Brookings, South Dakota

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Brookings, South Dakota
City
Main Street in downtown Brookings
Main Street in downtown Brookings
Nickname(s): Scoreboard Town
Location in Brookings County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Brookings County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 44°18′23″N 96°47′17″W / 44.30639°N 96.78806°W / 44.30639; -96.78806Coordinates: 44°18′23″N 96°47′17″W / 44.30639°N 96.78806°W / 44.30639; -96.78806
Country United States
State South Dakota
County Brookings
Incorporated 1883[1]
Government
 • Mayor Tim Reed
 • City Manager Jeff Weldon
Area[2]
 • Total 13.04 sq mi (33.77 km2)
 • Land 12.94 sq mi (33.51 km2)
 • Water 0.10 sq mi (0.26 km2)
Elevation 1,621 ft (494 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 22,056
 • Estimate (2013[4]) 22,943
 • Density 1,704.5/sq mi (658.1/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 57006-57007
Area code(s) 605
FIPS code 46-07580
GNIS feature ID 1254074[5]
Website www.cityofbrookings.org

Brookings is a city in Brookings County, South Dakota, United States. Brookings is the fourth largest city in South Dakota, with a population of 22,056 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Brookings County,[6] and home to South Dakota State University, the largest institution of higher education in the state.[7] Also found in Brookings are the South Dakota State Art Museum, the Children's Museum of South Dakota, the annual Brookings Summer Arts Festival, and the headquarters of a number of manufacturing companies and agricultural operations. The mayor is Tim Reed.

History[edit]

Pioneer[edit]

Both county and the city were named after one of South Dakota's pioneer promoters, Wilmot Wood Brookings (1830 - 1905).[8] Brookings set out for the Dakota Territory in June 1857. He arrived at Sioux Falls on August 27, 1857, and became one of the first settlers there. He and his group represented the Western Town Company. After a time in Sioux Falls, Brookings and a companion set out for the Yankton area to locate a town in an area that was soon to be ceded by the Native Americans. This trip was begun in January 1858, and the two soon encountered a blizzard that froze Brookings' feet which both had to be amputated.

Brookings County Courthouse

He rose to a high position in the Territory, once being a member of the Squatter Territorial Legislature and later being elected Squatter Governor. Brookings then became appointed superintendent of a road that was to be built from the Minnesota state line west to the Missouri River about 30 miles north of Ft. Pierre. It was during the construction of this road that Brookings came into contact with land that was part of this county at the time. Because of his drive to settle the Dakota Territory, Brookings County and city were named for a spirited pioneer promoter. Wilmot W. Brookings made settlement of this area a real possibility for many people.

Medary[edit]

The first real town that was organized in Brookings County was Medary in 1857. Up to this point, the area had been traveled and utilized by only Native Americans, with a few indistinct traces left showing the penetration of the area by explorers, missionaries, trappers, and traders. Along with Sioux Falls and Flandreau, Medary was one of the first three European settlements to be established in South Dakota.

The first actual site of Medary was located by the Dakota Land Company out of Minnesota which was led by Alpheus G. Fuller and Major Franklin J. DeWitt and accompanied by engineer Samuel A. Medary, Jr. In 1857, the men put up quarters in preparation to live out the winter in Medary. Many other settlers moved into the area in 1858. But in the spring of that year, a large group of Yankton and Yanktonnia Indians drove the settlers from the area, and Medary remained nearly abandoned for the next 11 years.

In 1869, a group of 10 Norwegian pioneers moved west into the Dakota Territory and resettled the area of Medary, which was located about four and one half miles south of present-day Brookings. The county of Brookings was formally organized in Medary in the cabin of Martin Trygstad on July 3, 1871.[9] The original boundaries of the county extended to two miles south of Flandreau, until the territorial legislature relocated the boundaries of the county to the current location on January 8, 1873. Two other small settlements, Oakwood and Fountain, appeared in the Brookings County area around this time. All three settlements hoped that they would be the lucky town by which the railroad would decide to lay tracks through as it moved westward but it didn't go through Medary so it became a ghost town.

Natives[edit]

The first people to inhabit the Brookings area were the Native Americans. These people are evidenced by mounds found around the Oakwood Lakes area where early inhabitants buried their dead. The Mound Builders have left their legacy to us in the mounds, stone hammers, and stone implements that later Indians and white settlers found as they traversed the area. Many of the Sioux Indians and branches of the Sioux tribe made the area their home, also. Their presence has been accounted by white settlers.

The first white men assumed to have ventured into the Brookings area were fur traders as early as 1750. However, the first white man definitely known to have trekked the Brookings County area was a fur-trader named Joseph LaFramboise. LaFramboise established a trading post near what is now Flandreau. He operated the trading post from 1822 to 1827. It is likely that during the time of his operating the trading post that LaFramboise made his way into the southeastern part of Brookings County.

Railroad[edit]

As it turned out, none of the three towns were chosen to be passed through by the railroad. When the businessmen of Medary and Fountain found out that the railroad had no plans of laying tracks through the two towns, they began a push to find a central location. In a sense, their attitude was 'if you can't beat 'em, join 'em!' Many private meetings and much effort on the part of the men of Medary and Fountain led to the railroad deciding to lay its tracks through what would become the city of Brookings.

In a letter sent to Chicago on September 30, 1879, Land Commissioner Charles E. Simmons communicated the layout of the series of towns in Brookings County to be passed through by the railroad. These towns were to be Aurora, Brookings, and Volga. Many merchants of Medary and Fountain packed up their businesses and belongings and moved to Brookings, which was surveyed and platted on October 3 and 4, 1879. Fountain ceased to exist after this turn of events, while Medary and Oakwood continued to exist for a while but eventually faded away. A monument still stands at the site of the old Medary as a reminder of the people who once lived there.

The railroad crossed the Minnesota state line and into Brookings County on October 2, 1879. With tracks being built at about one mile per day, the track and first train reached Brookings' Main Street on October 18, 1879. The railroad station was opened a month later.

Employment[edit]

According to the City's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[10] the largest employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 South Dakota State University 3,359
2 Daktronics 1,700
3 3M 835
4 Larson Manufacturing 503
5 Hy-Vee 443
6 Brookings Health System 433
7 Walmart 425
8 Brookings School District 400
9 Twin City Fan 305
10 City of Brookings 222

The unemployment rate in Brookings is 3.2 percent, with a projected eight-year job growth of 23.31 percent.

Bel Brands USA, Inc. a subsidiary of Paris-based multinational Fromageries BEL or BEL Group, will begin construction of a 170,000-square-foot cheese production plant this summer in the city’s Foster Addition north of the Swiftel Center. The project will mean between 365 and 400 new jobs for Brookings. Bel Brands USA, Inc. manufactures and markets branded cheeses, including The Laughing Cow® cheese wedges and Mini Babybel® – America’s #1 branded snacking cheese; as well as Boursin®, Kaukauna®, Port Salut®, Leerdammer®, WisPride®, Merkts®, Owls Nest®, Connoisseur®, and Price*s® natural and gourmet cheese spreads.

Geography[edit]

Brookings is located at 44°18′23″N 96°47′17″W / 44.30639°N 96.78806°W / 44.30639; -96.78806 (44.306253, −96.788105).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.04 square miles (33.77 km2), of which, 12.94 square miles (33.51 km2) is land and 0.10 square miles (0.26 km2) is water.[2]

Brookings has been assigned ZIP codes 57006 and 57007 as well as the FIPS place code 07580.

Climate[edit]

Brookings experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb), which is characterized by warm, relatively humid summers and cold, dry winters, and is located in USDA Hardiness Zones 4.[12] The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 12.9 °F (−10.6 °C) in January to 70.3 °F (21.3 °C) in July, while there are nine days of 90 °F (32 °C)+ highs and 36 days with sub-0 °F (−18 °C) lows annually. Snowfall occurs mostly in light to moderate amounts during the winter, totaling 36 inches (91 cm). Precipitation, at 24.3 inches (617 mm) annually, is concentrated in the warmer months. Extremes range from −41 °F (−41 °C) as recently as January 12, 1912 to 109 °F (43 °C) on July 24, 1940.

Climate data for Brookings, South Dakota (1981−2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 65
(18)
69
(21)
85
(29)
93
(34)
106
(41)
105
(41)
109
(43)
106
(41)
102
(39)
93
(34)
77
(25)
68
(20)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 22.9
(−5.1)
27.8
(−2.3)
39.4
(4.1)
55.4
(13)
67.5
(19.7)
76.6
(24.8)
81.6
(27.6)
79.7
(26.5)
71.1
(21.7)
57.7
(14.3)
40.2
(4.6)
26.0
(−3.3)
53.83
(12.13)
Average low °F (°C) 2.9
(−16.2)
8.1
(−13.3)
20.6
(−6.3)
32.7
(0.4)
44.6
(7)
54.8
(12.7)
59.1
(15.1)
56.8
(13.8)
47.0
(8.3)
33.8
(1)
21.1
(−6.1)
7.4
(−13.7)
32.41
(0.22)
Record low °F (°C) −41
(−41)
−41
(−41)
−23
(−31)
−2
(−19)
7
(−14)
28
(−2)
37
(3)
28
(−2)
12
(−11)
−9
(−23)
−22
(−30)
−36
(−38)
−41
(−41)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.35
(8.9)
0.40
(10.2)
1.23
(31.2)
2.18
(55.4)
2.97
(75.4)
4.30
(109.2)
3.24
(82.3)
3.06
(77.7)
3.19
(81)
2.05
(52.1)
0.91
(23.1)
0.41
(10.4)
24.29
(616.9)
Snowfall inches (cm) 5.8
(14.7)
6.1
(15.5)
7.6
(19.3)
3.3
(8.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.7
(1.8)
5.4
(13.7)
7.0
(17.8)
36.0
(91.4)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 4.8 4.6 6.5 9.0 10.6 11.7 9.9 8.7 8.8 7.0 4.9 4.9 91.3
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 5.3 4.3 4.0 1.5 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.5 2.8 4.9 23.4
Source: NOAA (extremes 1893−present),[13][14]

Sports[edit]

Brookings is home to only one amateur sports team. The Alexandria Blizzard of the NAHL relocated to Brookings and changed its name to the Brookings Blizzard. The Blizzard began play in the 2012-13 season. The team will skate out of the Larson Ice Center.[15]

In addition to the Brookings Blizzard, the Larson Ice Center is also home to the Brookings Rangers hockey teams.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 1,518
1900 2,846 87.5%
1910 2,971 4.4%
1920 3,921 32.0%
1930 4,376 11.6%
1940 5,346 22.2%
1950 7,764 45.2%
1960 10,558 36.0%
1970 13,717 29.9%
1980 14,951 9.0%
1990 16,270 8.8%
2000 18,504 13.7%
2010 22,056 19.2%
Est. 2013 22,943 4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]
2013 Estimate[17]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 22,056 people, 8,159 households, and 3,836 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,704.5 inhabitants per square mile (658.1/km2). There were 8,715 housing units at an average density of 673.5 per square mile (260.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.1% White, 1.1% African American, 1.0% Native American, 3.7% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.

There were 8,159 households of which 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.5% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 53.0% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.93.

The median age in the city was 23.5 years. 16.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 38% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.3% were from 25 to 44; 15.2% were from 45 to 64; and 8.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.1% male and 48.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 18,504 people, 6,971 households, and 3,422 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,549.7 people per square mile (598.4/km²). There were 7,359 housing units at an average density of 616.3 per square mile (238.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.49% White, 0.44% African American, 0.99% Native American, 1.88% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.75% of the population.

There were 6,971 households out of which 24.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.5% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 50.9% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city the population was spread out with 17.4% under the age of 18, 36.6% from 18 to 24, 22.0% from 25 to 44, 14.0% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 99.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.6 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $31,266, and the median income for a family was $49,246. Males had a median income of $31,276 versus $22,763 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,028. About 7.3% of families and 18.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.7% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.

Ancestry[edit]

The two largest ancestries in the city are:[18]

Religion[edit]

As of 2010, 60.7% of the Brookings population claim an affiliation with a religious congregation. The largest such groups were:[19]

Media[edit]

Most radio stations from Sioux Falls and Watertown can also be heard in Brookings.

AM Radio[edit]

AM radio stations
Frequency Call sign Name Format Owner City
910 AM KJJQ The Ranch AM 910 Classic Country Three Eagles Communications Volga/Brookings
1430 AM KBRK KBRK 1430 AM Adult standards Three Eagles Communications Brookings

FM Radio[edit]

FM radio stations
Frequency Call sign Name Format Owner Target city/market City of license
88.3 FM KESD South Dakota Public Broadcasting NPR SD Board of Directors for Educational Telecommunications Brookings Brookings
88.7 FM K204FH WLOG Christian Contemporary
WLOG-FM translator
Edgewater Broadcasting, Inc Brookings Brookings
89.7 FM K209DX Sonlife Radio Christian
WJFM-FM translator
Jimmy Swaggart Ministries Brookings Brookings
90.7 FM KSDJ New Rock 90.7 Alternative/College South Dakota State University Brookings Brookings
93.7 FM KBRK-FM B93.7 Hot Adult Contemporary Three Eagles Communications Brookings Brookings
95.5 FM K238AX Minnesota Public Radio NPR Minnesota Public Radio Brookings Brookings
99.7 FM KKCK 99.7 KKCK Top 40 (CHR) Linder Radio Group Marshall/Brookings Marshall, MN
105.5 FM K288EV The Refuge Contemporary Christian
WJRF-FM translator
Refuge Media Group Brookings Brookings
102.3 FM KKQQ K-Country 102.3 Country Three Eagles Communications Brookings Volga
107.1 FM KDBX 107.1 The Hawk Classic Rock Three Eagles Communications Brookings Clear Lake

Transportation[edit]

Roads[edit]

Brookings is served by Interstate 29 (north-south) and U.S. Route 14 (east-west).

Airport[edit]

Brookings Regional Airport serves the City of Brookings. A major reconstruction project of the airport is scheduled to begin in summer 2012.

Unique aspects[edit]

The City of Brookings owns nearly all city services and utilities including:

  • Liquor store
  • Garbage service
  • Water/wastewater
  • Hospital
  • Local telephone service
  • Electricity
  • Landfill
  • Golf course
  • Brookings Area Multiplex civic and convention center (renamed Swiftel Center)

The city has 34 places of worship, 19 ball fields, two public swimming pools, five movie screens, one daily newspaper (The Brookings Register), five commercial radio stations and one public station. In 2000, the assessed city value was $467,255,920.[citation needed]

On October 7, 2005, Brookings was featured on the reality-TV show Three Wishes.

Points of interest[edit]

The veterans memorial in Brookings.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SD Towns". South Dakota State Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-02-11. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ "Doing Business in South Dakota (Public Universities)". Governor's Office of Economic Development. Retrieved 2007-11-26. 
  8. ^ "Profile for Brookings, South Dakota". ePodunk. Retrieved 4 June 2014. 
  9. ^ http://www.brookingscountysd.gov/index.aspx?nid=99
  10. ^ "City of Brookings 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report" (PDF). July 7, 2014. p. 152. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ "Station Name: SD BROOKINGS 2 NE". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-03-10. 
  14. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  15. ^ http://nahl.com/news/story.cfm?id=5470
  16. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 23, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  18. ^ http://www.city-data.com/races/races-Brookings-South-Dakota.html
  19. ^ http://www.city-data.com/city/Brookings-South-Dakota.html

External links[edit]