Telecommunications in Brazil
|Land Line Terminals||34 Millions (2T2009)|
|Mobile Phones||217 Millions (2T2009)|
Brazil has both modern technologies in the center-south portion, counting with 3G HSPA, DSL ISDB based Digital TV. Other areas of the country, particularly the north and north-west regions, lack even basic analog PSTN telephone lines. This is a problem that the government is trying to solve by linking the liberation of new technologies such as WiMax and FTTH) only tied with compromises on extension of the service to less populated regions.
- Served Locations: 37,355
- Installed Terminals: 43,626,836
- In Service: 33,800,370
- Public Terminals: 1,128,350
- Density: 22,798 Phones/100 Hab
Domestic: extensive microwave radio relay system and a domestic satellite system with 64 earth stations.
International: country code - 55; landing point for a number of submarine cables, including Atlantis 2, that provide direct links to South and Central America, the Caribbean, the US, Africa, and Europe; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic Ocean region east), connected by microwave relay system to Mercosur Brazilsat B3 satellite earth station (2007)
- Number of Devices: 161,922,375
- Percentage of Prepaid Lines: 81.91%
- Density: 84.61 Phones/100 Hab
|Technology||2008 (Dec)||2009 (Jul)|
|Phone Number||Month Growth||Annual Growth|
- Americas II cable entered operations on September 2000, connecting Brazil (Fortaleza) to United States.
- ATLANTIS-2, with around 12 thousand kilometers in extension, operating since 2000, it connects Brazil (Rio de Janeiro and Natal) to Europe, Africa and South America. This is the only cable that connects South America to Africa and Europe.
- EMERGIA – SAM 1 cable connects all three Americas, surrounding it with a total extension of more than 25 thousand kilometers.
- GLOBAL CROSSING - SAC Connects all Americas, surrounding them with a total extension of more than 15 thousand kilometers.
- GLOBENET/360 NETWORK Another link from North America to South America.
- UNISUR Interconnects Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina.
List of business and satellites they operate (Brazilian Geostationary Satellites)
|Satellite Operator||Satellite||Bands||Orbital Positions||Operational|
|Hispamar||Amazonas 1||C e Ku||61,0º W||Yes|
|Loral Skynet||ESTRELA DO SUL||Ku||63,0º W||Yes|
|ESTRELA DO SUL 2||Ku||63,0º W||No|
|Star One||BRASILSAT-B1||C and X||70,0º W||Yes|
|BRASILSAT-B2||C and X||65,0º W||Yes|
|STARONE-C3||C and Ku||75,0º W||No|
|STARONE-C5||C and Ku||68,0º W||No|
Television and radio
Under the Brazilian constitution, television and radio are not treated as telecommunication ways to avoid creating problems with a series of regulations that reduce and control how international businesses and persons participate on it. It is worth mentioning that Brazil has the 2nd biggest media conglomerate in the world in terms of revenue, Rede Globo.
The Internet has become quite popular in Brazil, with steadily growing numbers in adhesion and availability, with numbers that position Brazil at the 6th spot on number of users. Many technologies are actually used to bring broadband Internet to consumers, with DSL and its variants being the most used, and 3G technologies. 4G technologies were introduced in April 2013 but with limited range, being compatible with only a few smartphones models.