British Rail Class 28
|Metropolitan Vickers Type 2,
British Rail Class 28
Two 'Metrovicks' Nos. D5703 & D5710 passing through
Millbrook, Bedfordshire in 1960
|Type and origin|
|Builder||Metropolitan-Vickers’ Bowesfield Works, Stockton-on-Tees.|
|Gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
|Wheel diameter||3 ft 3 1⁄2 in (1.003 m)|
|Minimum curve||3.5 chains (70 m)|
|Wheelbase||42 ft 9 in (13.03 m)|
|Length||56 ft 7 1⁄2 in (17.26 m)|
|Width||8 ft 6 in (2.59 m)|
|Height||12 ft 1 1⁄2 in (3.70 m)|
|Locomotive weight||97 long tons (98.6 t; 109 short tons)|
|Fuel capacity||510 imp gal (2,300 l; 610 US gal)|
|Prime mover||Crossley HST V8|
|Traction motors||Metropolitan-Vickers 137BZ, DC 5 off|
|Multiple working||● Red Circle|
|Maximum speed||75 mph (121 km/h)|
|Power output||Engine: 1,200 hp (895 kW)|
|Tractive effort||Maximum: 50,000 lbf (222 kN)|
|Train heating||Spanner steam generator (railroad) of 1,500 lb/h (680 kg/h)|
|Axle load class||Route availability 8|
|Retired||December 1967 – September 1969|
|Disposition||One preserved, remainder scrapped|
The British Rail Class 28 (Metropolitan-Vickers Type 2) diesel locomotives, or 'Metrovicks' as they were popularly known, were built as part of the British Railways 1955 Modernisation Plan. The locomotives had a Co-Bo wheel arrangement (a 6-wheel bogie at one end, a 4-wheel bogie at the other) – unique in British Railways practice though not uncommon in other countries, notably Japan. This affected their route availability, due to the different axle loading at each end of the loco, and made maintenance more complicated. The maximum tractive effort of 50,000 lbf (220 kN) was unusually high for a Type 2 locomotive but, as there were five (not four) driving axles, the risk of wheelslip was minimal.
The engines had exhaust pulse pressure charging and developed 1,200 horsepower (895 kW) at 625 rpm. There were no valves, and inlet and exhaust were via ports in the cylinder walls. The same engine was originally fitted in the Irish A Class and the Western Australian Government Railways X class
Almost from the beginning the Metrovick's Crossley engines were problematic. They suffered frequent failures and by 1961 the entire class was handed back to the manufacturer for remedial work on the engines and to cure problems with cab windows falling out while running. The cab windows were modified such that instead of wrapping round to the side the outer front windows were replaced by a flat piece of glass facing the front only.
No. 1 end (Co) No. 2 end (Bo) Total In working order 18-17-0 19-14-2 19-13-1 19-4-0 19-14-2 97-3-1 Empty 18-0-2 18-4-0 18-2-3 18-0-0 18-4-0 90-11-1 Unsprung 3-13-1 3-13-1 3-13-1 3-15-2 3-15-2 18-10-3
All 20 were initially allocated to the Midland Division of BR's London Midland Region, where they were often used in pairs on the overnight London–Glasgow “Condor” express freight service. Later they were transferred to the Barrow-in-Furness area prior to withdrawal after only 11 years at work and in service.
Despite the locomotives being otherwise reliable the Crossley engines were still giving problems and British Rail considered replacing the engines, as was done with the Class 31 diesels and, later, with Crossley-engined locomotives in Ireland. Instead the entire class was withdrawn from service during 1967–68, and all but one were scrapped by the end of 1969. Their parts had been sold to make new metals by the end of 1971.
A single locomotive, D5705, survived by historical accident, being renumbered S15705 and used from December 1968 by the Research Division for its Tribology Test train. It was superseded by a Class 24, and was used as carriage heating unit TDB968006 before being preserved in 1980. It is currently on the East Lancashire Railway. The Class 15 Preservation Society has signed an agreement with the owners of D5705 to become its custodians during its restoration and operation for the next ten years, although funding will remain separate.
The Class 28 was the basis for BoCo, a character in The Railway Series children's books by the Rev. W. Awdry and the spin-off TV series Thomas and Friends, he carries the number D5702.
The Class 28 has been made as a 00 gauge model in several forms, including a ready-to-run version by Hornby Dublo. A ready to run model is being produced by Heljan on behalf of and exclusive to Hatton's Model Railways in Liverpool. The Silver Fox Models model has now been withdrawn.
- "The Greenest of Diesels". Gloucestershire Transport History.
- Clough, David N. (2011). Hydraulic vs Electric: The battle for the BR diesel fleet. Ian Allan. p. 69. ISBN 978-0-7110-3550-8.
- Haresnape, Brian (May 1984) . British Rail Fleet Survey 1: Early Prototype and Pilot Scheme Diesel-Electrics. Shepperton: Ian Allan. p. 61. ISBN 0-7110-1121-4. CX/0584.
- Marsden, Colin J. (November 1984). BR Locomotive Numbering. Shepperton: Ian Allan. pp. 190–3. ISBN 0-7110-1445-0. EX/1184.
- Marsden, C.J., (1989) 25 Years of Railway Research, Yeovil: Haynes Publishing Group
- Class 15 Preservation Society newsletter, October 2009
- "Heljan 2800 Class 28 Co-Bo Diesel D5700 Full BR Green - with modified windows". ehattons.com. Retrieved 2013-03-20.
- McManus, Michael. Ultimate Allocations, British Railways Locomotives 1948 - 1968. Wirral. Michael McManus.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to British Rail Class 28.|
- Images of TDB968006 at Bristol
- Co-Bo World
- Silver Fox Models (Class 28) – includes brief history of class and photo of model in rail blue livery