Wye, Kent

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Wye
St Gregory St Martin Wye 1.jpg
St Gregory and St Martin's Church, Wye
Wye is located in Kent
Wye
Wye
Location within Kent
Area24.1 km2 (9.3 sq mi)
Population2,282 (Civil parish 2011)[1]
• Density95/km2 (250/sq mi)
OS grid referenceTR055466
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townAshford
Postcode districtTN25
Dialling code01233
PoliceKent
FireKent
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Kent
51°11′00″N 0°56′14″E / 51.18333°N 0.93722°E / 51.18333; 0.93722Coordinates: 51°11′00″N 0°56′14″E / 51.18333°N 0.93722°E / 51.18333; 0.93722

Wye is an historic village in Kent, England, centred 12 miles (19 km) from Canterbury, and is also the main village in the civil parish of Wye with Hinxhill. The population of the ward was 2,282 in 2011.[1] It was home to London University's agricultural college until 2009, which was internationally famous for developing new varieties of hops such as Wye Challenger. In March 2013 the village was voted 3rd best place to live in the UK by The Sunday Times.

History[edit]

The village's name comes from the Old English "Wēoh" meaning "idol" or "shrine". The place may have used for worship by the pre-Christian Angles.[2]

Wye became an important ancient communications centre because of the ford across the River Great Stour connecting the parts of the ancient trackway across the North Downs at this point. The Romans constructed their road between Canterbury and Hastings using the gap through the North Downs; remains of a Roman camp and villa have been found. By medieval times the town was a market and meeting place of the hundred court.[3]

In the later 18th century the new turnpike had bypassed the village on the opposite bank of the river; the main A28 road does the same today. Wye railway station was built when the line from Ashford to Margate was opened on 1 December 1846 by the South Eastern Railway.[4]

During the First World War, an aerodrome was established at Wye by the Royal Flying Corps, the station becoming RAF Wye in 1918 and closing the following year.

The Great Stour at Wye

Governance[edit]

The village has a parish council but most services are provided by Ashford Borough Council.

Geography[edit]

The village stands in the Kent Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, on the Great Stour at the point where it cuts through the North Downs on its way from Ashford to Canterbury. The village is overlooked by Wye Downs, a stretch of chalk downland and woodland that is a national nature reserve and part of the Wye and Crundale Downs SSSI. They comprise several coombes formed by periglacial action during the last ice age, of which the most spectacular is known as the Devil's Kneading Trough.

Demography[edit]

Wye compared
2001 UK Census Wye Ashford district England
Population 2,405 102,661 49,138,831
Foreign born 14.6% 5.5% 9.2%
White 94.9% 97.6% 90.9%
Asian 1.8% 0.9% 4.6%
Black 1.2% 0.4% 2.3%
Christian 75.2% 76.5% 71.7%
Muslim 1.1% 0.6% 3.1%
Hindu 0.4% 0.3% 1.1%
No religion 15.3% 14.6% 14.6%
Unemployed 1.7% 2.4% 3.3%
Retired 16.8% 13.8% 13.5%

At the 2001 UK census (before the college closed), the Wye electoral ward had a population of 2,405. The ethnicity was 94.9% white, 1.5% mixed race, 1.8% Asian, 1.2% black and 0.6% other. The place of birth of residents was 85.4% United Kingdom, 1.1% Republic of Ireland, 4.5% other Western European countries, and 9% elsewhere. Religion was recorded as 75.2% Christian, 0.4% Buddhist, 0.4% Hindu, 0% Sikh and 0.2% Jewish, 1.1% Muslim. 15.3% were recorded as having no religion, 0.2% had an alternative religion and 7.2% did not state their religion.[5]

The economic activity of residents aged 16–74 was 28.2% in full-time employment, 9.3% in part-time employment, 9.6% self-employed, 1.7% unemployed, 7.7% students with jobs, 16.6% students without jobs, 16.8% retired, 5.4% looking after home or family, 2.8% permanently sick or disabled and 2% economically inactive for other reasons. The industry of employment of residents was 12.8% retail, 9.3% manufacturing, 5.3% construction, 14.1% real estate, 9.9% health and social work, 17.7% education, 4.8% transport and communications, 5.5% public administration, 6.2% hotels and restaurants, 2.4% finance, 6.2% agriculture and 5.8% other. Compared with national figures, the ward had a relatively high proportion of workers in agriculture, education, hotels and restaurants. There were a relatively low proportion in manufacturing, construction, retail, finance, transport and communications. Of the ward's residents aged 16–74, 33.5% had a higher education qualification or the equivalent, compared with 19.9% nationwide.[5]

Economy[edit]

It is now essentially a dormitory village that has lost its local connection to farming, although a few local farmers persist (notably the Long family). Many of the larger estates are industrially farmed. One exception is Ripple Farm which is an organic farm. The college meant the village had more facilities for its size than might be expected, and many have survived the disappearance of the college. It serves as a hub for the surrounding area, with many residents commuting to Canterbury, Ashford and beyond.

Culture and community[edit]

Wye Crown

A farmers' market is held in Wye on the first and third Saturday of every month; and an annual summer festival of blues music and real ale, is held each year on the village green. The village hall was extensively refurbished during the 2010s.

In 2006 Wye was featured in BBC TV show The Perfect Village.[6] It was voted as the third best place to live in the UK in an annual broadsheet's review in 2013.[7]

Landmarks[edit]

On the Downs east of the village is a crown as a hill figure carved in the chalk by students in 1902 to commemorate the coronation of Edward VII. The village has listed buildings dating back to the 15th century in the case of the Grade I Latin School, oldest of the college buildings, and Old Swan House. The Old Flying Horse Inn and Old Manor House opposite the college, and Yew Trees on Scotton St date from the 16th century, and the bridge over the river was built in 1638. The latter are all Grade II* listed.

The manor of Olantigh about a mile north of the village, has a history going back to the 13th century. It was originally associated with the Kemp(e) family, whose most famous son was John Kemp (c1380 – 1454), Archbishop of Canterbury and founder of Wye College. It is now owned by the Loudon family; Alex Loudon played cricket for England in a One Day International in 2006.

Transport[edit]

Wye railway station has twice-hourly services to Ashford and Canterbury. There are also bus services to the same destinations.

Two long-distance footpaths converge on Wye in Kent.

Wye is on the Pilgrims' Way (or North Downs Way and lower Stour Valley Walk/East Kent Downs Walk combined): from Farnham in Surrey to Dover or Canterbury.

In Wye is its crossroads with the upper part of the Stour Valley Walk. Above in the valley are Lenham (along the upper part of the west tributary) and Ashford. Further down the valley are Canterbury and Sandwich Bay where the route ends at the junction with the Saxon Shore Way.

Education[edit]

Lady Joanna Thornhill Primary School on Bridge Street is named after Lady Joanna Thornhill, daughter of Sir Bevill Granville, second wife of Richard Thornhill of Olantigh, who founded a charity school in 1708. Her monument is in St Gregory and St Martin Church.[8]

Wye School is a secondary school that opened in 2013 and moved into new buildings on Olantigh Road in 2017.

Wye College[edit]

Wye College (from 2000 the Wye Campus of the Imperial College of London) was founded in 1447 as a Latin school and seminary by John Cardinal Kempe, Archbishop of Canterbury and Lord Chancellor.[9] It has been part of London University since 1900. Until 2005 it was an agricultural college: events in 2005 changed that, but the somewhat fraught situation that arose in 2005 regarding the possibility of large scale development. This was the subject of a local campaign to oppose development on the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty through a local group, Wye Future Group, the campaign was also documented by local author David Hewson in his book Saved, now open-source.[10] Some of the college buildings have been taken over by Wye School, there is also a primary school and Spring Grove prep school.

Religious sites[edit]

The Anglican church to Saints Gregory and Martin is in the highest category in the national system of listed buildings, Grade I.[11] It dates back to 1447 when it was built by Cardinal Kempe, who had taken over the original church building to form Wye College. The 15th century church was in a state of ruins in 1685 and was rebuilt in 1701. [12]

Sport[edit]

Wye has a cricket team with more than one side. There is a Multi-Use Games Area and tennis club with five hard courts.

The first race at Wye Racecourse was run on 29 May 1849, the last 2 May 1974 and it closed permanently in June 1975 after being unable to improve the course which the Jockey Club had insisted upon in August 1974. The Long family who owned the course were unable to raise the funds to change the camber on bottom bend and improve the stands and the Jockey Club would not assist and the National Hunt world lost another course. It is described:

Less than one mile (1.6 km) round, and more suited to a greyhound track than a racecourse, Wye could not be entirely classed as the ideal preparation for a tilt at the Champion Hurdle.[13]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 10 May 2014
  2. ^ P. H. Reaney (1969). The Origin of English Place Names. Routledge and Kegan Paul. p. 118. ISBN 0-7100-2010-4.
  3. ^ Open Domesday Online: Wye, Kent, accessed January 2019.
  4. ^ History of Wye
  5. ^ a b "Neighbourhood Statistics". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 21 February 2008.
  6. ^ Gold, Mary (15 September 2006). "Why pick on Wye?". The Times.
  7. ^ "The winners: Our four top spots". The Sunday Times. 17 March 2013.
  8. ^ "Parishes: Wye Pages 340-368 The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 7. Originally published by W Bristow, Canterbury, 1798". British History Online.
  9. ^ History of the College
  10. ^ Saved
  11. ^ British listed buildings retrieved 20 July 2013
  12. ^ "Parishes: Wye Pages 340-368 The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 7. Originally published by W Bristow, Canterbury, 1798". British History Online.
  13. ^ History of Wye Racecourse

External links[edit]

Media related to Wye, Kent at Wikimedia Commons