|Directed by||Oliver Stone|
|Produced by||Moritz Borman
|Written by||Stanley Weiser|
|Music by||Paul Cantelon|
|Cinematography||Phedon Papamichael Jr.|
|Edited by||Julie Monroe
|Box office||$29.5 million|
W. is a 2008 American biographical drama film loosely based on the life and presidency of George W. Bush. It was produced and directed by Oliver Stone, written by Stanley Weiser, and stars Josh Brolin as Bush, with a supporting cast that includes Ellen Burstyn, Elizabeth Banks, James Cromwell, Thandie Newton, Jeffrey Wright, Scott Glenn, and Richard Dreyfuss. Filming began on May 12, 2008, in Louisiana and the film was released on October 17.
||This article's plot summary may be too long or excessively detailed. (October 2015)|
The film opens with George W. Bush (Josh Brolin), dreaming of being a baseball player and is in the stadium with an empty crowd cheering for him. In 1966, Bush endures an alcohol-fueled initiation by his fellow Yale University students as a Delta Kappa Epsilon pledge. During the hazing, Bush successfully recalls the names and nicknames of many of the fraternity members, and states that his family's political legacy is one in which he has no interest. A little later, after Bush is jailed in New Jersey for rowdiness following a football game, his father, George H. W. Bush (James Cromwell), states that he will help Bush, but for the last time. Following his graduation from Yale, Bush takes a job at an oil patch back in his home state of Texas, but he quits after only a few weeks. In 1972, "Junior" reveals his real aspirations in a father-son talk: working in professional baseball, in some capacity. Soon afterwards, Bush is accepted into Harvard Business School with the help of his father. That night after drinking heavily, Bush crashes his car into his family estate and challenges his father to a fistfight. His brother, Jeb (Jason Ritter) intervenes and stops the fight.
In 1977, Bush announces he will run for Congress in Texas. At a barbecue, Bush meets his future wife, Laura Lane Welch (Elizabeth Banks). During his congressional debate, Bush is criticized by his Democratic opponent, Kent Hance (Paul Rae), who says that Bush is not a "real Texan" and has spent campaign contributions to throw an alcohol-fueled party for underage Texas Tech University students. Bush does poorly in the debate and loses the election, but with the highest number of votes for a Republican candidate in the state's history. Angered by his loss, Bush declares that he will "never be out-Texas'd or out-Christianed again".
In 1986, Bush becomes a born-again Christian, gives up alcohol, and somewhat mends his relationship with his father. The elder Bush invites him to assist with what becomes his successful 1988 presidential campaign, although Bush himself suspects that he only was asked because Jeb was busy. Bush's political advisor, Karl Rove (Toby Jones), tells him that he has the potential to make a name for himself, but has not yet done anything with his life. Bush becomes a front office executive of the Texas Rangers baseball team, while his father oversees the victory of the Persian Gulf War. Although Allied forces win the war within 100 hours, the elder Bush decides not to invade Iraq to depose Saddam Hussein. After his father loses the 1992 presidential election to Bill Clinton, Bush blames the loss on his decision not to depose Saddam.
In 1994, Bush decides to run for Governor of Texas despite his father's opposition. In 1999, he makes a successful bid to become President. Following the September 11 attacks in 2001, Bush labels three of America's enemies – specifically Iran, Iraq, and North Korea — as the "axis of evil". In 2002, Bush begins searching for evidence that Saddam was creating nuclear weapons, and has the army prepared. All of Bush's White House staff supports him except Secretary of State Colin Powell (Jeffrey Wright), who states that planning to invade Iraq would destabilize the country. Powell is generally overruled by Vice President Dick Cheney (Richard Dreyfuss) and Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld (Scott Glenn), who insist that the war – deliberately waged without an exit strategy — would secure the United States' status as sole global superpower while spreading democracy throughout the Middle East. In his State of the Union Address in 2003, Bush states that: "Either you're with us, or you're with the terrorists." In March of that year, the U.S. invades Iraq and at first, the war appears to be a success, and Bush gives his infamous "Mission Accomplished" speech on an aircraft carrier. When it becomes clear that there are no weapons of mass destruction within Iraq, Bush learns that the responsibility for finding them had been relegated far down the chain of command. Bush also discovers that Saddam gambled his regime and his life on the assumption that Bush was bluffing. Bush is asked in a White House press conference what mistakes he made as President, a question that leaves him flustered and speechless. That night, Bush has a nightmare in which his father accuses him of ruining his family's legacy, which the elder Bush claims was intended for Jeb. In the final scene of the film, Bush again dreams of himself playing center field at a baseball game. Bush attempts to catch a pop fly, but it quickly disappears.
- Josh Brolin as George W. Bush: Stone's original idea for the main role was to propose it to Harrison Ford, who he said had "a pretty similar face as of George Bush". Stone then cast Christian Bale, who spent months researching for the role, but dropped out after he was not satisfied with the prosthetic makeup tests. Stone remarked, "Christian’s a very methodical actor and he has to have the makeup thing work for him." Brolin, cast at the "last minute", spent months working on Bush's distinctive vocal style, calling hotels in Texas and talking to the people at the front desk, listening to their accents. The actor also watched videos of Bush walking. Brolin said, "It changes over the years, how he walks in his 30s, how he walks in foreign lands, before 9/11 and afterward. People hold their emotions in their bodies. They can't fake it. Especially him."
- Elizabeth Banks as Laura Bush: Banks said she would not do an impression of the First Lady. "I just want to honor her voice, her stillness, and her hairstyle".
- James Cromwell as George H. W. Bush, Bush's father and the 41st President of the United States.
- Ellen Burstyn as Barbara Bush
- Richard Dreyfuss as Dick Cheney: Stone was interested in Robert Duvall as Cheney, but Duvall turned down the role. Dreyfuss and Stone did not get along well during filming, and Dreyfuss was harshly critical of the director during the film's press junket (noting Stone had attacked him right before that tour began). Dreyfuss also told Nathan Rabin in an interview that he did not empathize with the former Vice President, calling him "true to himself", and saying that the real villain of W. was the American public, because it never responded with outrage to the Bush Administration's actions.
- Jeffrey Wright as U.S. Secretary of State Gen. Colin Powell
- Scott Glenn as U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld
- Thandie Newton as U.S. National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice
- Toby Jones as Deputy White House Chief of Staff Karl Rove
- Bruce McGill as Central Intelligence Agency Director George Tenet
- Ioan Gruffudd as British Prime Minister Tony Blair. Much of Gruffudd's intended scene was cut. The scene depicted Blair revealing his intentions to convert to Catholicism, and his desire to give the United Nations and British and US allies more time and greater involvement before the Iraq invasion.
- Noah Wyle as U.S. Secretary of Commerce Donald Evans
- Rob Corddry as White House Press Secretary Ari Fleischer
- Dennis Boutsikaris as U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz
- Randall Newsome as Paul Bremer, head of the Coalition Provisional Authority
- Jason Ritter as Jeb Bush
- Michael Gaston as General Tommy Franks
- Tom Kemp as David Kay
- Paul Rae as Congressman Kent Hance
- Stacy Keach as Earle Hudd, Bush's pastor and spiritual advisor. Earle Hudd is a composite of several religious figures influential in Bush's life, including Billy Graham, James Robison, C. Lane Boyd, Kirbyjon Caldwell, Mark Craig, Tony Evans, T. D. Jakes, and Dr. Ed Young.
- Jesse Bradford as Thatcher, Bush's college buddy
- Marley Shelton as Fran, one of Bush's girlfriends
- Anne Pressly as Anchorwoman
- Sayed Badreya as Saddam Hussein, President of Iraq
- William Chan as Hospital Doctor
- Teresa Cheung as Miss China
- Colin Hanks as David Frum
- Bryan Massey as Skeeter
- Brent Sexton as Joe O'Neill
- Randal Reeder as Oil Rig Foreman
W was Oliver Stone's third film in a trilogy he made about the Presidency, set in the time from the 1960s to today: the set began with JFK and continued with Nixon. Originally, he was attached to direct Pinkville, a film about the Army's investigation of the My Lai Massacre, but development was canceled due to the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike and actor Bruce Willis pulling out of the film three weeks before shooting was set to start. As a result, United Artists shut the production down. Stone moved on to direct a film about the life and presidency of George W. Bush, shopping a script that had been written before the strike by Stanley Weiser, who had co-written Wall Street with Stone. Weiser and Stone read 17 books as part of their research for the script, and worked on the project for a year before venturing to film Pinkville. Stone has admitted that he and Weiser had to speculate on some dialogue: "You take all the facts and take the spirit of the scene and make it accurate to what you think happened". W. was financed independently for Stone, with Hong Kong, German, and Australian funds: he tried to approach American studios for money, but got turned down. Lions Gate Entertainment distributed the film. Though Stone has criticized Bush for his administration's 2003 invasion of Iraq, the director said that he was not looking to make an "anti-Bush polemic." Stone compared his goal of the film to that of The Queen, wanting to trace "seminal events in Bush's life." According to the director, "It's a behind-the-scenes approach, similar to Nixon, to give a sense of what it's like to be in his skin. But if Nixon was a symphony, this is more like a chamber piece, and not as dark in tone." He described the structure of W. as a three-act film starting with Bush as a young man "with a missed life", followed by his transformation and "an assertion of will which was amazingly powerful" as he came out from his father's shadow, and finally his invasion of Iraq.
The film, originally titled Bush, was re-titled W. Filming began on May 12, 2008, in Shreveport, Louisiana, and completed filming on July 11, 2008. On May 13, 2008, the New York Post published excerpts from an early draft of the script. The column, written by Cindy Adams, stated “Pro-Bushies will hate it, antis will love it.”
The film was released on October 17, 2008, timed just before the presidential election. W. 's producers reportedly ran television spots for the film opposite Republican Party presidential nominee John McCain's ads in the fall of 2008.
W. received mixed reviews from critics. Rotten Tomatoes reports 59% of critics giving the film positive write-ups, based upon a sample of 212, with an average score of 6/10, compared to audiences giving a 42% positive review (3/5) based on 109,205 ratings. The website summarized the reviews of the film by calling it "A surprisingly sympathetic portrayal of the 43rd American president, W. is fascinating in spots, but merely rudimentary as a whole." At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the film has received an average score of 56, based on 36 reviews.
Giving the film four stars[out of how many?] in his review[where?], Roger Ebert wrote that it was "fascinating" and praised all the actors, noting that Richard Dreyfuss, in particular, was "not so much a double as an embodiment" of Dick Cheney. In contrast, Ann Hornaday of The Washington Post called the film "a rushed, wildly uneven, tonally jumbled caricature." Film critic James Berardinelli negatively compared the film with Saturday Night Live skits, saying of the actors that "None of them are as dead-on as Tina Fey as Sarah Palin."
The Bush administration never officially commented on the film. Former Florida Governor Jeb Bush, who is portrayed in the film, called the sibling rivalry portrayed in the film "high-grade, unadulterated hooey" and said that Stone's exploration of the family dynamic could have benefited from actual conversations with the Bush family. Slate Magazine 's Timothy Noah, however, noted that "most [of] the film's more ludicrous details" are actually directly taken from non-fiction sources, and argued that the film was too kind to Bush in omitting certain historically recorded dramatic events, most notably Bush's alleged mocking of murderer Karla Faye Tucker, a woman put to death during his tenure of the Texan governorship. However, the incident is disputed by Bush himself, and as such is also unconfirmed. In a March 2010 "Screen Test" interview with The New York Times ' Lynne Hirschberg, Josh Brolin claims Bush did in fact watch the film. Brolin said Oliver Stone met with Bill Clinton in China and Clinton told Stone he'd lent his copy of W. to Bush. Reportedly, Bush himself "liked it very much" and "thought there were sad moments."
The film appeared on some critics' top ten lists of the best films of 2008. Joe Neumaier of the New York Daily News named it the eighth best film of 2008, and Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times named it on his top 20 list (he did not assign rankings).
The film opened No. 4 behind The Secret Life of Bees, Beverly Hills Chihuahua, and Max Payne, respectively with $10,505,668 from 2,030 theaters with a $5,175 average. The film had a budget of $25.1 million and grossed $25,534,493 in North America, and $3,401,242 internationally.
- "W. (2008)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
- Fleming, Michael (May 8, 2008). "Lionsgate books Oliver Stone's W". Variety. Retrieved May 9, 2008.
- Larry Carroll (October 15, 2008). "What Do Batman And George W. Bush Have In Common? Oliver Stone Explains…". MTV. Retrieved October 15, 2008.
- Benjamin Svetkey (May 7, 2008). "First Look: W., Oliver Stone's Bush Biopic". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 8, 2008.
- Sperling, Nicole (March 26, 2008). "Oliver Stone's George W. Bush biopic coming together". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 28, 2008.
- "Bush and Earle Hudd – Bible Study Group". Lionsgate. Retrieved May 31, 2010.
- Bush, George W. (2001). A Charge to Keep: My Journey to the White House. HarperCollins. p. 1. ISBN 0-688-17441-8.
cite is for list of influential figures.
- Michael Fleming (January 20, 2008). "Oliver Stone votes for 'Bush' project". Variety. Retrieved March 28, 2008.
- Stephen Galloway, Matthew Belloni (April 7, 2008). "Bush biographers mixed on script for Oliver Stone's W.". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on April 11, 2008. Retrieved April 12, 2008.
- Benjamin Svetkey (May 7, 2008). "First Look: W, Oliver Stone's Bush Biopic". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 8, 2008.
- Schuker, Lauren. "A Film on Bush Finds Friends Abroad". Wall Street Journal, October 11, 2008
- Mike Goodridge (May 30, 2008). "Interview: Oliver Stone". Screen Daily. Archived from the original on June 28, 2008. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
- Fleming, Michael (March 26, 2008). "Oliver Stone casts parents of W". Variety. Retrieved March 27, 2008.
- Michael Fleming (May 8, 2008). "Lionsgate books Oliver Stone's W.". Variety. Retrieved May 9, 2008.
- "Brolin, Wright arrested in pub fight". Variety. July 13, 2008. Retrieved July 14, 2008.
- Cindy Adams (May 13, 2008). "Film Has A Few Words About Our President". New York Post. Retrieved May 13, 2008.
- "W. Movie Reviews". Rotten Tomatoes. IGN Entertainment, Inc. Retrieved June 29, 2011.
- "W. (2008): Reviews". Metacritic. CNET Networks, Inc. Retrieved October 17, 2008.
- Roger Ebert (October 15, 2008). "W.". rogerebert.com. Retrieved October 17, 2008.
- Ann Hornaday (October 17, 2008). "'W': Mission Not Accomplished". Washington Post. Retrieved October 17, 2008.
- "Jeb Bush calls 'W' movie 'Hooey'". Washington Times. October 17, 2008. Retrieved October 20, 2008.
- Noah, Timothy (October 17, 2008). "Dubya, Stoned.". Slate Magazine. Retrieved October 20, 2008.
- "Screen Test - Josh Brolin". The New York Times. Retrieved October 16, 2013.
- "Metacritic: 2008 Film Critic Top Ten Lists". Metacritic. Retrieved January 11, 2009.
- "Weekend Box Office Results from 10/17 to 10/19". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved October 20, 2008.
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