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NSWGR Locomotive 394X.jpg
Locomotive 1001 (former 394X)
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
BuilderManning Wardle
Serial number32
ModelOld Class I
Total produced1
 • Whyte0-6-0ST
Gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver dia.3 ft 0 in (0.914 m)
Loco weight16.75 long tons (17.02 t; 18.76 short tons)
Boiler pressure120 lbf/in2 (0.83 MPa)
Cylinder size12 in × 17 in (304.8 mm × 431.8 mm) originally 11 in × 17 in (279.4 mm × 431.8 mm)
ClassX10 Class
NumbersPioneer, 9N, 394, 394X, 394XX, Public Works 15, 1001
First runJune 1864
WithdrawnJanuary 1923

Locomotive 'Pioneer' 1001 (former 394X) was two-cylinder, simple, non-condensing, coal-fired, 0-6-0 Saddle Tank locomotive for the New South Wales Government Railways (NSWGR) built in 1861 by Manning Wardle.


Locomotive 1001 was originally on railway construction work under the name "Pioneer" by its owners, Petro, Brassey and Betts and was sold to the NSWGR in June 1864 and given the number 9N. In 1889 it was renumbered 394 and hired out to various private lines and later sold in 1909. In 1917 it found its way back into railway fold with the transfer of railway construction from the Public Works Department and continued in this work till 1925 when it was laid aside and eventually scrapped in 1929 after a life of 68 years.

It is a significant locomotive in the history of the New South Wales railways in that it demonstrated the usefulness of small 6 coupled tank engines in a variety of roles, even though it was itself somewhat underpowered for many of the tasks that came its way.[1]


Date Notes
Sep 1861 Completed by Manning Wardle
June 1862 Employed on construction work Cambeltown to Picton
1864 Operating as passenger engine on Great Northern Railway numbered 9N
1879 Under overhaul including new cylinders
1881 Reboilered, in use as works shunter at Honeysuckle.
1881 Used for coal haulage on Newcastle Coal Mining Company's Burwood line
1889 Renumbered 394
1891 Renumbered 394X
1893 Hired to Excelsior Land Investment and Building Company for Toronto tramway service
1899 Returned to NSWGR
Unknown On hire to J & A Brown
April 1907 Returned to NSWGR
Jan 1910 Returned to NSWGR, reboilered.
Feb 1910 Sold to RG Watkins & Co (machinery dealer)
May 1913 Purchased by Public Works Department for railway construction
May 1917 Returned to NSWGR
May 1918 Stored pending overhaul
Sep 1919 Released from overhaul at Eveleigh
Jan to Jun 1920 Construction work, Stanwell Park deviation
Oct 1920 Construction work Lismore
Aug 1922 Withdrawn
Jan 1923 Brief return to service
Feb 1923 Withdrawn
1924 Renumbered 1001
Feb 1925 Placed in storage at Enfield
July 1929 Condemned
Feb 1930 Scrapped


  1. ^ ARHS Bulletin April 2004, Ron Madden

External links[edit]

Media related to New South Wales X10 class locomotives at Wikimedia Commons