Aurons

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Aurons
Aurons.jpg
Coat of arms of Aurons
Coat of arms
Aurons is located in France
Aurons
Aurons
Coordinates: 43°39′57″N 5°09′30″E / 43.6658°N 5.1583°E / 43.6658; 5.1583Coordinates: 43°39′57″N 5°09′30″E / 43.6658°N 5.1583°E / 43.6658; 5.1583
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Bouches-du-Rhône
Arrondissement Aix-en-Provence
Canton Pélissanne
Intercommunality Salon-Étang de Berre-Durance
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) André Bertero
Area1 12.82 km2 (4.95 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 361
 • Density 28/km2 (73/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 13008 / 13121
Elevation 140–330 m (460–1,080 ft)
(avg. 225 m or 738 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Aurons is a French commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of southern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Auronais or Auronaises.[1]

The commune has been awarded one flower by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom.[2]

Geography[edit]

Aurons is located in the heart of the Massif des Costes mountains some 6 km north-east of Salon-de-Provence. Access to the commune is by the D16 road from Salon-de-Provence which passes through the centre of the commune north of the village and continues north-east to Alleins. Access to the village is by the D68 road from Pélissanne in the south which passes through the village and joins the D16 just to the north of the village. Route No. 8 of the Libébus network serves the commune.[3] Large forests cover much of the commune but with some farming activity in the north and south.[4]

Tributaries of the Vabre rise in the north of the commune and flow west to join the Vabre. Other streams rise in the east of the commune and flows south.[4]

Neighbouring communes and villages[4][edit]

Seismicity[edit]

Following the decree of 14 May 1991 defining the seismic zoning of France, Bouches-du-Rhône was divided as follows:[5]

  • Zone 0 with "negligible seismicity" for all others.

Climate[edit]

Climate data below is for the weather station at Salon-de-Provence, 6 km to the south-west, for the period 1961-1990.

City Sunshine Rain Snow Storm Fog
Hrs/Yr mm/Yr Days/Yr Days/Yr Days/Yr
National Average 1846 895 14 22 40
Aurons[6] N/A 594 2 20 8
Paris 1630 642 15 19 13
Nice 2668 767 1 31 1
Strasbourg 1633 610 30 29 65
Brest 1492 1109 9 11 74

Weather Data for Salon de Provence

Climate data for Salon de Provence
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.3
(50.5)
11.8
(53.2)
14.5
(58.1)
17.5
(63.5)
21.6
(70.9)
25.5
(77.9)
28.8
(83.8)
28.1
(82.6)
24.8
(76.6)
20.1
(68.2)
14.1
(57.4)
10.8
(51.4)
19
(66)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.7
(42.3)
7
(45)
9.2
(48.6)
12
(54)
15.7
(60.3)
19.5
(67.1)
22.5
(72.5)
21.9
(71.4)
19
(66)
14.8
(58.6)
9.5
(49.1)
6.3
(43.3)
13.6
(56.5)
Average low °C (°F) 1.1
(34)
2.1
(35.8)
3.9
(39)
6.6
(43.9)
9.9
(49.8)
13.6
(56.5)
16.2
(61.2)
15.7
(60.3)
13.2
(55.8)
9.5
(49.1)
4.9
(40.8)
1.9
(35.4)
8.2
(46.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 49.7
(1.957)
56.7
(2.232)
47.5
(1.87)
52.7
(2.075)
46.9
(1.846)
32.2
(1.268)
18.9
(0.744)
36.7
(1.445)
50.3
(1.98)
88.6
(3.488)
59.3
(2.335)
54.1
(2.13)
593.6
(23.37)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 6.4 6.3 5.7 5.6 5.3 4.1 2 3.2 4 6 5.5 5.8 59.9
Source: Metereological data for Salon de Provence from 1961 to 1990 June 2014

History[edit]

Middle Ages[edit]

From the 12th to the 15th century the priory of Saint-Pierre de Canon belonged to the Abbey of Saint-André Villeneuve-lès-Avignon.[7]

Arimondus of Auronis, squire, was Lord of Aurons. He was descended from an old family of knights that participated in the Pélissanne campaign in the 12th and 13th centuries.[8] He must be differentiated from Squire Raymond d'Aurons, co-lord of Rognonas, who was a member of the family of Rostaing de Auronis, a squire attested in 1345,[9] and the noble Pierre de Auronis, co-lord of Aurons, who ceded his manorial rights to Arimondus in court in 1322.[10] He was the son of Hugues de Auronis, the co-lord of Aurons, and had property in Pélissanne where he owned Montmajour Abbey. Aimondus had a son, Pierre de Auronis, alias "Luperiis".[11]".

The death of Queen Joanna I of Naples created a crisis of succession for the County of Provence with the cities of the Union of Aix (1382-1387) supporting Charles de Duras against Louis I of Anjou. The Lord of Aurons, Raymond, rallied to the Angevins in 1385 after the death of Louis I.[12]

French Revolution[edit]

A Revolutionary Surveillance Committee was established in Aurons in 1793. It could not recruit the twelve members required by the decree of the National Convention and has several simple peasants and illiterates as members. This institution was a mark of the height of democracy of the Revolution. Illiterate members took part in the debates and in turn occupied the post of president. The committee, who were in charge of monitoring the implementation of laws and making lists of suspects, said there were no suspects in the town which was only populated by farmers.[13]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Aurons
Blazon:

Party per fesse, 1 of Gules with an Ox of Or horned the same; 2 of Argent with a bend sinister of Vert.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[14]

From To Name Party Position
1960 2008 Maurice Merendol PS
2008 2014 Robert Coste
2014 2020 André Bertero

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 361 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
205 217 208 217 215 214 223 227 232
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
230 217 213 198 213 191 189 177 201
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
240 182 151 85 108 86 75 93 70
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
105 150 247 282 355 332 - 361 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Aurons

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has many buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Farmhouse (1) (16th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[15]
  • A Farmhouse (2) (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[16]
  • A Lavoir (Public laundry) (1887)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]
  • A House on Grande RueLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18]
  • An Olive Oil Mill (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[19]
  • Aurons VillageLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[20]
  • A Farmhouse at La Reinaude (16th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[21]
  • A Farmhouse at Petit Sonailler (1651)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[22]
  • A Farmhouse at La Giraude (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[23]
  • A Farmhouse at Grand Sonailler (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[24]
  • A Sheep Shed at Vallon de Jeanette (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[25]
  • A Sheep Shed at La Grand Font (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[26]
  • A Fortified Chateau at Le Castellas (9th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[27]
  • Le Chateau (destroyed) (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[28]
  • A Megalith (Prehistoric)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[29]
  • A Lavoir (Public laundry) at Vallon de Léoure (destroyed)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[30]

Religious heritage[edit]

The Chapel of Saint-Martin

The commune has several religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Presbytery (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[31]
  • The Monastery Saint-Pierre (13th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[32]
  • The Chapel Saint-Martin (13th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[33]
  • The Parish Church (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[34]
  • A Monumental Cross at La Grand Fond (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[35]
  • A Monumental Cross at l'Arénier (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[36]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Bouches-du-Rhône (French)
  2. ^ Aurons in the Competition for Towns and Villages in Bloom (French)
  3. ^ Libébus website (French)
  4. ^ a b c Google Maps
  5. ^ Seismicity of Bouches-du-Rhône (French)
  6. ^ Data from the Station at Salon de Provence, 59m altitude, sources:Internaute website, INSEE and Infoclimat website, Lameteo.org
  7. ^ Guy Barruol, Michèle Bois, Yann Codou, Marie-Pierre Estienne, and Élizabeth Sauze, "List of religious entities related to the Abbey of Saint-André from the 10th to the 13th century", in Guy Barruol, Roseline Bacon, and Alain Gérard (directors of publication), The Abbey of Saint-André de Villeneuve-lès-Avignon, history, archaeology, influence, Inter-regional discussions in 1999 on the one thousand year anniversary of the founding of the Abbey Saint-André de Villeneuve-lès-Avignon, Éd. Alpes de Lumières, Cahiers de Salagon No. 4, Mane, 2001, 448 p. ISSN 1254-9371, ISBN 2-906162-54-X, p. 214 (French)
  8. ^ Coulet, Aix, p. 182-183 (French)
  9. ^ Coulet, directory, p. 5 (French)
  10. ^ AD of series 13, B459, parchment, 22 February 1322
  11. ^ AD of series 13, B566, parchment (French)
  12. ^ Geneviève Xhayet, Supporters and adversaries of Louis of Anjou during the war with the Union of Aix, Historic Provence, Fédération historique de Provence, volume 40, No. 162, "Author of the war of the Union of Aix", 1990, p. 412 (note 55) (French)
  13. ^ Jacques Guilhaumou and Martine Lapied, Peasants and politics under the French Revolution from the dossiers of the Surveillance Committees of Bouches-du-Rhône, Rives nord-méditerranéennes, May 2000 (French)
  14. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000076 Farmhouse 1 (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000081 Farmhouse 2 (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000058 Lavoir (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000080 House on Grande Rue (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000079 Olive Oil Mill (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000439 Aurons Village (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000090 Farmhouse at La Reinaude (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000089 Farmhouse at Petit Sonailler (French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000088 Farmhouse at La Giraude (French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000087 Farmhouse at Grand Sonailler (French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000086 Sheep Shed at Vallon de Jeanette (French)
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000085 Sheep Shed at La Grand Font (French)
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000082 Fortified Chateau at Le Castellas (French)
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000077 Le Chateau (destroyed) (French)
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000059 Megalith (French)
  30. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000057 Lavoir at Vallon de Léoure (French)
  31. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000078 Presbytery (French)
  32. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000091 Monastery Saint-Pierre (French)
  33. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000084 Chapel Saint-Martin (French)
  34. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000083 Parish Church (French)
  35. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000056 Monumental Cross at La Grand Fond (French)
  36. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13000055 Monumental Cross at l'Arénier (French)