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|Born||Kovilage Anton Vijaya Kumaratunga
9 October 1945
Ja-Ela, Sri Lanka
|Died||16 February 1988
Polhengoda, Sri Lanka
|Alma mater||De Mazenod College, Kandana; St. Benedict's College |
|Height||5 ft 11 in (1.80 m) |
|Spouse(s)||Chandrika Kumaranatunga (1978–1988)|
Kovilage Anton Vijaya Kumaratunga (Sinhalese: කොවිලගේ ඇන්ටන් විජය කුමාරතුංග; Tamil: விஜய_குமாரணதுங்க; 9 October 1945 – 16 February 1988), also known as Vijaya Kumaratunga, was a Sri Lankan film actor and politician, married to former Sri Lankan president Chandrika Kumaranatunga from 1978 until his assassination in 1988.
Kumaratunga's first film was Hanthane Kathawa, in which he played the lead role. In a career that spanned nearly two decades, he acted in 114 films, including Eya Den Loku Lamayek (1975), Ponmani (1977), Bambaru Avith (1977), Ganga Addara (1980), Baddegama (1980), Paradige (1980), Maha Gedara (1980), Kedapathaka Chaya (1989), and Kristhu Charithaya (1990). He acted in one English-language film, The God King, and one Tamil film, Nanguran.
In 1977, he ran unsuccessfully for the Katana seat in Parliament. Five years later, he was active in the 1982 presidential campaign of Hector Kobbekaduwa. After the election, he was accused of being a Naxalite and jailed under the emergency regulations of President J. R. Jayewardene, but he was never charged.
He ran as the SLFP candidate in a by-election in Mahara in 1983 and was threatened by United National Party (UNP) supporters. An attempt was made on his life, and one of his friends was killed. Kumaratunga won the first vote count, and a recount was ordered. At that point, a blackout occurred at the counting centre. By the time electricity was restored, the UNP candidate had recorded a victory by a few votes. The opposition alleged that someone had "eaten some of Vijaya's votes to ensure UNP victory".
He founded the Sri Lanka Mahajana Party (SLMP), which campaigned for peace in the Sri Lankan civil war. Under his new party, he contested a Minneriya by-election and finished second, behind the UNP candidate—relegating his old party, SLFP, to third place. The SLMP went on to contest several other by-elections, including in Kundasale and Habaraduwa, but did not live up to expectations.
in 1986, Kumaranatunga visited Jaffna, then controlled by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). He visited the Nallur Murugan Temple and met with local Tamil civilians, as well as several LTTE youth leaders.
In his final public address, to a large crowd in Colombo's Campbell Park on 28 January 1988, Kumaratunga lashed out at the UNP, SLFP, and Janatha Vimuthki Peramuna (JVP) parties for failing to address the needs of the hour. He also voiced concerns about the SLFP's links with the JVP, a Marxist–Leninist party involved in two armed uprisings against the Sri Lankan government.
In 1988, the SLMP reached an agreement with several other left-wing parties—including the LSSP, Nava Sama Samaja Party (NSSP), Sri Lanka Communist Party, and Eelam People's Revolutionary Liberation Front (EPRLF)—to form the United Socialist Alliance (USA). A few days prior to the establishment of the new alliance, Kumaranatunga was assassinated. The agreement was signed by party leaders at his funeral.
The USA won a large number of seats in the newly formed provincial councils in an election boycotted by the main opposition SLFP. However, in the 1988 presidential election, the USA candidate, Ossie Abeygunasekera, finished in last place. In the 1989 parliamentary elections, USA candidates won three seats, but none of the winners represented the SLMP.
In 1978, Kumaratunga married Chandrika Bandaranaike, with whom he had two children. Bandaranaike was the daughter of two former prime ministers, S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike and Sirimavo Bandaranaike, and would later become president of Sri Lanka.
Death and legacy
Kumaratunga was shot in the head with a Type 56 assault rifle outside his home on the outskirts of Colombo on 16 February 1988 by Lionel Ranasinghe, alias Gamini. Ranasinghe confessed to the murder under questioning by the Criminal Investigation Department. In a 141-page statement, he said he had been carrying out orders given to him by the Deshapremi Janatha Viyaparaya (Patriotic People's Movement), the military arm of the JVP, which was responsible for multiple assassinations in the late 1980s. However, a presidential commission report concluded that President Ranasinghe Premadasa of the UNP and two government ministers, Gamini Lokuge and Ranjan Wijeratne, were behind the Kumaranatunga assassination.
Kumaratunga's funeral, on 21 February 1988, attracted huge crowds and was the first funeral to be broadcast live on Sri Lankan television (by the Sri Lanka Rupavahini Corporation). It was held at Independence Square in Colombo as a state funeral, even though he represented the opposition to the UNP government. The day of his assassination is widely known as "The Horrible Tuesday" or "The Darkest Tuesday in Sri Lankan History" (He was assassinated on a Tuesday). His death is still mourned by many people in Sri Lanka.
|1969||Romio Juliet Kathawak|
|Samanala Kumariyo Samaga Api Kawadath Soorayo|
|Bindunu Hadawath||Also film's producer|
|1977||Me Desa Kumatada|
|Edath Sooraya Adath Sooraya|
|Adare Hithenawa Dakkama|
|The God King||Lalith||English-language film|
|1976||Pradeepe Ma Weva|
|Unnath Dahai Malath Dahai|
|Adarei Man Adarei|
|Maruwa Samaga Wase||Maru Sira|
|Hariyanakota Ohoma Thamai|
|Eya Den Loku Lamayek||Village Officer|
|Sandawata Ran Tharu|
|Akke Mata Awasara|
|Ganga Addara||Dr. Sarath Pathirana|
|Tak Tik Tuk|
|1981||Beddegama||Babun||Based on Leonard Wolf's Baddegama|
|1982||Yasa Isuru||ASP Mahesh Gunasekara|
|Rahasak Nathi Rahasak|
|Kadawunu Poronduwa (New)||Samson|
|Binaree Saha Sudu Banda||Sudu Banda|
|Welle Thenu Maliga||Christofer|
|Gimhane Gee Naade|
|Raja Wedakarayo||Inspector Ramesh|
|Obatai Priye Adare||
|Nommara 17||Vijay, Nommara 17|
|Varadata Danduvam||Also film's producer|
|1990||Dese Mal Pipila||Vijey|
|Veera Udara||Guest appearance|
|Madu Sihina||Mr. Sandagala|
|Saharawe Sihinaya||Sarasaviya Award for Best Playback Singer|
|1993||Soorayan Athara Veeraya|
|1995||Hitha Honda Soorayo|
|1998||Aya Obata Barai|
- "A humble humanist with broad vision". DailyNews. 21 October 2006. Archived from the original on 27 June 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Some of St. Benedict’s College’s Illustrious Alumni". stbenedictscollege.org. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- As per his Postal ID issued on 23/11/1963 (AL:001821)
- Malalgoda Banduthillka.Sri Lanka Methiwarana Ithihasaya
- LankaNewspapers.com.Reins in these wild buffaloes.Tuesday 18 Dec 2007.Available online.
- Malalgoda Banduthillaka.Sri Lankawe Methiwarana Ithihasaya.
- Bloody betrayal, by Dilrukshi Handunnetti (The Sunday Leader, 22nd February, 2004)
- Malalgoda Banduthillaka.Sri Lankawe Methiwarana Ithihasaya
- Confessions of Vijaya's killer by Sunday Leader -Frederica Jansz (Virtual Library SL Web)
- Vijaya Kumaratunga assassination was a UNP conspiracy: Gamini Lokuge's gun alleged death weapon (Sunday Observer, 21 March 2004) Archived 24 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Devolution only solution - CBK (Vijaya's 20th Death Anniversary)". BBC News. 19 February 2008.
||This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. (May 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
- Vijaya Kumaranatunga's Visit to Jaffna (One Hour Rare Video)
- Vijaya Kumaranatunga's Biography on Sinhala Cinema Database
- Vijaya Kumaratunga's Biography in Sinhala
- Vijaya's Film Details in Sinhala
- 21st death anniversary of Vijaya Kumaranatunga in Sinhala
- Vijaya Kumaratunga in Sinhala 1
- Vijaya Kumaratunga in Sinhala 2[permanent dead link]
- Official Website - National Film Corporation of Sri Lanka
- Official Website of Lester James Peries in association with Ministry of Cultural Affairs, Sri Lanka
- Remembering Vijaya Kumaratunga, By Kumar Rupesinghe
- Vijaya Kumaranatunga on IMDb
- Confessions of Vijaya's killer, WWW Virtual Library - Sri Lanka
- ‘මා දුටු ලොව ලස්සනම මිනිසා’
- විජය පිළිබඳ මගේ මතක සැමරුම්