Buddh International Circuit
|Location||Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India|
|Time zone||GMT +5:30 (Indian Standard Time)|
|Operator||Jaypee Sports International Limited|
|Construction cost||10 billion (US$400 million)|
|Major events||FIA Formula One Indian Grand Prix (from 2011)
FIM Superbike World Championship (from 2013)
|Grand Prix Circuit|
|Surface||Asphalt concrete with Graywacke aggregate|
|Length||5.137 km (3.192 mi)|
|Lap record||1:27.249 (Sebastian Vettel, Red Bull Racing, 2011, Formula One)|
The Buddh International Circuit is an Indian motor racing circuit in Greater Noida (near the National capital New Delhi) Uttar Pradesh, India. The circuit is best known as the venue for the annual Formula One Indian Grand Prix, which was first hosted on 30 October 2011. The track was officially inaugurated on 18 October 2011. The 5.14 km long Circuit has been designed by world-renowned German architect and racetrack designer, Hermann Tilke, who has also designed other race circuits in Malaysia, Bahrain, China, Turkey, the UAE, South Korea and the US.
Formula One racing's governing body, the FIA, had announced the inclusion of the Indian Grand Prix for the 30th of October 2011. Estimated to cost about 10 billion ($400 million) to build, the circuit has an approximate length of 5.14 km and is spread over an area of 874 acres (354ha) and is another creation of Hermann Tilke. The circuit was officially inaugurated on 18 October 2011, just about two weeks before the first race. The seating capacity is initially expected to be 110,000 with provisions to increase it to 200,000 later on.
The circuit is part of the 2,500 acres (10 km2) Jaypee Greens Sports City, which will also include a 100,000 seating capacity international cricket stadium, 18-hole golf course, 25,000 seat field hockey stadium and a sports academy. The design was forwarded to the teams to gather feedback on how the circuit could be altered to improve overtaking and this has resulted in some minor changes as became clear from April 2010. The planned hairpin at turn seven was removed, and the track at turn three was widened to allow drivers to take different lines throughout the corner. More information was released in August 2010, revealing that there were plans to make the circuit one of the most challenging for drivers, with the circuit rising fourteen metres within the first three corners alone and a banked double-apex bend on the far side of the circuit. The track has since been praised by drivers, including Lewis Hamilton who compared it to the classic Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps.
One of the most notable sections of the circuit is the multi-apex turn 10–11–12 sequence. It has been likened to the long, fast Turn 8 at Turkey’s Istanbul Park circuit and is expected to generate high tyre loadings. Unlike Turkey’s Turn 8, it tightens on exit and is a clockwise right-hander. It is anticipated to be one of the main overtaking points, and circuit’s main straight, at 1060m, is among the longest in F1. The pitlane is also one of the longest in F1, at more than 600 metres. Time spent in the pitlane is an important factor in determining race strategies.
Before the opening weekend, the expected lap time for a Formula One car around the 5,137m long track, was 1 minute, 27.02 seconds, at an average speed of 210.03 km/h (131 mph). At the end of the long straight between corners 3 and 4, Formula One cars were expected to reach a top speed of about 318 km/h (198 mph). In the inaugural qualifying session, Sebastian Vettel turned in a lap time of 1 minute, 24.178 seconds, beating the predicted lap times from tyre manufacturer Pirelli. Scuderia Toro Rosso driver Jaime Alguersuari posted the top speed through the speed trap, reaching 324.2 km/h.
The sprawling circuit was due to host a GT1 World Championship round as the season finale in December 2012, but the event was cancelled. The circuit will also host a Superbike World Championship round for four seasons from 2013 onwards.
The reception among drivers was overwhelmingly positive, with praise directed towards the high-speed layout and challenging corner combinations that Jenson Button described as difficult to drive in a consistently quick fashion.
The circuit has been often compared by F1 drivers to the classic Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, a track known for high speeds and the type of corner-to-corner flow that comes from natural terrain. Inaugural winner Sebastian Vettel praised the track saying that “there is a lot of elevation change around the lap which adds to the fun, from as much as 8% downhill and up to 10% uphill; it’s like a roller coaster. It really has emerged as one of the most challenging circuits on the calendar for the drivers.”
Name and the logo 
Originally known as the Jaypee Group Circuit or the Jaypee International Circuit after the circuit's owners, the circuit was officially named the Buddh International Circuit in April 2011. According to Sameer Gaur, the Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of Jaypee Sports International Limited, the name ‘Buddh International Circuit’ has been chosen with reference to the area where the racetrack is situated – Gautam Buddh Nagar district (also known as Greater Noida). Because of its location, naming the circuit ‘Buddh International Circuit’ was a logical choice for the company. The Buddh International circuit logo consists of a ‘B’ which also resembles a heart. The BIC logo is a stylized ‘B,’ the letter that stands for ‘Buddh’ and for ‘Bharat.’ The orange, green and white colours used in the logo are representative of the Indian flag, while the curves in the stylized ‘B’ in the logo represent the lines of a racetrack.
Awards and recognition 
Buddh International Circuit, which hosted India's first Formula One Grand Prix on 30 October 2011, has been awarded the '2011 Motorsport Facility of the Year' award by various media publications[which?] at their annual awards. BIC has also been honored with the 'Best Promoter Trophy' for the successful conduct of Formula One races in 2011 & 2012 at the FIA prize giving gala..
See also 
- "F1 Indian GP venue named 'Buddh International Circuit'". India Times. 9 April 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2011.
- "India company says on track for 2011 F1 race". Reuters. April 15, 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-21.
- "Philosophy behind the Buddh International Circuit". Jaypee Sports.
- - "Huge reaction for 2012 Indian F1 Grand Prix", Indian Grand Prix, India. Retrieved on 27 August 2012.
- "A whole new ballgame". Retrieved 2011-02-07.
- "Jaypee". The Times Of India. 4 December 2009.
- Deepa Jainani (January 16, 2009). "India on course for 2011 F1 Grand Prix". The Financial Express. Retrieved 2009-10-21.
- "Team input "invaluable" to Indian circuit". Retrieved 2011-02-07.
- "Hamilton: BIC circuit is something of a revelation". Retrieved 2012-10-22.
- "World Motor Sport Council: 27/10/2011". fia.com (Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile). 27 October 2011. Retrieved 27 October 2011.
- "India’s Buddh International Circuit to host finale of 2012 GT1 Championship". GT1 World Championship (Autocar India). 13 February 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2012.
- "India’s Buddh International Circuit to join 2013 World Superbike calendar". Superbike World Championship (Infront Motor Sports). 9 June 2012. Retrieved 12 June 2012.
- "India: Friday practice – selected team and driver quotes". Formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 28 October 2011. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
- "Drivers praise India’s ‘Spa-like’ Buddh circuit". Retrieved 2012-11-22.
- "Indian track titled Buddh International". Autosport. 25 April 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- "Indian GP unveils logo and rename circuit as Buddh International Circuit". F1Adda. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
- "Philosophy behind the name and the logo". Jaypee Sports.
- "BIC bagged Motorsport Facility of the Year award". F1 India. 25 November 2011. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
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