19th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

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The mandate of delegate the all-Union (19) XIX Congress of the CPSU

The Nineteenth Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was held from 5 to 14 October 1952. It was the first party congress after World War II and the last under Joseph Stalin's leadership. It was attended by many dignitaries from foreign Communist parties, including Liu Shaoqi from China. Stalin made his last speech at this Congress.[1] The 19th Central Committee was elected at the congress.


  • Stalin's request to be relieved of his duties in the party secretariat due to his age, was rejected by the party congress, as delegates were unsure about Stalin's intentions.[2][3]
  • The Politburo of the Central Committee became the Presidium of the Central Committee and was greatly expanded (to 15 members) in preparation for the purge scheduled the next year. The Secretariat and Central Committee were doubled in size (to ten and 133 members, respectively). The Orgburo was abolished, and its duties were transferred to the Secretariat.

An unofficial "inner circle" of Stalin's closest associates included Lavrentiy Beria, Nikolai Bulganin, Kliment Voroshilov, Lazar Kaganovich, Georgy Malenkov, Mikhail Pervukhin, Maksim Saburov, and Nikita Khrushchev.


  1. ^ Speech of the 19th Party Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 14 October, 1952, by J. V. Stalin
  2. ^ Zhores A. Medvedev,Roj Aleksandrovič Medvedev, The Unknown Stalin', p. 40-41.
  3. ^ Geoffrey Roberts, Stalin's Wars: From World War to Cold War, 1939 - 1953, p. 345.

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