Auspicious dreams in Jainism
Auspicious dreams are often described in texts of Jainism which forcast the virtue of child. Their number varies according to different traditions and they described frequently as fourteen or sixteen dreams. They are seen by mothers of the prominent figures in Jainism including Tirthankaras, on the conception of their soul in womb. They are interpreted as describing virtues and kingship of future child. They are also found in various artistic media as an ornamentation.
Their number and description differ according to major traditions of Jainism. According to Svetambara tradition, there are 14 dreams while according to Digambara tradition, there are 16 dreams. Most of them are same. They are described in detail as dreams of queen Trishala, mother of Mahavira, in some Jain texts.
|1||1||white elephant with four tusks / Airavata||mother would give birth to a child with good character. The four tusk of elephant depicts the four components of Sangha: monks, nuns, laymen and laywomen.||similar to the elephant of Indra|
|2||2||bull||religious character and spirituality||-|
|3||3||Lion||power, strength and fearlessness||-|
|4||4||Shri or Laxmi||wealth and prosperity||Similar to goddess Laxmi in Hinduism|
|5||5||pair of garlands||popularity and respect||-|
|6||6||full moon||peace and help to others||-|
|8||*||flag with lion pictured on it flying on golden stick||leadership||-|
|9||8||full jug / pair of full vases with lotuses||perfect in virtues and would be full of compassion for all living beings.||considered auspicious in Dharmic religions|
|10||10||lotus pond / celestial lake||unattachment to worldly possessions||-|
|11||11||ocean / rough ocean||achievement of infinite perception and knowledge, spiritual liberation||-|
|12||13||celestial cheriot palace||indicated that angels in heaven would respect, honor his spiritual teachings||-|
|13||15||heap of jewels||virtues and wisdom||-|
|14||16||smokeless fire||reform and restore religious order. He would burn his karmas and attain salvation.||-|
|Not included||9||Meenyugma||pair of fishes||handsomeness||-|
|Not included||12||Sinhasana||golden lion-footed throne||-||high spiritual status.||-|
|Not included||14||Mahal||palace of the king of snakes||prosperity||-|
These dreams features animals, objects and a goddess associated with positive virtues and kingship. They are generally considered positive symbols in Indian culture so they frequently appear in other Indian religions like Buddhism and Hinduism.
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These dreams are connected with the births of Tirthankaras and the other prominent people including chakravarti, Baladevas and Vāsudevas in Jainism. They are 63 in total and called Shalakapurush. Their mothers see a certain number of dreams on conception of their soul in womb. They are described in the great detail in Kalpasutra. 12th century Jain monk Hemchandracharya described and interpreted them in detail in Trishashthishalakapurush. Avashyak-niryukti, an early verse-commentary in Prakrit, explains relation of names of some Tirthankaras and these dreams.
|Number of dreams||What it foretells|
|14 dreams||birth of a future Tirthankara or Chakravarti (universal monarch)|
|7 of the 14 dreams||birth of a future Vāsudeva|
|4 of the 14 dreams||birth of a future Baladeva|
|1 of the 14 dreams||birth of a future Mandalika (king)|
On the fifth day of festival of Paryusana, Jain monks read or narrate the portion of the Kalpasutra dealing with birth of last Tirthankara Mahavira, to the Jain lay people. They are displayed to the people in the form of silver models and auctioned for temporary possession and display to other people for festive days.
- Balbir, Nalini. "Article: Dreams". Institute of Jainology. jainpedia.org. pp. 1–4. Retrieved 2013-04-19.
- Shah, Pravin. "Fourteen Auspicious Dreams of Mother Trishala". Jain Study Center of North Carolina. www.fas.harvard.edu. Retrieved 2013-04-19.
- Shah, Natubhai (1998). Jainism: the world of conquerors 2. Sussex Academic Press. p. 180. ISBN 9781898723318.
- Quinn, Edward (2009). Critical Companion to George Orwell Encyclopedia of World Religions Series. Infobase Publishing. p. 270. ISBN 9781438108735.
- Jyotindra Jain, Eberhard Fischer (1978). Jaina iconography. BRILL. pp. 4–6. ISBN 9789004052598.
- Pruthi, Raj (2004). Jainism And Indian Civilization:Culture and civilization series. Discovery Publishing House. pp. 62–66. ISBN 9788171417964.
- "The Dreams of Queen Trishala". www.herenow4u.net. 2010-09-22. Retrieved 2013-04-19.