Gignac-la-Nerthe

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Gignac-La Nerthe
St-Michel de Gignac-13.JPG
Coat of arms of Gignac-La Nerthe
Coat of arms
Gignac-La Nerthe is located in France
Gignac-La Nerthe
Gignac-La Nerthe
Coordinates: 43°23′39″N 5°14′12″E / 43.3942°N 5.2367°E / 43.3942; 5.2367Coordinates: 43°23′39″N 5°14′12″E / 43.3942°N 5.2367°E / 43.3942; 5.2367
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Bouches-du-Rhône
Arrondissement Istres
Canton Châteauneuf-Côte-Bleue
Intercommunality Marseille Provence Métropole
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Christian Amiraty
Area
 • Land1 8.64 km2 (3.34 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 9,186
 • Population2 density 1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 13043 / 13180
Elevation 11–128 m (36–420 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Gignac-la-Nerthe is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in southern France.

History[edit]

During Antiquity, what is now Gignac hosted a Roman villa.[1]

In the 13th century, the Knights Templar built the Saint-Michel de Gignac castle. After the Middle Age, agriculture developed (wheat, olive, vineries,…). The church of Gignac was built in 1780. At that time, Gignac was part of the Marignane seigneurie.[1]

The commune was created during the French Revolution. At first, it included Le Rove, which separated in 1835. In 1919, the commune changed its name from Gignac to Gignac-la-Nerthe to differentiate from other towns with the same name.

In the 19th century, many migrants from Spain and Italy came to live in the area, but the town only started to grow in the 1960s with the arrival of Pieds-Noirs from Algeria.

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1793 553 —    
1800 578 +4.5%
1806 1,037 +79.4%
1821 1,378 +32.9%
1831 1,509 +9.5%
1836 706 −53.2%
1841 731 +3.5%
1846 810 +10.8%
1851 876 +8.1%
1856 909 +3.8%
1861 956 +5.2%
1866 908 −5.0%
1872 928 +2.2%
1876 887 −4.4%
1881 863 −2.7%
1886 915 +6.0%
1891 940 +2.7%
1896 938 −0.2%
1901 946 +0.9%
1906 991 +4.8%
1911 987 −0.4%
1921 1,314 +33.1%
1926 1,270 −3.3%
1931 1,240 −2.4%
1936 1,364 +10.0%
1946 1,527 +12.0%
1954 1,687 +10.5%
1962 1,963 +16.4%
1968 2,666 +35.8%
1975 3,568 +33.8%
1982 4,361 +22.2%
1990 8,772 +101.1%
1999 9,189 +4.8%
2008 9,186 −0.0%
2011 9,055 −1.4%

Geography and population[edit]

Gignac-la-Nerthe is situated just north of the Estaque hills and south of the Étang de Berre. It is about 10 km north-east of Marseille and is primarily a residential community.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Histoire de Gignac-la-Nerthe, Michel Méténier, ville de Gignac-la-Nerthe, consulté le 18 mars 2013.