 1978 until his assassination in 1988. He was the Founder of Sri Lanka Mahajana Party.
He first appears in a lead role as a university student named Bandu in the 1969 blockbuster Hanthane Kathawa directed by Sugathapala Senarath Yapa. But according to local film historians cite the first time he encountered in front of a camera was in the film Manamalayo three years ago. Although a Romeo and Juliet story was made in 1969, he was not the lead actor.
In a career that spanned nearly two decades, he contributed to more than 120 films, 114 of which starred the protagonist. Some of the most popular films include Ahas Gauwa(1974), Eya Den Loku Lamayek (1975), Ponmani (1977), Bambaru Avith (1977), Ganga Addara (1980), Baddegama (1980), Paradige (1980), Maha Gedara (1980), Kedapathaka Chaya (1989), and Kristhu Charithaya (1990). He acted in one English-language film, The God King, and one Tamil film, Nanguram. Meanwhile, the Vijaya-Malini era also came to the fore when he became the dream boy in the 1980s Sinhala cinema. According to the critic Gamini Weragama, Vijaya's performance in the film Maruwa Samaga Wase is close to Toshiro Mifune's supernatural rule in the Rashomon film.
He also performed as a playback singer in several films; recorded more than 100 songs; and produced two films, Waradata Danduwam and Samawa which was released after his death. From 1983 to 1988 (once after the assassination) he was a consistently popular actor at six Sarasaviya Award Ceremonies. But he received the award for the Best Actor only for the role in Kedapathaka Chaya at the OCIC and the Swarna Sankha Festival in 1989, but he was not fortunate enough to see it. After two years of demise, he won the Sarasaviya Award for Best Playback singer for his song 'Walakulak Gena Muwa Karumu Hiru' for Saharawe Sihiniya and his song 'Sara Guwana Vida Neguna' for the Dolos Mahe Pahana. The only proof that he turned to singing as well as songwriting is the song 'Mulu Hadinma Oba Hata Adarei'.
In 1977, he ran unsuccessfully for the Katana seat in Parliament. Five years later, he was active in the 1982 presidential campaign of Hector Kobbekaduwa. After the election, he was accused of being a Naxalite and jailed under the emergency regulations of President J. R. Jayewardene, but he was never charged.
He ran as the SLFP candidate in a by-election in Mahara in 1983 and was threatened by United National Party (UNP) supporters. An attempt was made on his life, and one of his friends was killed. Kumaratunga won the first vote count, and a recount was ordered. At that point, a blackout occurred at the counting centre. By the time electricity was restored, the UNP candidate had recorded a victory by a few votes. The opposition alleged that someone had "eaten some of Vijaya's votes to ensure UNP victory".
He founded the Sri Lanka Mahajana Party (SLMP), which campaigned for peace in the Sri Lankan Civil War. Under his new party, he contested a Minneriya by-election and finished second, behind the UNP candidate—relegating his old party, SLFP, to third place. The SLMP went on to contest several other by-elections, including in Kundasale and Habaraduwa, but did not live up to expectations.
in 1986, Kumaranatunga visited Jaffna, then controlled by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). He visited the Nallur Murugan Temple and met with local Tamil civilians, as well as several LTTE youth leaders.
In his final public address, to a large crowd in Colombo's Campbell Park on 28 January 1988, Kumaratunga lashed out at the UNP, SLFP, and Janatha Vimuthki Peramuna (JVP) parties for failing to address the needs of the hour. He also voiced concerns about the SLFP's links with the JVP, a Marxist–Leninist party involved in two armed uprisings against the Sri Lankan government.
In 1988, the SLMP reached an agreement with several other left-wing parties—including the LSSP, Nava Sama Samaja Party (NSSP), Sri Lanka Communist Party, and Eelam People's Revolutionary Liberation Front (EPRLF)—to form the United Socialist Alliance (USA). A few days prior to the establishment of the new alliance, Kumaranatunga was assassinated. The agreement was signed by party leaders at his funeral.
The USA won a large number of seats in the newly formed provincial councils in an election boycotted by the main opposition SLFP. However, in the 1988 presidential election, the USA candidate, Ossie Abeygunasekera, finished in last place. In the 1989 parliamentary elections, USA candidates won three seats, but none of the winners represented the SLMP.
Vijaya was born on October 9, 1945 at the Ragama Hospital. His father was Benjamin Kumaratunga and mother was Beatrice Perera. Vijaya had three brothers and sisters: Sydney Kumaratunga, Vivian Kumaratunga and Rupa Kumaratunga. He received his primary education at Seeduwa Maha Vidyalaya and later at De Mazenod College, Kandana and St. Benedict's College, Kotahena. During his school days he was a talented volleyball player.
In 1978, Kumaratunga married Chandrika Bandaranaike, with whom he had two children. Bandaranaike was the daughter of two former prime ministers, S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike and Sirimavo Bandaranaike, and would later become president of Sri Lanka.
Death and legacy
Kumaratunga was shot in the head with a Type 56 assault rifle outside his home on the outskirts of Colombo on 16 February 1988 by Lionel Ranasinghe, alias Gamini. Ranasinghe confessed to the murder under questioning by the Criminal Investigation Department. In a 141-page statement, he said he had been carrying out orders given to him by the Deshapremi Janatha Viyaparaya (Patriotic People's Movement), the military arm of the JVP, which was responsible for multiple assassinations in the late 1980s. However, a presidential commission report alleged that President Ranasinghe Premadasa of the UNP and two government ministers were behind the Kumaranatunga assassination.
Kumaratunga's funeral, on 21 February 1988, attracted huge crowds and was the first funeral to be broadcast live on Sri Lankan television (by the Sri Lanka Rupavahini Corporation). It was held at Independence Square in Colombo as a state funeral, even though he represented the opposition to the UNP government. The day of his assassination is widely known as "The Horrible Tuesday" or "The Darkest Tuesday in Sri Lankan History" (He was assassinated on a Tuesday). His death is still mourned by many people in Sri Lanka.
|1967||Manamalayo||Party Guest||Acting debut|
|1969||Romio Juliet Kathawak|||
|Hatharadenama Soorayo||Wijesekara alias Wije |
|Samanala Kumariyo Samaga Api Kawadath Soorayo|
|Bindunu Hadawath||Also film's producer|
|1972||Me Desa Kumatada||as Himself|
|Edath Sooraya Adath Sooraya|
|Adare Hithenawa Dakkama||Premkumara |
|The God King||Lalith||English-language film|
|Sangeetha||Wimal, Vijaya (Two births)|||
|1976||Pradeepe Ma Wewa|
|Unnath Dahai Malath Dahai|
|Adarei Man Adarei|
|Hithuvoth Hithuvamai||Manju, Mohan, Chukki|||
|Maruwa Samaga Wase||Maru Sira|
|Hariyanakota Ohoma Thamai|
|Eya Den Loku Lamayek||Village Officer|
|Sandawata Ran Tharu|
|Podi Malli||Gunapala aka Peter|
|Hingana Kolla||Saiya aka Morris Abeysiriwardena|||
|Akke Mata Awasara||Ajith|
|Ganga Addara||Dr. Sarath Pathirana|
|Tak Tik Tuk||Sarath|
|1981||Beddegama ||Babun||Based on Leonard Wolf's Baddegama |
|1982||Yasa Isuru||ASP Mahesh Gunasekara |
|Rahasak Nathi Rahasak|
|Maha Gedara||Nandana / His father |
|Kadawunu Poronduwa (New)||Samson|
|Pasa Mithuro||Special Appearance|
|Binaree Saha Sudu Banda||Sudu Banda|
|Welle Thenu Maliga||Christopher|
|Rana Derana||Ranasinghe Arachchi|
|Gimhane Gee Naade|
|Raja Wedakarayo||Inspector Ramesh|
|Obatai Priye Adare||
|Nommara 17||Wije aka Nommara 17|
|Varadata Danduvam||Also film's producer|
|Randenigala Sinhaya||As additional Cameraman (Uncredited) |
(Only film as a Cameraman)
|1990||Dese Mal Pipila||Vijey|
|Veera Udara||Guest appearance|
|Madu Sihina||Mr. Sandagala|
|Saharawe Sihinaya||Sarasaviya Award for Best Playback Singer|
|Sihina Ahase Wasanthaya||Amith / Vijay|||
|1993||Soorayan Athara Veeraya|
|1995||Hitha Honda Soorayo|
|1998||Aya Obata Barai|
- "Is death such a wonderful victory?: Tomorrow is Vijaya Kumaratunga's 75th birthday". Sarasaviya. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
- "විජය මියුරු ගී". Sarasaviya. Retrieved 11 March 2017.
- Malalgoda Banduthillka.Sri Lanka Methiwarana Ithihasaya
- LankaNewspapers.com.Reins in these wild buffaloes.Tuesday 18 December 2007.Available online.
- Malalgoda Banduthillaka.Sri Lankawe Methiwarana Ithihasaya.
- Bloody betrayal, by Dilrukshi Handunnetti (The Sunday Leader, 22 February 2004)
- Malalgoda Banduthillaka.Sri Lankawe Methiwarana Ithihasaya
- "The story of the bullet that pierced Vijay's chest". Lankadeepa. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
- Confessions of Vijaya's killer by Sunday Leader -Frederica Jansz (Virtual Library SL Web)
- Vijaya Kumaratunga assassination was a UNP conspiracy: Gamini Lokuge's gun alleged death weapon (Sunday Observer, 21 March 2004) Archived 24 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine
- "Devolution only solution – CBK (Vijaya's 20th Death Anniversary)". BBC News. 19 February 2008.
- "Romeo Juliet Kathawak". Sarasaviya. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
- "All about Hanthane Kathawa". Sarasaviya. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
- "All about Ran Onchilla". Sarasaviya. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
- "Hadata Wadata Hari Soorayo: Hathara Denama Soorayo film". Sarasaviya. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
- "Obata Thiyena Adare". sarasaviya. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
- "All about film Thushara". Sarasaviya. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "All about the film Susee". Sarasaviya. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
- "All about the film "Duleeka"". Sarasaviya. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
- "All about Senakeliya". Sarasaviya. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "He left me: Sikuruliya". sarasaviya. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
- "All about Sangeetha". Sarasaviya. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
- "All about Diyamanthi". Sarasaviya. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
- "All about "Hithuwoth Hithuwamai"". Sarasaviya. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
- "Rupavahini shows 'Pembara Madu'". Sunday Times. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
- "All about "Pembara Madhu"". sarasaviya. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
- "All about the film "Anupama"". sarasaviya. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
- "All about the film "Hingana Kolla"". Sarasaviya. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
- "All about Monarathanna". Sarasaviya. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
- "All about the film "Karumakkarayo"". sarasaviya. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
- "පෙම් සිහින තොටින් 'කිඳුරු කුමාරි'". Sarasaviya. Retrieved 11 June 2020.
- "Lester-Sumithra cinema on mini-screen". Sunday Times. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
- "All about Beddegama". Sarasaviya. Retrieved 22 February 2020.
- "All about the film "Anjana"". sarasaviya. Retrieved 12 January 2021.
- "All about 'Yasa Isuru'". Sarasaviya. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
- "All about Maha Gedara". Sarasaviya. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
- "All about Kedapathaka Chaya". Sarasaviya. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
- "All about Kristhu Charithaya". Sarasaviya. Retrieved 22 February 2020.
- "All about "Sinhayangeth Sinhaya"". sarasaviya. Retrieved 18 January 2021.
- ඔබේ සුවඳමයි සිත දැවටෙන්නේ
- Confessions of Vijaya's killer, WWW Virtual Library – Sri Lanka
- ‘මා දුටු ලොව ලස්සනම මිනිසා’
- විජය පිළිබඳ මගේ මතක සැමරුම්
- විජය ගී අසන්නට 9 වැනිදා සවස "ගඟ අද්දර"ට එන්න
- විජය අද ඔබ සිටියා නම්...
- සසර පුරා ඔබ ඈතට ඇදුණා
- නළුකමෙන් උපන් මිනිසත්කමේ පොහොසත්කම වි ජ ය
- විජය ලියූ එකම ගීතය
- විජය සමරා කෙටි නාට්ය තුනක්
- මිනිසුන් පිළිබඳ අප්රමාණ විශ්වාස කළ විජය
- විජය භාරව සිටි ආරක්ෂක නිලධාරියාගේ මතකය
- හරියටම තිස් වසරකට පසු විජය ගැන සටහනක්
- විජයගේ හදවතේ ඇතුළු පැත්ත
- Vijaya's loss a big blow to local cinema
- ජාතික විමුක්තිය වෙනුවෙන් වම පිදූ බිල්ල – විජය