48th (South Midland) Division

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48th (South Midland) Division
48th (South Midland) Division insignia (WW1).png
First World War division sign
Active World War I
1908 - June 1919
World War II
1939 - 1945
Country United Kingdom
Branch Territorial Force
Type Infantry
Engagements Battle of the Somme (1916)
Third Battle of Ypres
Insignia
Identification
symbol
48 inf div.jpg World War 2

The British 48th (South Midland) Division was a Territorial Force division. Originally called the 'South Midland Division', it was redesignated as the 48th Division in 1915. During the Second World War, it was named the 48th (South Midland) Infantry Division

Unit history[edit]

1914 - 1918[edit]

The division was sent to France in March 1915 and served on the Western Front and in Italy during the First World War. It took part in the Battle of the Somme (1916), the Battle of Pozières and the Third Battle of Ypres.

1920[edit]

The 48th Divisional Signal Company was posted to Iran as part of Norperforce.[1]

1939 - 1945[edit]

The division, now named the 48th (South Midland) Infantry Division, was still a 1st Line Territorial Army division of the British Army.

In 1940, the division was sent to France to join the British Expeditionary Force, where it was involved in the short battle and the retreat from Dunkirk. After returning from France, the division remained in the United Kingdom for the duration of the war. It was reduced to a Reserve Division in 1944.

The division was not reformed in the Territorial Army in 1947. However, between 1961 and 1966, 48 Division/District existed in the West Midlands.[2][3]

World War I formation[edit]

143rd Brigade (Warwickshire) 
  • 1/5th Battalion, The Royal Warwickshire Regiment
  • 1/6th Battalion, The Royal Warwickshire Regiment
  • 1/7th Battalion, The Royal Warwickshire Regiment
  • 1/8th Battalion, The Royal Warwickshire Regiment (until September 1918)
  • 143rd Machine Gun Company (formed 8 January 1916, moved to 48th Bn MGC on 22 March 1918)
  • 143rd Trench Mortar Battery (formed 14 June 1916)
144th Brigade (Gloucester and Worcester) 
  • 1/4th (City of Bristol) Battalion, The Gloucestershire Regiment
  • 1/6th Battalion, The Gloucestershire Regiment
  • 1/7th Battalion, The Worcestershire Regiment
  • 1/8th Battalion, The Worcestershire Regiment (until September 1918)
  • 144th Machine Gun Company formed (23 January 1916, moved to 48th Bn, MGC on 22 March 1918)
  • 144th Trench Mortar Battery (formed 14 June 1916)
145th Brigade (South Midland) 
Divisional Troops 

Support Units[edit]

Recruiting poster for the South Midland Divisional Cyclist Company
Mounted Troops
Royal Artillery
  • 240th (1/1st South Midland) Brigade, RFA
  • 241st (1/2nd South Midland) Brigade, RFA
  • 242nd (1/3rd South Midland) Brigade, RFA (until January 1917)
  • 243rd (1/4th South Midland) (Howitzer) Brigade, RFA
  • South Midland (Warwicks) Battery, RGA (left 16 April 1915)
  • 48th Divisional Ammunition Column RFA
  • V/48 Heavy Trench Mortar Battery, RFA (formed 21 April 1916, disbanded 10 November 1917)
  • X/48, Y/48 and Z/48 Medium Mortar Batteries, RFA (formed 15 March 1916)
Royal Engineers
  • 474th (1st South Midland) Field Company, RE (left December 1914, rejoined May 1915)
  • 475th (2nd South Midland) Field Company, RE
  • 7th Field Company, RE (joined April 1915, left June 1915)
  • 419th (1st West Lancashire) Field Company, RE (attached 18–28 April 1915)
  • 476th (2/1st South Midland) Field Company, RE (joined June 1915)
  • 48th Divisional Signal Company, RE
Royal Army Medical Corps
  • 1/1st South Midland Field Ambulance, RAMC
  • 1/2nd South Midland Ambulance, RAMC
  • 1/3rd South Midland Field Ambulance, RAMC
  • 48th (1/1st South Midland) Sanitary Section, RAMC (formed 21 February 1915, left for III Corps 4 April 1917)
48th (1/1st South Midland) Divisional Train, Army Service Corps
  • 459th (HQ) HT Coy, ASC
  • 460th (Warwick Bde) HT Coy, ASC
  • 461st (Gloucester & Worcester Bde) HT Coy, ASC
  • 462nd (South Midland Bde) HT Coy, ASC
  • 328th MT Coy, ASC
Other units
  • 1st South Midland Mobile Veterinary Section Army Veterinary Corps
  • 48th Divisional Ambulance Workshop (absorbed into Divisional Supply Column 4 April 1916)
  • 242nd Divisional Employment Company (joined June 1917)

Initial World War II formation[edit]

Infantry[edit]

Support Units[edit]

  • 1st Lothians and Border Horse
  • 67th (South Midland) Field Regiment RA
  • 68th (South Midland) Field Regiment RA
  • 99th (Buckinghamshire Yeomanry) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery
  • 168th Medium Regiment RA
  • 53rd (Worcestershire Yeomanry) Anti-Tank Regiment RA
  • 48th (South Midland) Division Royal Signals TA
  • 224th (South Midland) Field Company RE
  • 225th (South Midland) Field Company RE
  • 226th (South Midland) Field Company RE
  • 227th (South Midland) Field Park Company RE
  • 48th (South Midland) Divisional Royal Army Service Corps Territorial Army
    • Headquarters - CRASC (Commander Royal Army Service Corps)
    • 516th Ammunition Company RASC TA
    • 517th Petrol Company RASC TA
    • 518th Supply Company RASC TA

Commanders[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Haldane, J. Aylmer L. Sir (2005), The insurrection in Mesopotamia, 1920, London: The Imperial War Museum in association with The Battery Press, ISBN 1904897169, OCLC 60688896, 1904897169 
  2. ^ MOD. "148 (West Midlands) Brigade - History of the Brigade". Retrieved 18 April 2013. 
  3. ^ T F Mills (26 May 2006). "West Midland District". regiments.org. Archived from the original on 16 November 2007. 
  4. ^ "FANSHAWE, Maj.-Gen. Sir Robert". Who Was Who (Online ed.). London: A & C Black. 2007. 

External links[edit]