Andrew Volstead

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Andrew Volstead
AndrewVolstead.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Minnesota's 7th district
In office
March 4, 1903 – March 3, 1923
Preceded by Frank Eddy
Succeeded by Ole J. Kvale
Personal details
Born Andrew John Volstead
October 31, 1860
Kenyon, Minnesota
Died January 20, 1947 (86)
Granite Falls, Minnesota
Resting place Granite Falls Cemetery
Political party Republican
Profession Law

Andrew John Volstead (October 31, 1860 – January 20, 1947) was an American member of the United States House of Representatives from Minnesota, 1903–1923, and a member of the Republican Party. His name is closely associated with the National Prohibition Act of 1919, usually called the Volstead Act. The act was the enabling legislation for the enforcement of national prohibition beginning in 1920.

Early life[edit]

Volstead was born in Kenyon, Goodhue County, Minnesota, to Norwegian-American parents Jon Einertson Vraalstad (John Vrolstad), a distant relative of Queen Sonja of Norway,[citation needed] and wife Dorothea Mathea Lillo. He was educated at St. Olaf College, became a lawyer and served as mayor of Granite Falls, Minnesota, from 1900 to 1902.

Congressional career[edit]

While in Congress, he served as chairman of the House Judiciary Committee from 1919 to 1923. Although often considered the author of the Volstead Act, he collaborated with Wayne Wheeler of the anti-Saloon League, who conceived and largely drafted the bill. However, Volstead sponsored the bill and championed, promoted and facilitated its passage.[1] He also helped author the Capper-Volstead Act, which enabled farmers to form locally owned cooperatives without fear of prosecution under the Sherman Antitrust Act. The law is still in effect.

Volstead was a member of the 58th, 59th, 60th, 61st, 62nd, 63rd, 64th, 65th, 66th, and 67th congresses. He was defeated in his attempt to be elected to an 11th term in 1922. Shortly thereafter he was hired as legal adviser to the chief of the National Prohibition Enforcement Bureau. Upon Repeal of Prohibition in 1933, Volstead returned to Granite Falls, Minnesota, where he resumed the private practice of law. He died in 1947. Volstead's former home, located at 163 Ninth Avenue, Granite Falls, Minnesota, is a National Historic Landmark. He is buried in the Granite Falls city cemetery.[2]

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External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Frank Eddy
U.S. Representative from Minnesota's 7th congressional district
1903 – 1923
Succeeded by
Ole J. Kvale