1847 in literature
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The year 1847 in literature involved some significant literary events and new works.
- January – Vanity Fair: A Novel without a Hero begins serial publication in London, with the author, William Makepeace Thackeray, for the first time writing under his own name.
- April – Robert Browning settles with his wife and fellow poet Elizabeth Barrett Browning in Florence.
- June – Hans Christian Andersen begins his first visit to Britain during which he meets Charles Dickens.
- June 10 – Fictional date at the end of Anne Brontë's The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, presumed to be that of the novel's completion.
- July – London publisher Thomas Cautley Newby accepts for publication Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights and Anne Brontë's Agnes Grey.
- August 7 – 24 – Charlotte Brontë completes the manuscript of Jane Eyre at Haworth and sends it to her publisher after he has rejected The Professor.
- September 16 – William Shakespeare's birthplace in Stratford-upon-Avon in England is bought by the United Shakespeare Company for preservation.
- October 19 – Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre is published under the pen name of Currer Bell in London by Smith, Elder & Co.
- November 1 – John Maddison Morton's one-act farce Box and Cox (adapted from the French) opens at the Lyceum Theatre, London (under the new management of Madame Vestris and her husband Charles James Mathews) with John Pritt Harley and John Baldwin Buckstone in the title rôles.
- December 14 – Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights and Anne Brontë's Agnes Grey are published in a 3-volume set under the pen names of Ellis and Acton Bell respectively in London by T. C. Newby. Wuthering Heights will be Emily's only published novel as she dies aged 30 a year later.
- London publisher E. Churton brings out the first six of George Sand's books to be issued in English, the translations being by Matilda Hays, Eliza Ashurst and Rev. Edmund Larken.
- Honoré de Balzac – Le Cousin Pons
- Anne Brontë (as Acton Bell) – Agnes Grey
- Charlotte Brontë (as Currer Bell) – Jane Eyre
- Emily Brontë (as Ellis Bell) – Wuthering Heights
- Benjamin Disraeli – Tancred
- Alexandre Dumas – The Vicomte of Bragelonne: Ten Years Later (Le Vicomte de Bragelonne, ou Dix ans plus tard; serialization begins; when published in English it is usually split into three parts, The Vicomte of Bragelonne, Louise de la Vallière and The Man in the Iron Mask, of which the last is the best known)
- Catherine Gore – Castles in The Air
- Dmitry Grigorovich – Anton Goremyka
- Frederick Marryat – The Children of the New Forest
- Herman Melville – Omoo
- G. W. M. Reynolds – Faust: A Romance of the Secret Tribunals
- George Sand – Le Péché de M. Antoine
- The Sobieski Stuarts – Tales of the Century: or Sketches of the romance of history between the years 1746 and 1846
- Eugène Sue
- William Makepeace Thackeray – Vanity Fair
- Charlotte Elizabeth Tonna – The System
- Heinrich Heine – Atta Troll
- Henry Wadsworth Longfellow – Evangeline
- Edgar Allan Poe – Ulalume
- Raja Ali Haji or his sister Saleha – Syair Abdul Muluk
- Christina Rossetti – Verses by Christina G. Rossetti
- Alfred Tennyson – The Princess
- William Wells Brown – Narrative of William W. Brown, a Fugitive Slave, Written by Himself
- Andrew Jackson Davis - The Principles of Nature
- Søren Kierkegaard – Works of Love
- Karl Marx – The Poverty of Philosophy
- William H. Prescott – A History of the Conquest of Peru
- January 6 – Milovan Glišić, Serbian dramatist and translator (died 1908)
- January 9 – Oyyarathu Chandu Menon, Indian Malayalam language novelist (died 1899)
- April 10 – Joseph Pulitzer, Hungarian American newspaperman (died 1911)
- August 20 – Bolesław Prus, born Aleksander Głowacki, Polish novelist (died 1912)
- September 2 – George R. Sims, English writer (died 1922)
- September 22 – Alice Meynell, English poet (died 1922)
- November 8 – Bram Stoker, Irish-born creator of "Dracula" (died 1912)
- February 8 – George Walker, "Gothic" novelist, 74
- May 4 – Alexandre Vinet, Swiss critic and theologian, 49
- August 28 – Eugène Bourgeois, French dramatist, 29
- September 16 – Grace Aguilar, novelist, 31
- October 13 – Johann Heinrich van Ess, German theologian, 75
- Alexander, Christine; Smith, Margaret (2006). The Oxford Companion to the Brontës. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-861432-6.
- British Library Online Gallery: Manuscript of "Jane Eyre". Accessed 5 April 2013.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Oxford Index: Thomas Cautley Newby Accessed 5 April 2013.
- Tilby, Michael (2000). "George Sand". In Classe, Olive, ed. Encyclopedia of Literary Translation Into English 2. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn. pp. 1223–7. ISBN 978-1-884964-36-7.