Salon-de-Provence

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Salon-de-Provence
Salon-de-Provence.JPG
Coat of arms of Salon-de-Provence
Coat of arms
Salon-de-Provence is located in France
Salon-de-Provence
Salon-de-Provence
Coordinates: 43°38′26″N 5°05′50″E / 43.6406°N 5.0972°E / 43.6406; 5.0972Coordinates: 43°38′26″N 5°05′50″E / 43.6406°N 5.0972°E / 43.6406; 5.0972
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Bouches-du-Rhône
Arrondissement Aix-en-Provence
Canton Salon-de-Provence
Intercommunality Salon-Étang de Berre-Durance
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Michel Tonon
Area
 • Land1 70.3 km2 (27.1 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 41,411
 • Population2 density 590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 13103 / 13300
Elevation 53–325 m (174–1,066 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Salon-de-Provence is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in southern France. It is the location of an important air base.

History[edit]

Salon was a Gallo-Roman oppidum well positioned on the salt trade routes between Adriatic, Atlantic and Mediterranean seas, hence its name. This region was under the Phocaean influence since the sixth century BCE, and stretches of the Via Aurelia can still be recognized just outside the town, but the earliest mention of the place under its familiar name is of the ninth century, as Villa Salone. The archbishops of Arles controlled the site.

Its principal claim to fame today is as the place where Nostradamus spent his last years and is buried. His dwelling is maintained as a museum, and for four days every June or July, the city celebrates its history during the time of Nostradamus, attracting tourists.

The historic center still lies within its circuit of walls, entered through two seventeenth-century gateways, the Porte de l'Horloge and the Port Bourg Neuf. In the sixteenth century Adam de Craponne built the canal that still bears his name; inexpensive freight brought commerce to Salon, and the town prospered.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 6,787 —    
1800 5,100 −24.9%
1806 5,167 +1.3%
1821 5,864 +13.5%
1831 5,987 +2.1%
1836 5,793 −3.2%
1841 5,617 −3.0%
1846 6,355 +13.1%
1851 6,564 +3.3%
1856 7,057 +7.5%
1861 6,533 −7.4%
1866 6,714 +2.8%
1872 7,522 +12.0%
1876 7,021 −6.7%
1881 7,503 +6.9%
1886 8,598 +14.6%
1891 9,152 +6.4%
1896 10,936 +19.5%
1901 12,872 +17.7%
1906 14,050 +9.2%
1911 14,019 −0.2%
1921 13,155 −6.2%
1926 12,900 −1.9%
1931 13,193 +2.3%
1936 13,482 +2.2%
1946 15,826 +17.4%
1954 17,597 +11.2%
1962 21,393 +21.6%
1968 30,722 +43.6%
1975 34,576 +12.5%
1982 34,846 +0.8%
1990 34,064 −2.2%
1999 37,079 +8.9%
2008 41,411 +11.7%

Sights[edit]

Château de l'Emperi[edit]

Main article: Château de l'Empéri

The castle, which was the biggest in Provence during the 12th and 13th centuries and was mentioned as early as the tenth, still dominates the old town. It was the preferred residence of the bishops of Arles, when Provence was part of the Holy Roman Empire, hence its name. It became the property of the city after the French Revolution. After damage caused by the 1909 earthquake, it has been restored and now hosts a museum of military history. Every summer, it hosts an international classical music festival.

Fontaine Moussue[edit]

This fountain in Place Crousillat has existed since the 16th century. During the 20th century, limestone concretions and vegetation developed, giving the familiar mushroom aspect.

Fontaine Moussue by night

St Michel Chapel[edit]

Built during 13th century, this chapel boasts a remarkable Romanesque tympanum featuring the paschal lamb.

St Michel, inside
tympanum, Eglise St-Michel

Collégiale Saint Laurent[edit]

The current edifice was erected during 15th century by Cardinal Louis Aleman, who was then bishop of Arles.

Collégiale Saint Laurent, after 2008/2009 restorations

Salon-de-Provence Air Base[edit]

Salon-de-Provence Air Base is the site of the French Air Force Academy, as well as the home of the French Aerial Demonstration team, the Patrouille de France.

Jardin de la République[edit]

Jardin de la République, Salon-de-Provence.JPG

Market[edit]

Every Wednesday the Place Morgan is host to a Provençal market.

Personalities[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Salon-de-Provence is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]