Chola incident

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Chola incident
India Sikkim locator map.svg
The 1967 Sino-Indian skirmish occurred between the two Asian giants, China and India.
Date 1 October — 10 October 1967
Location Chola, Sikkim
Result Decisive Indian victory
Belligerents
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China Flag of India.svg India
Commanders and leaders
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Mao Zedong Flag of India.svg Zakir Hussain
Flag of India.svg K.B. Joshi
Casualties and losses
400 killed, 450 wounded[1][2] 88 killed, 163 wounded[3][4]

The 1967 Sino-Indian skirmish also known as the Chola incident, was a military conflict between Indian troops and members of the Chinese People's Liberation Army who had infiltrated on 1st October, 1967 in Sikkim, then a protectorate of India. On 10 October, once again both sides had the conflict, the Defence Minister of India, Sardar Swaran Singh addressed that government is looking after the developments across the borders. During whole conflict Indian losses were 88 killed, and 163 wounded, while Chinese casualties were 300 killed and 450 wounded in Nathula, and 40 in Chola.[5] The end of the battle saw the Chinese Army leave Sikkim.[6][7]

Sikkim became an Indian state in 1975, which was not recognized by China. In 2003, China recognized Sikkim as an Indian state, on the condition that India accepted Tibet Autonomous Region as a part of China.[8] This mutual agreement led to a thaw in Sino-Indian relations.[9] However,New Delhi had already accepted Tibet as a part of China in 1953 during the government of then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jain, J.P. (1974). Nuclear India. p. Volume 2, 339-40. 
  2. ^ China Daily, n. 24 October 1983.
  3. ^ "Rapprochement Across the Himalayas: Emerging India-China Relations Post Cold"[1] p. 40
  4. ^ "India-China relations", by Bidanda M. Chengappa, p. 63
  5. ^ "Rapprochement Across the Himalayas: Emerging India-China Relations Post Cold"[2] p. 40
  6. ^ "History of Modern China" Page 288
  7. ^ 50 years after Sino-Indian war | Millennium Post. Millenniumpost.in (16 May 1975). Retrieved 12 July 2013.
  8. ^ BBC News: India and China agree over Tibet
  9. ^ Baruah, Amit (2005-04-12). "China backs India's bid for U.N. Council seat". The Hindu. Retrieved 2009-03-17. 
  10. ^ History of Sikkim