Physics: Glass physics deals with topics such as the nature of the glass transition, optical properties of glass, fracture mechanics, and the modeling of glass behavior based on fundamental thermodynamic principles (deductive glass modeling). Important articles, for example, Viscosity, Optical fiber, Physics of glass or Refractive index are summarized in the categories Glass physics and Glass engineering and science.
Chemistry: Important topics within glass chemistry are:
- Glass composition formulation or glass modeling for obtaining certain desired properties, for example liquidus temperature, optical properties, viscosity, color, or corrosion behavior, as well as
- Glass coating and surface modification for insulation glass, vehicle windshields, anti-fog glass, DNA microarrays, or printing-on-glass compositions based on alkoxy silane coupling agents.
Engineering & Technology: Glass engineering and technology covers areas such as commercial glass melting (large-scale soda-lime glass melting, optical glass melting, recycling, waste vitrification), glass forming (floating, pressing, blowing, fiber drawing, sealing, annealing), treatments of solid glass (cutting, grinding, polishing, printing on glass, coating), and architecture and civil engineering related to glass. Some of the mentioned processes and selected glass properties are modeled, e.g., by finite element methods.
Geology, glass in nature: Glass is forming in nature during high-temperature events involving silicate compounds, followed by rapid cooling, as it occurs during volcanic eruptions (see volcanic glass such as obsidian), meteorite impacts (e.g., tektite), and lightning strikes (e.g., fulgurite). The categories Glass in nature and Vitreous rocks contain all glass articles relevant to geology.
There is free literature online about the topic glass, which can be used for referencing.
Google books Most of the following glass related books at Google are only partially online, however:
Patents Almost all patents are freely available online through the website esp@cenet. The search for a specific patent in the area of glass may be performed as follows:
- Go to advanced search
- Enter the keywords preferably in the second line of the form (search for keyword in title or abstract)
- For an optional targeted search, enter in addition the European Classification (ECLA):
- C03B (glass manufacture, shaping, or supplementary processes), or one of its subclasses
- C03C (glass compositions, surface treatments, joining), or one of its subclasses
- Example: A glass coated with at least two coatings of inorganic materials, e.g., an IR-reflective coating, can be found in a subclass of C03C, namely C03C17/34D.