National Highways Authority of India

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This article is about National Highways Authority of India. For other uses, see National Highways Authority (disambiguation).
National Highways Authority of India
National Highways Authority of India logo.svg
Logo
India roadway map.svg
India National Highways Map
Abbreviation NHAI
Formation 1988[1]
Type Autonomous Government Agency
Legal status Active
Purpose Development and maintenance of National Highways
Headquarters G 5&6
Location
Coordinates Coordinates: 28°35′01″N 77°03′28″E / 28.583689°N 77.057886°E / 28.583689; 77.057886
Region served India
Official language Hindi
English
Chairman Rajinder Pal Singh
Main organ Board of directors[2]
Parent organization Ministry of Road Transport and Highways
Website www.nhai.org

The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) is an autonomous agency of the Government of India, responsible for management of a network of over 70,000 km of National Highways in India.[3] It is a nodal agency of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. The current chairman of the NHAI is Rajinder Pal Singh.[4]

Establishment[edit]

The NHAI was created through the promulgation of the National Highways Authority of India Act, 1988. In February 1995, the Authority was formally made an autonomous body.[1]
It is responsible for the development, maintenance, management and operation of National Highways, totaling over 92,851.05 km (57,694.97 mi) in length.[5]

National Highways in Length and Indian Road Network[edit]

Indian Road Network[6]
Class Length (km)
Expressways 1,000 km (620 mi)
Total National Highways 92,851.05 km (57,694.97 mi)
National Highways (Already 4/6 laned) 22,900 km (14,200 mi)
National Highways which are being 4 or 6 laned (India) 25,000 km (16,000 mi)
State Highways 154,522 km (96,016 mi)
Major and other district roads 2,577,396 km (1,601,520 mi)
Rural & other roads 1,433,577 km (890,783 mi)
Total (approx) 4,245,429 km (2,637,987 mi)

Projects[edit]

NHAI logo & caption on an over-bridge, Salem, Tamil Nadu

The NHAI has the mandate to implement the National Highway Development Project (NHDP). The NHDP is under implementation in Phases.[5]

  • Phase I: Approved in December 2000, at an estimated cost of INR 300 Billion, it included the Golden Quadrilateral (GQ), portions of the NS-EW Corridors, and connectivity of major ports to National Highways.
  • Phase II: Approved in December 2003, at an estimated cost of INR 343 Billion, it included the completion of the NS-EW corridors and another 486 km (302 mi) of highways.
  • Phase IIIA: This phase was approved in March 2005, at an estimated cost of INR 222 Billion, it includes an upgrade to 4-lanes of 4,035 km (2,507 mi)of National Highways.
  • Phase IIIB: This was approved in April 2006, at an estimated cost of INR 543 Billion, it includes an upgrade to 4-lanes of 8,074 km (5,017 mi) of National Highways.
  • Phase V: Approved in October 2006, it includes upgrades to 6-lanes for 6,500 km (4,000 mi), of which 5,700 km (3,500 mi) is on the GQ. This phase is entirely on a DBFO basis.
  • Phase VI: This phase, approved in November 2006, will develop 1,000 km (620 mi) of expressways at an estimated cost of INR 167 Billion.
  • Phase VII: This phase, approved in December 2007, will develop ring-roads, bypasses and flyovers to avoid traffic bottlenecks on selected stretches at a cost of INR 167 Billion.

The progress of the NHDP can be tracked from the NHAI official website, which updates maps on regular basis.

NHAI helps in implementing Special Accelerated Road Development Programme for North Eastern Region (SARDP-NE); a project to upgrade National Highways connecting state capitals to 2 lane or 4 lane in north eastern region.[7]

Controversies[edit]

A 2012 report prepared by World Bank’s Institutional Integrity Unit alleged that fraudulent and corrupt practices were being followed by Indian contractors working on national highway projects funded by it, and sought a thorough investigation into the matter.[8] The report also alleges that contractors paid bribes and gifts, including gold coins, to “influence the actions” of officials and consultants of the National Highways Authority of India[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b [1] NHAI Official Website
  2. ^ [2] NHAI List of Board of Directors
  3. ^ [3] NHAI Road Network
  4. ^ "R.P. Singh is new NHAI chief". 11 June 2012. 
  5. ^ a b [4] NHAI Official Website
  6. ^ "Annual report 2010-2011,". Ministry of Road transport and highways. Retrieved 2012-02-07. 
  7. ^ "SARDP-NE". Retrieved June 15, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Express Exclusive: World Bank cries fraud, graft in highways projects". Indian Express. 
  9. ^ "Express Exclusive: World Bank cries fraud, graft in highways projects". Indian Express.