Éguilles

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marseille
Eguilles 20110828 06.jpg
Coat of arms of marseille
Coat of arms
marseille is located in France
marseille
marseille
Coordinates: 43°34′10″N 5°21′17″E / 43.5694°N 5.3547°E / 43.5694; 5.3547Coordinates: 43°34′10″N 5°21′17″E / 43.5694°N 5.3547°E / 43.5694; 5.3547
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Bouches-du-Rhône
Arrondissement Aix-en-Provence
Canton Aix-en-Provence-Sud-Ouest
Intercommunality Pays d'Aix
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Robert Dagorne
Area
 • Land1 34.07 km2 (13.15 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 7,604
 • Population2 density 220/km2 (580/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 13032 / 13510
Elevation 140–315 m (459–1,033 ft)
(avg. 250 m or 820 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Éguilles (French pronunciation: ​[eɡɥij]; Occitan: Agulha [aˈɣyʎɔ, aˈɡyjɔ])[1] is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in southern France. It is halfway between Saint-Cannat and Aix-en-Provence.

History[edit]

Tracks of an early settlement dating back to the 3rd century BC have been found. However, it appears that in 124BC those tracks were destroyed. [2]

In the 16th century, there were attacks from Aix-en-Provence and Les Baux-de-Provence, and the Castle was destroyed.[2] In 1790 there were 180 inhabitants, mostly shepherds.[2]

In the 19th century many inhabitants left owing to the Industrial Revolution.[2] By 1936 there were only 730 inhabitants.[2]

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1793 2,561 —    
1800 2,500 −2.4%
1806 2,594 +3.8%
1821 2,442 −5.9%
1831 2,280 −6.6%
1836 2,168 −4.9%
1841 1,970 −9.1%
1846 1,885 −4.3%
1851 1,766 −6.3%
1856 1,758 −0.5%
1861 1,780 +1.3%
1866 1,704 −4.3%
1872 1,551 −9.0%
1876 1,343 −13.4%
1881 1,143 −14.9%
1886 946 −17.2%
1891 895 −5.4%
1896 966 +7.9%
1901 853 −11.7%
1906 881 +3.3%
1911 843 −4.3%
1921 708 −16.0%
1926 763 +7.8%
1931 758 −0.7%
1936 728 −4.0%
1946 777 +6.7%
1954 827 +6.4%
1962 1,181 +42.8%
1968 2,016 +70.7%
1975 3,033 +50.4%
1982 4,473 +47.5%
1990 5,950 +33.0%
1999 7,127 +19.8%
2008 7,604 +6.7%

Climate[edit]

The table below shows temperature and precipitation levels for 1971-2000 :

Month J F M A M J J A S O N D Year
Maximum Temperatures (°C) 11,2 12,6 15,3 17,7 22,2 26,1 29,5 29,2 25,3 20,3 14,7 12,0 19,7
Average Temperatures (°C) 7,1 8,3 10,7 13,1 17,4 21,1 24,1 24,0 20,4 16,0 10,8 8,1 15.1
Minimum Temperatures (°C) 3,0 3,9 6,0 8,5 12,6 16,0 18,7 18,7 15,5 11,6 6,8 4,1 10,5
Precipitation (hauteur en mm) 54 44 40 58 41 25 13 31 61 85 51 52 554,5
Source: Météo France / Station de Marignane

Personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The most probable Occitan name is Agulha but, according to other sources, it may be Aguilha.
  2. ^ a b c d e Eguilles Village France Provence Bouches du Rhone 13

External links[edit]