Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh

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Anantapuram
అనంతపురం
Anantapur
ATP
City
Clock tower at Anantapuram
Clock tower at Anantapuram
Nickname(s): ATP
Anantapuram is located in Andhra Pradesh
Anantapuram
Anantapuram
Coordinates: 14°41′N 77°36′E / 14.68°N 77.6°E / 14.68; 77.6Coordinates: 14°41′N 77°36′E / 14.68°N 77.6°E / 14.68; 77.6
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Rayalaseema
District Anantapur district
Elevation 335 m (1,099 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • City 262,340
 • Metro[2] 341,895
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 515001
Telephone code 08554
Vehicle registration AP02
Website http://anantapur.gov.in/

Anantapuram[3] is a city in the southern part of the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. It is the largest district of the state with 64 Mandals (Administrative Divisions). It is known for being the district with the second lowest rainfall in India after Jaisalmer District of Rajasthan State. It is located 356 kilometres (221 mi) south of the state capital Hyderabad and 196 kilometres (122 mi) north of Bangalore (capital of Karnataka state). The city lies on NH-7. Anantapuram was headquarters of the "Datta Mandalam" (Rayalaseema and Bellary districts) in 1799 and Sir Thomas Manro was the first collector for ceded districts. It was also a position of strategic importance for the British Indian Army during the Second World War. The Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University-CEA campus was once a bunker for the British artillery (the remains of which can still be found on the campus location).[4]

Geography[edit]

Anantapuram is located at 14°41′N 77°36′E / 14.68°N 77.6°E / 14.68; 77.6.[5] It has an average elevation of 335 metres (1099 feet).

Climate[edit]

Anantapuram has a semi-arid climate, with hot and dry conditions for most of the year. Summers start in late February and peak in May with average high temperatures around the 37 °C (99 °F) range. Anantapuram gets pre-monsoon showers starting as early as March, mainly through north-easterly winds blowing in from Kerala. Monsoon arrives in September and lasts until early November with about 250 mm (9.8 in) of precipitation. A dry and mild winter starts in late November and lasts until early February; with little humidity and average temperatures in the 22–23 °C (72–73 °F) range. Total annual rainfall is about 22 in (560 mm).

Climate data for Anantpuram
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
33
(91)
36
(97)
36
(97)
38
(100)
35
(95)
33
(91)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
32.9
(91.3)
Average low °C (°F) 17
(63)
19
(66)
22
(72)
25
(77)
26
(79)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
22
(72)
17
(63)
22
(71.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 0
(0)
1
(0.04)
3
(0.12)
16
(0.63)
65
(2.56)
57
(2.24)
60
(2.36)
62
(2.44)
134
(5.28)
117
(4.61)
31
(1.22)
10
(0.39)
556
(21.89)
Source: IMD

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census, Anantapuram has a population of 262,340[1] (urban 341,895).[2] The sex ratio was 995 females per 1000 males and 9% of the population was under six years old.[1] Effective literacy is 82%, male literacy is 89% and female literacy is 75%.[1] Telugu, Urdu,[6] Kannada and English are the predominant languages of this city.

Personalities[edit]

  • Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, former President of India and the first Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh.
  • Tarimala Nagi Reddy, a communist politician from Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • Idukallu Sada Sivan, a communist leader from Anantapuram.
  • Satya Nadella, CEO Microsoft, family hails from Anantapur.
  • kallur subbarao, is freedom fighter of in anantapur and kallur village he is first speaker of assembly
  • Bellary Raghava, was an Indian playwright, thespian and film actor, known for his works predominantly in Telugu theater and cinema

Education[edit]

Anantapur is an important education centre with educational, psychological counselling centres, schools, colleges and universities.

  • Sri Krishnadevaraya University.
  • JNTU Anantapur
  • Sri Sathya Sai University
  • Government Medical College, Anantapur

Sports and entertainment[edit]

Anantapuram has many sports facilities and has played host to Irani Cup in 1963–64 when Rest of India scored their lowest total of 83 against the then Ranji trophy winners Bombay, played at the Sanjeeva Reddy stadium. Several Ranji trophy matches and other regional tournaments for basketball, badminton, etc. have been hosted in Anantapuram.

The Anantapuram Sports Village (ASV), located alongside the National Highway 7. The Anantapuram Cricket Ground sits within a 40-acre (160,000 m2) complex which is managed by the Rural Development Trust (RDT).[7] In October 2010, Rafael Nadal opened the Rafael Nadal Tennis School in ASV, which hosts district, state and national-level tournaments, as well as laying equal emphasis on the children’s education and tennis training.[8][9]

Social services[edit]

  1. In March 1995, Sathya Sai Baba started a project to provide drinking water to 1.2 million people in the drought-prone Rayalaseema region in the Anantapuram.[citation needed]

Snap shots in and around the city[edit]

  1. Anantapur District is biggest of the 23 districts in Andhra Pradesh, India. The district headquarters is Anantapur City. It is currently a part of the Red Corridor.
  2. Anantapuram Clock Tower is in the heart of the city which brings back the memories of India's freedom struggle, a period in which it was built.
  3. Lepakshi Temple is renowned for its repository of mural paintings of the Vijayanagar Kings. Lepakshi consists of three shrines dedicated to Shiva, Vishnu and "Virabhadra". The temple is decorated with superbly sculptured pillars on which are carved life-size representations of musicians and dancers in various poses displaying spirit and vigour. One can also see the world's largest Nandi stone sculpture (Lord Shiva's bull). Lepakshi is 14 km from Hindupur
  4. A national park is located on the outskirts of the town.
  5. Puttaparthi, Prasanthi Nilayam is the home of Sri Satya Sai Baba
  6. South India Tallest Hanuman Statue Locating at Mounagiri Philosophical Trust, 18 km,Nh-7,towards Bangalore, Close to Ananthapuram
  7. Thimmamarri manu is a large Banyan tree spread over 5 acres (20,000 m2) of land near Kadiri. This tree was recorded as the biggest tree in the Guinness Book of World Records in 1989.[citation needed]
  8. Kadiri Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple famous for the idol sweating[10]
  9. Chintala Venkateswara Swamy Temple and Bugga Rama lingheswara Swamy Tempe Shiva Temple in Tadipatri are known for their architectural beauty.

Transportation[edit]

Anantapuram City is very well connected to most major cities in India by the National Highways NH7 and NH 205. Anantapuram also has direct train connection to Hyderabad, Bangalore, Mumbai, New Delhi, Ahmedabad, Hindupuram Adoni, Jaipur, Bhubaneswar, Pune, Vishakapatnam, etc. Puttaparthi which is 80 km south of Anantapuram is the nearest airport with scheduled air services while Bangalore, 168 km away (Devana Halli) has an international airport and is well connected to rest of India.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  3. ^ http://varthaguru.blogspot.in/2013/04/anantapur-is-now-renamed-as.html
  4. ^ http://www.tarimela.com/
  5. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Anantapur. Fallingrain.com. Retrieved on 3 September 2013.
  6. ^ URDU IN ANDHRA PRADESH. Language in India. Retrieved on 3 September 2013.
  7. ^ The pride of Anantapuram. sportstaronnet.com (21 March 2009). Retrieved on 3 September 2013.
  8. ^ Rafa Nadal Foundation – Tennis. ATP World Tour. Retrieved on 3 September 2013.
  9. ^ Welcome to the 'Nadal Tennis School'. NDTV.com Photo Gallery. Retrieved on 3 September 2013.
  10. ^ Index of /. Srikadirinarasimha.org. Retrieved on 3 September 2013.

External links[edit]