Janata Dal (United)

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Janata Dal (United)
Chairperson Sharad Yadav
Secretary-General K.C. Tyagi
Leader in Lok Sabha Sharad Yadav
Leader in Rajya Sabha Shivanand Tiwari
Founded 30 October 2003
Headquarters Patna, Bihar
Ideology Integral humanism
Political position Centre-left
ECI Status State Party[1]
Seats in Lok Sabha
20 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha
9 / 245
Politics of India
Political parties

Janata Dal (United) (JD(U)) is a centre-left Indian political party with political presence mainly in Bihar and Jharkhand. It is currently the fifth largest party in Lok Sabha with 20 seats. Janata Dal (United) party mentor and patron is the veteran socialist leader George Fernandes.The Janata Dal (United) was formed with the merger of the Sharad Yadav faction of the Janata Dal, the Lokshakti Party and the Samata Party On 30 October 2003.


The Janata Dal (United)'s origins go back to before the 1999 General Elections. A faction led by then Karnataka Chief Minister J. H. Patel had lent support to the National Democratic Alliance, leading to the split in the Janata Dal leading to the formation of Janata Dal (Secular) under H. D. Deve Gowda, who wanted to remain equidistant from both national parties; and Janata Dal under Sharad Yadav. The Janata Dal (United) was formed with the merger of the Sharad Yadav faction of the Janata Dal, the Lokshakti Party and the Samata Party.[2] On 30 October 2003, the Samata Party led by George Fernandes and Nitish Kumar merged with the Janata Dal.The merged entity was called Janata Dal (United) with the arrow symbol of Janata Dal (United) and the green and white flag of the Samata Party.[3] The uniting force is believed to be common opposition to Rashtriya Janata Dal in Bihar especially after the RJD welcomed Samata Party rebels like Raghunath Jha into the party.

The JD(U) along with its alliance partner, the BJP defeated the RJD-led UPA government in Bihar in November 2005. The government is headed by JD(U) leader, Nitish Kumar. Since 16 June 2013 JD(U) and BJP no longer together.[4]

Separation from National Democratic Alliance[edit]

The Janata Dal-United broke its ties with the Bharatiya Janata Party in Bihar in protest against the elevation of Narendra Modi, bringing to an end a 17-year-old alliance that had held firm through thick and thin in the national politics. JD-U President Sharad Yadav and Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar announced the break up of the coalition at a press conference on 16 June 2013, exactly a week after Narendra Modi was made the BJP's campaign committee chairman, considered just a step short of being made the prime ministerial candidate. Just after this split, Sharad Yadav relinquished his position as the NDA convenor.

Party finance[edit]

JD(U) income has grown about six times in five years but on a small base.

  • 2002–03: INR2.2 million (US$37,000)
  • 2003–04: INR2670000 (US$45,000)
  • 2004–05: INR9720000 (US$160,000)
  • 2005–06: INR6.4 million (US$110,000)
  • 2006–07: INR13 million (US$220,000)[5]

The expenditure in 2006–07 was mostly on election and meeting establishment expenses.

  • Election costs: Rs 9.7 million
  • Establishment costs: Rs 1.1 million

As per UTVI information assets of the party were –

  • 2002–03: INR3.1 million (US$52,000)
  • 2003–04: INR3.21 million (US$54,000)
  • 2004–05: INR2.9 million (US$48,000)
  • 2005–06: INR1.61 million (US$27,000)
  • 2006–07: INR3.58 million (US$60,000)[5]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013". India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013. 
  2. ^ Menon, Paravathi (23 April 2004). "Janata Parivar's home base". Frontline Magazine. Retrieved 19 April 2012. 
  3. ^ Parsai, Gargi (31 October 2003). "Fernandes to head Janata Dal (United)". The Hindu. Retrieved 19 April 2012. 
  4. ^ JD(U) breaks alliance with BJP thehindu.com. Retrieved 16 June 2013
  5. ^ a b "JD (U) FY07 income Rs1.3cr!". UTVi. 24 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-25. [dead link]