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Brandade is an emulsion of salt cod and olive oil eaten in winter with bread or potatoes. In French it is sometimes called Brandade de Morue and in Spanish it can be called Brandada de bacalao ('morue' being the French name for salt cod and bacalao the Spanish one). Brandade is a specialty of the Roussillon, Languedoc and Provence regions of Occitanie (in present-day France); Liguria region in Occitanie (today in Italy) and Catalonia, Balearic Islands and Valencia in the Catalan Countries (now Spain). Similar preparations are found in other Mediterranean countries such as Italy, Portugal and other regions of Spain (for example, atascaburras, which is done with salt cod, olive oil, potato and chestnut) where dried salt cod is also enjoyed.
In Minorca (Balearic Islands, Spain) sometimes artichokes may be added. In Marseilles and Toulon, crushed garlic is added to the dish. Potato is also added to brandade in France and Basque Country, but not in Catalonia. Neither cream nor milk are included in traditional recipes in Occitanie or Spain.
- Larousse Gastronomique, France, 2001 edition