Cedar-Riverside, Minneapolis

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Cedar-Riverside
West Bank
Neighborhood
Location of Cedar-Riverside within the U.S. city of Minneapolis
Location of Cedar-Riverside within the U.S. city of Minneapolis
Coordinates: 44°45′36″N 95°23′4″W / 44.76000°N 95.38444°W / 44.76000; -95.38444Coordinates: 44°45′36″N 95°23′4″W / 44.76000°N 95.38444°W / 44.76000; -95.38444
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Hennepin
City Minneapolis
Community University
Area[1]
 • Total 0.549 sq mi (1.42 km2)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 8,094
 • Density 15,000/sq mi (5,700/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 55454
Area code(s) 612
Historical population
Census Pop.
1980 6,728
1990 6,368 −5.4%
2000 7,545 18.5%
2010 8,094 7.3%

The Cedar-Riverside, also referred to as the West Bank, is a neighborhood within Minneapolis, Minnesota. Its boundaries are the Mississippi River to the north and east, Interstate 94 to the south, and Hiawatha Avenue and Interstate 35W to the west.

Community[edit]

Cedar-Riverside is one of the most diverse areas in the Twin Cities. A vibrant neighborhood, it boasts many restaurants, cafés, bars, and venues for performance art and music.[3]

The neighborhood is part of the University community, and is dominated by the West Bank campus of the University of Minnesota's Minneapolis campus, which includes the Law School, Carlson School of Management, Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs, and West Bank Arts Quarter. The two halves of the U of M are connected by the Washington Avenue Bridge. The acquisition of a number of residential blocks by the University for expansion of the West Bank campus was controversial in the 1960s.

The neighborhood is also home to Augsburg College, a private liberal arts college and the St. Catherine University's Minneapolis campus.

Demographics[edit]

In the late 19th century, Cedar-Riverside had a sizable Scandinavian immigrant community, most of whose members labored in the Mississippi River's lumber and milling industries. It later evolved into a hub for intellectuals, hippies, actors, musicians and artists during the 1960s and 70s. In keeping with its tradition of ethnic and cultural diversity, the neighborhood is today home to the largest immigrant community in the Twin Cities.[3]

According to U.S. Census data from the 2005 to 2010 periods, the neighborhood's race and ethnicity profile is as follows: 45.0% Black or African American, 37.1% White, 10.9% Asian or Pacific Islander, 3.4% Hispanic or Latino, 2.8% two or more races, 0.5% American Indian and Alaska Native, and 0.2% other race.[4]

About 51.7% of residents are female and 48.3% are male. Most denizens are young (16.7% are younger than 18), with 18 to 24 year olds and 25 to 34 year olds, respectively, representing 41.0% and 15.4% of people in Cedar Riverside.[4]

The neighborhood's overall population has risen at a moderate but steady rate, from 6,368 in 1990 to 7,545 in 2000 to 8,094 in 2010.[4]

The median household income could not be tabulated for the 2005-2009 period due to large error margins. However, it was $18,543 in 1999.[4]

Crime[edit]

Crime statistics released by the Minneapolis Police Department for all of its neighborhoods indicate that between January to May 2012, Cedar Riverside had 134 instances of vice, mainly consisting of various forms of theft. Only one homicide was reported over this period. The neighborhood's statistics were comparable to the city-wide average, and were a fraction of those of the neighborhood with the highest reported number of incidents, Downtown West.[5]

Overall, according to police, crime peaked in the period between 2002 and 2006, and has steadily declined in the following 5 years. By 2011, instances of serious crime had dropped a reported 40%.[6]

The improvement in security has been attributed to a more active police presence in the area, with officers working closely with local community organizations and residents to keep the peace.[6]

History[edit]

The neighborhood has been a port of entry for immigrants since Swedes, Germans, and Bohemians began arriving in large numbers during the late 19th century. The neighborhood has long struggled with poverty and crime and was home base to local hippies, protesters, and other counterculture phenomena of the 1960s and early 1970s. During those days, the neighborhood was known as the “Haight-Ashbury of the Midwest.”[7]

The towers of Riverside Plaza

The Riverside Plaza apartment complex was later opened in 1973. Designed by architect and Cedar-Riverside resident Ralph Rapson, the tall buildings with their signature colored panels are a Minneapolis landmark and were featured as the residence of Mary Richards in later seasons of The Mary Tyler Moore Show. Many of the businesses that started during that time — Martha's Antiques, the Whale Leather Shop, the Five Corners Saloon, Richter’s Drug Store and Smith’s Leather Shop — have gone out of business, but Depth of Field remains.

The neighborhood’s past still has an influence in the present. Some of the businesses in the area hark back to an earlier time, like the now closed worker-controlled North Country Food Co-op and the punk hangout, Hard Times Café. In fact some of the businesses, specifically in the Seven Corners district, use the history to promote their own business, such as the "Legend of the Seven Switchmen."

In the 1940s, Cedar-Riverside was heavily Scandinavian. Postwar immigrants from all over Eastern Europe then settled in the area. The junction of Washington Avenue, Cedar Avenue, and 19th Avenue was known as Seven Corners. The Cedar-Riverside area had been known as "Snoose Boulevard" (Snusgatan) because so many Scandinavians lived there.[8]

Cedar Avenue became a hub of the Minneapolis Scandinavian community in the late 19th century. Swedish, Norwegian, and Danish were spoken in many of the businesses, and in the early days, stars of Swedish American vaudeville entertained at Dania Hall, Mozart Hall and The Southern Theater. Where men in the community once worked in small businesses, or as skilled tradesmen, and workers for the railroad, flour mills, and breweries, Cedar-Riverside declined as a core community in the 1920s due to the impact of Prohibition on the entertainment district.

Samuelson's Confectionery 1890

There was Samuelsen’s confectionery and soda shop, Hagen's appliance store, Moberg’s Norwegian deli, and a host of other Scandinavian-owned businesses. On Cedar Avenue was Dania Hall, where the Danish community would meet. An eclectic mix of Gothic and classical styles, the building included a dining hall and kitchen in the basement, commercial space on the first floor, offices for the Society of Dania plus billiard and reading rooms on the second floor. A theater / assembly hall on the third and fourth floors featured Scandinavian vaudeville acts and weekend dances. On the corner next to Dania Hall was the Breezy Point Tavern owned by Oscar Carlsen, a Norwegian immigrant from the turn of the 20th century. Oscar had come to Minnesota working in the lumber camps.

The West Bank, with the locally infamous Seven Corners district, mouldered into a skid row scene in the 1950s, setting the stage for its next phase: in the mid-to-late 1960s, the area became the center of the University-oriented counterculture and antiwar movement. A community of hippies — and numerous students and hangers-on who emulated the hippie lifestyle (at least on weekends) — lived in old rental houses in the area and congregated at coffeehouses, such as the Extemporé, The Scholar and the Broken Drum, and at bars, such as the Triangle Bar, the Viking, Caesar's, The Mixers and the Music Bar. (The latter burned down the night Robert Kennedy was assassinated, and eventually was replaced by a "people's park"). The Triangle often featured performers and recording artists Dave Ray, Tony Glover and John Koerner, who had associated to some degree with Bob Dylan during his brief Minneapolis sojourn.

The West Bank also was home to McCosh's secondhand book store, a center for Beat and Hippie left-leaning bookworms, and later Things, probably the first head shop in the Twin Cities, which sold counterculture curios, anti-war buttons and posters, incense and drug paraphernalia. Marijuana, hashish and LSD were readily available from 'dealers' in the area after about 1967.

Fairview Hospital and St. Mary's Hospital figured prominently in the neighborhood, being only a few blocks away. Fairview and St. Mary's, which merged in 1986, later merged with the University of Minnesota Hospitals, forming a major medical complex straddling the Mississippi River. The organization is now known as University of Minnesota Medical Center.

Art culture[edit]

Alleyway entrance to KFAI

Cedar-Riverside is home to a thriving arts culture. There are several playhouses and theatre groups in the area, including the Mixed Blood Theatre Company, Theatre in the Round, and The Southern Theater. There is also a percolating music scene, with bands frequenting current local bars like the Red Sea, The Acadia Cafe, Palmer's, the Triple Rock Social Club, and The Cedar Cultural Center.

Additionally, the West Bank music scene is known as a catalyst for major musicians such as Bonnie Raitt, Leo Kottke, Butch Thompson (Jazz Originals), Peter Ostroushko (Prairie Home Companion), Dave "Snaker" Ray (Koerner, Ray & Glover), Erik Anderson (The Wallets), Sean Blackburn (Prairie Home Companion), Bill Hinkley (Minnesota Music Hall of Fame), and Karen Mueller (Autoharp Hall of Fame).

Many of these musicians also taught, performed and/or jammed at West Bank School of Music, a West Bank legacy since 1970. The Cedar Cultural Center, Cafe Extempore, Scholar Coffeehouse, Riverside Cafe, Viking Bar, 400 Bar, 7 Corners, Whisky Junction, Cabooze and likewise Cedarfest have all been popular music venues in their time. Established in 1978, KFAI community radio has also been a mainstay at Cedar-Riverside in the Bailey building since 1991.

The arts flavor of the area is enhanced by the presence of the University of Minnesota’s West Bank Arts Quarter, which is home to the University’s arts programs. The University is the only in the nation with all of its arts disciplines located together in a single district.

Cedar Riverside also plays host to the annual Zombie Pub Crawl.[9] In the 2005 the Minneapolis Zombie Pub Crawl began with about 100 participants.[9] In 2011 Cedar Riverside hosted approximately 18,000 individuals for the seventh annual zombie pub crawl.[9]

Notable establishments[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cedar-Riverside neighborhood in Minneapolis, Minnesota (MN), 55454, 55455 detailed profile". City-Data. 2011. Retrieved 2013-11-12. 
  2. ^ "Minneapolis Neighborhood Profile: Cedar Riverside" (PDF). Minnesota Compass. October 2011. Retrieved 2013-11-12. 
  3. ^ a b "Cedar-Riverside - Location and General Characteristics". City of Minneapolis. Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Minneapolis neighborhood profile - Cedar Riverside". Minneapolis Compas. Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  5. ^ Minneapolis Neighborhood Crime Statistics,Minneapolis July 9, 2012
  6. ^ a b Stocks, Anissa (26 October 2011). "Crime rates drop in Cedar-Riverside". Minnesota Daily. Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  7. ^ Stoecker, Randy (1994). Defending Community: The Struggle for Alternative Redevelopment in Cedar-Riverside. Philadelphia: Temple Univ. Press. p. 8. ISBN 1-56639-128-8. 
  8. ^ Seward Profile April 2005.
  9. ^ a b c Riemenschneider, Chris. ""Zombie Pub Crawl VII: A Terror of Two Cities."". Vita.MN. Retrieved 9 July 2012. 
  10. ^ The Electric Fetus on Cedar Avenue. placeography.org. Retrieved: September 9, 2012.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Photos

The New Riverside Cafe

Articles

Book and CD

Online book

45. The Cedar-Riverside Area