||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (December 2008)|
|Intercommunality||Salon-Étang de Berre-Durance|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Michel Tonon|
|Area1||70.3 km2 (27.1 sq mi)|
|• Density||590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||13103 / 13300|
|Elevation||53–325 m (174–1,066 ft)|
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
- 1 History
- 2 Population
- 3 Sights
- 4 Personalities
- 5 International relations
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Salon was a Gallo-Roman oppidum well positioned on the salt trade routes between Adriatic, Atlantic and Mediterranean seas, hence its name. This region was under the Phocaean influence since the sixth century BCE, and stretches of the Via Aurelia can still be recognized just outside the town, but the earliest mention of the place under its familiar name is of the ninth century, as Villa Salone. The archbishops of Arles controlled the site.
Its principal claim to fame today is as the place where Nostradamus spent his last years and is buried. His dwelling is maintained as a museum, and for four days every June or July, the city celebrates its history during the time of Nostradamus, attracting tourists.
The historic center still lies within its circuit of walls, entered through two seventeenth-century gateways, the Porte de l'Horloge and the Port Bourg Neuf. In the sixteenth century Adam de Craponne built the canal that still bears his name; inexpensive freight brought commerce to Salon, and the town prospered.
Château de l'Emperi
The castle, which was the biggest in Provence during the 12th and 13th centuries and was mentioned as early as the tenth, still dominates the old town. It was the preferred residence of the bishops of Arles, when Provence was part of the Holy Roman Empire, hence its name. It became the property of the city after the French Revolution. After damage caused by the 1909 earthquake, it has been restored and now hosts a museum of military history. Every summer, it hosts an international classical music festival.
This fountain in Place Crousillat has existed since the 16th century. During the 20th century, limestone concretions and vegetation developed, giving the familiar mushroom aspect.
St Michel Chapel
Collégiale Saint Laurent
The current edifice was erected during 15th century by Cardinal Louis Aleman, who was then bishop of Arles.
Salon-de-Provence Air Base
Jardin de la République
Every Wednesday the Place Morgan is host to a Provençal market.
- Jean Baptiste Christophore Fusée Aublet, French botanist and explorer
- Joan Montseny, Catalan anarchist
- Christine Boisson, French actor
- Franck Esposito French swimmer
- Daniel Goossens Cartoonist
- Stationed in Salon-de-Provence for military reasons:
- Mickael N'Dri, footballer
- Abba Mari ben Eligdor
Twin towns — Sister cities
Salon-de-Provence is twinned with:
- Aranda de Duero, Castile and León, Spain
- Wertheim am Main, Germany
- Huntingdon, England, United Kingdom
- Gubbio, Italy
- Szentendre, Hungary
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Salon.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Salon-de-Provence.|