Yevpatoria RT-70 radio telescope
|Organization||Roscosmos State Corporation
State Space Agency of Ukraine
|Wavelength||0.1 cm (300 GHz)-6 cm (5.0 GHz)|
|Diameter||70 m (229 ft 8 in)|
|Collecting area||2,500 m2 (27,000 sq ft)|
The Yevpatoria RT-70 radio telescope (P-2500, RT-70) is an RT-70 radio telescope and planetary radar at the Center for Deep Space Communications, Yevpatoria, Crimea. In the scientific literature is often called Evpatoria Planetary Radar (EPR).
With its 70-meter antenna diameter, it is among the largest single dish radio telescopes in the world. It has an advantage in comparison with other large radio telescopes in the fact that the complex includes powerful transmitters that allow active space experiments. Powerful electromagnetic beams can be accurately targeted and the signals received can be analyzed. For this reason, the Yevpatoria RT-70 radio telescope is one of only two in the world that are able to transmit messages to extraterrestrial civilizations, i.e. the multiple Cosmic Calls, Teen Age Messages or AMFE. Radio telescopes are highly sensitive detectors of signals from outer space.
Since the 2014 Crimean crisis, the status of Crimea, and thus of the city of Yevpatoria which is located on Crimea, is under dispute between Russia and Ukraine; Ukraine and the majority of the international community considers Crimea and Yevpatoria an integral part of Ukraine, while Russia, on the other hand, considers Crimea and Yevpatoria an integral part of Russia. The radiotelescope is depicted on Russia's 100 ruble banknote.
- Venera 11 and Venera 12
- VLBI Salyut 6 KRT-10 radio observatory — RT-70
- Venera 13, Venera 14, Venera 15, Venera 16
- Vega program
- Phobos program
- Fobos-Grunt (in 2011)
In 1999, 2001, 2003, 2008, transmit messages to extraterrestrial civilizations:
Radar studies of planets and asteroids. Observatory code 255 (Evpatoria).
- 4179 Toutatis
- 6489 Golevka (the name 'Golevka' comes from the first few letters of the names of three observatories: GOL-EV-KA = GOLdstone-EVpatoria-KAshima).
- (33342) 1998 WT24
- (101955) 1999 RQ36
- Goldstone Deep Space Communications Complex
- Galenki RT-70 radio telescope – at the Ussuriysk Astrophysical Observatory
- Suffa RT-70 radio telescope – at the Suffa Radio Observatory
- Complex “Pluton-M” – at Center for Deep Space Communications
- UKRAINE REPORTS RUSSIAN MILITARY ACTIVITY ON CRIMEA BORDER, Newsweek (8 August 2016)
Gutterman, Steve. "Putin signs Crimea treaty, will not seize other Ukraine regions". Reuters.com. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
Ukraine crisis timeline, BBC News
UN General Assembly adopts resolution affirming Ukraine's territorial integrity, China Central Television (28 March 2014)
- Russia's 100 Ruble Note
- Радиотелескоп РТ-70 (П-2500) (in Russian)
- National Space Facilities Control and Testing Center, Eupatoria
- 3D Maker version
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