W. D. Amaradeva

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sri Lankabhimanya Pandit W.D. Amaradeva
Pandit Dr.W. D. Amaradeva.jpg
Pandit Amaradeva in 2014.
Born Wannakuwatta Waduge Don Albert Perera
(1927-12-05)5 December 1927
Moratuwa, British Ceylon
Died 3 November 2016(2016-11-03) (aged 88)
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, Sri Lanka
Cause of death Heart failure
Nationality Sri Lankan
Alma mater Bhatkhande Music Institute
Siddharta Vidyalaya
kalutara vidyalaya
Sri Sumangala College[1]
Occupation Musician, singer, composer, University lecturer
Years active 1947–2016
Spouse(s) Wimala Amaradeva
Children Ranjana Amaradeva, Subhani Amaradeva, and Priyanvada Amaradeva
Awards Philippine Ramon Magsaysay Award (2001), Indian Padma Sri Award (2002), President's Award of Kala Keerthi (1986), Doctor of Philosophy (Fine Arts) Honoris Causa (University of Kelaniya - 1991), The Degree of Doctor of Letters (University of Ruhuna - 1993),[2] Honorary degree of Doctor of Letters (University of Peradeniya)[3] (1998), Deshamanya (1998), Sri Lankabhimanya (2017)

Sri Lankabhimanya Wannakuwatta Waduge Don Albert Perera [4](Sinhalese: වන්නකුවත්ත වඩුගේ දොන් ඇල්බට් පෙරෙරා; 5 December 1927 – 3 November 2016) better known by his adopted name Amaradeva, was a prominent Sri Lankan vocalist, violinist and composer. Primarily using traditional instruments like sitars, tablas and harmoniums, Amaradeva incorporates Sinhala folk music with Indian ragas in his work. Many consider Pandit Amaradeva’s contribution to the development of Sinhala music as unmatched, hence without argue cited as the Maestro of Sri Lanka Music (si. හෙළයේ මහා ගාන්දර්වයා).[3][5][6]

In the mid-1950s, Amaradeva in his Janagayana project consulted experts of the Kandyan dance tradition like Pani Bharata, Kiriganita, Gunamala, Ukkuva and Suramba in his path to understand what constituted Sinhala folk music. Noting that it mostly revolved around a single melody, he decided to add verses that would lead up to the central melody which would now be a chorus thus forming two parts (unseen earlier in traditional Sri Lankan music) removing restrictions that had existed earlier. In doing so, Amaradeva created a uniquely Sinhalese music style that stayed true to folk tradition while incorporating outside influences. His work was vital in the creation of the sarala gee genre practised subsequently by artists like Sanath Nandasiri,Victor Ratnayake,T.M. Jayaratne and Sunil Edirisinghe.[7][8]

Pandit Amaradeva had been the recipient of numerous awards including the Philippine Ramon Magsaysay Award (2001), Indian Padma Sri Award (2002)[9] and Sri Lankan "President's Award of Kala Keerthi" (1986) and Deshamanya Award (1998). In 2003 the French government awarded him the prestigious honour; Ordre des Arts et des Lettres.[10] Notably he still remains the most popular artist as confirmed by Nielsen Media Research findings[11] He has also represented Sri Lanka in many forums including the UNESCO 1967 Manila Symposium. The University of Kelaniya conferred on him the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Fine Arts) Honoris Causa in 1991 and the University of Ruhuna and University of Peradeniya conferred on him the Degree of Doctor of Letters, Honoris Causa in 1993 and 1998[2][3]

In 1972, Pandit Amaradeva composed the music for the Maldivian National Anthem (Gaumii salaam) at the request of Maldivian Government.

Early life and education[edit]

Amaradeva in action.

Amaradeva was born the youngest of seven children to a carpenter, Wannakuwatta Waduge Don Ginoris Perera, and Balapuwaduge Maggie Weslina Mendis at Janapriya Mawatha in Koralawella, Moratuwa.[3] Perera was a Buddhist while Mendis was a Methodist bringing both Christian and Buddhist values and music traditions to the family.

Amardeva was introduced to music at a young age by his father who crafted and repaired violins at Moratumulla Wadu Kaarmika Vidyalaya (Carpentry School). Amaradeva would often strum the violin while his mother sang hymns. Another family influence was Amaradeva's elder brother who taught Indian classical music to him. Amaradeva was presented with his own instrument on his seventh birthday which was a Japanese made tin violin by his father.[1]

Amaradeva obtained his early education under Ven. Malalankara Nayaka Tero of the Koralawella temple. With the development of his musical talent, Amaradeva was asked to recite poems and prayers at the temple; he was subsequently picked to lead the village choir.He was first entered into Sri Saddharmodaya Buddhist mixed School in Koralawella. The principal of that school, Mr. Ku. Jo. Fernando was an active member of Hela Hawula and had a close connection with Kumaratunga Munidasa. He knew about Amaradeva’s talent and introduced him to Kumaratunga. Amaradeva was lucky to be appreciated by Kumaratunga for his singing talent. Since he had a chance to accompany all these scholars during his childhood, he had an interest in national identity and language. When he was studying in grade five at Koralawella School, a music teacher called Mr. W. J. Fernando was transferred to his school from Kalutara. Hence, W.J. Fernando was the first school music teacher of Amaradeva. He realized Amaradeva’s talent and directed him on singing and playing. Under his guidance, Amaradeva won all the school singing competitions. Even the teacher let him conduct the classroom when he was not there.[12]

While attending the school, he won a poetry contest held at the Moratuwa Vidyalaya. Amaradeva also led the school choir to a triumphant showing at a contest held by the Colombo Arts Society. His poetry win prompted school teachers to get him a showcase to recite poetry on Radio Ceylon. In 1945 Amaradeva won a gold medal at a music and violin contest held by Jana Kala Mandalaya[7] Amaradeva’s fame that was limited only to the Koralawella, started spreading over other areas. Because of his increasing popularity, several schools offered him scholarships.

Amaradeva entered Sri Sumangala College, Panadura after completing his primary education with a scholarship for English. At the school, he formed a friendship with the music teacher and principal Danister Thomas Fernando, who was the elder brother of Amaradeva's first music teacher W. J. Fernando. D. T. Fernando who was living in Kalutara helped Amaradeva get into Kalutara Vidyalaya and subsequently to Siddharta Vidyalaya Balapitiya.[1]

Young Amaradewa met Sunil Santha, a prominent artist at the time at one of Sunil Santha's concerts. Since he showed interest Sunil Santha invited Amaradewa to audition at Chitrasena studios. There he played in front of Sunil Santha, Chitrasena and A. J. Ranasinghe and impressed them. This meeting and related events are described in detail by A. J. Ranasinghe,[13] Dr. Nandadasa Kodagoda[14] and Sunil Santha.[15] After the audition Sunil Santha brought Amaradewa to stay at Chitrasena Studios, his room mate was A. J. Ranasinghe.

By chance filming of the film Ashokamala commenced nearby. Gerard J. Pieris of Moratuwa introduced Amaradeva to Mohamed Ghouse Master who was handling the music for the film and Ghouse recognising Amaradeva's skill enlisted him as the top violinist in his orchestra.[3] Amardeva left his studies and accompanied Ghouse to India to work on the film. He would play a triple role of singing, dancing and acting on the film with the song "Ayi Yameku Kale Ale."

Career[edit]

He found steady work as an artist on Radio Ceylon, where his unique vision and talent could be exhibited to an audience wider than he had ever before known – earning him a position at the Bhatkhande Music Institute in Lucknow, India. In 1955, Amaradeva won the All India violin competition. After extensive training, Albert returned to Sri Lanka as Pandit Wannakuwatta waduge Don Amaradeva.The name Amaradeva which translates as Immortal god was given to him by Prof. Ediriweera Sarachchandra (Sri Lanka's foremost playwright and a close associate).

During this time, Sri Lanka (then Ceylon) had only begun emerging as an independent nation, and the question of what Sri Lankan music was, was slowly being addressed with equal vigour by intellectuals, artists and the general public. In response to the spirit of these times, Amaradeva began interweaving indigenous folk music with the North Indian ragas he had studied in Lucknow, thereby giving expression to a more sophisticated cadence.

His other innovations include his experimentation with Western harmonies and counter-harmonies, as well as with South Indian and Tamil musical forms. In the song 'Ran Dahadiya Bindu Bindu', Amaradeva incorporated the Baila music of his hometown. His opus, however, remains the work he did with Sri Lanka's celebrated lyricist Mahagama Sekera, in exploring the contours of fusing classical Sinhala poetry with his unique musical intonation. In time, Amaradeva's music came to reflect an entire philosophy, reflective of the spirit of a nation.

He has composed music for ballet (Karadiya, Nala Damayanthi, etc.), film (Ranmuthu Duwa, Gam Peraliya, Ran Salu, Delovak Athara, Gatavarayo, Rena Girav, Thun Man Handiya, Puran Appu, etc.), theatre (Wessantara, etc.), radio and television. He is the creator of the mando-harp, a musical instrument combining the mandolin and the harp.[1]

Amaradeva is credited as having introduced artists such as Nanda Malini and Edward Jayakody to the wider audience.[7][11] Many artists such as Sunil Edirisinghe, Victor Ratnayake and Neela Wickramasinghe have credited him as a major influence on their work.[16] Dr. Lester James Peries has described his voice as the greatest musical instrument.[17] Amaradeva has also been described as the defining musician of Sinhala civilization for his role in the creation of a national tradition.[3][18]

Amaradeva was married to Wimala, together they had one son (Ranjana Amaradeva), and two daughters (Subhani Amaradeva, herself a talented vocalist, and Priyanvada Amaradeva).[19] He was a patron of numerous charities.[20][21]

Death[edit]

Amaradeva was admitted to Sri Jayawaradanapura Teaching Hospital due to a sudden illness. He died at the age of 88 on 3 November 2016[22] while receiving treatment at the Intensive Care Unit. The cause of death was a heart failure.[23] The government subsequently announced that a state funeral would be held with a week of national mourning. His remains were given state honours at the Independence Memorial Hall for two days, the first time in the country's history where remains were kept at the Independence Memorial Hall.

Honours[edit]

Filmography[edit]

Music director[edit]

Year Film Other notes
1962 Ran Muthu Duwa debut as music director
1963 Adata Wadiya Heta Hondai songs only
Sikuru Tharuwa Ira Handa Paayana Loke
Gamperaliya
Getawarayo Aarichchi Borichchi
1965 Saama background music
Laa Dalu
Saravita
Adarayai Karunawai
1966 Delovak Athara
Westhuru Siritha
1981 Valampuri

Track listing[edit]

Irata Muwawen cassette album included songs[26]
No. Title Length
1. "Jagan Mohini (Sarasvati Devi)" (Album version) 04.25
2. "Obe Namin" (Album version) 03.29
3. "Bindu Bindu Ran" (Album version) 03.52
4. "Wali Thala Athare" (Album version) 03.45
5. "Muni Siripa Sibiminne" (Album version) 04.12
6. "Irata Muwawen" (Album version) 04.24
7. "Ase Mathuwana" (Album version) 03.42
8. "Gee Pothai" (Album version) 02.41
9. "Hima Kadu Atharin" (Album version) 04.17
10. "Sansare Eka Mohothak" (Album version) 03.10
11. "Daskon Sakisanda (with Neela Wickramasinghe)" (Album version) 03.07
12. "Kanden Landata" (Album version) 02.51
Total length: 43.55
Kolomthota cassette album included songs[27]
No. Title Length
1. "Kanda Udin" (Album version) 04.27
2. "Sanda Tharu Nihadai" (Album version) 03.08
3. "Thaththa Unath" (Album version) 03.32
4. "Kula Gedarata" (Album version) 03.24
5. "Ranwan Ketha (with Subhanie Amaradeva)" (Album version) 03.55
6. "Kolomthotin" (Album version) 02.56
7. "Mihiriye Gami Lande" (Album version) 03.06
8. "Ma Wawulan" (Album version) 03.05
9. "Muwarada Bara" (Album version) 02.53
10. "Mala Pabalu Wel (with Nanda Malini)" (Album version) 03.40
11. "Kandulu Kiri Powa" (Album version) 04.24
12. "Mala Hiru Basina" (Album version) 03.36
Total length: 42.06
Sasara Wasana Thuru cassette album included songs[28]
No. Title Length
1. "Sasara Wasana Thuru" (Album version) 04.27
2. "Hadapana Welithala" (Album version) 03.08
3. "Rathnadeepa" (Album version) 03.32
4. "Dingirala" (Album version) 03.24
5. "Satharawaram Devi" (Album version) 03.55
6. "Bandun Piri (with Niranjala Sarojini)" (Album version) 02.56
7. "Lovuthuru Pem" (Album version) 03.06
8. "Me Maha Kanda" (Album version) 03.05
9. "Bhawe Bheetha Hara" (Album version) 02.53
10. "Sunila Diye" (Album version) 03.40
11. "Nim Him Sewwa" (Album version) 04.24
12. "Suwa Dena Sitha (with Subhanie Amaradeva)" (Album version) 03.36
13. "Patu Adahas Nam (with Sunil Edirisinghe)" (Album version) 03.36
14. "Somawathie" (Album version) 03.36
Wasantha Geethaya 20 year (1980–2000) celebrating album included songs[29]
No. Title Length
1. "Pera Dinayaka" (Album version) 03.49
2. "Piley Padura" (Album version) 04.13
3. "Mal Gomu Gomu" (Album version) 02.46
4. "Sathkulu Paw" (Album version) 03.17
5. "Wasanthaye Mal" (Album version) 02.38
6. "Adawan Wu" (Album version) 03.37
7. "Bambareku Awai" (Album version) 03.12
8. "Paayan Ran Sanda" (Album version) 03.38
9. "Kale Gahaka Mal" (Album version) 03.02
10. "Oba Sumudu Neth" (Album version) 03.05
11. "Athu Aga Dili" (Album version) 03.19
12. "Monara Kikiliye" (Album version) 04.09
Total length: 40.45
Vali Thala Athare cassette album included songs[30]
No. Title Length
1. "Vali Thala Athare" (Album version) 03.56
2. "Wando Ma Bilinde (with Samitha Mudunkotuwa)" (Album version) 04.37
3. "Peradinayaka Ma" (Album version) 03.49
4. "Karadara Podi Banda" (Album version) 03.03
5. "Muni Siripa" (Album version) 04.14
6. "Dathe Ellee" (Album version) 04.06
7. "Bodhiyen Vata" (Album version) 05.12
8. "Paramitha Bala (with Nanda Malini)" (Album version) 03.54
9. "Danno Budunge" (Album version) 05.49
10. "Pile Padura" (Album version) 04.17
11. "Sudu Neluma" (Album version) 02.51
12. "Dathe Karageta (with Wimala Amaradeva)" (Album version) 03.42
13. "Sasara Wasana Thuru" (Album version) 02.38
14. "Wasanthaye Mal" (Album version) 03.16
15. "Ma Dan Mahalu Viye" (Album version) 02.56
16. "Shantha Me Rayame" (Album version) 03.36
Amara Gee Sara album included songs[31]
No. Title Length
1. "Jagan Mohini" (Album version) 04.11
2. "Piley Padura" (Album version) 04.17
3. "Bambareku Awai" (Album version) 03.21
4. "Sihina Nelum Mala" (Album version) 04.01
5. "Obe Namin Seya Badimi" (Album version) 03.29
6. "Wasanthaye Mal" (Album version) 03.16
7. "Bindu Bindu Ran" (Album version) 03.58
8. "Irata Muwawen" (Album version) 04.21
9. "Pera Dinayaka Maa" (Album version) 03.49
10. "Wali Thala Athare" (Album version) 03.56
11. "Muni Siripa Sibiminne (with Nanda Malini)" (Album version) 04.14
12. "Kolomthota" (Album version) 03.15
13. "Adara Hagum" (Album version) 04.40
14. "Ira Handa Payana Loke" (Album version) 04.04
15. "Heena Hathak Meda (with Latha Walpola)" (Album version) 03.05
16. "Swarna Wimaneta" (Album version) 03.23
Victor & Amaradeva album included songs[32]
No. Title Length
1. "Udayata Mama Hiru" (Album version)  
2. "Ayet Mama Adarei" (Album version)  
3. "Bambara Patikki" (Album version) 2.27
4. "Kumariyaka Pa" (Album version) 03.52
Neela & Amaradeva album included songs[33]
No. Title Length
1. "Vikasitha Pem" (Album version) 03.20
2. "Mage Lowata" (Album version) 02.28
3. "Pasaloswaka Sanda" (Album version) 02.52

Single song tracks released[edit]

Solo Tracks
No. Title Length
1. "Buddha Divakarayano (group song)" (Solo track version)  
2. "Ira Handa Payana Loke (group song)" (Solo track version)  
3. "Banda Jaya Keli (with Sujatha Aththanayake & Rohitha Wijesuriya)" (Solo track version)  
4. "Hanthana Sihine (with Umariya Sinhawansha)" (Solo track version)  
5. "Giman Harina Diyaba (Adarayada Me)" (Solo track version) 03.41
6. "Abhisambodhi Gnanayen (Namo Buddha Diwakaraya)" (Solo track version)  
7. "Ada Pamanai Ithiriwa Pawathinne (Parasathu Mal)" (Solo track version)  
8. "Ai Kale Yamek" (Solo track version)  
9. "Mayawi (Pem sihine 2)" (Solo track version)  
10. "Ama Ganga Galala" (Solo track version)  
11. "Anothaththa Vila (with Amitha Wedisinghe)" (Solo track version)  
12. "Apara Wu Akase" (Solo track version)  
13. "Aradhana" (Solo track version)  
14. "Atheethayen Ganga Gala Basi" (Solo track version)  
15. "Ayage Akayehi" (Solo track version)  
16. "Bamarindu Bamarindu" (Solo track version)  
17. "Bandun Piree Ithirena" (Solo track version)  
18. "Bol Vee Ahuruwen" (Solo track version)  
19. "Budu Asa Dalwee" (Solo track version)  
20. "Dahanin Miduna (with Sujatha Aththanayake)" (Solo track version)  
21. "Daruwan Thurulle (with Sunil Edirisinghe)" (Solo track version)  
22. "Debama Dedunu (with Deepika Priyasarshani)" (Solo track version)  
23. "Dhanayata Ai Dedi Asha" (Solo track version)  
24. "Dingirala Ubala" (Solo track version)  
25. "Dodam Kapala" (Solo track version)  
26. "Gilem Obe Guna Mude" (Solo track version)  
27. "Handa Pana" (Solo track version)  
28. "Handapane Weli Thala" (Solo track version)  
29. "Hanthane Kandu Muduna" (Solo track version)  
30. "Harimi Raja Sapa (with Malani Bulathsinhala)" (Solo track version)  
31. "Heen Sare Oba Awa (with Malani Bulathsinhala)" (Solo track version)  
32. "Helamul Madahasa" (Solo track version)  
33. "Heluwanam Eka Kandulak" (Solo track version)  
34. "Hiru Davi Sandu Gilee (with Nanda Malini)" (Solo track version)  
35. "Hoiya Hoiya (group song)" (Solo track version)  
36. "Ihirunu Prarthana" (Solo track version)  
37. "Indra Digin Pipunath" (Solo track version)  
38. "Ipida Mare" (Solo track version)  
39. "Irata Muwawen" (Solo track version)  
40. "Irunu Ruwal Akula" (Solo track version)  
41. "Kalaya Oba Mata" (Solo track version)  
42. "Kandulu Kathawe" (Solo track version)  
43. "Karanawa Budu Wenawa" (Solo track version)  
44. "Kele Pipunu Malak" (Solo track version)  
45. "Kula Gedarata" (Solo track version)  
46. "Kusum Pipe" (Solo track version)  
47. "Lowuthuru Pem Wathure" (Solo track version)  
48. "Ma Mala Pasu" (Solo track version)  
49. "Maga Hondata Thiye (with Harshana Dissanayake)" (Solo track version)  
50. "Mage Kandulin" (Solo track version)  
51. "Maha Wassaka" (Solo track version)  
52. "Malin Male Ron Popiyana" (Solo track version)  
53. "Man Awe Budu Saduge (with Harshana Dissanayake)" (Solo track version)  
54. "Me Gee Eda Age Hadin" (Solo track version)  
55. "Me Guru Pare" (Solo track version)  
56. "Mindada Hee Sara" (Solo track version)  
57. "Neela Kobei Rana" (Solo track version)  
58. "Neela Warala" (Solo track version)  
59. "Nil Manel Mal" (Solo track version)  
60. "Niwahal Sithuwili" (Solo track version)  
61. "Oba Ma Samaga" (Solo track version)  
62. "Oba Sumudu Neth" (Solo track version)  
63. "Obe Dasai" (Solo track version)  
64. "Obe Sina Wikasitha Wewa" (Solo track version)  
65. "Palu Anduru Nil" (Solo track version)  
66. "Pawena Nil Walawe" (Solo track version)  
67. "Payan Ran Sanda" (Solo track version)  
68. "Payan Sandune" (Solo track version)  
69. "Peenamuko Kalu Gange" (Solo track version)  
70. "Pem Rala Patharin" (Solo track version)  
71. "Pemwathune Sitha" (Solo track version)  
72. "Pipunu Kusuma Parawuwa" (Solo track version)  
73. "Prema Sandawo" (Solo track version)  
74. "Prema Thatake" (Solo track version)  
75. "Punchi Gelata Pethi Gomara" (Solo track version)  
76. "Ra Duru Rata Me" (Solo track version)  
77. "Ra Hande Henakin (with Niranjala Sarojini)" (Solo track version)  
78. "Rana Gira Joduwai" (Solo track version)  
79. "Rathu Rosa Pokurin" (Solo track version)  
80. "Sakya Sinha Sanaramara" (Solo track version)  
81. "Samantha Kootaya" (Solo track version)  
82. "Sanaramara Himi" (Solo track version)  
83. "Sanda Horen Horen" (Solo track version)  
84. "Sanda Mama Nam (with Samitha Mudunkotuwa)" (Solo track version)  
85. "Sandakath Pinidiya" (Solo track version)  
86. "Sande Andura Thula" (Solo track version)  
87. "Sandun Gase Saman Welak" (Solo track version)  
88. "Sannaliyane"  
89. Untitled (Solo track version)  
90. "Sansara Gamane" (Solo track version)  
91. "Sariyuth Mugalan" (Solo track version)  
92. "Sasara Danawwe" (Solo track version)  
93. "Seetha Pini Bindu Athurawa" (Solo track version)  
94. "Seethala Diya Dothak Se" (Solo track version)  
95. "Sinidu Sudu Mudu Thalawe" (Solo track version)  
96. "Siripa Piyume" (Solo track version)  
97. "Siripa Wanda Ena (with Nanda Malini)" (Solo track version)  
98. "Siri Buddhagaya Vihare (with Rukmani Devi)" (Solo track version)  
99. "Soken Pala Na" (Solo track version)  
100. "Somawathi Mage" (Solo track version)  
101. "Sripada Lasa (Mahaweli Games theme song)" (Solo track version)  
102. "Swarna Sri Wibuthiyai" (Solo track version)  
103. "Thanha Asha" (Solo track version)  
104. "Tharu Arundathi" (Solo track version)  
105. "Thotamuna Bada Siti" (Solo track version)  
106. "Udarata Sinhala Porane (with Gration Ananda)" (Solo track version)  
107. "Wahi Kumariya" (Solo track version)  
108. "Wakkada Langa" (Solo track version)  
109. "Wandaneeya Wu" (Solo track version)  
110. "Wandim Sugatha" (Solo track version)  

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Pandit Amaradeva strikes a note from the past The Sunay Times- 16 August 2016
  2. ^ a b c d e "SOUL OF THE NATION" (PDF). The nation. Retrieved 4 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f GENERAL CONVOCATION 1998, University of Peradeniya - 09 November 2016
  4. ^ "National Honours – 2017". The Daily Mirror (Sri Lanka). The Daily Mirror (Sri Lanka). 21 March 2017. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  5. ^ Amaradeva felicitated Daily News – 8 July 2011
  6. ^ More recognition for the musical genius Daily FT – 06 September 2014
  7. ^ a b c Tribute to Amaradeva over BBC Sandeshaya Daily News – 12 December 2007
  8. ^ Maestro Amaradeva is Sri Lanka’s most celebrated singer, musician and violinist
  9. ^ "Padma Awards". Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  10. ^ Amaradeva bags two more awards Sunday Times – 10 November 2016
  11. ^ a b Amaradeva the lure of a Maestro Sunday Times – 26 June 2011
  12. ^ Lankadweepa
  13. ^ Ranasinghe, A. J. (1981 04-27, 28, 29, 30). Visharada Kalakaruwek. Lake House: Dinamina – Lake House – 1981 April 27, 28 29. 30.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  14. ^ Vitharana, Vinie. Sunil Samara. Central Archives Colombo. 
  15. ^ Sunil Watha. Sunil Watha. Central Archives – Colombo, Sri Lanka: CD containing images of articles from 1930–1960. 
  16. ^ "Mal Wehi Poda" Lanka Help Magazine – 01 September 2011
  17. ^ Maestro in Sinhala music Daily News – 4 December 2010
  18. ^ In praise of Amaradeva: On his 85th Birthday The Island – 04 December 2012
  19. ^ A Tribute to Amaradeva: Art and humility unite in deathlessness – Pandith Amaradeva
  20. ^ Music & The Army The Island – 26 April 2014
  21. ^ Amaradeva Trust to help talented youth Sunday Times – 30 July 2000
  22. ^ "Veteran musician Dr. Pandith W.D. Amaradeva passes away". News 1st. Retrieved 3 November 2016. 
  23. ^ "Pandith Amaradewa no more". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 3 November 2016. 
  24. ^ PRESIDENT AT NATIONAL HONOURS-2017 CEREMONY
  25. ^ India honours doyen of modern Sinhala music The Hindu – 28 June 2011
  26. ^ http://rateyourmusic.com/release/album/w-d-amaradeva/ඉරට-මුවාවෙන්/
  27. ^ http://rateyourmusic.com/release/album/w-d-amaradeva/කෝළොම්තොට/
  28. ^ http://rateyourmusic.com/release/album/w-d-amaradeva/සසර-වසන-තුරු/
  29. ^ http://rateyourmusic.com/release/album/w-d-amaradeva/wasantha-geethaya/
  30. ^ http://rateyourmusic.com/release/album/w-d-amaradeva/vali-thala-athare/
  31. ^ http://rateyourmusic.com/release/album/w-d-amaradeva/amara-gee-sara/
  32. ^ http://rateyourmusic.com/release/ep/victor-ratnayake-w-d-amaradeva/victor-ratnayake-and-amaradeva/
  33. ^ http://rateyourmusic.com/release/ep/w-d-amaradeva-neela-wickramasinghe/amaradewa-and-neela/

External links[edit]