1852 in literature
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The year 1852 in literature involved some significant new books.
- February 2 - Alexandre Dumas, fils's stage adaptation of his 1848 novel La Dame aux caméllias is premièred at the Théâtre du Vaudeville in Paris.
- February 24 - Nikolai Gogol burns some of his manuscripts, including most of the second part of Dead Souls, telling acquaintances the action is a practical joke played on him by the Devil. He takes to his bed and dies a few days later.
- March - Serialization of Charles Dickens' novel Bleak House begins; the September installment introduces the first detective in an English novel.
- March 20 - Harriet Beecher Stowe's abolitionist novel Uncle Tom's Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly is first published in book form, by John P. Jewett of Boston with illustrations by Hammatt Billings, rapidly establishing its position as the best-selling novel of the 19th century. The first British publication (by Samuel Orchart Beeton) is in April followed by C. H. Clarke and Co.'s in May and John Cassell's serial issue with illustrations by George Cruikshank. The first dramatic adaptations appear on the New York stage from Autumn.
- April - Samuel Orchart Beeton launches The Englishwoman's Domestic Magazine, the first British magazine aimed at a middle-class female readership.
- April 16 - Ivan Turgenev is imprisoned and exiled to his country estate over an obituary praising Gogol.
- November 23 - At the suggestion of English novelist Anthony Trollope, at this time an official of the British General Post Office, the first roadside pillar boxes in the British Isles are brought into public use in Saint Helier on Jersey in the Channel Islands.
- French novelist Victor Hugo moves to Jersey in the Channel Islands.
- Pierre Larousse founds his publishing house in Paris.
- Hanah Mullens' Karuna O Phulmonir Bibaran is the first Bengali novel.
- Manuel Antônio de Almeida - Memoirs of a Police Sergeant
- Wilkie Collins - Basil: A Story of Modern Life
- Robert Criswell - "Uncle Tom's Cabin" Contrasted with Buckingham Hall, the Planter's Home
- Mary Eastman - Aunt Phillis's Cabin
- Baynard Rush Hall - Frank Freeman's Barber Shop
- Nathaniel Hawthorne
- Caroline Lee Hentz
- Marcus Warland
- Herman Melville - Pierre: or, The Ambiguities
- Susanna Moodie - Roughing It in the Bush
- Charles Jacobs Peterson (as J. Thornton Randolph) - The Cabin and Parlor; or, Slaves and Masters
- George W. M. Reynolds - Mary Price
- Caroline Rush - The North and the South; or, Slavery and Its Contrasts
- William L. G. Smith - Life at the South; or, "Uncle Tom's Cabin" As It Is
- Harriet Beecher Stowe - Uncle Tom's Cabin
- William Makepeace Thackeray
- Leo Tolstoy - Childhood
- Catharine Parr Traill - Canadian Crusoes
- Ivan Turgenev - A Sportsman's Sketches
- Susan Bogert Warner - Queechy
- Alexandre Dumas, fils - La Dame aux Caméllias
- Gustav Freytag - Die Journalisten
- Christian Friedrich Hebbel - Agnes Bernauer
- Tom Taylor and Charles Reade - Masks and Faces
- Théophile Gautier - Emaux et camées
- Juan Bautista Alberdi - Bases y puntos de partida para la organización política de la República Argentina ("Bases and points of departure for Argentine political organization")
- William Wells Brown - Three Years in Europe
- Edward Creasy - Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World
- Kuno Fischer - System der Logik und Metaphysik oder Wissenschaftslehre ("System of logic and metaphysics, or doctrine of knowledge")
- Charles Hammond - Light from the Spirit World
- Victor Hugo - Napoléon le Petit
- Karl Marx - The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon ("Der 18te Brumaire des Louis Napoleon")
- Susanna Moodie - Roughing It in The Bush: or, Forest Life in Canada
- Dr. Peter Mark Roget - Roget's Thesaurus (first edition)
- Leopold von Ranke - Französische Geschichte, vornehmlich im sechzehnten und siebzehnten Jahrhundert ("History of France, Principally in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries"; publication begins)
- February 24 - George Moore, novelist (died 1933)
- March 15 - Augusta, Lady Gregory, Irish dramatist and folklorist (died 1932)
- April 23 - Edwin Markham, poet (died 1940)
- September 2 - Paul Bourget, French novelist, poet and critic (died 1935)
- October 31 - Mary E. Wilkins Freeman, writer (died 1930)
- February 17 – Micah Joseph Lebensohn, Lithuanian poet writing in Hebrew (born 1828)
- February 25 – Thomas Moore, Irish poet (born 1779)
- March 4 – Nikolai Gogol, Russian dramatist, novelist and short story writer, 42
- May 3 – Sara Coleridge, English author and translator, 49
- May 12 – John Richardson, English novelist
- September 11 – Margaret Holford the younger, English poet and novelist (born 1778)
- October 26 – Vincenzo Gioberti, Italian philosopher, 51 (apoplexy)
- November 28 – Ludger Duvernay, French Canadian printer and publisher (born 1799)
- November 30 – Junius Brutus Booth, English-born American actor, 56 (on an Ohio River steamboat)
- Potter, Russell A. "Inspector Charles Frederick Field". Rhode Island College. Retrieved 2013-08-26.
- Smith, Gail K. (2001). "The Sentimental Novel: The Example of Harriet Beecher Stowe". In Bauer, Dale M.; Gould, Philip (ed.). The Cambridge Companion to Nineteenth-Century American Women's Writing. Cambridge University Press. p. 221. ISBN 0521660033.
- Beetham, Margaret (2004). "Beeton, Samuel Orchart (1831-1877)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/45481. Retrieved 2014-01-27. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Schapiro, Leonard (1978). Turgenev, His Life and Times.
- Farrugia, Jean Young (1969). The Letter Box: A History of Post Office Pillar and Wall boxes. Fontwell: Centaur Press. p. 27. ISBN 0-90000014-7.
- Tharu, Susie J.; Lalita, K., ed. (1991). "Hannah Catherine Mullens". Women Writing in India: 600 B.C. to the Present: Vol. 1: 600 B.C. to the Early 20th Century. New York: Feminist Press. pp. 203–10. ISBN 1-55861-026-X. Retrieved 2013-07-20.