|— City —|
|Nickname(s): US Smile Capital, (The) Gate City|
|Motto: Gateway to the Northwest|
|Bannock County and the state of Idaho|
|• Mayor||Brian Blad|
|• City||32.38 sq mi (83.86 km2)|
|• Land||32.22 sq mi (83.45 km2)|
|• Water||0.16 sq mi (0.41 km2)|
|Elevation||4,462 ft (1,360 m)|
|• Estimate (2011)||54,810|
|• Density||1,683.9/sq mi (650.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Mountain Standard Time (MST) (UTC-7)|
|• Summer (DST)||Mountain Daylight Time (MDT) (UTC-6)|
|GNIS feature ID||0397053|
Pocatello (pron.: //) is the county seat and largest city of Bannock County, with a small portion on the Fort Hall Indian Reservation in neighboring Power County, in the southeastern part of the US state of Idaho. It is the principal city of the Pocatello metropolitan area, which encompasses all of Bannock and Power counties. As of the 2010 census the population of Pocatello was 54,255.
Pocatello is the fifth largest city in the state, just behind Idaho Falls (population of 56,813). In 2007, Pocatello was ranked twentieth on Forbes list of Best Small Places for Business and Careers. Pocatello is the home of Idaho State University and the manufacturing facility of ON Semiconductor. The city is at an elevation of 4,462 feet (1,360 m) above sea level and is served by the Pocatello Regional Airport.
Founded as an important stop on the first railroad in Idaho during the gold rush, the city later became an important center for agriculture. It is located along the Portneuf River where it emerges from the mountains onto the Snake River Plain, along the route of the Oregon Trail. The city is named after Chief Pocatello of the Shoshoni tribe, who granted the right-of-way for the railroad across the Fort Hall Indian Reservation.
The section of the city along the Portneuf River was inhabited by the Shoshoni and Bannock peoples for several centuries before the arrival of Europeans in the early 19th century. In 1834, Nathaniel Jarvis Wyeth, a U.S. fur trader, established Fort Hall as a trading post north of the present location of the city. The post was later acquired by the Hudson's Bay Company and became an important stop on the Oregon Trail, a branch of which descended the Portneuf through the present-day location of the city. A replica of the Fort Hall trading post is now operated as a museum in southern Pocatello.
The discovery of gold in Idaho in 1860 brought the first large wave of U.S. settlers to the region. The Portneuf Valley became an important conduit for the transportation of goods and freight. In 1877, railroad magnate Jay Gould of the Union Pacific Railroad acquired and extended the Utah and Northern Railway, which had previously stopped at the Utah border, into Idaho through the Portneuf Canyon. "Pocatello Junction", as it was first called, was founded as a stop along this route during the gold rush. After the gold rush subsided, the region began to attract ranchers and farmers. By 1882, the first residences and commercial development appeared in Pocatello.
Pocatello absorbed nearby Alameda in 1962 and briefly became the largest city in the state, ahead of Boise. Pocatello was the second largest city in the state (behind Boise) until the late 1990s, when rapid growth in the Treasure Valley of southwestern Idaho placed Nampa and Meridian ahead of Idaho Falls and Pocatello, which are now the state's fourth and fifth largest cities, respectively.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 32.38 square miles (83.86 km2), of which, 32.22 square miles (83.45 km2) is land and 0.16 square miles (0.41 km2) is water.
|Climate data for Pocatello Regional Airport|
|Record high °F (°C)||60
|Average high °F (°C)||32.5
|Average low °F (°C)||16.3
|Record low °F (°C)||−31
|Precipitation inches (mm)||1.14
|Snowfall inches (cm)||9.4
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||12.7||10.4||10.4||8.8||10.2||6.4||4.6||4.8||5.4||5.8||9.9||10.6||100.0|
|Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||10.8||7.8||5.9||3.0||.8||.1||0||0||0||1.3||6.1||9.5||45.3|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||124.0||161.0||232.5||261.0||303.8||339.0||381.3||347.2||294.0||241.8||132.0||114.7||2,932.3|
|Source: The Weather Channel (Records) |
2010 census 
As of the census of 2010, there were 54,255 people, 20,832 households, and 13,253 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,683.9 inhabitants per square mile (650.2 /km2). There were 22,404 housing units at an average density of 695.3 per square mile (268.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.5% White, 1.0% African American, 1.7% Native American, 1.6% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2.3% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.2% of the population.
There were 20,832 households out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.4% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.10.
The median age in the city was 30.2 years. 25.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 14.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.4% were from 25 to 44; 21.8% were from 45 to 64; and 10.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.9% male and 50.1% female.
2000 census 
As of the census of 2000, there were 51,466 people, 19,334 households, and 12,973 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,822.5 people per square mile (703.7/km²). There were 20,627 housing units at an average density of 730.4 per square mile (282.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.32% White, 0.72% African American, 1.35% Native American, 1.15% Asian, 0.20% Pacific Islander, 2.18% from other races, and 2.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.94% of the population. The top 5 ethnic groups in Pocatello are.
· English – 21% · German – 16% · Irish – 9% · Danish – 4% · Swedish – 4%
There were 19,334 households out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the city the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 16.7% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,326, and the median income for a family was $41,884. Males had a median income of $33,984 versus $22,962 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,425. About 10.7% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.9% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure 
Idaho State University (ISU) is a public university operated by the state of Idaho. Originally an auxiliary campus of the University of Idaho and then a state college, it became the second university in the state in 1963. The ISU campus is in Pocatello, with outreach programs in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho Falls, Boise, and Twin Falls. The university's crown jewel is the 123,000-square-foot (11,400 m2) L.E. and Thelma E. Stephens Performing Arts Center, which occupies a prominent location overlooking Pocatello and the lower Portneuf River Valley. The center's three venues provide state-of-the-art performance space, including the Joseph C. and Cheryl H. Jensen Grand Concert Hall. Idaho State's athletics teams compete in the Big Sky Conference, the football and basketball teams play in Holt Arena.
Feeding the high schools are three public middle schools, thirteen public elementary schools, two public charter schools, and various alternative and church-based private schools and academies.
Top employers 
According to Pocatello's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Idaho State University||3,460|
|2||Pocatello/Chubbuck School District||1,640|
|3||Portneuf Medical Center||1,170|
|5||City of Pocatello||690|
|Union Pacific Railroad||470|
|10||Pocatello Regional Medical Center||360|
Pocatello is home to Holt Arena, a multipurpose indoor stadium which opened in 1970 on the ISU campus. Known as the "Minidome" until 1988, Holt Arena was the home of the Real Dairy Bowl, a junior college football Bowl game. Holt Arena also plays host to the Simplot Games, the nation's largest indoor high school track-and-field meet.
The Pocatello Marathon and Half Marathon are held annually. Times from the course may be used to qualify for the Boston and New York marathons.
Outdoor sports, both winter and summer, play an important role in the culture of Pocatello. Pebble Creek, Idaho is a ski resort located just south of Pocatello and offers world class skiing and snowboarding.
Culture and arts 
In Pocatello, it was against the law not to smile. Today, this law is remembered with the annual Smile Fest.
- On December 10, 1987, representatives from the American Bankers Association declared Pocatello the “U. S. Smile Capital.”
The Pocatello Zoo features only native Idaho species and is located in Ross Park.
The largest collection of vacuum devices among an estimated 6000 piece collection can be found at Don Aslett's Museum of Clean located in a 6-story renovated creamery building in Pocatello.
In popular culture 
Pocatello gained pop culture fame from the 1954 musical "A Star is Born", in which Judy Garland sang the song "Born in a Trunk" about being born in the "Princess Theatre in Pocatello, Idaho". Pocatello is mentioned in John Fogerty's song "Somebody Help Me" in the "REVIVAL" album (2007). Pocatello is mentioned as the hometown of Aaron Davis, a character from the motion picture Latter Days played by Steve Sandvoss. Part of the 2006 film Bonneville took place in Pocatello. Although it was not filmed in Idaho, actress Kathy Bates attended an LDS Church in Pocatello to research her character.
Portions of the movie Napoleon Dynamite were also filmed there.
Notable residents 
- Comedienne and actress Billie Bird (1908–2002), known for films such as "Home Alone" and "Sixteen Candles", was born in Pocatello, where she maintained family ties.
- Danish-born photographer Benedicte Wrensted lived in Pocatello from 1895 to 1912 where she recorded the growth of the town and took many photographs of the native American inhabitants of the area.
- Merril Hoge, currently an ESPN analyst, was born in Pocatello and played football at Highland High School as well as Idaho State University. He spent eight seasons in the NFL as a running back.
- Gloria Dickson- actress
- Charles Benjamin Ross Mayor of Pocatello and 15th Governor of Idaho
- Dirk Koetter Offensive Coordinator for the Atlanta Falcons
- Bryan Johnson NFL football player from 2000-2006
Sister cities 
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Idaho's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting Accessed March 17, 2011
- "Best Small Places For Business And Careers". Forbes. April 5, 2007.
- Peel, M. C., Finlayson, B. L., and McMahon, T. A.: Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 1633–1644, 2007.
- "Monthly Averages for Pocatello, ID". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
- "Climatography of the United States NO. 81: POCATELLO RGNL AP" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
- "Climatological Normals of Pocatello". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
- Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850–1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 97.
- "Subcounty population estimates: Idaho 2000–2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 18, 2009. Retrieved May 9, 2009.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Pocatello – Ancestry & family history – ePodunk
- "Static Printable Map of Pocatello & Chubbuck." City of Pocatello. Retrieved on June 4, 2011.
- "Post Office™ Location – POCATELLO." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on June 3, 2011.
- "Post Office™ Location – BANNOCK." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on June 3, 2011.
- "Post Office™ Location – GATEWAY STATION." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on June 3, 2011.
- City of Pocatello CAFR
- City of Pocatello. "The U.S. Smile Capital". Retrieved May 8, 2010.
- North American Vexillological Association. "NAVA – American City Flags Survey". Retrieved January 1, 2006.
- Ruth Ozeki. "Description of Ruth Ozeki's novel All Over Creation.". Retrieved December 22, 2008.
- "Benedicte Wrensted: An Idaho Photographer in Focus". Retrieved October 6, 2010.
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