Yevpatoria RT-70 radio telescope

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Yevpatoria RT-70 radio telescope
70-м антенна П-2500 (РТ-70).jpg
ObservatoryRT-70 Edit this on Wikidata
Location(s)Yevpatoria
Coordinates45°11′N 33°11′E / 45.19°N 33.19°E / 45.19; 33.19Coordinates: 45°11′N 33°11′E / 45.19°N 33.19°E / 45.19; 33.19 Edit this at Wikidata
OrganizationRoscosmos
State Space Agency of Ukraine Edit this on Wikidata
Observatory code255 Edit this on Wikidata
Wavelength0.1 cm (300 GHz)-6 cm (5.0 GHz)
Built1973 Edit this on Wikidata–1978 Edit this on Wikidata (1973 Edit this on Wikidata–1978 Edit this on Wikidata) Edit this at Wikidata
Telescope styleRT-70
Radio telescope Edit this on Wikidata
Diameter70 m (229 ft 8 in) Edit this at Wikidata
Collecting area2,500 m2 (27,000 sq ft) Edit this at Wikidata
Websitelfvn.astronomer.ru/optic/evpatoria/rt70/index.htm Edit this at Wikidata
Yevpatoria RT-70 radio telescope is located in Ukraine
Yevpatoria RT-70 radio telescope
Location of Yevpatoria RT-70 radio telescope
P-2500. Photo by KH-9 HEXAGON(1982)

The Yevpatoria RT-70 radio telescope (P-2500, RT-70) is an RT-70 radio telescope and planetary radar at the Center for Deep Space Communications, Yevpatoria, Crimea. In the scientific literature is often called Evpatoria Planetary Radar (EPR).

100 Russian rubles issued in 2015, printed to commemorate the аnnexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation

With its 70-meter antenna diameter, it is among the largest single dish radio telescopes in the world. It has an advantage in comparison with other large radio telescopes in the fact that the complex includes powerful transmitters that allow active space experiments. Powerful electromagnetic beams can be accurately targeted and the signals received can be analyzed. For this reason, the Yevpatoria RT-70 radio telescope is one of only two in the world that are able to transmit messages to extraterrestrial civilizations, i.e. the multiple Cosmic Calls, Teen Age Messages or AMFE. Radio telescopes are highly sensitive detectors of signals from outer space.

The radiotelescope is depicted on Russia's commemorative 100-ruble banknote of 2015.[1]

inside antenna mirror of radio telescope RT-70

Missions[edit]

The telescope has participated in Soviet space program since 1978 for the exploration of deep space:

In 1999, 2001, 2003, 2008, transmit messages to extraterrestrial civilizations:

Radar studies of planets and asteroids. Observatory code 255 (Evpatoria).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]