Dalida

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Dalida
Promotional picture of Dalida taken in 1971.
Dalida in 1954
Background information
Birth name Iolanda Cristina Gigliotti
Also known as Yolanda Gigliotti and Dalida
Born (1933-01-17)17 January 1933
Cairo, Egypt
Origin Serrastretta, Italy
Died 3 May 1987(1987-05-03) (aged 54)
Paris, France
Occupations Singer, actress
Years active 1956–1987 (singer)
1954–1986 (actress)
Website www.dalida.com

Yolanda Cristina Gigliotti (17 January 1933 – 3 May 1987), best known as Dalida, was an Egyptian French singer and actress who performed and recorded in more than 10 languages including: Arabic, Italian, Greek, German, French, English, Japanese, Hebrew, Dutch and Spanish.

Dalida is a French singer, she is most honored of show business and remains a global icon of the song, ranking among the six most popular singers in the world. Its sales figures today would amount to more than 170 million albums worldwide,[1][2]. She got 2 times "The World Oscar of success of the disc", making it the only European singer to have won this Oscar at least once. She had a 30-year career, debuting in 1956 and recording her last album in 1986, a few months before her death. Her death led to an iconic image as a tragic diva and renowned singer. She received 70 gold records and was the first singer to receive a diamond disc.[3]

Biography[edit]

Early life and beginnings[edit]

Yolanda Cristina Gigliotti was born in Cairo, Egypt. Her family was from Serrastretta, Calabria, Italy, but lived in Egypt, where Dalida's father, Pietro Gigliotti, was first violinist (primo violino) at the Cairo Opera House.

She was the middle child between two brothers, Orlando and Bruno (who would later in Dalida's career change his name to Orlando like his brother and become her manager). Dalida's early life was spent in the district of Shoubra, where she attended the Scuola Tecnica Commerciale Maria Ausiliatrice, an Italian Catholic school.

In 1950, Dalida participated in the Miss Ondine beauty pageant and won the title, and shortly after began working as a model for Donna, a Cairo-based fashion house. In 1954, at the age of 20, Dalida competed in and won the Miss Egypt pageant, and was crowned Miss Egypt.[4] It was then that she was spotted by French director Marc de Gastyne and, much to the reluctance of her parents, she moved to Paris on Christmas Eve of the same year with the intention of pursuing a career in motion pictures. It was about this time she adopted the name Dalila, which was soon changed to the more familiar Dalida.

Dalida collected 19 number one hit singles to her name in four languages (French, Italian, German, and Arabic) and has a long list of top 10, and top 20 hits in French, Italian, German, Spanish, and Arabic, and accumulated myriad top selling singles and albums largely, in France, Italy, Germany, Belgium, Spain, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Austria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Greece, Canada, Russia, Japan, and Israel, spanning over forty years. Four of Dalida's English language recordings ("Alabama Song", "Money Money", "Let Me Dance Tonight", and "Kalimba de Luna"), gained moderate success primarily in France and Germany, without being widely distributed in the UK and US markets.

Dalida's mother tongue was Italian. She learned Egyptian Arabic and French growing up in Cairo, and improved her French after establishing herself in Paris in 1954. She later achieved command of the English language as well as conversational skills in German and Spanish. Dalida also had the aptitude of greeting her fans in basic Japanese. She was considered as a pop and music icon in Japan and her concerts there were met with almost unprecedented enthusiasm. Once during a concert in Japan, Dalida felt ill and could not continue performing. The organisers expected an enraged reaction due to the cancellation of the concert, but when Dalida came onstage and explained to her fans that she could not perform, she was met with great applause and her name echoed everywhere. She promised to hold the concert again, a promise which she soon fulfilled.

Career[edit]

1956–1976[edit]

Dalida's singing career started in Egypt, when she was discovered by Cherif Kamel, host of the "Hit Parade" at the Geuzira Sporting Club during the early 1950s. Dalida's quest for a career in French cinema proved to be of limited success. Instead, she began taking singing lessons, and was booked as a cabaret act on the Champs-Élysées, which proved successful. Performing the song "Étrangère au Paradis" in a variety show at Bruno Coquatrix’ recently opened Olympia theatre, Dalida was introduced to Lucien Morisse and Eddie Barclay, who played a considerable part in launching the starlet’s career. Morisse was artistic producer of the popular Radio Europe 1, and Barclay an established record producer. After signing a recording contract with Barclay, Dalida’s debut single "Madona" was promoted heavily by Morisse, and was a moderate success. However, the release of "Bambino" in 1956 would prove to be even more triumphant – it spent 46 weeks in the French top ten and remains one of the biggest-selling singles in French history, and for its sales (which exceeded 300,000 copies) Dalida was awarded her first gold disc, presented on 17 September 1957. The song "Bambino" echoed everywhere in France and was a success even beyond the French frontiers. In the same year, she would also support Charles Aznavour at the Olympia. The follow-up single to "Bambino", the exotic-sounding and mesmerizing "Gondolier", was released in the Christmas on 1957, was also a great success, as were other early releases such as "Come prima" ("Tu Me Donnes"), "Ciao ciao bambina", and a cover of The Drifters’ "Save the Last Dance for Me", "Garde-Moi la Dernière Danse". These classical songs mark the first phase of Dalida's album and maintain their charm even today.

Dalida toured extensively from 1958 through the early 1960s, playing dates in France, Egypt, Italy, and the United States. Her tours of Egypt and Italy spread her fame outside of France, and Dalida soon became well known throughout Europe. However, she waited too long before entering America's music scene, and though great names of the American music industry wanted to introduce her to the United States, she refused.

In 1961, Dalida performed a month of shows at the Olympia in Paris, with each selling out completely. Shortly afterwards Dalida embarked upon a tour of Hong Kong and Vietnam. Throughout the 1960s Dalida would frequently perform sell-out shows at the Olympia, and international dates became more frequent. In December 1968, she was awarded the Médaille de la Présidence de la République by General Charles de Gaulle, the only person from the music industry to have received this medal.

The early 1970s became a transitional period for the singer, highlighted by some of her most successful singles. After gaining a keen interest in academia in the mid-1960s she chose to sing songs with more profound lyrics. She tried to probe into her inner-self and declared that she would sing only those songs which have a meaning for her. Bruno Coquatrix was dubious about Dalida's career evolution, and was hesitant to book her for a series of performances in 1971. Dalida hired the hall herself, and her show was met with an impressive public response, thus forcing the world to acknowledge that a new and more powerful performer had emerged in Dalida. In 1973, a French version of the Italian song "Paroles Paroles", originally performed by Mina, was recorded by Dalida and her close friend Alain Delon. The song became a big hit and was the number one single in France and Japan. It was played consistently on French radios, at the request of listeners. The follow-up released in 1974 "Gigi L'amoroso' and B-side 'Il venait d'avoir 18 ans' reached number one in nine countries, and sold three and a half million copies in Europe. The way Dalida interpreted these songs left people amazed. Touring would follow this period of unprecedented sales awarded with the first ever diamond disc. In February 1975, French music critics presented the singer with the prestigious Prix de l'Académie du Disque Français.

1976–1987[edit]

1976 Rerecording what is widely regarded as the first French disco single, "J'attendrai". Around the same time, the popularity of the variety show in France was soaring, and Dalida made many television appearances during this period, not only in France but across Europe. In 1978, she recorded "Salma Ya Salama", based on a traditional Egyptian folk song which, due to its chart success was translated from Arabic into French, Italian, and German. It was amongst the first Ethnic fusion hits in the world. Part of the lyrics are based on an old Egyptian folk song about homesickness and celebrating the Egyptian nation. As was the Hebrew song "Hene Ma Tov" sung word-perfect.

1981 marked the release of "Rio do Brasil", and several dates were played at The Olympia in Paris, emulating her successful 1980 tour. On the night of her first performance she became the first singer in the world to be awarded with a diamond disc, in recognition of her record sales which, at that point in her career, had exceeded 86 million. She was therefore much ahead of American singer Madonna since she was the first person to receive this success, thus paving the way for women to deliver powerful performances. Dalida spent much of 1982 and 1984 on tour, releasing the album Les P'tits Mots in 1983, which featured hit singles "Lucas" and "Mourir Sur Scène". The album Dali was released in 1984, and was accompanied by the release of several singles, including "Soleil", "Pour te dire je t'aime", a cover of Stevie Wonder’s "I Just Called to Say I Love You", and "Kalimba de Luna", originally recorded by Tony Esposito. All three achieved moderate chart success, and her next 1986 album, Le visage de l'amour, would become her last album of completely new recordings (except the final song being "Mourir sur scène").

Other hit performances of Dalida include "The Lambeth Walk"; both in English and in French. The song "Je suis malade", written by Serge Lama and made into a success by Dalida, reflects the singer's personal torments and unhappiness. The emotions with which she sang the song is unmatched even today. At the peak of her success, an obsessed fan tried to kidnap her in Canada by using a hammer but did not succeed.

Undaunted, she continued to deliver success after success: namely "Laissez-moi danser", "Besame Mucho", "A ma manière", a cover version of Édith Piaf's "La vie en rose", "Born to sing"/"Mourir sur scène", amongst others.

Dalida underwent two major ophthalmic operations in 1985, forcing her to put her career on hiatus. The fear of her childhood days return as she again had to have an operation on her eyes. The stage lights started to trouble her. In 1986, she would play the role of a young grandmother in the Youssef Chahine film "Le Sixième Jour", for which she received favourable critical response. Her last live performance took place in Antalya, Turkey, in 1987.

Personal life[edit]

Despite enormous career success, Dalida's private life was marred by a series of failed relationships and personal problems.

In January 1967, Dalida took part in the Sanremo Festival with her new lover, Italian singer, songwriter and actor Luigi Tenco. The song he presented was "Ciao amore ciao" ("Bye Love, Bye"), which he sang together with Dalida. But stressed, Tenco failed despite Dalida's performance. Tenco allegedly committed suicide on 27 January 1967, after learning that his song had been eliminated from the final competition. Tenco was found by Dalida in his hotel room with a bullet wound in his left temple and a note announcing that his gesture was against the jury and public's choices during the competition. Only days earlier, Tenco's wedding to Dalida had been announced. One month later, Dalida attempted to commit suicide by drug overdose at the Prince of Wales hotel in Paris. She spent 5 days in a coma and several months convalescing, only going back to the stage the following October.

In December 1967, just after her first suicide attempt, she became pregnant by an 18-year-old Italian student, Lucio. She decided to abort but the surgery left her infertile.[5]

In September 1970 her former husband (1956-1961) Lucien Morisse, with whom she was on good terms, committed suicide, shooting himself in the head.

From 1969 to 1971, she had a relationship with philosopher and writer Arnaud Desjardins. However they split, because he was married.[citation needed]

In April 1975, her close friend singer Mike Brant leapt to his death from an apartment in Paris. He was 28. Dalida had contributed to his success in France and she had been the first to visit him in hospital after his first suicide attempt in November 1974.

In July 1983, her lover from 1972 to 1981, Richard Chanfray, committed suicide by inhaling the exhaust gas of his Renault R25 car.

Dalida, alone again, had brief encounters with a sound technician, a lawyer, an Egyptian jumbo jet pilot and a French doctor during the period 1983-1986.[citation needed]

Death[edit]

On Saturday, 2 May 1987, Dalida committed suicide by overdosing on barbiturates.[6][7] She left behind a note which read, "La vie m'est insupportable... Pardonnez-moi." ("Life has become unbearable for me... Forgive me.")

Legacy[edit]

Since her death, Dalida has become a cult figure to a new generation of fans. In 1988, the Encyclopædia Universalis commissioned a poll, which was eventually published in the French newspaper Le Monde, and which aimed to reveal the personalities who had the greatest impact on French society. Dalida polled second, behind Général de Gaulle.[citation needed]

In 1997, the corner of the rue Girardon and rue de l'Abreuvoir in the Butte Montmartre, Paris, was inaugurated as Place Dalida and a large bust in her memory was erected (which was quickly defaced with graffiti). In 1999, a 3-CD box-set compiling her greatest hits was released. In 2000, Dalida's longtime friend Charles Aznavour recorded the hit "De la scène à la Seine", a joyful song of her life in France, and in 2002, the French government honoured her memory with a postage stamp done in commemoration of the 15th anniversary of her death. In the same year, Universal Music Group released Dalida's early album releases in special-edition packaging, with all of the tracks digitally remastered. Her output has also been the subject of various remix albums. Since her death, many of Dalida's hits have been remixed to modern techno and dance beats, topping the charts in various countries to this day.http://www.infodisc.fr/Artiste_Ventes.php

In 1999 the play Solitudini – Luigi Tenco e Dalida, written and directed by Maurizio Valtieri, was performed in Rome.

In 2005, her life was documented in the two-part TV film Dalida, in the role of Dalida was Sabrina Ferilli.[8]

From 11 May to September 2007, the Paris City Hall commemorated the 20th anniversary of Dalida's death with an exhibition of her outfits and previously unreleased photographs.

Discography[edit]

Filmography[edit]

This is a chronologically ordered list of films in which Dalida appeared.

Year Title Character Director Notes Ref
1954 Joseph et ses frères (France: French title)
aka "Joseph and His Brothers"
Film, starring Omar Sharif (Arabic: عمر الشريف) [9]
1954 Le Masque de Toutankhamon
aka "Le trésor des pharaons" (France)
Dalida Marco de Gastyne Film, starring Gil Vidal and Samia Gamal (Arabic: سامية جمال) [10]
1954 Sigara wa Kass
aka "Un verre et une cigarette"
aka "A Cigarette and a Glass" (International: English title)
aka "A Glass and a Cigarette" (International (DVD box title) (English title))
Iolanda (as Dalila) Niazi Mostafa Film, starring Samia Gamal (Arabic: سامية جمال) [11]
1958 Brigade des mœurs Herself Maurice Boutel Film, co-starring with Eddy Barclay [12]
1958 Rapt au deuxième bureau
aka "Operation Abduction"
Bella Morena Jean Stelli Film, co-starring with Frank Villard [13]
1960 "Che femmina... e che dollari!" (Italy: Italian title)
aka Parlez-moi d'amour (France: French title)
Laura Pisani Giorgio Simonelli Film, co-starring with Jacques Sernas [14]
1963 L'inconnue de Hong Kong
aka "Stranger from Hong-Kong" (US)
aka "The Unknown of Hong Kong" (International: English title: informal title)
Georgia la chanteuse Jacques Poitrenaud Film, co-starring with Serge Gainsbourg and Tania Béryl [15]
1966 La morale de l'histoire Herself Claude Dagues Television movie [16]
1968 13 jours en France Herself Claude Lelouch and François Reichenbach Documentary about the 1968 Winter Olympics in Grenoble, France. Features Charles de Gaulle, Dalida, Johnny Hallyday and Jean-Claude Killy. (Uncredited.) [17]
1968 Menage all'italiana
aka "Marriage Italian Style" (International: English title)
Anna Franco Indovina Film, co-starring with Ugo Tognazzi [18]
1968 Io ti amo
aka "I Love You"
aka "Dalida, agapi mou" (Greece: Greek title)
Judy Antonio Margheriti Film, co-starring with Alberto Lupo [19]
1977 Comme sur des roulettes
aka "As Easy as Pie" (International: English title)
Herself Nina Companéez Film [20]
1977 Dalida: Pour toujours Herself Michel Dumoulin Documentary [9]
1986 Le sixième jour
aka "The Sixth Day" (International: English title)
aka "Al-yawm al-Sadis" (Arabic title) (Arabic: اليوم السادس)
aka "Der sechste Tag" (Germany: German title)
Saddika Youssef Chahine
(Arabic: يوسف شاهين)
Film, co-starring with Mohsen Mohieddin [21]
1997 Le grand voyage Herself Philippe Kohly Documentary [9]
2005 Dalida: Le Film Dalida
(singing voice)
Joyce Buñuel Television mini-series (film)
singing voice for actress Sabrina Ferilli
[22]

Awards[edit]

Year Award Country Category Result
1958 Radio Monte Carlo Oscars France Radio Monte Carlo Oscar Won
1958 Paris Olympia music hall Bravos France Paris Olympia music hall Bravos (Shared recognition with Yves Montand) Won
1959 Platinum Oscar Awards Italy Platinum Oscar Award Won
1959 Golden She-Wolf Award Italy Golden She-Wolf Award Won
1959 L'Oscar de la chanson Awards France L'Oscar de la chanson Award for Best Song Won
1959 Radio Monte Carlo Oscar Awards France Radio Monte Carlo Oscar Won
1960 Grand Prix Awards Italy Grand Prix Award for Best Italian Song (Shared award with Charles Aznavour) Won
1961 Radio Monte Carlo Oscar Awards Italy Radio Monte Carlo Oscar Won
1962 Radio Monte Carlo Oscar Awards Italy Radio Monte Carlo Oscar (Shared award with Johnny Hallyday) Won
1963 Radio Monte Carlo Oscar Awards France Radio Monte Carlo Oscar for Most Successful International Artist Won
1964 Juke Box Global Oscar Awards Italy Juke Box Global Oscar for The Year's Most-Played Artist on Jukeboxes in Italy Won
1965 Cico Viola Prize Brazil Cico Viola Prize for "Zorba o Greco" Won
1966 Paris Olympia music hall Bravos France Les Bravos du Musique Hall Won
1967 Golden Caravel Awards Italy Golden Caravel Award Won
1968 Canzonissima Oscar Italy Canzonissima Oscar Won
1969 MIDEM Prize Italy MIDEM Prize for Highest Selling Musical Artist Won
1969 Radio Luxembourg Hit Parade Oscar Awards France Radio Luxembourg Hit Parade Oscar Won
1969 Radio Luxembourg Hit Parade Oscar Awards France Radio Luxembourg Hit Parade Oscar Won
1972 Popularity Oscar France Popularity Osca for Most Popular Artist Won
1973 APPCB (Association Professionnelle de la Presse Cinématographique Belge) Awards Belgium Gold Medal Award Won
1974 Golden Gigi award Spain Golden Gigi Award (Special award) for Extraordinary Record Sales Won
1974 Golden Heart Awards Spain Golden Heart Award for Most Popular Artist in Spain Won
1975 L'Académie du Disque Français Awards France Global Oscar Oscar Mondial du Disque Award for "Gigi l'Amoroso" and "Il venait d'avoir dix-huit ans" Won
1975 Oscar Awards France Eight Oscar Awards awarded at the Olympia in recognition of extraordinary, rare, and, distinguished achievements. Won
1975 Golden Lion Awards Germany Golden Lion Won
1976 French Summer Carnaval Awards France French Summer Carnaval Award Won
1976 French Academy Awards France French Academy Award for a number one single in nine countries Won
1979 Radio Monte Carlo Awards France Belgium - Musique Award Won
1981 Goldene Europa Awards Germany Goldene Europa for Artist of the Year in Germany Won
1985 Golden Butterfly Awards Turkey Golden Butterfly Award Won
1987 Dalida Award Turkey Dalida Award (Special Award) for Best Performance in Brussels Belgium

Honours and tributes[edit]

Honours[edit]

  • Egypt 1950: Dalida won the title of Miss Ondine.[23]
  • Egypt 1954: Dalida won the Miss Egypt beauty pageant and crowned Miss Egypt 1954.[24]
  • Italy 1962: Calabrian Citizen of Honour.[23]
  • France 1968: Godmother of Montmartre street urchins.
  • Egypt 1977: Egyptian Medal of Honour
  • France 1984: Dalida declined the French honour Légion d'honneur award, the highest order of France, marking the first time she ever declined an honour.
Medals[25]
  • France 1968: Medal of the City of Paris.
  • France 1968: the French President's Medal (Médaille de la Présidence de la République) awarded by President of the French Republic Général de Gaulle on 5 December 1968, representing the only time in history an artist has ever been presented with this honour by the President of France to date.
  • Italy 1968: Ruby Cross (Croix de Vermeil) (Commander of Arts, Sciences and Letters).[26]
  • France 1981: Dalida was awarded a medal by then-French Minister of Defence Charles Hernu.
Foreign honours[25]
  • Belgium City of Graulhet Medal of Honour, 1980
  • Belgium Belgian Medal of Honour, 1984
  • Canada Canadian medal for talent and wisdom, 1985

Posthumous tributes[edit]

  • France 1987: Dalida was posthumously honoured with a commemorative coin minted by The French Mint, Monnaie de Paris, issued in gold, bronze and silver, bearing her effigy.[27][28]
  • United States 1988: Dalida was posthumously honoured by the "International Star Registry" (US), with the issuance of a diploma, awarded three years after her death.
  • France 1997: Dalida was posthumously honoured by the City of Paris with a square named in her memory, named "Dalida Square", located at the angle of rues Girardon and Abreuvoirs, in the 18th arrondissement (borough) of Paris, France.
  • France 1997: Dalida became one of only three women in France to have a statue erected to her, along with Joan of Arc and Sarah Bernhardt.
  • Egypt 1998: Dalida was posthumously honoured in Egypt in a tribute ceremony on 27 October in Cairo and the "Dalida Prize" was awarded in her honour.
  • France 2001: Dalida was posthumously honoured by the French government with a second stamp bearing her likeness which was released by La Poste, the French postal service, as part of the Song Artists series. 10,157,601 copies were sold.
  • France 2003: Awarded prize for "Greatest Singer of the Century" in France, based on three criteria: numbers of album and single sales, number of radio airplays and chart positions. Dalida was placed third after Madonna and Céline Dion. In 2003 Dalida remained the number one favourite artist in France.

Polls[edit]

  • 1965 – F.O.P. Poll: 'Favourite French singer'
  • 1976 – Dalida was voted 'Woman of the Year' in Canada, ahead of Jackie Kennedy)
  • 1982 – Paris Match magazine survey revealed that Dalida was the only representative from show business to appear in a list of most influential French women.
  • 1985 – Dalida was voted 'Favourite French singer' (Télé 7 Jours magazine).
  • 1986 – VSD magazine published a survey in which Dalida was voted 'Favourite French singer'.
  • 1988 – SOFRES/Encyclopædia Universalis: In a survey asking the French public which events had the greatest impact on the French public between 1968 and 1988, 16% of the French public voted the 'Death of Général de Gaulle' and 10% voted the 'Death of Dalida'.
  • 2001 – IFOP Survey: Dalida was voted the 'Most important female singer who had the greatest impact on French society in the 20th century', along with Édith Piaf.
  • 2005 – Dalida was voted the 'Favourite singer in 2004' amongst Italians, and held seventh place amongst the most collected musical artists in Italy.
  • 2005 – Dalida was voted 'Top 58th French person of all time' in a survey sponsored by the France 2 television channel. The only women from show business which appeared in this list were Catherine Deneuve, Brigitte Bardot, Simone Signoret, Édith Piaf and Dalida.

Honorific eponyms[edit]

Geographic locations
  •  France: Place Dalida, Montmartre, Paris
  •  Quebec: rue Dalida, Laval, Que., Canada

Art (selection)[edit]

  • Jean Sobieski: Dalida (Oil on canvas, 19??)
  • Magguy Crouzet: Dalida (Portrait in dot-sculpture, 1976)
  • Michel Souvais: Dalida, femme est la nuit (Oil on canvas, 1977)
  • Alain Aslan: Dalida (Yolanda Gigliotti), funerary statue (Bronze sculpture, 1987)
  • Alain Aslan: Dalida (Yolanda Gigliotti) (Bronze bust, 1997)
  • Francesco Gallo: Dalida (Yolanda Gigliotti) (Bronze sculpture, 2007)
  • FS62: Dalida (Black and white portrait in acrylic, 2008)

Dalida in contemporary music[edit]

  • The Dalida song "Born to Sing" (original French title "Mourir sur scène" and later translated to English, Italian and Spanish) was covered in English by Dalida's long time friend Shirley Bassey, released in 1986 as a B-side of a Towerbell Records single (A-side: "There's No Place Like London"). Although the recording has never been re-released, Shirley Bassey performed the song in 1995 during some concerts as part of her 40th anniversary world tour.[29] Shirley Bassey's interpretation of "Born to Sing" is also sometimes titled or referred to as "I Was Born to Sing Forever."[30]
  • In 1996, Céline Dion and Alain Delon performed the song "Paroles, paroles" on the 1996 New Year's Eve France 2 television programme.
  • In 1998, Sarah Brightman’s released the song "There for Me", an English-language version of "Fini, la comédie". The song first appeared on her Time to Say Goodbye album, featuring José Cura. It was also released as a single, with "O mio babbino caro" as the B-side track. Often on her 2000/2001 La Luna tour, Brightman would perform this duet with Josh Groban, and this was included in the La Luna: Live in Concert DVD.[31]
  • The song "De la scène à la Seine", by Charles Aznavour, from his year 2000 album "Aznavour, 2000" is a tribute to Dalida.
  • In 2000, Sarah Hohn (featuring Wehrlen), released a cover of the song "Paroles, paroles" in tribute to Dalida and Alain Delon.[32]
  • In 2002, an interpretation of the song "Pour ne pas vivre seul", by Firmine Richard, was included in the movie "8 femmes", by François Ozon.[33]
  • In 2004, the song "Laissez-moi danser (Monday Tuesday)" was covered by Star Academy 4 in France, under the shorter name "Laissez-moi danser", in honour of Dalida.[34][35]
  • In 2005, Lebanese singer Grace Deeb released a cover of the song "Helwa ya baladi", which reached number one spots over the charts.
  • In 2007, Spanish singer Luz Casal released the song "18 años", a new Spanish-language interpretation of "Tenía 18 años", the Spanish version of "Il venait d'avoir 18 ans" (English version: "He Must Have Been Eighteen"), in honour of French music, with entirely new Spanish lyrics, on her album "Vida tóxica".[36][37]
  • In 2007, Italian singer Patty Pravo released the tribute album "Spero che ti piaccia... Pour toi", in tribute to Dalida.[38]
  • In 2007, Lebanese singer Elissa (Arabic: إليسا) paid hommage to the chanteuse, covering her famous song, "Helwa ya baladi".
  • In 2007, Italian singer-songwriter Franco Battiato released the album "Fleurs 2", containing the track "Il venait d'avoir 18 ans", a cover in hommage to the singer, performed with the participation of Persian vocalist Sepideh Raissadat (Persian: سپیده رئیس سادات).
  • In 2008, French singer Michèle Torr covered the song "Pour ne pas vivre seul", released on her album "Ces années-là", in hommage to Dalida. A live version of her rendition was also released on her live DVD "Olympia 2008", and digital album of the same name, both released in 2009.[39]
  • In 2009, Lara Fabian released the tribute album "Toutes les femmes en moi", containing an interpretation of the song "Il venait d'avoir 18 ans", of which the former is in part tribute, and the latter in tribute to Dalida.[40]
  • In 2009, Arthanor Music released the tribute album "Un clip de toi (Hommage à Dalida, 1988)", containing four tracks originally recorded in 1988 by David Heissen and dedicated to Dalida.
  • In 2012, French singer Amel Bent rendered hommage to Dalida by performing two of Dalida's signature songs "À Ma Manière" and "Mourir Sur Scène" on France 3's television programme "Chabada".
  • In 2012, the double album "Depuis qu’elle est partie" containing a hommage CD titled "Ils chantent Dalida" featuring covers of several of Dalida's songs, performed by French singers Amel Bent, Christophe Willem, Hélène Segara, Patrick Fiori, Lara Fabian, Christophe (singer), Dany Brillant, and others, will be released in the month of April.
  • 2013 Gigi L'amoroso stranded number 98 in the Belgium top 1000 listeners choice

Music from motion pictures and TV[edit]

The following Dalida songs have appeared in the formentioned motion pictures or TV series.

Year Motion picture Songs Director Ref
1961 Mädchen für die Mambo-Bar
aka "Des filles pour le mambo bar" (France: French title)

aka "$100 a Night" (US: dubbed version: English title)
aka "Girls for the Mambo-Bar" (UK)

"Am Tag, als der Regen kam" Wolfgang Glück [41]
1979 Série noire "Le Lambeth Walk" Alain Corneau [42]
1984 La Triche "Fini, la comédie" and "Je suis toutes les femmes" Yannick Bellon [43]
1991 Hors la vie (aka "Out of Life") "Salma ya salama" Maroun Bagdadi [44]
1994 Mina Tannenbaum "Il venait d'avoir 18 ans" Martine Dugowson [45]
1995 Gazon Maudit (aka "French Twist") "Bambino" Josiane Balasko [46]
1995 Pigalle Unknown Karim Dridi [47]
1996 Pédale douce "Bambino", "Salma ya salama" and "Je suis toutes les femmes" Gabriel Aghion [48]
1996 Un Air de Famille (aka "Family Resemblances" (US)) "Come prima" Cédric Klapisch [49]
1997 On connaît la chanson
aka "Same Old Song" (US)
"Paroles, paroles" Alain Resnais [50]
1997 Mémoires d'immigrés, l'héritage maghrébin "Helwa ya baladi" Yamina Benguigui [51]
1998 A Soldier's Daughter Never Cries
aka "La fille d'un soldat ne pleure jamais" (France)
aka "Soldier's Daughter Never Cries" (Australia: TV title)
"Ciao amore ciao" James Ivory [52]
1999 Novios "Gigi l'Amoroso" Joaquín Oristrell [53]
1999 Recto/Verso "Paroles, paroles" Jean-Marc Longval [54]
1999 Tontaine et Tonton "Il venait d'avoir 18 ans" and "Gigi l'amoroso" Tonie Marshall [55]
1999 Un pont entre deux rives aka "The Bridge" Unknown Gérard Depardieu [56]
2001 Souffle "Buenas noches mi amor" Muriel Coulin and Delphine Coulin [57]
2001 Mauvais genres
aka "Transfixed" (Canada: English title: festival title) (US)
aka "Bad Genres" (International: English title: festival title)
aka "Gender Bias" (US)
"Il venait d'avoir 18 ans" Francis Girod [58]
2001 Absolument fabuleux "Il venait d'avoir 18 ans" Gabriel Aghion [59]
2001 C'est la vie "Darla dirladada" Jean-Pierre Améris [60]
2001 Paroles de Bibs "Paroles, paroles" Jocelyne Lemaire-Darnaud [61]
20XX La Bonne Addresse "Pezzettini di bikini" Gary Goldman [62]
2002 L'Adversaire aka "The Adversary" "Histoire d'un amour" Nicole Garcia [63]
2003 Perduto Amor "Itsi bitsi petit bikini" Franco Battiato [64]
2005 Dalida: Le Film Principal singer on entire soundtrack Joyce Buñuel [65]
2005 L'un reste, l'autre part "Il venait d'avoir 18 ans" Claude Berri [66]
2005 The Secret Life of Words (International: English title) (UK) (US)
aka "La vida secreta de las palabras" (Spain)
aka "La vida secreta de les paraules" (Spain: Catalan title)
"Histoire d'un amour" Isabel Coixet [67]
2006 OSS 117, Le Caire nid d'espions
aka "OSS 117, Nest of Spies"
"Bambino" Michel Hazanavicius [68]
2007 Michou D'Auber "Bambino" Thomas Gilou [69]
2007 L'Ennemi intime
aka "Intimate Enemies" (Canada: English title)
"Come prima" Florent Emilio Siri [70]
2008 Mesrine : L'Instinct de mort "Romantica" and "La Danse de Zorba" Jean-François Richet [71]
2010 Les Amours Imaginaires (Canada: Original title)
aka "Heartbeats" (US) (Europe: English title: festival title)

aka Fantastikes agapes (Greece: Greek title)
aka Love, Imagined (International: English title)

"Bang Bang" Xavier Dolan [72]
2011 Les femmes du 6è étage (France: Original title)
aka "Las chicas de la 6ª planta" (Spanish title)
aka "The Women on the 6th Floor" (English title)
aka "Service Entrance"
"Itsi bitsi petit bikini" Philippe Le Guay [73]
2011 Le Skylab (France: Original title) "Bambino" Julie Delpy [74]
2014 Apprenti Gigolo "La Violetera" and "Le Torrent" John Turturro

Theatrical productions[edit]

Several theatrical productions have been made about Dalida's life. In 1999, "Solitudini – Luigi Tenco e Dalida", written and directed by Maurizio Valtieri, was performed in Rome.[75] "Dalida: Une Vie", directed by René Simard and under the authorisation of Orlando Productions, was performed from October 2003 to June 2006, in Quebec, Canada, and was shown in Beirut, Lebanon in May 2004.[76] In 2005, the play "Dalida, à quoi bon vivre au mois de mai ?", written by Joseph Agostini and Caroline Sourrisseau, was performed at the Ateliers Théâtre in Montmartre.[77]

Biographies[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ [advanced upon issuance figure is better in the morning broadcast on France 3 May 27, 2007]
  3. ^ Dalida Official Website, Awards and Achievements
  4. ^ Dalida Biography at RFI Musique. Retrieved 29 December 2009.
  5. ^ http://www.lefigaro.fr/musique/2011/07/27/03006-20110727ARTFIG00462--il-venait-d-avoir-18-ans-de-dalida.php
  6. ^ "Dalida". New York Times. 5 May 1987. Retrieved 28 February 2008. 
  7. ^ Simmonds, Jeremy (2008). v. Chicago Review Press. p. 225. ISBN 1-55652-754-3. 
  8. ^ Internet Movie Database article on Dalida television movie. Retrieved 28 January 2010.
  9. ^ a b c Dalida Official Website, Filmography. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  10. ^ Le Masque de Toutankhamon. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  11. ^ Sigara wa Kass. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  12. ^ Brigade des mœurs. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  13. ^ Rapt au deuxième bureau. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  14. ^ Che femmina... e che dollari!. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  15. ^ L'inconnue de Hong Kong. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  16. ^ La morale de l'histoire. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  17. ^ 13 jours en France. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  18. ^ Menage all'italiana. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  19. ^ Io ti amo. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  20. ^ Comme sur des roulettes. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  21. ^ Le sixième jour. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  22. ^ Dalida: Le Film. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  23. ^ a b (French) Dalida: Entre violon et amour, by Isaline, Éditions Publibook, 2002, p. 127. ISBN 2-7483-2629-6 and ISBN 978-2-7483-2629-1.. Retrieved 27 January 2010
  24. ^ Dalida Biography at RFI Musique. Retrieved 27 January 2010
  25. ^ a b Dalida: Entre violon et amour, by Isaline, Éditions Publibook, 2002, p. 127. ISBN 2-7483-2629-6 and ISBN 978-2-7483-2629-1.. Retrieved 27 August 2010
  26. ^ Dalida: Entre violon et amour, by Isaline, Éditions Publibook, 2002, p. 127. ISBN 2-7483-2629-6 and ISBN 978-2-7483-2629-1.. Retrieved 27 January 2010
  27. ^ Monnaie de Paris' Website (French)
  28. ^ Dalida Biography at EVENE France (French)
  29. ^ "The Royal Variety Performance 1994 Part 1". The Bassey Blog. 6 October 2009. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  30. ^ "Shirley Bassey: Born to Sing Forever & As If We Never Said Goodbye". GetaCD.org. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  31. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0296840/
  32. ^ "Sarah Hohn Featuring Wehrlen – 'Paroles, Paroles'". Discogs. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  33. ^ Soundtracks for 8 femmes. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  34. ^ Revival Dalida. Laurent Zabulon. L'Internaute. Benchmark Group. 18 March 2004. Retrieved 27 January 2010. (French)
  35. ^ "Star Academy 4". Ados.fr. Doctissimo Network. Retrieved 27 January 2010. (French)
  36. ^ "Vida tóxica". LaHiguera.net. Retrieved 27 January 2010. (Spanish)
  37. ^ "Luz Casal recibirá la medalla de las Artes y las Letras de Francia coincidiendo con el lanzamiento de su nuevo disco". La Voz de Galicia. Grupo Voz. 15 June 2009. Retrieved 27 January 2010. (Spanish)
  38. ^ "Patty Pravo e Dalida per la prima volta insieme: "E' uscito il nuovo album di Patty Pravo intitolato" Spero che ti piaccia,' omaggio a Dalida". Emanuel Belardinelli. Agorà Magazine. Associazione Spazio Agorà. 19 November 2007. Retrieved 27 January 2010. (Italian)
  39. ^ "Michèle Torr prépare un Olympia pour 2008 et sort un nouvel album à la rentrée". SeniorActu. 6 July 2007. Retrieved 21 December 2010. (French)
  40. ^ "Lara Fabian Toutes les femmes en moi". Zikeo.com Le e-Magazine de Musique ! 9 May 2009. Retrieved 27 January 2010. (French)
  41. ^ Mädchen für die Mambo-Bar. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  42. ^ Série noire. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  43. ^ La Triche. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  44. ^ Hors la vie. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  45. ^ Mina Tannenbaum. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  46. ^ Gazon maudit. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  47. ^ Pigalle. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  48. ^ Pédale douce. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  49. ^ Un Air de Famille. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  50. ^ On connaît la chanson. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  51. ^ Mémoires d'immigrés, l'héritage maghrébin. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  52. ^ A Soldier's Daughter Never Cries. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  53. ^ Novios. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  54. ^ Recto/Verso. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  55. ^ Tontaine et Tonton. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  56. ^ Un pont entre deux rives. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  57. ^ Souffle. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  58. ^ Mauvais genres. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  59. ^ Absolument fabuleux. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  60. ^ C'est la vie. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  61. ^ Paroles de Bibs. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  62. ^ Dalida Official Website, Filmography. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  63. ^ L'Adversaire. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  64. ^ Perduto Amor. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  65. ^ Dalida: TV mini-series. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  66. ^ Dalida: L'un reste, l'autre part. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  67. ^ The Secret Life of Words. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  68. ^ OSS 117, Le Caire nid d'espions. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  69. ^ Michou D'Auber. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  70. ^ L'Ennemi intime. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  71. ^ Mesrine : L'Instinct de mort. IMDb. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  72. ^ Heartbeats. IMDb. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  73. ^ Las chicas de la 6ª planta. IMDb. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  74. ^ Le Skylab. IMDb. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  75. ^ "Musica e solitudini". La Repubblica. Gruppo Editoriale L’Espresso Spa. 7 May 1999. Retrieved 27 October 2010. (Italian)
  76. ^ "Dalida, Une Vie". Fugues. Éditions Nitram Inc./ Groupe Hom. 21 March 2003. Retrieved 27 January 2010. (French)
  77. ^ "Dalida, à quoi bon vivre au mois de mai ?" La Théâtrothèque. Retrieved 27 January 2010. (French)

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Official
Biographies
Discography
Filmography
Preceded by
Antigone Costanda
Miss Egypt
Miss Egypt 1954
Succeeded by
Gladys Leopardi