Brazilian Marine Corps
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (April 2010)|
|Brazilian Marine Corps
Corpo de Fuzileiros Navais
Brazilian Marine Corps seal.
|Active||1808 - present|
Ministry of Defence
|General-Command HQ||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil|
|Motto||Adsumus (Here we are)|
|Commander-in-Chief||President Dilma Rousseff|
|Commander of the Navy||Admiral Júlio Soares de Moura Neto|
|General-Commander of the Marine Corps||Admiral Álvaro Augusto Dias Monteiro|
- 1 Mission
- 2 History
- 3 Historical campaigns
- 4 United Nations service
- 5 The Corps today
- 6 Organization
- 7 Methods
- 8 Training
- 9 Uniforms
- 10 Main Equipment
- 11 Individual weapons and equipment
- 12 Gallery
- 13 See also
- 14 External links
Deployed nationwide, along the coasts, in the marginal regions of Amazônia and in the Pantanal, in peacetime it provides for the security of Naval installations and aids isolated populations through civic action programs in the Naval Districts. Externally, it provides security for the embassies of Brazil in Algeria, in Paraguay, in Haiti and in Bolivia. It has participated in all of the armed conflicts in the Military history of Brazil.
The badge consist of an encircled anchor superimposed over a pair of crossed ron the collar points of the dress and service uniforms.
The Brazilian Marines trace their origin to 1808 when the troops of the Royal Brigade of the Navy (the Portuguese Marine Corps) arrived in Brazil (then a Portuguese colony) when Mary I of Portugal and her son and regent John VI relocated themselves to the Portuguese South American territory during the Napoleonic Wars in Europe.
The baptism of fire: the conquest of Cayenne
Later, the unit was involved in several campaigns: the War of the independence of Brazil, conflicts in the River Plate basin, and in the Paraguayan War. During the latter the Corps won distinction in both the Battle of Riachuelo and in the taking of Humaitá.
United Nations service
The CFN if has participated in the humanitarian actions promoted by UN in such diverse theaters of operation as Bosnia, Honduras, Mozambique, Rwanda, Angola, East Timor, and recently, in Haiti (MINUSTAH).
The Corps today
Staff and mission
With about 15,000 men, all volunteers, professionals in combat on land, air and sea, its mission is to guarantee the projection of the naval power on land, by means of landings carried through with ships and staff of the Navy.
In the case of Brazil this is a complex mission, since the country has a territory of about 8,5 million km² (3.28 million sq. miles), a coast of more than 7,400 km (4,600 mi) with many oceanic islands, and a navigable waterways network of approximately 50,000 km (31,000 mi). This last one includes the Brazilian Amazon. To cover climates and natural landscapes so diversified as Pampas of Rio Grande Do Sul, pantanal of Mato Grosso do Sul, deserts of the Northeast region and Amazonian Rainforest, demands a training of the highest standards, agility and versatility. Therefore, there are units trained in demolition techniques, special operations, combat in forests, mountain and ice, and helicopter-transported operations.
Trained as a Fast Deployment Unit, recently, with the sending of Brazilian military observers, also integrating the Peacekeeping Forces of the United Nations, the Marines have made their presence in distinctive areas of conflict as El Salvador, Bosnia, Angola, Moçambique, Ruanda, Peru, Ecuador, East Timor and, more recently, Haiti.
Fleet Marine Force
The Fleets Marine Force (Força de Fuzileiros da Esquadra (FFE)) consists of the following units:
- 1st Amphibious Division (Divisão Anfíbia (DivAnf)) of brigade size with the following:
- Command and Control Battalion (Batalhão de Comando e Controle),
- Three Marine Battalions (Infantry) (Batalhão de Fuzileiros Navais (BFN)):
- 1st "Riachuelo" Battalion,
- 2nd "Humaita" Battalion
- 3rd "Paissandu" Battalion
- Marine's Artillery Battalion (Batalhão de Artilharia de Fuzileiros Navais)
- Armoured Vehicle Battalion (Batalhão de Blindados)
- Tactical Air Control and Air-defense Battalion (Batalhão de Controle Aerotático e Defesa Antiaérea)
- Reinforcement Troops (Tropa de Reforço (TrRef)) located in Ilha das Flores in São Gonçalo (RJ)
- 1st Marine Engineer Battalion (Batalhão de Engenharia de Fuzileiros Navais),
- 1st Marine Logistic Battalion (Batalhão Logístico de Fuzileiros Navais),
- Amphibious Vehicles Battalion (Batalhão de Viaturas Anfíbias),
- Police Company (Companhia de Polícia)
- Landing Company (Apoio ao Desembarque)
- Isle of Flowers Marine Base (Base de Fuzileiros Navais da Ilha das Flores),
- Disembarkation Troops Command (Comando da Tropa de Desembarque (ComTrDbq)), located at Duque de Caxias (RJ) - provides the means to command, control and administer the Command of the Fleet Marine Force and to also local units
- Marine's Special Operations Battalion "Tonelero" (Batalhão de Operações Especiais de Fuzileiros Navais (Batalhão Tonelero)) A unit similar to US Marine Corps Special Ops, formed in 1957 and structured for high risk operations. Its mission is to destroy or damage prominent objectives in heavily defended areas, capture or rescue personnels or equipment, seize installations, obtain information, mislead and produce psychological effects.
- Rio Meriti Naval Marine Base (Base de Fuzileiros Navais do Rio Meriti (BFNRM)), located in Duque de Caxias (RJ)
- ships detachments
"Groupings of Marine Corps" (Grupamentos de Fuzileiros Navais (GFN)) are subordinate to the Naval Districts (Distritos Navais), for the security of naval installations, as well as performing operations in support of Naval District. They are located in the vicinity of the local Naval District headquarters. The 8th Naval District does not possess any such grouping. GFNs are companies the size of small battalions.
- GFN do Rio de Janeiro, RJ (1st DN)
- GFN de Salvador, Bahia (2nd DN)
- GFN de Natal, Rio Grande do Norte (3rd DN)
- GFN de Belém, Pará (4th DN)
- GFN de Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul (5th DN)
- GFN de Ladário, Mato Grosso do Sul (6th DN)
- GFN de Brasília, Distrito Federal (7th DN)
- Riverine Operations Battalion (Batalhão de Operações Ribeirinhas), Manaus, Amazonia (9th DN)
To fulfill its missions, the Marines are disembarked off the ships of the Brazilian Navy, be it using landing boats, amphibious vehicles or helicopters. For this they count on the support of the navy and/or sea and air support.
On land, it operates its normal ways, which include tanks, field artillery, antiaircraft artillery, combat engineering, communications and electronic warfare.
To fulfill its missions, fusiliers must pass a rigorous physical training program, normally with many runs, calisthenics, sleep deprivation, swimming while holding their breath, practice shooting with diverse armaments, especially metal rings, rappeling and, in some cases, combat.
The Brazilian Marines wear several different uniforms.
|SK-105 Kürassier||Austria||Light tank||SK 105A2S
|Planned more 22 vehicles for the future.|
Infantry fighting vehicles
|M113||United States||Armored personnel carrier||M113A1
|Upgrade to finish in 2013. Planned more 42 vehicles for the future.|
|Mowag Piranha 8x8||Switzerland||Armoured personnel carrier/reconnaissance||Piranha IIIC||30||Delivery Process. Planned more 42 vehicles for the future (or the new Guarani).|
|AAV-7A1||United States||Armoured personnel carrier/Assault Amphibious||AAV-7A1
|Brazil plans to buy 26 additional AAV-7 assault amphibious vehicles, and to upgrade those it currently operates to the same RAM/RS standard. Planned more 78 vehicles for the future.|
|Astros II||Brazil||Multiple Launch Rocket System||ASTROS FN||0||One battery being ordered. Two more in the future (one complete group: tree batteries).|
|M114||United States||Howitzer||M114A1||06||155mm. Study by replacing M777 howitzer.|
|L118 light gun||United Kingdom||Howitzer||L118||18||105mm. Planned to acquire more 30.|
|M29 mortar||United States||Mortar||M29 A1||100||81mm|
|Bofors L70||Sweden||Autocannon AA||Bofors 40 mm||06||40mm. Using the radar Bandvagn 206|
|Mistral||France||MBDA missile systems||Surface-to-air missile||24 sistems||Using the radar Bandvagn 206|
|RBS 70||Sweden||MBDA missile systems||Surface-to-air missile||12 sistems|
|Pantsir-S1||Russia||Surface-to-air missile||0||future acquisition in developing of 1 battery.|
Unmanned aerial vehicle
|Agrale Marruá||Light Utility Vehicle||400+||Brazil|
|Land Rover Defender||Light Utility Vehicle||250||United Kingdom|
|Toyota Bandeirante||Light Utility Vehicle||270||Brazil|
|MBB 1720 4x4||Truck||200||Brazil|
|MBB 1725/42 4x4||Truck||122||Brazil|
|MBB LAK1418 4x4||Truck||?||Brazil|
Individual weapons and equipment
Pistols, assault rifles and other infantry equipment
|M16A2||United States||Assault rifle||+12,000||Will be replaced by IMBEL IA2|
|M4||United States||Carbine||+500||Used by SOF. Will be replaced by IMBEL IA2 carbine|
|Taurus PT92||Brazil||Pistol||?||License-built Beretta 92 by Forjas Taurus.Designated as M-975.|
|Taurus MT-12||Brazil||Submachine gun||1,900||SMG, license-built Beretta Model 12.Designated as M-972.|
|Mini Uzi||Israel||Submachine gun||+400||Used by SOF.|
|Parker Hale M85||United Kingdom||Sniper rifle||?||Used by SOF.|
|FN M2HB||United States||Machine gun||?||Machine gun 12.7 x 99 mm|
|MK19 Mod3||United States||Grenade Launcher 40x53mm||?||Used in some anphibious vehicles AAV-7|
|FN MAG||Belgium||Machine gun||2,000||Light Machine gun 7.62 x 51 mm|
|FN MINIMI||Belgium||Light machine gun||399||Light Machine gun 5.56 x 45 mm|
|AT4||Sweden||Anti-tank weapon||500+||Being replaced by IMBEL ALAC|
|ALAC||Brazil||Anti-tank weapon||100||Replacing the AT-4|
|BILL||Sweden||Anti-tank missile||16 sistems||Being replaced by MSS-1.2|
|MSS-1.2||Brazil||Anti-tank missile||24 sistems||Replacing the BILL|