British Rail Class 07
|British Rail Class 07|
D2991 at Eastleigh Works in the 1970s. Still in service at the Works in 2012.
|Type and origin|
|Builder||Ruston & Hornsby|
|Gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
|Wheel diameter||3 ft 6 in (1.067 m)|
|Wheelbase||8 ft 7 1⁄2 in (2.63 m)|
|Length||26 ft 9 1⁄2 in (8.17 m)|
|Width||8 ft 6 in (2.59 m)|
|Height||12 ft 10 in (3.91 m)|
|Locomotive weight||42.90 long tons (43.6 t; 48.0 short tons)|
|Fuel capacity||300 imp gal (1,400 l; 360 US gal)|
|Prime mover||Paxman 6RPHL|
|Traction motors||AEI RTA6652|
|Maximum speed||27.5 mph (44.3 km/h)|
|Power output||Engine: 275 hp (205 kW)|
|Tractive effort||Maximum: 28,240 lbf (125.6 kN)|
|Train brakes||Vacuum, some later Dual (Air & Vacuum)|
|Number in class||14|
|Number(s)||D2985–D2998, later 07001–07014|
|Axle load class||RA 7 (RA 6 from 1969)|
|Retired||May 1973 – July 1977|
The British Rail Class 07 diesel locomotive is an off-centre cab dock shunter used in Southampton Docks, to replace SR USA Class steam locomotives. It is a 0-6-0 diesel-electric shunter built by Ruston & Hornsby in 1962. They were originally numbered D2985-D2998 and later given the TOPS numbers 07001(D2985)-07013(D2997), D2998.
This class was notorious for having the axleboxes run hot when travelling at high speed. This was initially encountered during delivery of the first locomotive, and subsequent deliveries were made by road. A later trial move of one Class 07 to Selhurst depot for tyre profiling also resulted in overheating axlebox problems and all subsequent moves of any distance, particularly those to BREL workshops, were made by road. This is in contrast to other shunter classes that would commonly have had their side-rods removed and traction motors isolated and would then form part of a train heading in the appropriate direction. Class 08s were commonly moved in this fashion at up to 35 mph (56 km/h) – overnight wagon-load trains being utilised if possible.
For operation at Southampton Docks the Class was based in the former steam shed in the Old Docks near the River Itchen, work being carried out there by a fitter sent from Eastleigh.
The members of the class that had TOPS numbering applied were also equipped with high-level air brake pipes, allowing them to move Southern Region Electric Multiple Units, and three locomotives were used at Bournemouth EMU depot for a period. This was not their principal work, but they were often employed around their home-depot on general shunting duties. They were relatively fast for shunters and it was envisaged that they would be used to trip local traffic to/from Southampton docks. Accordingly they were equipped, from new, with mainline headcode marker lights (six for the SR). In practice they were seldom used for this because of the hot axlebox problem, which also affected the possibility of the class working away from either Southampton Docks or Eastleigh.
Numbers 2988, 2992 and 2998 were withdrawn from BR service without bearing TOPS numbers, and were cut up at Eastleigh works; 2988 in 1973, 2992 and 2998 in 1976. 2991, which was allocated the number 07007, was also withdrawn from capital stock before bearing its TOPS number, but remained in use at Eastleigh Works. Of the locos to bear TOPS numbers, 07003 and 07009 were withdrawn in 1976, and sold to P Wood of Queenborough, Kent; 07009 was exported to Italy, and 07003 was sold to British Industrial Sand at Oakmoor, being subsequently scrapped in 1985. 07010 was sold directly into preservation, and the remaining locos were sold for industrial use during 1976 and 1977: 07001 to Staveley Limeworks, Buxton; 07002/6/12 to Powell Duffryn, Kidwelly (where 07002 and 07006 were scrapped in the 1980s); 07013 to Dow Chemicals, King's Lynn.
The locomotives were short-lived and this class had been withdrawn by British Rail by the end of 1977. Several were bought for industrial use and have subsequently passed into preservation. One locomotive, no. 07001, is mainline registered and is owned by Harry Needle Railroad Company (HNRC). All surviving locomotives are listed below.
- 07001 - Formerly HNRC, now preserved by Heritage Shunters Trust at Peak Rail. Fully operational, currently repainted into a blue livery with 'wasp' ends but without numbering (as of 1 September 2013).
- 07005 - Preserved at the Great Central Railway
- 07007 - In use by Knights Rail Services Ltd at Eastleigh Works. Mainline registered in April 2008. Currently painted in Rail Blue livery.
- 07010 - Preserved on Avon Valley Railway in BR Blue livery. Currently operational.As of September 2013 repainted into BR blue as 07010.
- 07011 - Privately owned at St Leonards-on-Sea. Rail Blue livery.
- 07012 - Preserved at Barrow Hill.
- 07013 - Externally restored in Rail Blue livery, but engine missing. Now at the East Lancashire Railway.
Summary of life
|Pre-Tops Number||TOPS number||Date into Service||Date withdrawn||Further use or date scrapped|
|D2985||07001||-||-||Staveley Limeworks, Buxton, 1976
now owned by HNRC located at Barrow Hill
|D2986||07002||-||-||Powell Duffryn, Kidwelly, 1976,
scrapped on site 1980s
|D2987||07003||-||-||P Wood of Queenborough, Kent, 1976
later British Industrial Sand at Oakmoor
|D2988||-||-||-||scrapped 1973 at Eastleigh Works|
|D2989||07005||-||-||ICI Wilton, Middlesbrough, 1976
now Preserved at the Great Central Railway
|D2990||07006||-||-||Powell Duffryn, Kidwelly, 1976,
scrapped on site 1980s
|D2991||07007||-||-||Knights Rail Services Ltd at Eastleigh Works|
|D2992||-||-||-||scrapped 1976 at Eastleigh Works|
|D2993||07009||-||-||P Wood of Queenborough, Kent, 1976
later exported to Italy, scrapped 1997
|D2994||07010||-||10/76||Preserved firstly at West Somerset Railway
now at Avon Valley Railway
|D2995||07011||-||-||Privately owned at St Leonards West Marina depot (East Sussex).
Fitted with high-level brake pipes on one end for shunting demu vehicles.
|D2996||07012||-||-||Powell Duffryn, Kidwelly, 1976,
Currently at Scunthorpe Steelworks
|D2997||07013||-||7/77||Dow Chemicals, King's Lynn, 1976
preserved firstly at Barrow Hill, now preserved at the East Lancashire Railway
|D2998||-||-||-||scrapped 1976 at Eastleigh Works|
- Engine: Ruston/Paxman 6 cylinder, 4-stroke, 6RPHL
- Main Generator: AEI RTB6652
- Traction motor: AEI RTA6652, spigot mounted on a double reduction, axle-hung, final drive gearbox
Locomotive (air) and train (vacuum) brakes were fitted from new. Air train braking was added later, in some cases with high-level air brake pipes for use with Southern Region electric multiple units. Originally the class had radio communication sets fitted for use at Southampton Docks, the aerial located on the top right hand corner of the engine bonnet. These were removed when operation at the docks ceased.
The builders classified these locomotives as LSSE and although other locomotives were built for industrial use to this (and the similarly styled LSSH diesel-hydraulic) specification, none had the same engine output, train brakes or other 'mainline' features.
Class 07 is being made as a kit and a ready-to-run model in OO gauge by Silver Fox Models.
- Wakelam, Frank (July 1979). "07s at Eastleigh". Railway Modeller (Beer: Peco Publications & Publicity Ltd) 30 (345): 248.
- Taylor, Ken. A Decade After. Walsall: Midland Railfans.
- Furness, Ian (2008-09-07). "Disposals: Class 07". WNXX End of the Line: Withdrawn & Stored Locomotives UK. WNXX.com. Retrieved 2008-11-27.
- Johnson, Howard (November 1985). "Traction Talk". Rail Enthusiast (Peterborough: EMAP National Publications) (50): 43.
- Taylor, Ken. A Decade After (Appendix 1). Walsall: Midland Railfans.
- Furness, Ian (2008-09-07). "Fleet Status: UK Locomotive Database". WNXX End of the Line: Withdrawn & Stored Locomotives UK. WNXX.com. Retrieved 2008-11-27.
- Carr, Richard (2008-10-29). "Paxman and Diesel Rail Traction". Richard Carr's Paxman History Pages. paxmanhistory.org.uk. Retrieved 2008-12-01.
- Stone, Andy. "Locomotive & Rolling Stock". Avon Valley Railway. Retrieved 2008-11-27.
- "Avon Valley Railway YouTube".
- Wilson, Andrew. "Shunters : 07013". Heritage Shunters Trust. Retrieved 2008-11-27.
- "Class 07 0-6-0 Ruston & Hornsby Dock Shunter". Retrieved 17 November 2012.
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