Brazilian Marine Corps

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Brazilian Marine Corps
Corpo de Fuzileiros Navais
Brasao Fuzileiros.jpg
Brazilian Marine Corps seal.
Active 1808 - present
Country Brazil Brazil
Branch Brazilian Navy
Type Naval infantry
Size 15,000
Part of Navy
Ministry of Defence
General-Command HQ Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Motto Adsumus (Here we are)
Colors Red; White
Anniversaries March 7
Commanders
Commander-in-Chief President Dilma Rousseff
Commander of the Navy Admiral Júlio Soares de Moura Neto
General-Commander of the Marine Corps Admiral Fernando Antonio de Siqueira Ribeiro
Brazilian Navy
Naval Jack of Brazil.svg
COA Brazilian Navy.svg
Headquarters
Brasília/DF
History and traditions
Establishment:1822
Navy Day:10 November
Patron:Marquês de Tamandaré
Battles
Independence of Brazil
Cisplatine War
Ragamuffin War
Paraguayan War
World War I
World War II
Components
Ships of the Brazilian Navy
Aircraft of the Brazilian Navy
Corps of Naval Fusiliers
Naval Aviation
Personnel
Admiral Júlio Soares de Moura Neto

The Brazilian Marine Corps (Portuguese: Corpo de Fuzileiros Navais; CFN)[1] is the land combat branch of the Brazilian Navy.

Mission[edit]

Deployed nationwide, along the coast, in the riverine regions of Amazônia and in the Pantanal, in peacetime it provides for the security of Naval installations and aids isolated populations through civic action programs in the Naval Districts. Abroad, it provides security for the Embassies of Brazil in Algeria, in Paraguay, in Haiti and in Bolivia. It has participated in all of the armed conflicts in the Military history of Brazil, foreign and intestine.

The badge consist of a fouled anchor superimposed over a pair of crossed rifles. It is worn on the collar points of the dress and service uniforms and on the Ribbon Bonnet (Gorro de Fita).

History[edit]

Brazilian Marines in landing exercise.
Brazilian naval infantry.
Brazilian Marines in the red gala uniform titled "Garança"

The Royal Brigade of the Navy[edit]

The Brazilian Marines trace their origin to 1808 when the troops of the Royal Brigade of the Navy (the Portuguese Marine Corps) arrived in Brazil (then a Portuguese colony) when Mary I of Portugal and her son and Prince Regent John VI relocated themselves to the Portuguese South American territory during the Napoleonic Wars in Europe.

The baptism of fire: the conquest of Cayenne[edit]

In retaliation for the invasion of Portugal, Prince Regent, Dom João ordered the invasion of French Guiana, whose capital, Cayenne, was captured on the 14th of January 1809.

Historical campaigns[edit]

Brazilian Marines in the Battle of Riachuelo.

After Brazilian independence the force received many names and underwent various reorganisations. It was involved in several wars and campaigns: the War of the Independence of Brazil, conflicts in the River Plate basin, and the Paraguayan War. During the latter the Corps won distinction in both the Battle of Riachuelo and in the taking of Humaitá.

United Nations service[edit]

The CFN if has participated in the humanitarian actions promoted by UN in such diverse theatres of operation as Bosnia, Honduras, Mozambique, Rwanda, Angola, East Timor and currently in Haiti (MINUSTAH).

The Corps today[edit]

MOWAG Piranha is the main armored personal carrier in service with the CFN.

Staff and mission[edit]

With about 15,000 men, all volunteers, professionals in combat on land, air and sea, its mission is to guarantee the projection of the naval power on land, by means of landings from Navy ships and helicopters. The Corps is an integral part of the Navy, encompassing about one third of its manpower. Ranks are naval instead of Army, with the exception of Privates, who are called Soldados (Soldiers).

In the case of Brazil this is a complex mission, since the country has a territory of about 8,5 million km² (3.28 million sq. miles), a coast of more than 7,400 km (4,600 mi) with many oceanic islands, and a navigable waterways network of approximately 50,000 km (31,000 mi). This last one includes the Brazilian Amazon. To cover climates and natural landscapes so diversified as Pampas of Rio Grande Do Sul, pantanal of Mato Grosso do Sul, deserts of the Northeast region and Amazonian Rainforest, demands a training of the highest standards, agility and versatility. Therefore, there are units trained in demolition techniques, special operations, combat in forests, mountain and ice, and helicopter-transported operations.

Trained as a Fast Deployment Unit, recently, with the sending of Brazilian military observers, also integrating the Peacekeeping Forces of the United Nations, the Marines have made their presence in distinctive areas of conflict as El Salvador, Bosnia, Angola, Moçambique, Ruanda, Peru, Ecuador, East Timor and currently Haiti.

Organization[edit]

The Corps headquarters is located in Fortaleza de São José, Ilha das Cobras, Rio de Janeiro.

Structure Naval Fusiliers Corps

Fleet Marine Force[edit]

The Fleet Marine Force (Força de Fuzileiros da Esquadra (FFE)) consists of the following units:

  • 1st Amphibious Division (Divisão Anfíbia (DivAnf)) of brigade size with the following:
    • Command and Control Battalion (Batalhão de Comando e Controle),
    • Three Marine Battalions (Infantry) (Batalhão de Fuzileiros Navais (BFN)):
      • 1st "Riachuelo" Battalion,
      • 2nd "Humaita" Battalion
      • 3rd "Paissandu" Battalion
    • Marine Artillery Battalion (Batalhão de Artilharia de Fuzileiros Navais)
    • Armoured Vehicle Battalion (Batalhão de Blindados)
    • Tactical Air Control and Air-defence Battalion (Batalhão de Controle Aerotático e Defesa Antiaérea)
  • Reinforcement Troop (Tropa de Reforço (TrRef)) located in Ilha das Flores in São Gonçalo (RJ)
    • Marine Engineer Battalion (Batalhão de Engenharia de Fuzileiros Navais),
    • Marine Logistic Battalion (Batalhão Logístico de Fuzileiros Navais),
    • Amphibious Vehicles Battalion (Batalhão de Viaturas Anfíbias),
    • Police Company (Companhia de Polícia)
    • Landing Support Company (Apoio ao Desembarque)
    • Isle of Flowers Marine Base (Base de Fuzileiros Navais da Ilha das Flores),
    • Landing Troop Command (Comando da Tropa de Desembarque (ComTrDbq)), located at Duque de Caxias (RJ) - provides the means to command, control and administer the Command of the Fleet Marine Force and to also local units
  • Marine Special Operations Battalion "Tonelero" (Batalhão de Operações Especiais de Fuzileiros Navais (Batalhão Tonelero)) A unit similar to US Marine Corps Special Ops, formed in 1957 and structured for high risk operations. Its mission is to destroy or damage prominent objectives in heavily defended areas, capture or rescue personnels or equipment, seize installations, obtain information, mislead and produce psychological effects.
  • Rio Meriti Naval Marine Base (Base de Fuzileiros Navais do Rio Meriti (BFNRM)), located in Duque de Caxias (RJ)
  • ships detachments

Regional[edit]

"Marine Groups" (Grupamentos de Fuzileiros Navais (GptFN)) are subordinate to the Naval Districts (Distritos Navais), for the security of naval installations, as well as performing operations in support of Naval District. They are located in the vicinity of the local Naval District headquarters. The 8th Naval District does not possess any such group. GptFNs are small battalions.

Methods[edit]

To fulfill its missions, the Marines land off the ships of the Brazilian Navy, be it using landing boats, amphibious vehicles or helicopters. For this they count on the support of the navy and/or sea and air support.

On land, it operates its normal way, which include tanks, field artillery, antiaircraft artillery, combat engineering, communications and electronic warfare.

Training[edit]

Brazilian marines demonstrate lane training.

To fulfill its missions, fusiliers must pass a rigorous physical training program, normally with many runs, calisthenics, sleep deprivation, swimming while holding their breath, practice shooting with diverse armaments, especially metal rings, rappeling and, in some cases, combat.

Uniforms[edit]

The Brazilian Marines wear several different uniforms.

Main Equipment[edit]

Tank[edit]

Equipment Origin Type Versions In service Notes Photo
SK-105 Kürassier  Austria Light tank SK 105A2S
4KH7FA
16
01
Planned more 22 vehicles for the future. SK-105 (6109786571).jpg

Infantry fighting vehicles[edit]

Equipment Origin Type Versions In service Notes Photo
M113  United States Armored personnel carrier M113A1
M125A1
M577A1
XM806E1
M113A1G
24
02
02
01
01
Upgrade to finish in 2013. Planned more 42 vehicles for the future. M-113 (6109781013).jpg
Mowag Piranha 8x8  Switzerland Armoured personnel carrier/reconnaissance Piranha IIIC 30 Delivery Process. Planned more 42 vehicles for the future (or the new Guarani). Brazilian MOWAG Piranhas.jpg
AAV-7A1  United States Armoured personnel carrier/Assault Amphibious AAV-7A1
LVTP-7A1
LVTC-7A1
LVTR-7A1
39
09
02
02
Brazil plans to buy 26 additional AAV-7 assault amphibious vehicles, and to upgrade those it currently operates to the same RAM/RS standard. Planned more 78 vehicles for the future. AAV-7 (6110329642).jpg
AV-VBL 4x4  Brazil Light Armored Vehicle 03 Vehicle auxiliary support groups artillery rocket. Avibrás AV-VBL (7952393144).jpg

Artillery[edit]

Equipment Origin Type Versions In service< Notes Photo
Astros II  Brazil Multiple Launch Rocket System ASTROS FN 06 One battery being ordered. Two more in the future (one complete group: tree batteries). Avibras ASTROS-II SS-30.JPEG
M114  United States Howitzer M114A1 06 155mm. Study by replacing M777 howitzer. USArmy M114 howitzer.jpg
L118 light gun  United Kingdom Howitzer L118 18 105mm. Planned to acquire more 30. Australian gunners Afghanistan March 2009.jpg
Soltam K6  Israel Mortar K-6A3 06 120mm Mortar firing Iraq.jpg
M29 mortar  United States Mortar M29 A1 100 81mm Mortar M29.jpg
Brandt  France Mortar Brandt  ? 60mm
Bofors L70  Sweden Autocannon AA Bofors 40 mm 06 40mm. Using the radar Bandvagn 206 Bofors-40-L70-hatzerim-2-1.jpg

Anti-aircraft missiles[edit]

Equipment Origin Type Versions In service Notes Photo
Mistral  France MBDA missile systems Surface-to-air missile 24 systems Using the radar Bandvagn 206 Mistral-2.jpg
RBS 70  Sweden MBDA missile systems Surface-to-air missile 12 systems RBS70.jpg
Pantsir-S1  Russia Surface-to-air missile 0 future acquisition in developing of 1 battery. Pantsir-S1 Weapon System with radar antenna.jpg

Radar[edit]

Equipment Origin Type Versions In service Notes Photo
Saber Radar  Brazil Saber M60 Air defense radar 01
Bandvagn 206  Sweden B206 Radar 01 Using the MBDA missile systems Bv-206S del Ejército Español.JPG

Unmanned aerial vehicle[edit]

Equipment Origin Type Versions In service Notes Photo
Carcara UAV  Brazil UAV 40 FotosCarcara.jpg
Carcara II  Brazil UAV 02

Vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes Photo
Agrale Marruá Light Utility Vehicle 450  Brazil Marrua.jpg
Land Rover Defender Light Utility Vehicle 257  United Kingdom CFN (6109791469).jpg
Toyota Bandeirante Light Utility Vehicle 270  Brazil Black Toyota Land Cruiser (40 series).jpg
Unimog4x4 Truck 228  Germany Mercedes Benz Unimog Turkey exhibition side.JPG
MBB 1720 4x4 Truck 200  Brazil Atego Jämillä.jpg
MBB 1725/42 4x4 Truck 122  Brazil Uroczystość przekazania WP pierwszej partii niemieckich czołgów Leopard 2 A6.jpg
MBB LAK1418 4x4 Truck  ?  Brazil
M35 Reo 6x6 Medium Truck 56  United States Bombardier MLVW towing howitzer.jpg
Volvo NL Truck  ?  Brazil

Individual weapons and equipment[edit]

Pistols, assault rifles and other infantry equipment[edit]

Weapon Origin Type QTD Notes Picture
M16A2  United States Assault rifle +12,000 Will be replaced by IMBEL IA2
M16A2 - AM.016070.jpg
M4  United States Carbine +500 Used by SOF. Will be replaced by IMBEL IA2 carbine. 269 more were ordered.
M4-Transparent.png
Taurus PT92  Brazil Pistol  ? License-built Beretta 92 by Forjas Taurus.Designated as M975.
Beretta 92 FS.gif
Taurus MT-12  Brazil Submachine gun 1,900 SMG, license-built Beretta Model 12.Designated as M972. Beretta M12.jpg
Mini Uzi  Israel Submachine gun +400 Used by SOF.
Uzi 2.jpg
Parker Hale M85  United Kingdom Sniper rifle  ? Used by SOF.
Parker Hale M85 prickskyttegevär - Armémuseum.jpg
FN M2HB  United States Machine gun  ? Machine gun 12.7 x 99 mm
M2-latrun-exhibition-1.jpg
MK19 Mod3  United States Grenade Launcher 40x53mm  ? Used in some anphibious vehicles AAV-7
US Navy 050627-N-9866B-021 A Marine assigned to the 3rd Amphibious Assault Battalion based at Camp Pendelton, Calif., mans the turrets of his amphibious assault vehicle (AAV).jpg
FN MAG  Belgium Machine gun 2,000 Light Machine gun 7.62 x 51 mm
Ksp58.jpg
FN MINIMI  Belgium Light machine gun 399 Light Machine gun 5.56 x 45 mm
M249 FN MINIMI DA-SC-85-11586 c1.jpg
AT4  Sweden Anti-tank weapon 500+ Being replaced by IMBEL ALAC
AT-4 live-fire.jpg
ALAC  Brazil Anti-tank weapon 100 Replacing the AT-4
ALAC2.JPG
BILL  Sweden Anti-tank missile 16 sistems Being replaced by MSS-1.2
MSS-1.2  Brazil Anti-tank missile 24 sistems Replacing the BILL

Historical equipment[edit]

Equipment Origin Employee year QTD Notes Picture
EE-9 Cascavel  Brazil 1979-2000 06 Armoured car
EE-9 Cascavel.jpg
EE-11 Urutu  Brazil 1976-2000 05 Armored personnel carrier
EE-11 Urutu.JPG
EE-34  Brazil 1970-1996 50 Pickup
Engesa EE34 pickup.jpg
EE-14  Brazil 1970-1999  ? Truck
DUKW  United States 1970-1987 34 Amphibious transport
DUKW.image2.army.jpg
Ford GPA  United States 1950-1985  ? Amphibious transport
Ford GPA-001.jpg
Mosquefal  Brazil 1968-2000  ? Rifle
FN FAL  Belgium/ Brazil 1970-2000  ? Battle rifle
FN-FAL belgian.jpeg
Browning BAR  Belgium/ United States 1945-1970  ? Battle rifle
Army Heritage Museum B.A.R..jpg
Madsen machine gun  Denmark/ Brazil 1946-1980  ? Light machine gun
Madsen machine gun with magazine.jpg
INA Model 953  Brazil 1950-1990  ? Sub machine gun
Mekanika Uru  Brazil 1970-1990  ? Sub machine gun

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Trevor Nevitt Dupuy (1993). International military and defense encyclopedia, Volume 1. Brassey's (US). p. 137. 

External links[edit]