Chhapra

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Chhapra
Chapra
City
Goutam Asthan Revelganj
Goutam Asthan Revelganj
Chhapra is located in Bihar
Chhapra
Chhapra
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 25°47′05″N 84°43′39″E / 25.7848°N 84.7274°E / 25.7848; 84.7274Coordinates: 25°47′05″N 84°43′39″E / 25.7848°N 84.7274°E / 25.7848; 84.7274
Country  India
State Bihar
District Saran
Elevation 36 m (118 ft)
Population (2011)
 • City 201,597
 • Urban 212,955
Languages
 • Official Bhojpuri, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 841301
Telephone code 06152
Lok Sabha constituency Saran
Vidhan Sabha constituency Chapra
Website saran.bih.nic.in

Chhapra (also, spell Chapra) is a city and headquarters of the Saran district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is situated near the junction of the Ghaghara River and the Ganges River.

Chhapra grew in importance as a river mart in the 18th century when the Dutch,[1][2] French, Portuguese, and English established saltpeter refineries there. It was recognized as a municipality in 1864. The town has major rail and road connections with the rest of India.

History[edit]

The earliest authentic historical record concerning this district is supposedly[weasel words] from 898 AD. It suggests that the village of Dighwa Dubauli in Saran had supplied a copper plate issued during the reign of King Mahendra Paldeva. Maharshi Dadhichi, who donated his bones to the gods for the manufacture of arms, belongs to Saran. The cottage of Dronacharya was situated there. Gautamasthan, which is 8 km from chapra, used to be Maharshi Gautam's ashram. Lord Rama gave Devi Ahiylya (wife of Maharshi Gautam) her life back after she turned to stone due to a curse. The fight of "Gaj" (Elephant) and "Grah" (Crocodile) was made at Sonepur in Saran also.Ambica Sthan or Ambika Bhawani (Ami, Dighwara) is famous for the goddess Durga.

Kosala[edit]

In ancient days, modern-day chapra was a part of Kosala. Kosala was bounded on the west by Panchala, by the river Sarpika (sai) in the south, on the east by Gandak and on the north by Nepal. Kosala consisted of modern-day Faizabad, Gonda, Basti, Gorakhpur, Deoria in Uttar Pradesh and Saran. The historical background of the district - as available in the 'Ain-E-Akbari - records Saran as one of the six Sarkars (revenue divisions) in the province of Bihar. When Diwani was granted to the British East India Company in 1765, there were eight Sarkars including Saran and Champaran. These two were later combined to form Saran. Saran (along with Champaran) was included in the Patna Division when the Commissioner's Divisions were set up in 1829. Champaran became a separate district in 1866. Saran was made a part of newly formed Tirhut Division in 1908. By this time there were three subdivisions in this district, namely Saran, Siwan and Gopalganj. In 1972, each subdivision of the old Saran district became an independent district. The new Saran district was still headquartered at chapra after the separation of Siwan and Gopalganj.

Ashoka Pillar[edit]

The Ashoka Pillar is located about 33 km from chapra (5 km from Maker Village). This is the place where Lord Buddha made his 13th stop on his way to attaining nirvana. He converted Amrapali, a local courtesan and powerful prostitute, into a saint. This is now a tourist attraction for Buddhists and is well maintained by the archaeological survey of India. At Chirand near chapra, ancient bones were found and are placed in the chapra Museum. It is famous for King Maurayadhwaj, who was ready to sacrifice his only son to Vaman Avatar Lord Vishnu.

Now Saran is the Division of Bihar. Saran is Divided into 3 parts-Chapra, Siwan, Gopalganj.

Marhaura[edit]

This is one of the famous city of chhapra with iconic view of Garhdevi Mandir, This temple is very famous temple of chhapra and has so much crowd on the occasion of Durga puja. This temple has strong believe for the devotees.

Garhdevi Mandir Panorama
Panorama of Garhdevi Mandir, Marhaurah

Bhojpuri heritage[edit]

Bhojpuri is a common language in states of Maharaja Bhoj, especially in Bhojpur District (headquartered in Arrah) and the surrounding area. It has its own script known as Kaithi because Kayastha were responsible for literacy. Today, this Kaithi script is limited to older Kayastha people or their relatives. These days, Bhojpuri is a common language in 26 districts of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, spoken by 30,000,000 people worldwide.

Bhojpuri singers have been very famous, such as Badal Bawali, Santraj Singh "Ragesh", Sriniwas Sinha "Bhushan", Sharda Sinha, Bireshwar Singh, Janardan Dubey, Baidh Nath Prasad, Bairister Giri, Sant Kumar Singh and Tripathi Prashuram Shashtri. Mahendra Misir, the pioneer of "Purvi" (a style of Bhojpuri folk song), was also from Saran.

Bollywood actors make Bhojpuri films, including Prakash Jha, Vijay Khare,rocky mawali and Ashutosh Khare.

Bhojpuri magazine publishers include Dr. Anil Kumar Pandey (former I.G. Railway) and Dr. Lal Babu Tiwari. Amiya Bhushan is a Bhojpuri poet and scholar. The famous Bhojpuri poet Bhikhari Thakur (often referred to as the "Shakespeare of Bhojpuri") came from Saran.

Chapra Ara and Ballia are often colloquially referred to as the "ABC" region of Bhojpuri. Indentured laborers of this region have taken Bhojpuri across the Indian border to Fiji, Mauritius, Trinidad & Tobago, Surinam and Guyana. Bhojpuri is the only language from India spoken in Fiji, Surinam, Mauritius, Guyana and Trinidad.

Geography[edit]

Thana Chowk
Rajendra Sarovar

chapra is located at 25°47′05″N 84°43′39″E / 25.7848°N 84.7274°E / 25.7848; 84.7274.[3] It has an average elevation of 36 metres (118 ft).

The district of Saran is situated between 25°36' and 26°13' north latitude and 84°24' and 85°15' east longitude in the southern post of the Saran Division of North Bihar. The Ganges river provides the southern boundary of the district, beyond which lie the districts of Bhojpur and Patna. To the north of Saran lie the districts of Siwan and Gopalganj. The Gandak river forms the dividing line with the Vaishali and Muzaffarpur districts in the east. To the west of Saran lie the districts of Siwan and Balia in Uttar Pradesh. The Ghaghra river forms a natural boundary between Saran and Ballia.

The district is shaped like a triangle; its apex is the confluence of the boundary of the Gopalganj district and the Gandak – Ganges river. The district is made up entirely of plains, but several depressions and marshes create three broad natural divisions:

  • The alluvial plains along the big rivers, which are subject to periodic inundation.
  • The uplands away from the rivers, not subject to floods.
  • The riverbed diara areas.

Out of twenty blocks in the districts, six (Sonepur, Dighwara, Revelganj, chapra, Manjhi and Dariyapur) regularly flood. Six others are partially affected by floods (Parsa, Marhoura, Amnaur, Jalalpur, and Ekma). The soil of the district is alluvial. No minerals of economic value are found in the district.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Chhapra
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.1
(73.6)
25.8
(78.4)
31.0
(87.8)
35.1
(95.2)
35.0
(95)
34.9
(94.8)
32.5
(90.5)
32.8
(91)
32.5
(90.5)
31.6
(88.9)
29.0
(84.2)
24.8
(76.6)
30.68
(87.21)
Average low °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
11.0
(51.8)
15.1
(59.2)
19.1
(66.4)
21.2
(70.2)
22.9
(73.2)
23.8
(74.8)
24.2
(75.6)
23.8
(74.8)
21.2
(70.2)
15.8
(60.4)
10.6
(51.1)
18.16
(64.69)
Precipitation mm (inches) 13.0
(0.512)
14.0
(0.551)
9.0
(0.354)
29.0
(1.142)
76.0
(2.992)
139.0
(5.472)
353.0
(13.898)
254.0
(10)
193.0
(7.598)
73.0
(2.874)
6.0
(0.236)
7.0
(0.276)
1,166
(45.905)
Source: Accuweather[4]

Railways[edit]

Chhapra Railway Station is a railway junction and A1 category model station on the North Eastern Railway and is connected directly to all the major cities of India, viz., Siwan, Kolkata, Delhi, Amritsar, Patna, Kanpur, Ranchi, Guwahati, etc.

Demographics[edit]

As per 2011 census, Chapra Urban Agglomeration had a population of 212,955.[5] Chapra Urban Agglomeration includes Chapra (Nagar Panchayat) and Sanrha (Census Town).[6] chapra Nagar Panchayat had a total population of 201,597, out of which 106,250 were males and 95,347 were females. It had a sex ratio of 897. The population below 5 years was 27,668. The literacy rate of the 7+ population was 81.30 per cent.[7]

Economy[edit]

The main commercial site is the municipal chowk. Hathwa market is famous for selling textiles. As of 2006 a locomotive factory was planned for the district. The Morton chocolate factory was located at Marhowrah. In addition, sugarcane, iron and cotton factories are located in Marhowrah.The Rail wheel factory are located in Dariyapur

Education[edit]

Rajendra College,Chhapra
Loknayak Jai Prakash Institute Of Technology
  • Lok Nayak Jayprakash Institute Of Technology,Chhapra
  • Jai Prakash University
  • Loknayak Jai Prakash Institute Of Technology,Saran[8]
  • Rajendra College
  • Jagdam College
  • Ganga singh Mahavidyalah
  • Ramjaipal College
  • J.P.Mahila College
  • Dr. R. N. Singh Evenving College
  • Biseswar Dayal Sinha Memorial Mahila College
  • Dr. P.N. Singh College
  • Jawahar Lal ITI Mura Pool Basant Garkha Chapra

Other institutions/organisations[edit]

  • Pragatisheel Yuva Kendra Bahadurpur
  • Jawaharlal Industrial Training Institute, Mura pool, Garkha Basant
  • Ambika Industrial Training Institute
  • Kunal Industrial Training Institute, Rouja Chapra

Schools[edit]

Sita Ram Project Balika Uchhtar Vidayalya, Pojhi Kapoor
  • Chidren Deight School
  • B.N PUBLIC School, Ramnagar by-pass Road N.H-19, Chhapra
  • B.N.P.S Hansrajpur Puchhri, Chhapra
  • Brajkishore Kinder Garden, chapra
  • Sharaswati shishu Mandir, chapra
  • Central Public School
  • Chapra Central School
  • Acharya Narendra Dev Public School, Khalpura
  • Bhagwat Vidhyapeeth
  • Adrash Janta High School, Naini, Chapra(Saran)
  • Shakti Santi Academy, AMI
  • Sita Ram Project Valika Uchhtar Vidyalya, Pojhi Kapoor
  • Zila School, Chhapra
  • Reema Harinarayan Singh Balika Ucch Vidalaya
  • Naini Zila School
  • B.Seminary
  • Sita Ram Girls High School, Pojhi Kapoor
  • Sri Krishna High School, Kewani
  • Saran Academy
  • Rajput High School
  • Brahmin School
  • Lok Manya English High School
  • Rana Pratap high school
  • Hariji High School
  • R.S.K.S. High School Khalpura
  • Darihara High School
  • Gautam Rishi Uccha vidyalay, Revelganj
  • J.M. High School, Raipura Garkha
  • Islamia High School, Olhanpur
  • B.N.High School, Mohamadpur
  • Ishwari High School, Basant
  • Mahmood Memorial Girls High school
  • R.N. High School Parsagarh
  • Rajendra Collegiate
  • Sri Yamuna Chari High School, Dariyapur
  • Mahant Ram Saran Das High School, Naraon
  • Mishri Lal Sah Arya Kanya High School, Sahebganj

Notable personalities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Atlas of Mutual Heritage
  2. ^ Atlas of Mutual Heritage
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Chapra
  4. ^ "Accuweather: Weather for Chhapra, India". Accuweather. 2011.  Retrieved on November 22, 2011.
  5. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-16. 
  6. ^ "Constituents of urban Agglomerations Having Population 1 Lakh & above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-16. 
  7. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-16. 
  8. ^ "CM inaugurates new engineering college at Chhapra". The Times Of India. 26 December 2012. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  9. ^ [1], The Guardian obituary, 30 June 2003.

External links[edit]