Cassia County, Idaho

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cassia County, Idaho
Cassia County Courthouse Idaho.jpg
Seal of Cassia County, Idaho
Seal
Map of Idaho highlighting Cassia County
Location in the state of Idaho
Map of the United States highlighting Idaho
Idaho's location in the U.S.
Founded February 20, 1879
Named for Cassia Creek
Seat Burley
Largest city Burley
Area
 • Total 2,580 sq mi (6,682 km2)
 • Land 2,565 sq mi (6,643 km2)
 • Water 15 sq mi (39 km2), 0.6%
Population
 • (2010) 22,952
 • Density 8.9/sq mi (3/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website www.cassiacounty.org

Cassia County is a county located in the U.S. state of Idaho. As of the 2010 Census the county had a population of 22,952.[1] The county seat and largest city is Burley.[2]

Cassia County is included in the Burley, ID Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Cassia County was created by the Idaho Territorial Legislature on February 20, 1879, by a partition of Owyhee County, with the county seat at Albion.[3] A western portion became Twin Falls County in 1907. The county assumed its present boundaries when an eastern portion became Power County on January 30, 1913. The county seat was moved to Burley in 1918. The county was named for Cassia Creek, which in turn was named either for John Cazier, a member of the Mormon Battalion and an emigrant train captain, or for a plant found in the area.

Government[edit]

Elected Officials[edit]

Similar to other Idaho counties, an elected three-member county commission heads the county government. Other elected officials include clerk, treasurer, sheriff, assessor, coroner, and prosecutor.

County Commission

  • District 1: Paul Christensen
  • District 2: Robert Kunau
  • District 3: Dennis Crane (chair)

Other Elected Officials

  • Clerk: Joseph Larsen
  • Treasurer: Patty Justesen
  • Sheriff: Randy Kidd
  • Assessor: Dwight Davis
  • Coroner: Craig Rinehart
  • Prosecuting Attorney: Al Barrus

At the state level Cassia County is located entirely in Legislative District 27.[4] District 27 comprises both Cassia and Minidoka Counties. In the Idaho Senate, Cassia County is represented by Senator Dean Cameron of Rupert. In the Idaho House of Representatives, both are residents of Cassia County: in Seat A Representative Scott Bedke of Oakley and in Seat B Representative Fred Wood of Burley.

Cassia County is located in Idaho's 2nd congressional district and represented by Mike Simpson.

Politics[edit]

At every level Cassia County is a Republican Party stronghold. All county-level offices are held by Republicans and have been for decades. Republican primaries are tantamount to election to office as Democrats rarely field challenges for county or state legislative office. Cassia County is one of the most consistently Republican counties in the states and in the gubernatorial election of 2010 Republican Butch Otter carried Cassia County with 76.54% to Democrat Kieth Allred's 16.73%.[5] In the presidential election of 2012 Mitt Romney, whose father lived for a few years in his youth in Oakley, carried Cassia County with 85.2% while Barack Obama received 13.1%.[6] The last Democratic presidential candidate to carry Cassia County was Franklin Roosevelt in the election of 1940 edging out Wendell Wilkie by around 100 votes.

State legislators from Cassia County traditionally hold their seats for long periods of time. Two of the longest serving legislators in Idaho history were from Cassia County: Vard Chatburn of Albion who served in the House of Representatives from 1957 to 1986 and Denton Darrington in the Senate who served from 1982 to 2012. Because legislators rarely lose their seats, legislators representing Cassia County are often in leadership or chair committees. Since 2012, Representative Bedke has served as Speaker of the House. Bruce Newcomb of Burley also served as Speaker from 1998 to 2006.

Though born in Burley, Congressman Simpson now lives in Idaho Falls. The only other member of congress with ties to the county is Henry Dworshak who represented Idaho's 2nd congressional district and later served in the Senate. He lived in Burley and was the publisher of the Burley Bulletin. A Burley elementary school is named after him.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,580 square miles (6,700 km2), of which 2,565 square miles (6,640 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (0.6%) is water.[7] The county's highest point is Cache Peak at an elevation of 10,339 feet (3,151 m) above sea level in the Albion Mountains, and the lowest is Milner Lake, a reservoir on the Snake River, at 4,134 feet (1,260 m).

The northern half of the county is part of the Magic Valley region of the Snake River Plain, and numerous mountain ranges extend north from the southern boundary and diminish as they approach the river, which flows from east to west.

The Silent City of Rocks National Reserve, containing exposed granitic batholith as old as 2.5 billion years, is located in the southern part of the county.

Adjacent Counties[edit]

Highways[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,312
1890 3,143 139.6%
1900 3,951 25.7%
1910 7,197 82.2%
1920 15,659 117.6%
1930 13,116 −16.2%
1940 14,430 10.0%
1950 14,629 1.4%
1960 16,121 10.2%
1970 17,017 5.6%
1980 19,427 14.2%
1990 19,532 0.5%
2000 21,416 9.6%
2010 22,952 7.2%
Est. 2013 23,331 1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 21,416 people, 7,060 households, and 5,485 families residing in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 7,862 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.69% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.80% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 12.06% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. 18.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.1% were of English, 13.8% American and 12.9% German ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 7,060 households out of which 42.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.20% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.30% were non-families. 19.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.46.

In the county the population was spread out with 34.10% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 24.50% from 25 to 44, 19.60% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 101.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,322, and the median income for a family was $38,162. Males had a median income of $29,132 versus $19,851 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,087. About 11.10% of families and 13.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.60% of those under age 18 and 8.00% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Cassia County is served primarily by one school district, Cassia Joint School District #151, which was consolidated in the 1950s.

Public High Schools

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Idaho.gov - Cassia County accessed 2009-05-29
  4. ^ Idaho Legislative District Map
  5. ^ http://www.sos.idaho.gov/elect/RESULTS/2010/General/cnty_Gov.htm
  6. ^ http://www.sos.idaho.gov/elect/RESULTS/2008/General/cnty_pres.htm
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°16′N 113°37′W / 42.27°N 113.61°W / 42.27; -113.61