Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh

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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Anantapur district.
Anantapur
అనంతపురం
City
Clock tower at Anantapur
Clock tower at Anantapur
Nickname(s): ATP
Anantapur is located in Andhra Pradesh
Anantapur
Anantapur
Coordinates: 14°41′N 77°36′E / 14.68°N 77.6°E / 14.68; 77.6Coordinates: 14°41′N 77°36′E / 14.68°N 77.6°E / 14.68; 77.6
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Rayalaseema
District Anantapur
Elevation 335 m (1,099 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • City 392,340
 • Metro[2] 541,895
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 515001
Telephone code 08554
Vehicle registration AP02
Website Anantapur Municipal Corporation

Ananthapur is a city, Municipal Corporation and the district headquarter of Ananthapur district in Andhra Pradesh, India. It lies on NH-7. It was the headquarters of the "Datta Mandalam" (Rayalaseema districts of Andhra Pradesh and Bellary district of Karnataka) in 1799 and Sir Thomas Manro was the first collector for ceded districts. It was also a position of strategic importance for the British Indian Army during the Second World War.[3]

Geography[edit]

Ananthapur is located at 14°41′N 77°36′E / 14.68°N 77.6°E / 14.68; 77.6.[4] It has an average elevation of 335 metres (1099 feet).

Climate[edit]

Ananthapur has a semi-arid climate, with hot and dry conditions for most of the year. Summers start in late February and peak in May with average high temperatures around the 37 °C (99 °F) range. Ananthapur gets pre-monsoon showers starting as early as March, mainly through north-easterly winds blowing in from Kerala. Monsoon arrives in September and lasts until early November with about 250 mm (9.8 in) of precipitation. A dry and mild winter starts in late November and lasts until early February; with little humidity and average temperatures in the 22–23 °C (72–73 °F) range. Total annual rainfall is about 22 in (560 mm).

Climate data for Ananthapur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.4
(86.7)
33.7
(92.7)
37.1
(98.8)
38.9
(102)
38.8
(101.8)
35.4
(95.7)
33.3
(91.9)
32.8
(91)
32.8
(91)
31.8
(89.2)
30.1
(86.2)
29.1
(84.4)
33.68
(92.62)
Average low °C (°F) 17.4
(63.3)
19.3
(66.7)
22.4
(72.3)
25.8
(78.4)
26.2
(79.2)
25.0
(77)
24.2
(75.6)
23.8
(74.8)
23.4
(74.1)
22.5
(72.5)
20.1
(68.2)
17.7
(63.9)
22.32
(72.17)
Rainfall mm (inches) 0.9
(0.035)
1.3
(0.051)
4.7
(0.185)
16.9
(0.665)
55.0
(2.165)
55.8
(2.197)
62.7
(2.469)
75.3
(2.965)
133.2
(5.244)
104.7
(4.122)
37.8
(1.488)
11.2
(0.441)
559.5
(22.027)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 0 0 0 0 0 3 8 6 4 1 1 0 23
Source: India Meteorological Department (1946-2000)[5]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census, Ananthapur has a population of 262,340[1] (urban 341,895).[2] The sex ratio was 995 females per 1000 males and 9% of the population was under six years old.[6] Effective literacy is 82%, male literacy is 89% and female literacy is 75%. Telugu, Urdu,[7] Kannada and English are the predominant languages of this city.

Transportation[edit]

Sapatgiri Circle

Ananthapur City is very well connected to most major cities in India by the National Highways NH7 and NH 205. Ananthapur also has direct train connection to Hyderabad, Bangalore, Mumbai, New Delhi, Ahmedabad, Dharmavaram,Hindupuram Adoni, Jaipur, Bhubaneswar, Pune, Vishakapatnam, etc. Puttaparthi which is 80 km south of Ananthapur is the nearest airport with scheduled air services while Bangalore, 168 km away (Devana Halli) has an international airport and is well connected to rest of India.

Tourist places[edit]

ISKCON temple, Ananthapur

Lepakshi Temple is renowned for its repository of mural paintings of the Vijayanagar Kings. Lepakshi consists of three shrines dedicated to Shiva, Vishnu and "Virabhadra". The world '​s largest Nandi stone sculpture (Lord Shiva's bull). Puttaparthi, Prasanthi Nilayam is the home of Sri Satya Sai Baba. Thimmamarri manu is a large Banyan tree spread over 5 acres (20,000 m2) of land near Kadiri. This tree was recorded as the biggest tree in the Guinness Book of World Records in 1989.[citation needed] Kadiri Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple famous for the idol sweating[8] Chintala Venkateswara Swamy Temple and Bugga Rama lingheswara Swamy Tempe Shiva Temple in Tadipatri are known for their architecture.

Education[edit]

Ananthapur is an important education centre with educational, schools, colleges and universities namely Sri Krishnadevaraya University, JNTU Ananthapur, Sri Sathya Sai University, Government Medical College etc.. Intell engineering college, Srinivasa Ramanujan Institute of Technology are reputed engineering colleges in Anantapur district.

Sports and entertainment[edit]

Ananthapur has many sports facilities and has played host to Irani Cup in 1963–64 when Rest of India scored their lowest total of 83 against the then Ranji trophy winners Bombay, played at the Sanjeeva Reddy stadium. Several Ranji trophy matches and other regional tournaments for basketball, badminton, etc. have been hosted in Anantapuram.

The Ananthapur Sports Village (ASV), located alongside the National Highway 7. The Ananthapur Cricket Ground sits within a 40-acre (160,000 m2) complex which is managed by the Rural Development Trust (RDT).[9] In October 2010, Rafael Nadal opened the Rafael Nadal Tennis School in ASV, which hosts district, state and national-level tournaments, as well as laying equal emphasis on the children’s education and tennis training.[10][11]

Notable personalities[edit]

Further reading[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Cities having population 1 lakh and above". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 July 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 July 2014. 
  3. ^ Home Page
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Anantapur. Fallingrain.com. Retrieved on 3 September 2013.
  5. ^ "Climate of Ahmedabad". India meteorological department. Retrieved 31 May 2014. 
  6. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  7. ^ URDU IN ANDHRA PRADESH. Language in India. Retrieved on 3 September 2013.
  8. ^ Index of /. Srikadirinarasimha.org. Retrieved on 3 September 2013.
  9. ^ The pride of Ananthapur. sportstaronnet.com (21 March 2009). Retrieved on 3 September 2013.
  10. ^ Rafa Nadal Foundation – Tennis. ATP World Tour. Retrieved on 3 September 2013.
  11. ^ Welcome to the 'Nadal Tennis School'. NDTV.com Photo Gallery. Retrieved on 3 September 2013.

External links[edit]